Vienna, West Virginia

Coordinates: 39°19′31″N 81°32′34″W / 39.32528°N 81.54278°W / 39.32528; -81.54278
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Vienna, West Virginia
City Hall
City Hall
Flag of Vienna, West Virginia
Location of Vienna in Wood County, West Virginia.
Location of Vienna in Wood County, West Virginia.
Coordinates: 39°19′31″N 81°32′34″W / 39.32528°N 81.54278°W / 39.32528; -81.54278
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyWood
Area
 • Total3.97 sq mi (10.28 km2)
 • Land3.97 sq mi (10.28 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
636 ft (194 m)
Population
 • Total10,676
 • Estimate 
(2021)[2]
10,576
 • Density2,551.41/sq mi (985.19/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
26101, 26105
Area code304
FIPS code54-83500[3]
GNIS feature ID1555890[4]
WebsiteOfficial website

Vienna (/viˈɛnə/) is a city in Wood County, West Virginia, United States, situated along the Ohio River. The population was 10,676 at the 2020 census.[2] It is the second-largest city in the Parkersburg–Vienna metropolitan area.

History[edit]

In 1794, Joseph Spencer gave the city its name. Spencer served as an aide de camp to his father during the American Revolutionary War. It began as a 5,000-acre settlement, a grant to Spencer for his services during the war. Charles R. Blair was Vienna's first mayor after it was incorporated in 1935.[5] Vienna was known for Vitrolite production until the 1940s.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.79 square miles (9.82 km2), all land.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19402,338
19506,020157.5%
19609,38155.8%
197011,54923.1%
198011,6180.6%
199010,862−6.5%
200010,8610.0%
201010,749−1.0%
202010,676−0.7%
2021 (est.)10,576[2]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 10,749 people, 4,707 households, and 3,054 families living in the city. The population density was 2,836.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,095.0/km2). There were 5,091 housing units at an average density of 1,343.3 per square mile (518.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 1.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.8%.[8]

Of the 4,707 households 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.1% were non-families. 30.4% of households were one person and 13.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age was 43.8 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23% were from 25 to 44; 29.1% were from 45 to 64; and 19.6% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 10,861 people, 4,733 households, and 3,152 families living in the city. The population density was 2,895.8 people per square mile (1,118.3/km2). There were 5,074 housing units at an average density of 1,352.8 per square mile (522.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.70% White, 0.95% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.50%.[3]

Of the 4,733 households 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 30.3% of households were one person and 14.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.84.

The age distribution was 21.2% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% 65 or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median household income was $39,220 and the median family income was $49,477. Males had a median income of $41,779 versus $25,122 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,452. About 5.3% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Pollution[edit]

PFOA pollution in a stream in Vienna that originated in a DuPont chemical company landfill was the trigger for a landmark class-action lawsuit over PFOA contamination in the region.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d Bureau, US Census. "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". Census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Vienna History". vienna-wv.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  7. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 20, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  9. ^ Rich, Nathaniel (January 6, 2016). "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare". New York Times.