Võidupüha

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A Aero L-39 Albatros during the 2007 parade in Rapla.

Võidupüha or Victory Day in English or the Victory Day in the Battle of Võnnu in Russian is a public holiday in Estonia which takes on June 23. The holiday has been celebrated since 1934 and marks the victory of Estonia and neighboring Latvia in the Battle of Cēsis against the Baltische Landeswehr on June 23, 1919.

History[edit]

The battle was part of the 1918–1920 Estonian Liberation War of Independence, in which the new Estonian government was fought the Soviet Union's Red Army and the Baltische Landeswehr, which consisted of Baltic German nobility from Courland and the Governorate of Livonia who served the German Empire. After the fighting began On 19 June, the combined force of the 3rd Division, the Kuperjanov Infantry Partisian Battalion and the Latvian Northern Brigade pushed held out with reinforcements arriving On 21 June and despite the fact that they did not have the advantage when it came to weaponry (German troops had 5,500–6,300 infantry, 500–600 cavalry as well as a high number of cannons and mortars). On 23 June, after pushing back on the last of the German attacks, the combined contingent statged a large counter-attack which resulted in the recapture of Cēsis (Võnnu in Estonian). After this occurred, Major General Ernst Põdder ordered his day-to-day command of the day that "the victories won over our stagnant and surrendered enemy, in cities and in the countryside, flags and armed units in the local garrisons were set up."[1] On 16 February 1934, the Riigikogu decided to turn the 23 June into a national holiday. The holiday was banned by the new Soviet authorities in Estonia after the USSR re-established Soviet rule over Estonia in 1944. It was also banned by the previous German occupation of Estonia during World War II. It became legal to celebrate Võidupüha again after Estonia regained its independence.[2] The first celebrations of the holiday took place in 1992, in the Kadriorg Palace yard.[3]

Observances[edit]

American paratroopers from the 173rd Airborne Brigade marching in 2014 Estonian Võidupüha parade.

Joint celebrations are observed by both the Estonian Defence Forces and the Latvian National Armed Forces being that it was a joint victory between the two countries. Despite this, Estonia celebrates Victory Day more as a national holiday and event unlike their Latvian counterparts. Celebrations of Võidupüha has been organized by the Estonian Defence League since 2000. Ceremonially, the holiday is also tied to St John's Day (Jaaniõhtu) on June 24, celebrating the summer solstice observances and the Nativity of Saint John the Baptist.

The traditional lighting of a fire by the Estonian President on the morning of Victory Day was restored after the Soviet occupation From this fire, the flame of independence would be carried across the country to light the many other bonfires in other cities. By Estonian laws, all national symbols pust be present, which requires that the state flags are not to be lowered on any government buildings during the night that passes between these two days.

Parades[edit]

Madis Kallas in Kuressaare during the Võidupüha celebrations, June 23, 2014.

Annual military parades have taken place in honor of Võidupüha in different cities of Estonia, with the President of Estonia presiding over the event.

The following Võidupüha parades have taken place over the years:[4]

In 2006, ETV filmed Võidupüha Mereparaad (Victory Day Naval Parade), which was a documentary on the Estonian/NATO naval parade on Võidupüha that year.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kuidas hakati Võidupüha tähistama".
  2. ^ https://www.calend.ru/holidays/0/0/2091/
  3. ^ "Kuidas hakati Võidupüha tähistama".
  4. ^ "Võidupüha paraad | ERR | Digihoidla". arhiiv.err.ee.
  5. ^ "Remembering the Generation of 1918". June 24, 2006.
  6. ^ https://m.delfi.ee/eesti/article.php?id=34427277
  7. ^ Times, The Baltic. "Article". m.baltictimes.com.
  8. ^ Ivar Jõesaar (October 2016). "Sõjatorupilli saamislugu: nüüd, kui Eesti torupill on astunud riigikaitseteenistusse" (in Estonian). Delfi. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Võidupüha paraad Võrus: pärast Ilvese kõnet toovad tunnustatud noorkotkad ja kodutütred pühadetule kõigisse maakondadesse" (in Estonian). Eesti Rahvusringhääling. 23 July 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  10. ^ "FOTOD | Vaata, kuidas valmistuti tänaseks aegade suurimaks võidupüha paraadiks". Delfi. June 23, 2018.
  11. ^ "Georgian President ends visit to Estonia, highlights importance of discussions regarding country's Euro-Atlantic future". Agenda.ge.
  12. ^ ERR, ERR News, BNS | (June 19, 2019). "Over 1,200 uniformed personnel to take part in Victory Day parade". ERR.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  13. ^ "Estonia holds Victory Day parade - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com.
  14. ^ https://eadaily.com/ru/news/2019/06/23/estoniya-paradom-otmetila-stoletie-svoey-pobedy-nad-nemcami
  15. ^ https://rus.err.ee/955222/v-tartu-proshel-parad-v-chest-dnja-pobedy