Vieil-Hesdin

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Vieil-Hesdin
The church of Vieil-Hesdin
The church of Vieil-Hesdin
Location of Vieil-Hesdin
Vieil-Hesdin is located in France
Vieil-Hesdin
Vieil-Hesdin
Vieil-Hesdin is located in Hauts-de-France
Vieil-Hesdin
Vieil-Hesdin
Coordinates: 50°21′30″N 2°05′59″E / 50.3583°N 2.0997°E / 50.3583; 2.0997Coordinates: 50°21′30″N 2°05′59″E / 50.3583°N 2.0997°E / 50.3583; 2.0997
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentPas-de-Calais
ArrondissementMontreuil
CantonAuxi-le-Château
IntercommunalityCC Sept Vallées
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Maurice Decoster
Area
1
9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
372
 • Density38/km2 (98/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
62850 /62770
Elevation31–125 m (102–410 ft)
(avg. 37 m or 121 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Vieil-Hesdin (Eng: Old-Hesdin) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

Geography[edit]

Vieil-Hesdin is situated 6 kilometres southeast of Hesdin, on the banks of the river Canche on the D 340 highway.

History[edit]

Once just simply known as Hesdin, this little village was, in the Middle Ages, a large and prosperous town. Its position in the heart of the county of Artois, once part of the Spanish Netherlands, led to its downfall. From 1471 until its destruction in 1553, it suffered many sieges and sackings, as a result of fighting between the Kings of France, the Holy Roman Empire, Henry VIII of England and several French nobles.

The end of Hesdin, as it was then known, was at the hands of Charles V. His 60,000 strong army had already ravaged Metz and razed Thérouanne in April 1553 and he ordered the city and the castle completely destroyed. A month later, the wreckers had finished their work. Only the convent and chapel were spared. Some months later, the demolition material was used to found a new city 6 kilometres downstream, at a village then called Maisnil. This new town took the name Hesdin-fert, then Hesdin-fort, eventually becoming Hesdin. The ruined town was known for a while as Hesdin-le-Châtel, then eventually as Vieil-Hesdin (Old-Hesdin).

Population[edit]

Historical population of Vieil-Hesdin
Year1962196819751982199019992006
Population338338371362364364382
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places and monuments[edit]

  • Château Estruval. A former convent of the Black Nuns. The façade, roof and cloisters are protected by decree of July 9, 1981. The garden walls and buildings (including two pigeon houses) are also protected by decree of April 28, 1993.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

External links[edit]