375 ml (13.20 imp fl oz; 12.68 US fl oz) stubby bottle, 4.9% ABV
|Manufacturer||Carlton & United Beverages (Foster's Group)|
|Alcohol by volume||4.9%|
Victoria Bitter (VB) is a lager produced by Carlton & United Breweries, a subsidiary of Foster's Group in Melbourne, Victoria. It was first brewed by Thomas Aitken at Victoria Brewery in 1854. It is one of the highest selling beers in Australia.
The origins of Victoria Bitter date back to Victoria Brewery founder and head brewer Thomas Aitken, who developed the recipe in 1854. The beer began to gain wide popularity in the mid 1960s with an innovative television advertising campaign featuring a very similar recording of the theme from the film The Magnificent Seven, images of working-class Australians at work and play, and a voice-over by notable Australian actor John Meillon. The campaign was used until quite recently. Paul Hester, late drummer of Crowded House, once appeared in a VB advert.
Like most Australian Lagers, VB is made using a wortstream brewing process, and uses a portion of cane sugar to thin out the body of the beer.
Currently[when?] one third of the packaged beer sales in Australia are of VB. It is available in 375 mL cans ("tinnies"), short-necked 375 mL bottles ("stubbies"), 750 mL bottles ("Long Necks", "King Browns" or "Tallies") and "Twisties", "Throwies" (slang for "Throwdowns", because they are generally consumed within a short period of time) or "Grenades" (250 ml bottles). As of 2005 VB also comes in 500 ml tinnies ("Lunch Greens"), which are commonly drunk by trade workers on lunch, being just enough to quench their thirst. It used to be available in the Northern Territory in a 1-litre tinnie nicknamed a 'Killer can' (Kilo can). As with all packaged beer sold in Australia it was for many years only available in 750 mL or 26 2/3 fl oz (1/6 imperial gallon) bottles, until the introduction of "stubbies" and smaller cans.
In July 2007 Foster's announced it would cut the alcohol content of VB from 4.9% to 4.8% in a bid to save millions of dollars in tax payments. The brewer cut the alcohol percentage of VB further in 2009, reducing it to 4.6% in an effort to make further savings. On 3 September 2012, CUB announced VB would be going back to its original 4.9% alcohol recipe and its original packaging. CUB had received many complaints since it was changed to 4.6% in 2009, and the beer had lost a large amount of market share. The updated VBs began rolling out in late October 2012.
In 2016, VB was among the CUB products boycotted by unions after 55 CUB workers were allegedly sacked after refusing a 65% wage cut. The Australian Manufacturing Workers Union has said that they will not stop the boycott until the situation is rectified.
Sales and availability
According to ACNielsen in 2009 Victoria Bitter was claimed to be Australia's only billion dollar retail beer brand, selling the equivalent of one slab every second. At one time VB sold twice as much as any other full strength beer and was the only Australian beer brand that is in the top 3 sellers in every state. Victoria Bitter held the highest market share of all beer sold in Australia for more than two decades, but in 2012 lost this position to XXXX Gold.
In April 2011 VB held 13.7% volume share and XXXX Gold had 11.7%. Just one year on in April 2012 VB had dropped to 12.3%, while XXXX Gold took the lead with 12.4%.
In addition to being sold in Australia, Victoria Bitter is also available in New Zealand, Bali, Indonesia, the UK, and, to a limited extent, other countries abroad. When the joint venture Angkor Brewing Co. was established in Cambodia in 1992, VB was briefly brewed in Sihanoukville, and later imported; it held a significant share of the premium beer market until 1994.
Despite its name, Victoria Bitter is a standard commercial lager rather than a bitter. Since late 2012, Victoria Bitter has been sold at a strength of 4.9% ABV after an interim period of producing the same product at an ABV of 4.6% (equal to virtually every other major Australian lager). The VB sold commercially in New Zealand is both 4.9% and 4.6% available in 375ml quantities in either bottles or cans.
In 2007, Foster's launched a new, midstrength version of VB called VB Midstrength Lager with an alcohol volume of 3.5%, in order to capitalise on the growing market for midstrength beers, currently dominated by XXXX Gold. In May 2007, The launch was Foster's first ever mainstream variation of the VB brand. VB Midstrength changed its name to VB Gold in 2009 and sells over 1m cases every year and is growing strongly following its launch in late 2007.[when?]
On 24 July 2007, The Australian reported that within three months of Fosters launching VB Midstrength, market share for the full strength VB and mid VB had increased. Foster's regional marketing director Anthony Heraghty hinted at further VB brand extensions, saying Foster's was "trying to see past the big green giant".
In September 2009 VB released VB RAW to compete in the low carb market. The alcohol volume was 4.5%. VB Raw was discontinued in late 2010 due to poor sales.
Marketing and promotion
In 2009, Foster's replaced the slogan from the 60s "For a hard earned thirst, you need a big cold beer, and the best cold beer is Vic, Victoria Bitter" with "VB – The Drinking Beer" as part of a marketing strategy to reposition VB to a broader range of drinkers. The new slogan, as part of a campaign called "The Regulars" included a brand website for the first time, including a production line live webcam. Advertising ran on TV and radio, in print, outdoor, online and at point of sale. In 2015, Carlton and United Breweries revived the "hard earned thirst" campaign.
