Victoria County, Texas

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Victoria County
The Victoria County Courthouse of Romanesque revival design in Victoria
The Victoria County Courthouse of Romanesque revival design in Victoria
Map of Texas highlighting Victoria County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 28°48′N 96°58′W / 28.8°N 96.97°W / 28.8; -96.97
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1836
Named forGuadalupe Victoria
SeatVictoria
Largest cityVictoria
Area
 • Total889 sq mi (2,300 km2)
 • Land882 sq mi (2,280 km2)
 • Water6.7 sq mi (17 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total91,319
 • Density100/sq mi (40/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district27th
Websitewww.victoriacountytx.org

Victoria County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 91,319.[1] Its county seat is Victoria.[2] Victoria County is included in the Victoria, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

  • Paleo-Indians Hunter-gatherers, and later Tonkawa, Aranamas, Tamiques, Karankawa. Tawakoni, Lipan Apache and Comanche, first inhabitants.[3]
  • 1685 René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle establishes Fort St. Louis.[4]
  • 1689 Alonso de Leon names the Guadalupe River in honor of Our Lady of Guadalupe.[5]
  • 1722 Nuestra Señora de Loreto Presidio[6] and Mission Nuestra Señora del Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga become the first Spanish settlement in Victoria County.[7]
  • 1824 Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de Jesús Victoria (the future city of Victoria) is established by Martín De León, who starts his colony with 5,000 branded cattle and establishes the county's claim as the "Cradle of the Texas Cattle Industry." The only primarily Mexican colony in Texas.[8]
  • 1835 Victoria's settlers supported the revolution against Antonio López de Santa Anna, but were ostracized by new incoming Americans, many of whom were adventurous soldiers or fortune hunters, who wrongly profiled them as Mexican sympathizers and forced them to flee after the revolution in 1836.[9] Anglo-Americans resettle the area.[10]
  • 1836 Victory County is formed by the Republic of Texas. It is named after Guadalupe Victoria, the first President of Mexico.[3] Three thousand troops of the Texas army encamp near Spring Creek, Victoria County, under the command of Gen. Thomas J. Rusk, as the main defense against a threatened attack by Mexican general José de Urrea.[11]
  • 1842 Rafael Vásquez and Adrián Woll lead Mexican forces in an invasion into the county.[12]
  • 1850 Coletoville is established by German immigrant Carl Steiner.[13]
  • 1851 Victoria County's first toll bridge is erected across the river, built by Richard Owens and Sylvester Sutton.[14]
  • 1860 There are 1,413 slaves in the county.[3]
  • 1861 County votes 318–88 in favor of secession from the Union. Victoria County sends 300 men to fight for the Confederate States Army.[3]
  • 1863 Confederate General John B. Magruder destroys the railroad from Port Lavaca to Victoria to keep it out of Union hands. He also sinks trees and boats into the Guadalupe River.[3]
  • 1867-1869 The county is occupied by federal troops. Mob mentality violence by those same troops results in the axing death and corpse mutilation of local official Benjamin F. Hill, who is at the time incarcerated for an alleged self-defense killing of a discharged Union soldier.[15]
  • 1873 Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific Railway connects Victoria with Cuero and the coast.[3]
  • 1882 New York, Texas and Mexican Railway provides the first cross-country route to Rosenberg Junction in Fort Bend County.[3]
  • 1883 Texas Continental Meat Company is erected in the county and is the largest meat packing plant in Texas.[3]
  • 1886 Bray's Ferry is established at the San Antonio River by G. B. Amery and John Bray.[3]
  • 1906 The Guadalupe River Navigation Company is established.[3]
  • 1930 Oil is discovered at the McFaddin Oil Field. Victoria County holds more cattle than any other county in Texas.[3]
  • 1941 Foster Air Force Base is established as Victoria Army Air Field as a training air field.[16]
  • 1967 The Victoria Barge Canal is completed, connecting Victoria County with the Intracoastal Waterway.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,019
18604,171106.6%
18704,86016.5%
18806,28929.4%
18908,73738.9%
190013,67856.6%
191014,9909.6%
192018,27121.9%
193020,0489.7%
194023,74118.4%
195031,24131.6%
196046,47548.8%
197053,76615.7%
198068,80728.0%
199074,3618.1%
200084,08813.1%
201086,7933.2%
202091,3195.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1850–2010[18] 2010–2014[19]

2020 census[edit]

Victoria County racial composition[20][21]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 41,564 39,330 47.89% 43.07%
Black or African American (NH) 5,190 30,214 5.98% 5.73%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 199 425 0.23% 0.23%
Asian (NH) 860 2,404 0.99% 1.52%
Pacific Islander (NH) 16 46 0.02% 0.04%
Some Other Race (NH) 109 698 0.13% 0.25%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 742 7,961 0.85% 2.14%
Hispanic or Latino 38,113 42,931 43.91% 47.01%
Total 86,793 91,319

