|British Columbia electoral district|
|Defunct federal electoral district|
|Legislature||House of Commons|
It was created at the time of that province's entry into Confederation in 1871. It was composed of all of the Victoria, Esquimalt and Saanich districts as defined at the time. In 1872, it was abolished, and replaced by Victoria riding. As there was no general federal election including the new BC seats until 1872, the original Members of Parliament (MPs) from BC were elected in a special byelection held on 20 September 1871.
Members of Parliament
In Victoria District, there were only two candidates for the two-seat riding, so both members entered the House of Commons by acclamation.
One was Premier Amor De Cosmos, who held the seat and its successor for three elected terms as of the 1872 general election. During his first term, he retained his office as Premier, and during the last, shared the seat with Prime Minister John A. Macdonald.
For the 1872 general election, the Victoria District riding was replaced by Victoria riding. This was also the case with the similarly-temporary Cariboo District, Yale District, New Westminster District, which were abolished and replaced by ridings without the "District" appellation.
|Canadian federal by-election, 20 September 1871|
|Liberal||Amor De Cosmos||acclaimed|
|Liberal||Henry Nathan, Jr.||acclaimed|