Victoriano Guisasola y Menéndez

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Cardinal Guisasola
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Victoriano Guisasola y Menendez
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Victoriano Guisasola y Menendez J.C.D. (21 April 1852 – 2 September 1920) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and an Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain.

Victoriano Guisasola y Menendez was born in Oviedo, Spain. He was the nephew of Victoriano Guisasola Rodríguez, Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela. He was educated at the Seminary of Oviedo where he earned a licentiate in theology and a doctorate in canon law at the University of Oviedo.


He was ordained in 1876 by his uncle. He served as Professor of canon law at the Seminary of Ciudad Real from 1876 until 1882. He was chancellor-secretary to his uncle the bishop of Orihuela from 1882 until 1884. He served as vicar general of Orihuela until 1886.


He was appointed as bishop of Osma on 15 June 1893 by Pope Leo XIII. He was consecrated on 1 October 1893 at the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela by José María Martín de Herrera y de la Iglesia, Cardinal Archbishop of Compostela. He was transferred to the Diocese of Jaén on 19 April 1897. He was appointed in 1899 as a Senator of the kingdom, a post he held until his death. He was transferred to the diocese of Madrid in December 1901. He was promoted to Archdiocese of Valencia on 14 December 1905. He was finally transferred to the metropolitan and primatial see of Toledo on 1 January 1914 by Pope Pius X.


He was created Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati in the consistory of 25 May 1914. He received the red biretta from King Alfonso XIII of Spain on June 3 of that year. He participated in the conclave of 1914 that elected Pope Benedict XV. He died in 1920 while still in office and is buried at the chapel of the Seminary of Toledo.


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Pedro María Lagüera Menezo
Bishop of Osma
15 Jun 1893–19 Apr 1897
Succeeded by
José María García Escudero y Ubago
Preceded by
Manuel María León González y Sánchez
Bishop of Jaen
19 Apr 1897–16 Dec 1901
Succeeded by
Salvador Castellote y Pinazo
Preceded by
José Cos y Macho
Bishop of Madrid
16 December 1901–14 December 1905
Succeeded by
José Maria Salvador y Barrera
Preceded by
Bernardino Nozaleda y Villa
Archbishop of Valencia
14 Dec 1905–1 January 1914
Succeeded by
Valeriano Menéndez y Conde
Preceded by
Gregorio Maria Aguirre y Garcia
Archbishop of Toledo
1 January 1914–2 September 1920
Succeeded by
Enrique Almaraz y Santos