Victoria the Great
|Victoria the Great|
|Directed by||Herbert Wilcox|
|Produced by||Herbert Wilcox|
|Written by||Miles Malleson
Charles de Grandcourt
|Music by||Anthony Collins|
|Cinematography||William V. Skall
|Edited by||Jill Irving|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
Victoria the Great is a 1937 British historical film directed by Herbert Wilcox and starring Anna Neagle, Anton Walbrook and Walter Rilla. When Laurence Housman's play Victoria Regina was banned by the Lord Chamberlain (in 1935, the royal family could not be shown on the British stage); its subsequent Broadway success prompted King Edward VIII to commission producer Herbert Wilcox to turn it into a film, commemorating the centenary of Victoria's reign. The film biography of Queen Victoria concentrates initially on the early years of her reign with her marriage to Prince Albert and her subsequent rule after Albert's death in 1861. It was released in the year of King George VI's coronation, which was also the centennial of Victoria's own accession to the throne. The movie was so successful that a sequel appeared the following year, Sixty Glorious Years.
In June 1837, 18-year-old Victoria ascends the throne following the death of her uncle, King William IV. She soon shows her independence from the influence of her German mother the Duchess of Kent and her Belgian advisor Baron Stockmar.
Lord Melbourne, her trusted Prime Minister, tells her he is growing old and she needs an advisor. He suggests she marry her German cousin Albert. Victoria considers Albert too straitlaced and serious, while he thinks she is frivolous, self-willed, overly talkative and too fond of dancing. Victoria decides to postpone inviting Albert and his older brother Ernest to visit, but when Melbourne informs her that Albert does not want to come, she immediately changes her mind and insists he come.
England does not make a favorable first impression on Albert and Ernest; their passage across the English Channel is rough and rain-drenched. When they are first presented to the Queen, Albert is not very friendly. Later, at a ball, Albert tells Ernest they are returning home the next day, but after a waltz with Victoria (the orchestra conducted by Johann Strauss), he cancels that plan. In the meantime, Victoria has decided to marry Albert, but he cannot propose to a sovereign, so she must do it herself.
After their marriage, Victoria devotes herself to government, leaving Albert with nothing to do. He chafes at his idleness. When Robert Peel talks to Victoria about the merits of an income tax with Victoria during a party, Albert tries to join the discussion, only to be rebuffed by his wife. When Albert final rebels, Victoria is unsympathetic at first, but then gives in and lets him participate in governing. She grows to rely on him.
During the social unrest and depression of the "Hungry Forties", Albert spots a would-be assassin and shields his wife during an open-carriage ride. The man only manages to shoot Albert's hat before being overpowered.
In November 1841, their first child, a son, is born.
After an angry mob gathers outside the palace demanding bread, Victoria and Albert support Peel in repealing the Corn Laws.
In 1861, the Trent Affair threatens to bring the United Kingdom in on the side of the South in the American Civil War. Lord Palmerston, the Foreign Minister, is strongly in favour of a strong message to the United States, but Victoria insists otherwise, and Albert rewrites it so that hostilities are avoided.
That same year, Albert dies. Grieving, Victoria goes into seclusion, eventually resulting in public discontent with the monarchy. Finally, William Gladstone pleads with her to resume her public duties, asking her what Albert would have wanted. At this point, the film switches from black and white to colour, as she heeds Gladstone's advice.
- Anna Neagle as Queen Victoria
- Anton Walbrook as Prince Albert
- Walter Rilla as Prince Ernest
- H.B. Warner as Lord Melbourne
- Mary Morris as Duchess of Kent
- James Dale as Duke of Wellington
- Felix Aylmer as Lord Palmerston
- Charles Carson as Sir Robert Peel
- Gordon McLeod as John Brown
- C.V. France as Archbishop of Canterbury
- Arthur Young as William Gladstone
- Greta Schröder as Baroness Lehzen
- Paul Leyssac as Baron Stockmar
- Derrick De Marney as Younger Disraeli
- Hugh Miller as Older Disraeli
- Percy Parsons as President Abraham Lincoln
- Hubert Harben as Lord Conyngham
- Henry Hallett as Joseph Chamberlain
Variety wrote, "Not cloak-and-cocked-hat historical tedium of pageantry and fancy dramatics, Victoria the Great travels a long way toward a full and clarified explanation of the most popular ruler England ever had...Anna Neagle, in the title role, gives an unwavering performance throughout. Anton Walbrook as Albert, the Prince Consort, is superb...The film wisely puts its prime focus on the private life of Victoria, her romance, marriage, and personal characteristics. Backgrounded is her public life, and her gradual rise to such high estimation of her people. Victoria the Great is done with a lavish hand – the closing sequence is in Technicolor [shot by William V. Skall]. The tinting isn’t too good, but serves effectively as a pointer-up for the climax." ; and more recently, the Radio Times wrote, "It's all fairly tame, and a long way from the rough ride given to the royals of today. Yet Neagle's sympathy for the monarch shines through, and the final reel, which bursts into glorious Technicolor for the Diamond Jubilee, is a delightful piece of patriotic pomp."
- "Victoria the Great: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- "Victoria the Great (1937)".
- "Victoria the Great - Film from RadioTimes".
- "Victoria the Great (1937) - Notes - TCM.com".
- In real life, Edward Oxford did try to shoot the Queen in 1840, the first of seven or eight assassination attempts.
- Staff, Variety (1 January 1937). "Review: 'Victoria the Great'".