The neighborhoods of Victorian Flatbush were developed in the early twentieth century from farmland in the former village of Flatbush, in response to the construction of the Brooklyn Rapid Transit line to Coney Island, and are some of the earliest suburbs. Developers including Dean Alvord, Lewis Pounds and particularly Thomas Benton Ackerson sold the new developments as country living, under the name "The Village in the City". Utilities and the subway were buried underground, and the area was carefully laid out with tree-lined avenues, including the Flatbush Malls, and country clubs. The detached houses, many of them large and all distinct, were designed in fashionable styles including "Victorian, Queen Anne, shingle style, colonial revival, neo-Tudor, Spanish Mission and Georgian", with porches and columns, and in many cases bay windows, turrets, and stained glass, and the area resembles other parts of the US more than it does the rest of New York. It is one of the largest collections of Victorian houses in the country. There has been rezoning to guard against oversize buildings near Coney Island Avenue.
Victorian Flatbush is in the western part of Flatbush, bounded approximately by Prospect Park (Brooklyn) or Church Avenue in the north and Avenue H in the south, and by Flatbush Avenue in the east and Coney Island Avenue in the west. It includes a dozen neighborhoods or enclaves:
- Albemarle-Kenmore Terraces, designated a New York City historic district in July 1978
- The Beverley Squares, Beverley Square East and Beverley Square West, major focuses of Ackerson's building
- Caton Park, sometimes called NoProPaSo (North of Prospect Park South)
- Ditmas Park, Ditmas Park Historic District designated a historic district in July 1981
- Ditmas Park West
- Fiske Terrace, designated a historic district in March 2008 with Midwood Park
- Midwood Park, designated a historic district in March 2008 with Fiske Terrace
- Prospect Park South, designated a historic district in 1979
- South Midwood, bordering the Brooklyn College campus to the north
- West Midwood, with a large number of houses designed by Ackerson
The earliest development in Victorian Flatbush was the Tennis Court development, planned by Richard Ficken in the 1880s. These homes were bought and razed to build apartment buildings in the 1920s. The only remnants left of it are the eponymous street, and the Knickerbocker Field Club.
Many parts of Victorian Flatbush, particularly those centered on Cortelyou Road—Ditmas Park West and the Beverley Squares—are now considered part of Ditmas Park. It has also been identified with Midwood.
The Flatbush-Tompkins Congregational Church on 19th Street in the Ditmas Park Historic District, at which Conrad Tillard is since 2018 the Senior Minister, is often used for community meetings. Victorian Flatbush now includes five New York City historic districts, and residents of the sections that have not yet been designated city historic districts are working with the Flatbush Development Corporation and the Historic Districts Council to win designation.
- Evan Lerner, "Peaked Roofs, Crossed Fingers", The City, The New York Times, March 16, 2008.
- "AAFA Bio - Dean Albert Alvord". www.alfordassociation.org. Retrieved 2022-12-23.
- Claire Wilson, "If You're Thinking of Living In / Ditmas Park and Ditmas Park West; Spirited Enclaves With Grand Homes", Real Estate, The New York Times, November 2, 2003.
- Sherri Eisenberg, Food Lovers' Guide to Brooklyn: The Best Restaurants, Markets & Local Culinary Offerings, 2nd ed. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot, 2012, ISBN 9780762780747, p. 227.
- Jake Mooney, "Moved for the Space; Stayed for the Food", Living In | Ditmas Park, Brooklyn, Real Estate, The New York Times, November 13, 2009.
- Victorian Flatbush House Tour, Flatbush Development Corporation, retrieved January 17, 2013.
- Adrienne Onofri, Walking Brooklyn: 30 Tours Exploring Historical Legacies, Neighborhood Culture, Side Streets and Waterways, Berkeley, California: Wilderness, 2007, ISBN 9780899975580, p. 160.
- "Brooklyn—Landmarks," Historic Districts Council, retrieved January 17, 2013.
- "Landmarks Preservation Commission report on Prospect Park South (1979)" (PDF).
- Morris), Suzanne Spellen (aka Montrose (2012-07-06). "Past and Present: Tennis Court". Brownstoner. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
- Maurita Baldock, "Ditmas Park", in: The Encyclopedia of New York City, ed. Kenneth T. Jackson, Lisa Keller and Nancy V. Flood, rev. ed. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University, 2011, ISBN 9780300114652.
- John Rather, "If You're Thinking of Living In/Ditmas Park, Brooklyn; A Suburban Enclave in an Urban Setting", Real Estate, The New York Times, July 5, 1998.
- Cathy Hong, "Close-Up on Ditmas Park", NYC Life, The Village Voice, June 10, 2003, retrieved January 21, 2013.
- Allison van Diepen, Snitch, New York: Simon Pulse, 2007, ISBN 9781416950301, p. 20: "Now I lived on the border between the projects of Flatbush and the leafy neighborhood of Midwood (or Victorian Flatbush as white people call it.)"
- "Rev. Calvin Butts, longtime leader of Harlem's Abyssinian Baptist Church, dead at 73". The New York Daily News.
- "Flatbush-Tompkins Congregational Church". CCCNY.
- "Six to Celebrate 2012," Historic Districts Council, retrieved January 17, 2013.
- Victorian Flatbush history site