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Directed by Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Produced by K. Ravindran Nair
Screenplay by Adoor Gopalakrishnan
Based on Bhaskara Pattelarum Ente Jeevithavum by Zacharia
Starring Mammootty
Tanvi Azmi
M. R. Gopakumar
Sabitha Anand
Music by Vijaya Bhaskar
Cinematography Mankada Ravi Varma
Edited by M. Mani
Release date
Running time
112 minutes
Country India
Language Malayalam

Vidheyan (English: The Servile) is a 1993 Indian Malayalam language Drama film directed and written by Adoor Gopalakrishnan. It is a cinematic adaptation of the novella Bhaskara Pattelarum Ente Jeevithavum by Malayalam writer Zacharia. The film explores the master-slave dialectic in a South Karnataka setting. Mammootty plays the lead role in the film, who received several accolades for his work.


Thommy, a Christian migrant labourer from Kerala is an obedient slave of his aggressive, tyrannical landlord Bhaskara Pattelar. Thommy obeys all the orders of his master, whether it is to make his own wife sexually available to his master or in killing Pattelar's kindly wife, Saroja. When Pattelar escapes to a jungle, due to his own deeds, Thommy escorts him like a pet. But when Pattelar is killed Thommy exults in freedom.



The film is a cinematic adaptation of the novel Bhaskara Pattelarum Ente Jeevithavum by Malayalam writer Paul Zacharia. Zacharia's novella was inspired by a real-life character named Patela Shekhara Gowda alias Shiradi Shekhara. Zacharia happened to hear the stories of Patelar when he was residing near Shiradi village Mangalore in Karnataka.[1] After the release of the film, Adoor had a tiff with Zacharia over the film. Zachariah said Adoor tainted his story with Hindutva.[2]


1993 National Film Awards
Kerala State Film Awards [3]
Other awards


  1. ^ "പട്ടേലർ എന്നൊരു സത്യം" (in Malayalam). Malayala Manorama. March 27, 2011.
  2. ^ Gowri Ramnarayan (September 24 – October 07, 2005). "A constant process of discovery". Frontline. Retrieved April 9, 2011. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ "Kerala State Film Awards: 1993". Kerala State Chalachitra Academy. Archived from the original on 2 October 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  4. ^ a b

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