Victualling Department (Royal Navy)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Victualling Department
Naval Ensign of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg
Agency overview
Formed 1832
Preceding agency
Dissolved 1964
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction Government of the United Kingdom
Headquarters Admiralty
London
Agency executives
  • Director of Victualling
  • Deputy Director of Victualling
  • Assistant Director of Victualling
Parent department Admiralty

The Victualling Department originally known as the Department of the Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services or the Victualling Office,[1] also known as the Department of the Director of Victualling was the British Admiralty department responsible for civil administration of Victualling Yards and the storing and supply of Naval Victuals for the Royal Navy from 1832 to 1964.

History[edit]

The provision of Victualling to the Royal Navy was originally done using specialist food and beverage subcontractor's,[2][3] it became the responsibility of the Surveyor-General of Victuals, who was a principal officer of the Navy Board from 1550 to 1679. In 1683, he was post replaced by a Board of Victualling Commissioners that was subordinate yet autonomous to the Navy Board.[4] The Victualling Board took over a number of functions, including medical services, from the Transport Board when it was abolished in 1817. When the Victualling Board itself was also discharged from its duties in the Admiralty reforms of 1832, victualling became the responsibility of the Board of Admiralty under a new Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services,[5] under the superintendence of the Fourth Naval Lord. In 1862 the provision transport services passed to a newly created Transport Department and in 1869 the office of Comptroller of Victualling and his department was ended. Its former role was then divided between a new Contract and Purchase Department, that would managed by the Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty, their department became responsible for purchasing, following this re-organisation process a Superintendent of Victualling was created in 1870 until 1878 when it was renamed the Director of Victualling his department managed the store-keeping and supply functions of Navy Victuals for the Royal Navy. In 1961 the department was amalgamated within the Naval Stores Department but remained autonomous until 1964.[6] Victualling continued within the new Navy Department, Ministry of Defence that was created following the merger of the Department of Admiralty in April 1964 into an enlarged ministry.

Administration[edit]

Post Holders included:[7][8][9][10]

Comptroller's of Victualling and Transport Services[edit]

  • Captain John Marsh, January 1800 - March 1809
  • Captain John Clarke Searle, March 1809 - June 1832
  • Captain Jame Meek, June 1832 - December 1850
  • Thomas T. Grant, F.R.S. December 1850 - May 1858
  • Charles Richards, Paym, May 1858 - 1862

Comptroller of Victualling[edit]

  • Charles Richards, Paym, 1862 - April 1870

Superintendents of Victualling and Stores[edit]

  • Sir Samuel Sayer Lewes, Kt, April 1870 - August 1878

Directors of Victualling[edit]

  • Sir Samuel Sayer Lewes, Kt, August 1878 - February 1886
  • Sir Henry Francis Redhead Torke, February 1886 - December 1905
  • Sir Oswyn Alexander Ruthven Murray, December 1905 - October 1911
  • J. H. Brooks, October 1911 - 1918
  • C. R. B. Lane, February 1939 - June 1944
  • O. S. N. Rickards, Esq. June 1944 - November 1948

Structure of Department[edit]

As of Spring 1962
Victualling Yards operating from 1860 onward during the existence of this department the number of yards were reduced and included.'[11]

Note:Each yard's victualling supplies were managed by either an Agent Victualler, Master Attendent Victualling, Victualling Contractor or Victualling Stores Officer.

Timeline[edit]

Included[12]
  • Navy Board, Surveyor-General of Victuals, 1550-1679
  • Navy Board, Victualling Board (Board of Victualling Commissioners), 1683-1832
  • Board of Admiralty, Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services, 1832-1862
  • Board of Admiralty, Comptroller of Victualling, 1862-1869
  • Board of Admiralty, Victualling Department, Superintendent of Victualling, 1869-1878
  • Board of Admiralty, Victualling Department, Director of Victualling, Stores 1869-1964

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tanner, J. R. (2013). Samuel Pepys and the Royal Navy. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 63. ISBN 9781107626430. 
  2. ^ Macpherson, David (1805). Annals of Commerce, Manufactures, Fisheries, and Navigation with Brief Notices of the Arts and Sciences Connected with Them: Containing the Commercial Transactions of the British Empire and Other Countries : with a Large Appendix ; in Four Volumes. London, England: Nichols and Son. p. 318. 
  3. ^ Knight, Roger; Wilcox, Martin Howard (2010). Sustaining the Fleet, 1793-1815: War, the British Navy and the Contractor State. Boydell & Brewer. p. 1919. ISBN 9781843835646. 
  4. ^ "Victualling Board - Oxford Reference". oxfordreference.com. Oxford University, England, 2007. doi:10.1093/oi/authority.20110803115703925. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  5. ^ Archives, The National. "Navy Board, Victualling Office, and Admiralty, Department of the Comptroller of the Victualling and Transport Services: In-Letters". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1793-1849, ADM 109. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  6. ^ Archives, The National. "Records of Victualling Departments". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1660-1975, ADM. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  7. ^ Clowes, W. Laird (William Laird); Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert) (1897). "The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present, Vol 5, 1802-1815". archive.org. p, 4 London : Sampson Low, Marston. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  8. ^ Admiralty, Great Britain (1834). The Navy List. H.M. Stationery Office. 
  9. ^ Clowes, W. Laird (William Laird); Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert) (1897). The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present, Vol 6, 1815-1857. London : Sampson Low, Marston. p. 186. 
  10. ^ Clowes, W. Laird (William Laird); Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert) (1897). The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present, Vol 7, 1865-1900. London, England: London : Sampson Low, Marston. p. 3. 
  11. ^ Office, H.M. Stationary Office (1832–1970). The Navy Lists. London, England: H.M. Government. 
  12. ^ Archives, The National. "Records of Victualling Departments". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1660-1975, ADM. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 

Sources[edit]

  • Archives, The National. "Records of Victualling Departments". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1660-1975, ADM 312.
  • Clowes, W. Laird (William Laird); Markham, Clements R. (Clements Robert) (1897). The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present, Vol's 1-7, 55-1900. Sampson Low, Marston, London, England.
  • Government H.M. "The Navy List" (various 1832 to 1970), H.M. Stationery Office. London. England
  • Hamilton, Sir Vesey (1896). "IV". The Constitution, Character and Functions of the Board of Admiralty and the Civil Departments it Directs. George Bell and Sons. ISBN 9781150465000.
  • Haas, J. M. (1994). A Management Odyssey: The Royal Dockyards, 1714-1914. University Press of America. ISBN 9780819194619.
  • Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Offices of State. Lavenham: T. Dalton. ISBN 0900963948.
  • Knight, Roger; Wilcox, Martin (2010). Sustaining the fleet, 1793-1815 : war, the British Navy and the contractor state. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843835646. 

External links[edit]