Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike

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Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike II
Princess of Hawaiʻi
Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike.jpg
Born (1843-05-12)May 12, 1843
Hilo, Hawaiʻi
Died January 8, 1884(1884-01-08) (aged 40)
Honolulu, Oʻahu
Burial January 11, 1884[1]
Mauna Ala Royal Mausoleum
Spouse David Kahalepouli Piʻikoi
Issue David Kawānanakoa
Edward Abnel Keliʻiahonui
Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole
Full name
Victoria Kūhiō Kinoiki Kekaulike II
House House of Kalākaua
Father Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole
Mother Kinoiki Kekaulike

Victoria Kūhiō Kinoiki Kekaulike II (1843–1884) was a Princess of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. Her name also sometimes spelled as Kinoike Kekaulike has been written as Mary Kinoiki Kekaulike in many sources.[1][2][3]:204 Her name Kekaulike translates as "the equality" in Hawaiian.[4]


She was born on May 12, 1843, the youngest daughter of High Chief Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole of Hilo, and Princess Kinoiki Kekaulike from Kauaʻi island. From her father she was cousin of the Kamehameha Dynasty being in the line of Keawe and she was a cousin of Kalākaua through their common ancestor the High Chiefess Ululani of Hilo. Her mother was the stepdaughter of the Queen Regent Kaʻahumanu and the daughter of Kaumualiʻi, the last king of Kauaʻi before he agreed to be a vassal to Kamehameha I in 1810. She was the youngest sister of Kapiʻolani (later Queen Consort of Kalākaua) and Princess Poʻomaikelani. She took the name Kekaulike from her mother and great-great grandfather, King Kekaulike of Maui.

On February 25, 1861 she married High Chief David Kahalepouli Piʻikoi and they had three sons.[1][5] David Kahalepouli Kawānanakoa was born February 19, 1868; Edward Abnel Keliʻiahonui, born May 13, 1869; Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole, the youngest born on March 26, 1871. Her sons were adopted by her sisters Queen Kapiʻolani and Princess Poʻomaikelani after her death.[6] Her sons were granted the title of Princes and style His Highness.

Her sister's husband became the king of Hawaii in 1874, so she was granted the title of Princess and style of Her Royal Highness, at 1883 at Kalākaua's coronation. In the coronation ceremony, she had the honor of carrying Kalākaua's royal feather cape,[7] passed down from the days of Kamehameha I. She handed the royal mantle to Chief Justice Albert Francis Judd who placed it on the king's shoulders "as of the Ensign of Knowledge and Wisdom".[8] She served from 1880 to 1884 as Governor of Hawaii Island, succeeding her sister's sister-in-law, the Princess Miriam Likelike.[9][10]


Princess Kekaulike started to suffer from what was termed a "heart disease", a year after Kalākaua's coronation, and during her illness received a visit from Mother Marianne Cope.[2] She was unable to recover and died at her Ululani residence, in Honolulu, on January 8, 1884.[1]

Her funeral expenses added up to $1,931.36.[11] She was interred in the Kalākaua Crypt at the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii.[5] In her will, she gave her Beretania street residence Ululani, as the site of a proposed maternity home to help Hawaiian mothers, which later became the Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children.



  1. ^ a b c d David W. Forbes, ed. (2003). Hawaiian national bibliography, 1780–1900. 4. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 110, 127. ISBN 0-8248-2636-1. 
  2. ^ a b Mary Laurence Hanley, O. A. Bushnell (1992). Pilgrimage and Exile: Mother Marianne of Molokai. University of Hawaii Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-8248-1387-1. 
  3. ^ Barbara Bennett Peterson (1984). Notable Women of Hawaii. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-0820-7. 
  4. ^ Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert, Samuel H.; Mookini, Esther T. (1974). Place Names of Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8248-0524-1. 
  5. ^ a b Christopher Buyers. "The Kamehameha Dynasty Genealogy (Page 4)". Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  6. ^ John R. K. Clark (1990). Beaches of Kaua'i and Ni'ihau. University of Hawaii Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-8248-1260-7. 
  7. ^ Liliʻuokalani (Queen of Hawaii) (July 25, 2007) [1898]. Hawaii's story by Hawaii's queen, Liliuokalani. Lee and Shepard, reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, LLC. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-548-22265-2. 
  8. ^ Ralph S. Kuykendall (1967). Hawaiian Kingdom 1874–1893, the Kalakaua Dynastism. University of Hawaii Press. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-87022-433-1. 
  9. ^ "Governor of Hawaii" (PDF). state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  10. ^ Roster, Legislatures of Hawaii, 1841–1918: by Robert Colfax Lydecker. page 147
  11. ^ Na kanawai o ka repubalika o Hawaii: Laws of His Majesty Kalakaua I King of the Hawaiian Islands. 1884. p. 105. 

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Preceded by
Princess Miriam Likelike
Governor of Hawaii Island
Succeeded by
Princess Virginia Poʻomaikelani