Vienna, Virginia

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Vienna, Virginia
Street scene in Vienna
Street scene in Vienna
Official seal of Vienna, Virginia
Location of Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia
Location of Vienna in Fairfax County, Virginia
Vienna is located in Northern Virginia
Vienna is located in Virginia
Vienna is located in the United States
Coordinates: 38°54′N 77°16′W / 38.900°N 77.267°W / 38.900; -77.267Coordinates: 38°54′N 77°16′W / 38.900°N 77.267°W / 38.900; -77.267
Country United States
State Virginia
County Fairfax
 • TypeCouncil-manager government
 • MayorLinda J. Colbert (Nonpartisan)
 • Town managerMercury Payton
 • Total4.41 sq mi (11.42 km2)
 • Land4.40 sq mi (11.40 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
358 ft (109 m)
 • Total16,473
 • Density3,741.3/sq mi (1,451.69/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
22180-22183, 22185
Area code(s)571 and 703
FIPS code51-81072[3]
GNIS feature ID1500258[4]

Vienna (/viˈɛnə/) is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. As of the 2020 U.S. census, Vienna has a population of 16,473.[2] Significantly more people live in ZIP codes with the Vienna postal addresses (22180, 22181, and 22182), bordered approximately by Interstate 66 on the south, Interstate 495 on the east, Route 7 to the north, and Hunter Mill Road to the west, than in the town itself.


War memorial in Vienna

Non-native settlement in the region dates to ca. 1740. In 1754, prominent soldier and land owner Colonel Charles Broadwater settled within the town boundaries. Broadwater's son-in-law, John Hunter built the first recorded house there in 1767, naming it Ayr Hill to recall his birthplace, Ayr, Scotland. That name was then applied to the tiny developing community. The name of the town was changed in the 1850s, when a doctor, William Hendrick, settled there if the town renamed itself after his hometown, Phelps, New York, which was then known as Vienna.[5]

On June 17, 1861, a relatively-minor but widely noted military engagement occurred there, the Battle of Vienna, one of the earliest armed clashes of the American Civil War. A would-be Union occupation unit under Brigadier General Robert C. Schenck approached Vienna from the east by train but was ambushed and forced to retreat by a superior Confederate force led by Colonel Maxcy Gregg. Today, several historical markers in Vienna detail its Civil War history.[6][7][8][9][10] In addition, in the center of town lies the well preserved Freeman House; which, in 1861, was the polling place for the secession vote and was used during the war by both sides as a hospital. The house has been turned into a museum and gift shop.

The First Baptist Church of Vienna was founded in 1867, and the original church structure was built using Union Army barracks lumber obtained through the Freedmen's Bureau.[11] This church building was also the town's first black public school. The first white public school was built in 1872. A permanent black elementary school was built, which was later named for its long-time principal, Louise Archer. Fairfax County Schools were completely desegregated by the Fall of 1965.[12]


The Vienna, VA postal area (pink) compared to the town limits (red).

Vienna is located at 38°54′N 77°16′W / 38.900°N 77.267°W / 38.900; -77.267 (38.8991, −77.2607), at an elevation of 358 feet (109 meters).[4][13] It lies in the Piedmont approximately 5.5 miles (8.9 km) southwest of the Potomac River.[14][15] Wolftrap Creek, a tributary of nearby Difficult Run, flows north from its source in the eastern part of town. The Bear Branch of Accotink Creek, a Potomac tributary, flows south from its source in the southern part of town.[15] Located in Northern Virginia on Interstate 66, Vienna is 12 miles (19 km) west of Washington, D.C. and 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of Fairfax, the county seat.[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11 km2), all of it land. As a suburb of Washington, D.C., Vienna is a part of both the Washington metropolitan area and the larger Washington–Baltimore combined statistical area. It is bordered on all sides by other Washington suburbs, including: Wolf Trap to the north, Tysons Corner to the northeast, Dunn Loring to the east, Merrifield to the south, and Oakton to the west.[17] These communities are unincorporated, and portions of them lie in ZIP codes with Vienna postal addresses despite lying outside the town's borders.[18]


Historical population
2021 (est.)16,329[19]−0.9%
* U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2020 census, there were 16,473 people, 5,424 households, and 4,215 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,741.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,444.5/km2). There were 5,686 housing units at an average density of 1,292.3 per square mile (499.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 74.4% White, 13.7% Asian, 9.8% Hispanic or Latino, 2.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, and 7.8% from two or more races.[2]

There were 5,424 households, out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.8% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84, and the average family size was 3.19.[2]

In the town, the population was spread out, with 28% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males age 18 and over.[2]

As of 2009, the median income for a household in the town was $113,817, and the median income for a family was $124,895. Males had a median income of $88,355 versus $66,642 for females. The per capita income for the town was $49,544. About 3.7% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.[20]

Vienna's median home price was $820,000 in 2017,[21] one of the highest in the nation.


