Victor Spencer, 1st Viscount Churchill

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Major The Right Honourable
The Viscount Churchill
1st Viscount Churchill.png
The Viscount Churchill by Leslie Ward, 1904.
In office
Preceded by The Earl of Hopetoun
Succeeded by The Lord Playfair
In office
Preceded by The Lord Camoys
Succeeded by The Lord Denman
Personal details
Born (1864-10-23)23 October 1864
Died 3 January 1934(1934-01-03) (aged 69)
Spouse(s) Lady Verena Maud Lowther
Christine McRae Sinclair

Major Victor Albert Francis Charles Spencer, 1st Viscount Churchill GCVO JP (23 October 1864 – 3 January 1934), known as Victor Albert Spencer until 1886 and as The Lord Churchill between 1886 and 1902, was a British peer and courtier.


Spencer was born at 32, Albemarle Street, London, the son of Francis Spencer, 2nd Baron Churchill, and his wife Jane. He was a Page of Honour to Queen Victoria from 1876 to 1881, and in 1886 he succeeded to his father's title of Baron Churchill.

Educated at Eton College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, he was commissioned into the Coldstream Guards.[1]

Political career[edit]

Spencer was a Lord in Waiting from 1889 to 1892 and 1895 to 1905 in both of Salisbury's governments and was created Viscount Churchill, of Rolleston, in the County of Leicester, on 15 July 1902[2] (it had already been announced in the Coronation Honours list that he would be created a Viscount[3]).

Business career[edit]

He was chairman and director of several transport companies, including the Great Western Railway 1908-34 and was the longest serving chairman of the company,[1] the British India Steamship Company, P&O and the Grand Union Canal.


British honours
Foreign honours


Lord Churchill married Lady Verena Maud Lowther, daughter of Henry Lowther, 3rd Earl of Lonsdale, at Cottesmore, Rutland, on 1 January 1887. They had four children. The couple were divorced in 1927. Churchill married as his second wife Christine McRae Sinclair. They had two children. He died of pneumonia on 3 January 1934.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Great Western Chairmen". The Great Western Archive. John Daniel. Retrieved 5 April 2017. 
  2. ^ "no. 27455". The London Gazette. 18 July 1902. p. 4586. 
  3. ^ "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5. 
  4. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36068). London. 17 February 1900. p. 11. 

External links[edit]

Court offices
Preceded by
Victor Biddulph
Page of Honour
1876 – 1881
Succeeded by
Percy Cust
Preceded by
The Lord Chesham
His Majesty's Representative at Ascot
1901 – 1934
Succeeded by
The Lord Hamilton of Dalzell
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Hopetoun
1889 – 1892
Succeeded by
The Lord Playfair
Preceded by
The Lord Camoys
1895 – 1892
Succeeded by
The Lord Denman
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Churchill
1902 – 1934
Succeeded by
Victor Spencer
Preceded by
Francis Spencer
Baron Churchill
1886 – 1934