In 2005, VB had started a promotion where David Boon became the face of Victoria Bitter (VB) beer for its 2005/06 summer advertising campaign, called Boonanza. Part of the promotion was the sale of a talking David Boon figurine with purchases of cartons of beer, which would make comments when prompted by Channel Nine commentary. In late 2006, the Boonanza promotion returned as Boonanza II for the 2006-07 Ashes series. The promotion included former England cricket captain Ian Botham as a talking figure, who would interact alongside an updated David Boon figure.
For the 2007-08 Australian cricket series, Shane Warne took over as VB spokesperson from David Boon. Warne also had a talking figurine as part of a Warnie promotion, taking over from the highly successful Talking Boony dolls from the two previous Boonanza promotions.
On 6 July 2011, Foster's released VB packaged in limited edition 1958 heritage cans. The packaging had the original artwork of the 1958 VB product, but also included a standard ring pull on each can, something which was lacking on the original.
VB has invested heavily in sponsorships of Australian rugby league. It is currently the official beer of the NRL, the naming rights sponsor for NRL Friday Night Football and the main sponsor of the Australian national rugby league team, the Kangaroos.
Victoria Bitter were sponsors the away Test, ODI and Twenty20 teams for the Australia national cricket team from 2008 tountil 2014. In 2013, Cricket Australia agreed to remove the logo of Muslim cricketer Fawad Ahmed's uniform due to his faith's ban on alcohol.
The previous advertising campaign was called the Stubby Symphony, where 100 members of the Melbourne and Victorian orchestras play the theme from The Magnificent Seven only using VB beer bottles. The campaign was created by George Patterson Y&R in Melbourne.
VB launched a new advertising campaign in Australia in July 2009 to coincide with the SBS television broadcast of the 2009 The Ashes cricket series. They will drop the famous tag "For a hard earned thirst.." for "VB – The Drinking Beer".
VB and the iconic slogan "A big cold beer needs a big cold drink, and the best cold beer is..." are mentioned in the ramp up of "There Goes God" from the 10th Anniversary Edition of the live album Farewell to the World by Crowded House which was recorded at Sydney Opera House on 24 November, 1996.
- "The Brew". Victoria Bitter. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Weaker VB to save brewer millions in tax". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. 4 July 2007. Archived from the original on 24 October 2015.
- Burdon, Daniel (3 July 2009). "Beers will be a little lighter". The Centralian Advocate. p. 3.
- "Aussie beer favourite Victoria Bitter back to full strength". News Corp. 3 September 2012. Archived from the original on 8 March 2014.
- Devic, Aleks (3 September 2012). "Aussie beer favourite Victoria Bitter back to full strength". Herald Sun.
- AC Nielsen MAT to 30 June 2009 - total beer
- Atkinson, James (30 May 2012). "XXXX Gold knocks VB off its perch". Archived from the original on 21 September 2015.
- Mitchell, Geraldine (1 July 2009). "Victoria Bitter to be sold with less alcohol". Herald Sun. Archived from the original on 4 July 2009.
- Taylor, Rob (2007-05-01). "Beer-loving Aussies are turning to a softer brew". Yahoo News.[dead link]
- Rumble, Chantal (1 May 2007). "For bitter or worse, VB gets a lager to lighten up". The Age. Fairfax Media. p. 3.
- Foster's Group (30 April 2007). "The best cold beer is… VB MIDSTRENGTH" (Press release). Archived from the original on 24 January 2010.
- Sinclair, Lara (24 July 2007). "VB midstrength spin-off does the trick". The Australian. Archived from the original on 5 February 2008.
- Miletic, Daniella (4 April 2010). "As tastes change, out with the old, in with the new". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 24 October 2015.
- "VB unveils The Regulars – and ditches the hard-earned thirst". mUmBRELLA. 8 July 2009. Archived from the original on 17 January 2015.
- "Rhyming voiceover returns to Victoria Bitter TV ads following controversial axing 11 years ago". mUmBRELLA. 2 October 2015. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015.
- "Boony and Beefy Doll = Boony sayings". Retrieved 4 October 2011.
- Foster's. "VB and Shane Warne join forces" (PDF) (Press release). Fosters Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2009.
- Ryan, Kelly (4 October 2007). "A real doll for Shane Warne". The Herald Sun. Archived from the original on 6 June 2009.
- VB launches limited edition 1958 heritage can, Campaign Brief, 6 July 2011, archived from the original on 16 January 2014
- Sponsors - National Rugby League
- "VB Series loses naming sponsor". ESPN Sports Media. 14 March 2006. Archived from the original on 24 October 2015.
- Fox News (3 September 2013). "Cricket Australia agree to Fawad Ahmed's request not to wear Victoria Bitter logo in England". The Herald Sun. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- VB unveils The Regulars – and ditches the hard-earned thirst - mUmBRELLA.com.au, 8 July 2009
- Droga5’s new VB TVC unveiled - B&T Today, 8 July 2009