Primary and secondary schools[edit]

The town is served by Fairfax County Public Schools.

Vienna is served by three high schools (Oakton, Madison, and Marshall); two middle schools (Kilmer and Thoreau), and seven elementary schools. However, of all the schools Vienna students attend, only four public and one private are actually within the town limits: Cunningham Park Elementary School, Marshall Road Elementary School, Louise Archer Elementary School, Vienna Elementary School and Green Hedges School.

Vienna has one independent school, Green Hedges, accredited by the Virginia Association of Independent Schools. Green Hedges has students from ages 3– 5 (Montessori preschool and kindergarten program) through preparatory grades 1–8. Founded in 1942 by Frances and Kenton Kilmer, the School was relocated to the Windsor Heights area of Vienna in 1955.

Vienna also has one independent Catholic school, Oakcrest School, which was founded in 1976 and moved to its permanent campus in Vienna in 2017,[22] and two Catholic elementary schools: St. Mark Catholic School and Our Lady of Good Counsel Catholic School.[23][24]

The music program at James Madison High School includes a marching band, "The Pride of Vienna", and color guard, two symphonic bands, jazz band, orchestra, and chorus. The Crew team at James Madison has won many awards.[25] The novice team has won states three years in a row[25] In addition, the Women's Junior Eight of 2010 won second in the nation as well as Virginia States.[25] Their Team sent all their boats but two, to the nationals in Saratoga.[25] Their Varsity Baseball team has won 26 District titles, 6 Region titles, and 4 State titles (1968, 1971, 2002, 2015), led by Coach Mark "Pudge" Gjormand's 20-year run which produced 19 of the 36 titles (14 district, 3 region, and 2 state). A water tower stating "Home of the Warhawks" can be seen towering over the school. Also, more recently, the Madison Men's Lacrosse team, coached by coach of the year, Arron Solomon, won the District, Regional, and State championship in the spring of 2019. The 2019 lacrosse team was the first team at James Madison to win a state championship and did so without any players committed to a college team.

Thoreau Middle School shares a class with Joyce Kilmer Middle School (also located in Vienna) and Longfellow Middle School (located in Falls Church). Kilmer had accelerated programs for students that have passed certain aptitude tests, known as the Advanced Academic Program (AAP) program. This program has also been introduced into Luther Jackson Middle School. Kilmer also has a band and orchestra program, and recently started up a Science Olympiad and Chess Club program.

Close to Madison sit the seven elementary schools: Flint Hill Elementary (not to be confused with Flint Hill School, a private school in neighboring Oakton, Virginia), Louise Archer (which also has an AAP program), Marshall Road, Oakton Elementary (a feeder school into Oakton and Madison High Schools),[26] Vienna Elementary, Wolftrap, and Cunningham Park. Each of these schools send graduates into Thoreau, Kilmer, Luther Jackson Middle School or Longfellow, and afterwards James Madison High School, Oakton High School (just outside Vienna on the border with Oakton, with a Vienna address), George C. Marshall High School (in the Falls Church area of Fairfax County), Falls Church High School (just outside Vienna in Merrifield) or McLean High School. Freedom Hill Elementary, which recently started an Advanced Academic program, sends graduates to Kilmer, and afterward to Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology or Marshall High School. Residents of Vienna who live along the town's border with Great Falls, VA also send graduates into Langley High School via Cooper Middle School. Because of the large influx of new residents in the last decade, the classes of '09, '10, and '11 at these regional high schools are expected to be the largest over the next ten years.[citation needed]

Public libraries[edit]

Fairfax County Public Library operates the Patrick Henry Library in Vienna.[27]


Interstate 66 westbound in Vienna

Interstate 66 is the main highway serving Vienna. Access is provided via Exit 62 and Virginia State Route 243. In addition, Virginia State Route 123 runs through downtown Vienna.


