Vienna International Airport

Coordinates: 48°06′39″N 016°34′15″E / 48.11083°N 16.57083°E / 48.11083; 16.57083
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vienna Airport

Flughafen Wien-Schwechat
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorFlughafen Wien AG
Serves
LocationSchwechat, Austria
Opened1938; 86 years ago (1938)
Hub forAustrian Airlines
Focus city forKorean Air Cargo
Operating base for
Elevation AMSL183 m / 600 ft
Coordinates48°06′39″N 016°34′15″E / 48.11083°N 16.57083°E / 48.11083; 16.57083
Websitewww.viennaairport.com
Maps
Airport map
Airport map
VIE is located in Austria
VIE
VIE
Location within Austria
Map
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
16/34 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Passengers29,533,186
Aircraft movements221,095
Cargo (including
road feeder service,
metric tons)
245,009
Source: Statistics[1]

Vienna Airport, German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat, Slovak: Letisko Viedeň-Švechat, (IATA: VIE, ICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria. It is located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 kilometres (35 mi) west of Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. The Austrian Aeronautical Information Publication calls the airport the Wien-Schwechat Airport in English.[2] It is the country's largest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines as well as a base for low-cost carriers Ryanair and Wizz Air. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Originally built as a military airport in 1938 and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945 and became RAF Schwechat under the occupation of the country. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern Airfield as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building began in 1959.[citation needed]

In 1972, another runway was built. In 1982, the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986, the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jet bridges was opened.[citation needed]

On 27 December 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Abu Nidal, a Palestinian terrorist organization that simultaneously conducted a terrorist attack at Fiumicino Airport in Rome.[3]

Flughafen Wien AG [de], one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately.[4] The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.[citation needed]

In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates was opened. In 1996, Pier West with 12 jetbridges became operational.[citation needed]

Development since the 2000s[edit]

In 2006, the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which aims to welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004 to 2007, an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 (740,000 sq ft) of rentable space. A VIP and general aviation terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.[citation needed]

To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control.[5] The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost €401.79 million.[6] However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated €929.5 million.[6] The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to €849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.[6]

On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year.[7] Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million.[8] Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010.[9] The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380.[10]

In 2022 Vienna Airport handled 23.6 million passengers, making it one of the busiest airports in the region.

Terminals[edit]

Concourse D seen from the tower showing the Airbus A380 parking position
Interior of Terminal 1
Entrance hall of Terminal 3

The airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.[11]

Terminals[edit]

Concourses[edit]

  • Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and featured Gates B31–B42 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations.[11] Since 2021 it was temporarily used to handle non-Schengen bus arrivals. In 2022 it has been refurbished to assume that role permanently.[citation needed]
  • Concourse C (pier west) for Schengen destinations; features Gates C21-24) (boarding via buses), C31–C42 (jetbridges) C71–C75 (boarding via buses)[11]
  • Concourse D (pier east; formerly Concourse A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses).[11] Concourse D has been closed and partially refurbished during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Concourse F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)[11]
  • Concourse G (Level 3 and basement of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and bus gates) and G61-67 (boarding via buses).[11]

Expansion projects[edit]

Terminal 3 expansion[edit]

In addition to aforementioned refurbishments of existing passenger facilities, a completely new building is under construction as of early 2024, which is supposed to connect the existing pier east and pier north. The so-called T3 Southern Enlargement will be offering 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) of leisure area and new additional bus gates. The opening had originally been planned for 2023, however the project had been delayed in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. In January 2023 it was announced that the construction of the new building was then set to start in mid 2023.[13] Construction for the new terminal annex subsequently started in February 2024 with a completion date expected for 2027.[14]

Third runway[edit]

Vienna Airport originally projected that it would need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby Bratislava Airport.[5] The third runway is planned to be parallel to and south of the existing runway 11/29. It will be designated 11R/29L, with the existing runway being renamed 11L/29R. The new runway is planned to be 3680 m long and 60 m wide, and equipped with a category III instrument landing system in one direction (29L).[15]

