Victoria (Alberta provincial electoral district)

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Victoria was one of the original 25 provincial electoral districts in Alberta, named for Fort Victoria on the North Saskatchewan River. It was mandated to return a single member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta by the first past the post method until 1917, and by alternative vote from 1926 until it was abolished in 1940.

History[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly for Victoria
Assembly Years Member Party
See Victoria (N.W.T.) 1894-1905
1st 1905–1909 Francis Walker Liberal
2nd 1909–1913
3rd 1913–1917
4th 1917–1921
5th 1921–1926 William Fedun United Farmers
6th 1926–1930 Rudolph Hennig
7th 1930 Peter Miskew
1930–1935 Liberal
8th 1935–1940 Samuel Calvert Social Credit
See Redwater 1940-1971 and Willingdon 1940-1959

Boundary history[edit]

The riding was created in 1905 when Alberta became a province, extending northeast from Edmonton to the Saskatchewan border along the north side of the North Saskatchewan.

In 1909 the riding had a significant shift west in boundaries, moving into Sturgeon. The eastern section became the new district of Pakan, named for the town at Fort Victoria. The riding's namesake was therefore in another district.

Victoria disappeared in 1940 when the north half was split into Redwater and the south half merged with Whitford to create Willingdon.

Representation history[edit]

Victoria's first MLA was Francis A. Walker, who served as a backbencher with the Liberal government for all four terms it was in power. In 1917, he was returned to the Legislature by acclamation because the province declared all active servicemen in World War I re-elected.

However, in 1921 William Fedun, a Ukrainian immigrant, narrowly defeated Walker to capture Victoria for the upstart United Farmers of Alberta, which formed government after the election. He chose to retire after one term.

UFA candidate Rudolph Hennig again narrowly won Victoria in 1926 on the second count, despite another strong challenge from Walker. He served one term but did not win the UFA nomination in the next election.

1930 saw the closest election yet in Victoria, with UFA candidate Peter Miskew defeating his Liberal opponent by less than 100 votes. However, Miskew would almost immediately cross the floor to the Liberal opposition.

When the United Farmers were swept out of power in 1935, Social Credit candidate Samuel Calvert, another WWI veteran, easily captured Victoria for his party. After his first term, Victoria was abolished in time for the 1940 election, and Calvert chose to retire from politics.

Election results[edit]

1900s[edit]

Alberta general election, 1905
Party Candidate Votes %[1]
Liberal Francis A. Walker 949 69.88%
Conservative John W. Shera 409 30.12%
Total valid votes 1,358
Rejected, spoiled and declined
Registered electors / Turnout
Liberal pickup new district.

The returning officer for the 1905 election in Victoria was Albert Ernest Archer.[2]

In 1909, no candidates stood against Francis Walker, and he was declared acclaimed.

Alberta general election, 1909
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Francis A. Walker (acclaimed)
Total valid votes
Rejected, spoiled and declined
Registered electors / Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

1910s[edit]

Alberta general election, 1913
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%[1]
Liberal Francis A. Walker 773 62.49% -7.39%
Conservative R.A. Bennett 268 21.67% -8.45%
Independent M. Gowda 196 15.84%
Total valid votes 1,237
Rejected, spoiled and declined
Registered electors / Turnout 1,664 74.34%
Liberal hold Swing +0.53%

1913 swing is calculated from the 1905 election.

In 1917, because Walker was an active serviceman in World War I, he was automatically re-elected by acclamation for a second time.

Alberta general election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Francis A. Walker (acclaimed)
Total valid votes
Rejected, spoiled and declined
Registered electors / Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

1920s[edit]

Alberta general election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%[1]
United Farmers William Fedun 1,401 52.10%
Liberal Francis A. Walker 1,288 47.90% -14.59%
Total valid votes 2,689
Rejected, spoiled and declined
Registered electors / Turnout 2,983 90.14% +15.80%
United Farmers gain from Liberal Swing +33.35%

1921 swing is calculated from the 1913 election.

For the 1926 election, the UFA government introduced alternative vote in rural constituencies. Since no candidate won a majority in the first round, second preferences were included.

Alberta general election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%[1]
United Farmers Rudolph Hennig 1,404 45.33% -6.77%
Liberal Francis A. Walker 1,185 38.26% -9.64%
Independent Liberal William Pylypow 322 10.40%
Independent Farmer G.H. Moisey 96 3.10%
Conservative William Pullishij 90 2.91%
Final count
United Farmers Rudolph Hennig 1,476 54.28% +8.95%
Liberal Francis A. Walker 1,243 45.72% +7.46%
No preference 378
Total valid votes 3,097
Rejected, spoiled and declined 143
Registered electors / Turnout 4,691 69.07% -21.07%
United Farmers hold Swing +1.44%

Final count swing represents vote share increase from the initial count. Overall swing is calculated from the initial count.

1930s[edit]

Alberta general election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%[1]
United Farmers Peter Miskew 1,588 50.30% +4.97%
Liberal S.W. Bahlay 1,522 48.21% +9.95%
Independent E. Olendy 47 1.49%
Total valid votes 3,157
Rejected, spoiled and declined 176
Registered electors / Turnout 4,326 77.05% +7.98%
United Farmers hold Swing -2.49%
Alberta general election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%[1]
Social Credit Samuel Calvert 2,045 55.48%
Liberal C.F. Connolly 1,181 32.04% -16.17%
United Farmers Fred Strashok 319 8.65% -41.65%
Conservative V. Kupchenko 141 3.83%
Total valid votes 3,686
Rejected, spoiled and declined 110
Registered electors / Turnout 4,878 77.81% +0.76%
Social Credit gain from Liberal Swing +35.83%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Results for Victoria". Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 2017-02-03. 
  2. ^ "Territories Elections Ordinance; Province of Alberta". Vol VI No. 12. The Rocky Mountain Echo. October 30, 1905. p. 4. 

External links[edit]