MAE-East is located within the Vienna postal area in Tysons Corner CDP. This served as one of two locations (in addition to MAE-West) where all Internet traffic was exchanged between one ISP and other private, government, and academic Internet networks and served as a magnet for telecom and other high-tech companies focused on the Internet. In 1995 America Online (AOL) was headquartered at 8619 Westwood Center Drive in Tysons Corner CDP in unincorporated Fairfax County,[28][29] near Vienna.[30]

The global corporate headquarters of Navy Federal Credit Union is located in Vienna.[31]

Top employers[edit]

According to the Town's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:[32]

# Employer # of Employees
1 Navy Federal Credit Union 2,500+
2 Fairfax County Public Schools 500–999
3 Contemporary Electrical Services, Inc 100–249
4 Giant Foods 100–249
5 Whole Foods Market Group 100–249
6 Town of Vienna 100–249
7 Westwood Country Club 100–249
8 Wheat's Lawn and Custom Land Inc 100–249
9 The Hope Center for Advanced Veterinary Medicine 100–249
10 U.S. Postal Service 50–99


The W&OD Trail crosses through downtown Vienna. Several parks are located near the town, including Meadowlark Botanical Gardens and Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. The town green and Jammin' Java coffeehouse and music club serve as areas for theatre and musical performances.

Notable people[edit]

Many of these residents live outside the town but in the Vienna postal delivery area.

Points of interest[edit]


  1. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Feb 16, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "QuickFacts Vienna town, Virginia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-12-24.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Town of Vienna, Town History". Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  6. ^ "On June 17, 1861 Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Civil War Action at Vienna Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Civil War Star Fort Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Cavalry Engagement near Hunter's Mill Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  10. ^ "Terror by the Tracks Historical Marker". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  11. ^ "First Baptist Church of Vienna Church History". 1996-04-14. Archived from the original on 2012-02-18. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
  12. ^ "Timeline of Fairfax County History". Retrieved 2012-05-14.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "Piedmont province". The Geology of Virginia. The College of William & Mary Department of Geology. Archived from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  15. ^ a b "Fairfax County Transportation Plan" (PDF). Fairfax County Department of Transportation. October 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  16. ^ "Virginia Official State Transportation Map". Virginia Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  17. ^ "Virginia: 2000 - Population and Housing Counts" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. October 2003. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  18. ^ "County of Virginia — Postal ZIP Codes" (PDF). Fairfax County Department of Information Technology — GIS and Mapping Services Branch. July 2007. Retrieved 2011-07-22.
  19. ^ "QuickFacts Vienna town, Virginia". Retrieved December 24, 2022.
  20. ^ "Vienna town, Virginia — Selected Economic Characteristics: 2005-2009". 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-11. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  21. ^ "Home Sales Prices Continue to Skyrocket in Northern Virginia". NVAR. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  22. ^ "About Us". Oakcrest School. Retrieved 2021-04-05.
  23. ^ "School". St. Mark. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  24. ^ "OLGC School: Location & Directions". Vienna, Virginia: Our Lady of Good Counsel Catholic School. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
  25. ^ a b c d "Brian Hetrick". Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  26. ^ "Oakton Elementary School | Fairfax County Public Schools".
  27. ^ "Library Branches." Fairfax County Public Library. Retrieved on October 21, 2009.
  28. ^ "AMERICA ONLINE INC." The Washington Post. April 17, 2005. Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
  29. ^ "Tysons Corner CDP, Virginia Archived 2011-11-10 at the Wayback Machine." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
  30. ^ Sugawara, Sandra. "America Online to Reduce Rates; Firm Faces Subscriber Boycott, Pressure From Competitors." The Washington Post. October 13, 1994. Financial B09. Retrieved on May 7, 2009.
  31. ^ "Locations". Navy Federal Credit Union. Retrieved 2023-02-01.
  32. ^ Serfass, Marion. "Town of Vienna, Virginia Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2020" (PDF). Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  33. ^ "Mrs. Charles G. Abbot: Wife of Smithsonian Secretary, Known For Her Paintings". Times Machine. The New York Times. June 3, 1944. p. 13. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  34. ^ Alfred Dennis Sieminski biography, United States Congress. Accessed June 29, 2007.

External links[edit]