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic the airport projected that a third runway will be necessary by 2025,[16] however, environmental organizations and some local communities oppose construction.[17] These groups have attacked the decision of Lower Austria (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction. A verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit was expected later in 2015.[18] As of September 2016, there were ongoing public protests while no legal decision had been made.[19] On 28 March 2018, the Austrian Federal Administrative Court ruled in favour of a third runway.[20][21]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion[22]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Air Algerie Algiers
Air Cairo Hurghada
Seasonal: Marsa Alam
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi[23]
Air Malta Malta (ends 30 March 2024)[24]
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda (resumes 1 August 2024)[25]
AnadoluJet Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya[26]
Austrian Airlines[27] Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Belgrade, Berlin, Birmingham, Bologna, Boston (begins 1 July 2024),[28] Brussels, Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt,[29] Gran Canaria, Graz, Hamburg, Hanover,[30] Iași, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Košice, Kraków, Larnaca,[31] Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Lyon, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh,[32] Milan–Malpensa,[33] Montréal–Trudeau, Munich, Naples, Newark, New York–JFK, Nice, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Porto,[34] Prague, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Shanghai–Pudong, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tbilisi (resumes 1 May 2024),[35] Tehran–Imam Khomeini,[36] Tel Aviv,[37] Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Varna, Venice, Vilnius,[34] Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cancún,[38] Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman,[38] Dubrovnik, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gothenburg, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kittilä,[39] Kos, Lamezia Terme, Los Angeles,[40] Malé,[38] Marseille,[34] Mauritius,[38] Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Patras, Preveza/Lefkada, Reykjavík–Keflávik,[41] Rhodes, Rovaniemi,[42] Samos, Santorini, Seville,[42] Skiathos, Split, Tivat,[34] Tokyo–Narita, Tromsø,[43] Valencia,[40] Volos, Zadar, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[38] Marsa Alam,[38] Monastir[44]
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku[45]
Bluebird Airways Athens[46][better source needed]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia (resumes 2 April 2024)[47]
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya,[48] Heraklion, Hurghada, Izmir
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
Egyptair Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Copenhagen
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[49]
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Eurowings Berlin (begins 31 March 2024),[50] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart
EVA Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Marsa Alam[51]
Flynas Seasonal: Jeddah, Riyadh[52]
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol,[53] Edinburgh,[54] Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Air Montenegro Podgorica
KM Malta Airlines Malta (begins 31 March 2024)[24]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Monastir
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri
People's St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair[55] Agadir,[56] Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia,[57] Athens, Banja Luka, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Bologna, Bucharest–Otopeni, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen,[55] Dublin, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Helsinki,[58] Kraków, Larnaca, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester,[57] Marseille,[57] Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Niš, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Porto, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda,[57] Tallinn, Tel Aviv,[59] Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana (begins 1 April 2024),[60] Treviso,[61][55] Valencia, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin,[62]
Seasonal: Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Gothenburg,[63] Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme,[57] Lanzarote, Mykonos, Olbia (begins 2 May 2024),[64] Palermo, Preveza/Lefkada, Pula, Rhodes, Rijeka (begins 3 June 2024),[65] Rimini, Santorini, Skiathos, Split (begins 1 April 2024),[65] Varna,[63] Venice, Zadar, Zakynthos
Saudia Jeddah
Seasonal: Riyadh
Smartwings Seasonal charter: Sal,[66]
SunExpress[67] Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Ankara, Dalaman (begins 17 May 2024),[68] Diyarbakır,[69] Kayseri,[70] Samsun[71]
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva,[72] Zürich[73]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Transavia Paris–Orly[74]
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Gaziantep, Kayseri, Samsun
Volotea Nantes
Vueling Barcelona
Wizz Air[75] Abu Dhabi, Barcelona, Bilbao,[76] Cluj-Napoca (ends 30 March 2024),[77] Jeddah,[78] Kutaisi, Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Naples, Nice, Niš (ends 29 March 2024),[79] Ohrid, Podgorica, Pristina, Reykjavík–Keflavík,[80] Riyadh,[78] Rome–Fiumicino, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Yerevan
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia, Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Dammam (ends 13 April 2024),[81][82] Dubai–International, Hurghada,[83] Sharm El Sheikh,[80] Split, Zakynthos

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Asiana Cargo[84] Milan–Malpensa, Seoul–Incheon
Cargolux[85] Baku, Hong Kong, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation[86] Leipzig/Halle
Korean Air Cargo[87] Delhi,[88] Frankfurt, Hanoi, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Oslo, Seoul–Incheon, Zürich
Qatar Airways Cargo[89] Doha
Silk Way Airlines[90] Baku, Hahn, Istanbul, Milan–Malpensa
Turkish Cargo[91] Istanbul
UPS Airlines[92] Budapest, Cologne/Bonn