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 91,319 people, 32,520 households, and 22,172 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[24] of 2000, there were 84,088 people, 30,071 households, and 22,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 95 people per square mile (37/km2). There were 32,945 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 74.22% White, 6.30% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 15.92% from other races, and 2.22% from two or more races. 39.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of German, 6.2% American and 5.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 73.3% spoke English and 25.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 30,071 households, out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.10% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,732, and the median income for a family was $44,443. Males had a median income of $35,484 versus $21,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,379. About 10.50% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 889 square miles (2,300 km2), of which 882 square miles (2,280 km2) is land and 6.7 square miles (17 km2) (0.8%) is water.[25]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Politics[edit]

County government[edit]

Victoria County elected officials[edit]

Position Name Party
  County Judge Ben Zeller Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 1 Danny Garcia Democratic
  Commissioner, Precinct 2 Kevin M. Janak Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 3 Gary Burns Republican
  Commissioner, Precinct 4 Clint Ives Republican
United States presidential election results for Victoria County, Texas[26]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 23,358 68.32% 10,380 30.36% 450 1.32%
2016 21,275 67.92% 8,866 28.30% 1,183 3.78%
2012 19,692 68.25% 8,802 30.51% 359 1.24%
2008 19,878 66.22% 9,832 32.75% 310 1.03%
2004 20,875 70.52% 8,553 28.89% 174 0.59%
2000 18,787 68.55% 8,176 29.83% 445 1.62%
1996 14,457 59.94% 8,238 34.16% 1,424 5.90%
1992 13,086 50.26% 7,604 29.20% 5,347 20.54%
1988 15,056 62.08% 8,923 36.79% 274 1.13%
1984 18,787 72.41% 7,037 27.12% 121 0.47%
1980 13,392 62.96% 7,382 34.71% 495 2.33%
1976 9,594 56.34% 7,326 43.02% 108 0.63%
1972 11,246 72.56% 4,226 27.27% 26 0.17%
1968 6,352 43.12% 6,042 41.02% 2,336 15.86%
1964 4,201 33.97% 8,141 65.83% 25 0.20%
1960 4,591 44.16% 5,779 55.58% 27 0.26%
1956 5,596 62.85% 3,280 36.84% 28 0.31%
1952 4,306 57.89% 3,128 42.05% 4 0.05%
1948 1,262 31.22% 2,435 60.24% 345 8.54%
1944 936 25.41% 2,331 63.27% 417 11.32%
1940 956 27.70% 2,493 72.24% 2 0.06%
1936 352 14.46% 2,081 85.46% 2 0.08%
1932 190 6.39% 2,777 93.44% 5 0.17%
1928 663 27.94% 1,710 72.06% 0 0.00%
1924 459 18.98% 1,653 68.36% 306 12.66%
1920 782 41.62% 686 36.51% 411 21.87%
1916 476 33.66% 897 63.44% 41 2.90%
1912 100 9.90% 687 68.02% 223 22.08%


Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "QuickFacts: Victoria County, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Roell, Craig H. "Victoria County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  4. ^ Harrigan, Stephen (January 1979). "In Search of La Salle". Texas Monthly: 88–90, 138, 141–147.
  5. ^ Bencke, Arthur C; Cushing, Colbert E (2005). Rivers of North America. Academic Press. pp. 192–194. ISBN 978-0-12-088253-3.
  6. ^ Heard, J Norman (1987). Handbook of the American Frontier, Volume I: The Southeastern Woodlands. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 272. ISBN 978-0-8108-1931-3.
  7. ^ Walter, Tamra Lynn (2007). Espíritu Santo de Zúñiga: A Frontier Mission in South Texas. University of Texas Press. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-292-71478-6.
  8. ^ Craig H. Roell, "DE LEON, MARTIN," Handbook of Texas Online [1] Archived 2017-03-17 at the Wayback Machine, accessed September 11, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  9. ^ Craig H. Roell, "DE LEON'S COLONY," Handbook of Texas Online [2] Archived 2017-08-01 at the Wayback Machine, accessed September 11, 2011. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  10. ^ Room, Adrian (2005). Placenames Of The World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features and Historic Sites. McFarland & Company. p. 395. ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7.
  11. ^ De La Teja, Jesus F (2010). Tejano Leadership in Mexican and Revolutionary Texas. TAMU Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-60344-166-7.
  12. ^ Fowler, Will (2007). Santa Anna of Mexico. University of Nebraska Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-8032-1120-9.
  13. ^ "Coletoville, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  14. ^ Blackburn, Edward A (2005). Wanted: Historic County Jails of Texas. TAMU Press. p. 339. ISBN 978-1-58544-308-6.
  15. ^ Roell, Craig H; Harsdoff-Lee, Linda. "Benjamin F Hill". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  16. ^ "Victoria, Texas-Air Forces". Life: 56–59 61. June 1942.
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  18. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  19. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  20. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  21. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  22. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  23. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  24. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  25. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  26. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[22][23]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°48′N 96°58′W / 28.80°N 96.97°W / 28.80; -96.97