Statistics[edit]

Apron view of some of the main buildings
Control tower

Traffic figures[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at VIE airport. See Wikidata query.
Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI statistics.
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(including road feeder service,
metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 15,859,050 Increase 7.26% 252,988 Increase 3.42% 180,066 Increase13.77%
2006 16,855,725 Increase 6.28% 260,846 Increase 3.11% 201,870 Increase12.11%
2007 18,768,468 Increase11.35% 280,912 Increase 7.69% 205,024 Increase 1.56%
2008 19,747,289 Increase 5.22% 292,740 Increase 4.21% 201,364 Decrease 1.79%
2009 18,114,103 Decrease 8.27% 261,758 Decrease10.58% 198,407 Decrease 1.47%
2010 19,691,206 Increase 8.71% 265,150 Increase 1.30% 231,824 Increase16.84%
2011 21,106,292 Increase 7.19% 266,865 Increase 0.65% 291,313 Increase25.66%
2012 22,195,794 Increase 5.02% 264,542 Decrease 0.87% 265,467 Decrease 8.89%
2013 21,999,926 Decrease 0.75% 250,224 Decrease 5.41% 268,155 Increase 1.03%
2014 22,483,158 Increase 2.20% 249,989 Decrease 0.09% 290,116 Increase 8.19%
2015 22,775,054 Increase 1.30% 226,811 Decrease 1.70% 272,575 Decrease 1.80%
2016 23,352,016 Increase 2.50% 226,395 Decrease 0.20% 282,726 Increase 3.70%
2017 24,392,805 Increase 4.50% 224,568 Decrease 0.80% 287,692 Increase 1.90%
2018 27,037,292 Increase 10.80% 241,004 Increase 7.30% 295,427 Increase 2.60%
2019 31,662,189 Increase 17.10% 266,802 Increase 10.70% 283,806 Decrease 3.90%
2020 7,812,938 Decrease 75.32% 95,880 Decrease 64.06% 217,888 Decrease 23.23%
2021 10,405,815 Increase 33.19% 111,567 Increase 16.36% 208,010 Decrease 4.53%
2022 23,682,133 Increase 127.59% 188,412 Increase 68.88% 208,713 Increase 0.34%
2023 29,533,186 Increase 24.70% 221,095 Increase 17.3% 245,009 Increase 17.39%
Sources:
(
Years 2005,[93] 2006,[94] 2007,[95] 2009,[96] 2011,[97] 2012,[97] 2013,[97] and 2014[98], 2015,[99] 2016,[100] 2017,[101] 2018,[102] 2019,[103] 2020,[104] 2021,[105] 2022[106] and 2023[107]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Vienna Airport (2019)[108]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Frankfurt 1,109,585
2 Berlin–Tegel 966,659
3 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 944,404
4 Amsterdam 943,705
5 Zürich 940,410
6 London–Heathrow 833,930
7 Düsseldorf 771,175
8 Hamburg 720,332
9 Barcelona 640,052
10 Bucharest 634,044
Busiest intercontinental routes at Vienna Airport (2019)[108]
Rank Airport Passengers Operating airlines
1 Tel Aviv 596,989 Austrian Airlines, El Al, Wizz Air, Lauda, Malta Air
2 Dubai–International 415,169 Emirates
3 Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 340,639 Austrian Airlines, EVA Air, Thai Airways International
4 Taipei–Taoyuan 301,982 China Airlines, EVA Air
5 Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 299,778 Pegasus Airlines, AnadoluJet
6 Antalya 273,000 Austrian Airlines, SunExpress, Lauda, Corendon Airlines
7 Doha 228,502 Qatar Airways
8 Chicago–O'Hare 163,006 Austrian Airlines
9 Toronto–Pearson 152,583 Air Canada
10 Cairo 147,210 Austrian Airlines, Egyptair

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

The airport's railway station

The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes.[109] The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in 16 minutes.[110]

Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. Since December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.

Car[edit]

The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are also several taxi companies that operate at the airport.

Bus[edit]

Buses operate from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities including Bratislava, Budapest and Brno.[111]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Media related to Vienna International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Vienna International Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage