Vienna International Airport

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Vienna International Airport

Flughafen Wien-Schwechat
Letisko Viedeň-Schwechat
Vienna International Airport Logo.svg
2011-06-14 10-23-56 Austria Niederösterreich Fischamend Markt.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorFlughafen Wien AG
ServesVienna, Austria and
Bratislava, Slovakia
LocationSchwechat, Austria
Hub forAustrian Airlines
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL183 m / 600 ft
Coordinates48°06′39″N 016°34′15″E / 48.11083°N 16.57083°E / 48.11083; 16.57083Coordinates: 48°06′39″N 016°34′15″E / 48.11083°N 16.57083°E / 48.11083; 16.57083
Websiteviennaairport.com
Maps
Airport map
Airport map
VIE is located in Austria
VIE
VIE
Location within Austria
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
16/34 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers7,812,938 Decrease 75.3%
Aircraft movements95,880 Decrease 64.4%
Freight (including
road feeder service,
metric tons)
217,888 Decrease 23.2%
Source: Flughafen Wien AG[1]

Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat, Slovak: Letisko Viedeň-Schwechat; IATA: VIE, ICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 kilometres (35 mi) west of Bratislava. It is the country's largest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines as well as a base for low-cost carriers Wizz Air and Ryanair. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. In 2020, the airport handled 7.8 million passengers, a 75.3% decrease compared to 2019 due to the collapse of air traffic during the COVID-19 pandemic.[1]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945 and became RAF Schwechat under the occupation of the country. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.[citation needed]

In 1972, another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.[citation needed]

On 27 December 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Abu Nidal, a Palestinian terrorist organization that simultaneously conducted a terrorist attack at Fiumicino Airport in Rome.[2]

Flughafen Wien AG [de], one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately.[3] The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.[citation needed]

In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation.[citation needed]

Development since the 2000s[edit]

In 2006, the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which aims to welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004 to 2007, an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 (740,000 sq ft) of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.[citation needed]

To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control.[4] The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost 401.79 million.[5] However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated 929.5 million.[5] The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to 849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.[5]

On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year.[6] Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million.[7] Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010.[8] The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380.[9]

Terminals[edit]

Concourse D seen from the tower showing the Airbus A380 parking position
Entrance hall of Terminal 3

The airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.[10]

Terminals[edit]

Concourses[edit]

  • Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and features Gates B31–B42 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations. Since 2021 it is temporarily used to handle Non-Schengen bus arrivals.
  • Concourse C (pier west) for Schengen destinations; features Gates C31–C42 (jetbridges), C71–C75 (buses, Schengen only)
  • Concourse D (pier east; formerly Concourse A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses).
  • Concourse F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)
  • Concourse G (Level 3 and basement of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and bus gates) and G61-67 (boarding via buses)

Expansion projects[edit]

Third runway[edit]

Vienna Airport originally projected that it would need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby Bratislava Airport.[4] The third runway is planned to be parallel to and south of the existing runway 11/29. It will be designated 11R/29L, with the existing runway being renamed 11L/29R. The new runway is planned to be 3680 m long and 60 m wide, and equipped with a category III instrument landing system in one direction (29L).[12]

The airport projected that a third runway will be necessary by 2025 prior to the COVID-19 pandemic,[13] however, environmental organizations and some local communities oppose construction.[14] These groups have attacked the decision of Lower Austria (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction; verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit was expected later in 2015.[15] As of September 2016, there were ongoing public protests while as no legal decision had been made.[16] On 28 March 2018, the Austrian Federal Administrative Court ruled in favour of a third runway.[17][18]

Terminal expansions and refurbishments[edit]

In July 2019, the refurbishment of Terminal 2 started and neared completion in late 2021.[11] Once Terminal 2 is fully reopened, Concourse D was planned to be closed for refurbishment at the beginning of 2021 and expected to open again in 2023. In addition to that, a completely new building was supposed to be built which is supposed to connect the existing pier east and pier north. The so-called T3 Southern Enlargement will be offering 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) of leisure area and new additional bus gates. The opening had been planned for 2023, however the project has been delayed indefinitely in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.[11]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:[19]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion[20]
Aer Lingus Dublin
Air Algerie Algiers
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air Corsica Seasonal: Calvi[21]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
AnadoluJet Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya[22]
Arkia Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv[23]
Austrian Airlines[24] Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Belgrade, Berlin, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Graz, Hamburg, Hanover,[25] Iași, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Košice, Kraków, Kyiv–Boryspil (suspended), Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow, Lviv (suspended), Lyon, Malaga, Manchester, Marrakesh (resumes 1 October, 2022), Milan–Malpensa,[26] Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Domodedovo (suspended), Munich, Naples, Newark, New York–JFK, Nice, Nuremberg, Odessa (suspended), Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Shanghai–Pudong, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Varna, Venice, Vilnius (suspended), Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zaporizhzhia (suspended),[27] Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Cancún,[28] Cape Town (resumes 1 November 2022),[29] Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Florence, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gothenburg, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kavala (resumes 14 June 2022), Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Los Angeles,[30] Malé,[28] Mauritius,[28] Menorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palermo, Patras, Preveza/Lefkada, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg (suspended), Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Tokyo–Narita, Valencia (begins 4 June 2022),[30] Volos, Zadar, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Dalaman, Hurghada,[28] Kittilä, Tromsø
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv[23]
Blue Islands Seasonal charter: Jersey[31]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Condor[32] Seasonal: Heraklion, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Corendon Airlines[33] Antalya, Hurghada, Izmir
Seasonal: Ankara, Bodrum, Heraklion, Kayseri
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
easyJet[34] Seasonal: Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Tbilisi, Yerevan
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[35]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart,
Seasonal: Bastia, Gran Canaria, Mytilene, Samos, Santorini
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
EVA Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Marsa Alam (begins 4 June 2022)[36]
Flynas Seasonal: Jeddah, Riyadh[37]
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv[23]
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City (begins 2 June 2022)[38]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Air Montenegro Podgorica
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri
People's St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia (suspended)
Ryanair[39] Agadir,[40] Alghero, Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia,[40] Athens, Banja Luka, Barcelona, Bari, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Bologna, Bremen,[41] Bristol, Bucharest, Catania, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk,[40] Genoa (begins 2 June 2022),[42] Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Košice,[43] Kraków, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester,[40] Marseille,[40] Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Niš, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pisa,[40] Porto, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Sandefjord, Santander, Seville, Sibiu,[44] Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda,[40] Suceava, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Varna, Venice, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Aqaba, Brindisi, Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Lamezia Terme (begins 3 July 2022),[40] Menorca, Mykonos, Palermo, Perugia, Preveza/Lefkada, Pula, Rhodes, Rimini, Santorini, Skiathos, Zadar, Zakynthos
Saudia Jeddah
Seasonal: Riyadh
Smartwings Seasonal charter: Boa Vista,[45] Gran Canaria,[46] Sal[45]
SunExpress[47] Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Adana (suspended),[48] Ankara (resumes 5 June, 2022), Bodrum (suspended),[49] Dalaman (suspended), Kayseri (begins 8 June 2022),[50] Samsun (begins 30 June 2022)[51]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Paris–Orly[52]
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Gaziantep (resumes 2 June, 2022), Izmir (suspended), Kayseri (resumes 30 June, 2022), Samsun (resumes 1 July, 2022)
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil (suspended)
Volotea Nantes
Seasonal: Bilbao (suspended)
Vueling Barcelona
Seasonal: Florence (suspended)
Wizz Air[53] Barcelona, Bari, Bucharest, Catania, Chișinău (resumes 4 June 2022), Cluj-Napoca, Iasi (resumes 4 June 2022), Kukës (begins 4 June 2022), Kutaisi, Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Naples, Nice, Niš, Ohrid, Podgorica, Pristina, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Tuzla, Varna (resumes 5 July 2022), Yerevan
Seasonal: Abu Dhabi, Amman–Queen Alia, Burgas, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Sharm El Sheikh, Split, Zakynthos

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Asiana Cargo[54]Milan-Malpensa, Seoul–Incheon
Cargolux[55]Baku, Hong Kong, Luxembourg
Korean Air Cargo[56]Frankfurt, Hanoi, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo (suspended), Oslo, Seoul–Incheon, Zürich
Silk Way Airlines[57]Baku, Hahn, Istanbul, Milan-Malpensa
Turkish Cargo[58] Istanbul
UPS Airlines[59]Budapest, Cologne/Bonn

Statistics[edit]

Interior of Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1A
Apron view of some of the main buildings
Control tower

Traffic figures[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at VIE airport. See source Wikidata query.
Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI statistics.
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(including road feeder service,
metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 15,859,050 Increase 7.26% 252,988 Increase 3.42% 180,066 Increase13.77%
2006 16,855,725 Increase 6.28% 260,846 Increase 3.11% 201,870 Increase12.11%
2007 18,768,468 Increase11.35% 280,912 Increase 7.69% 205,024 Increase 1.56%
2008 19,747,289 Increase 5.22% 292,740 Increase 4.21% 201,364 Decrease 1.79%
2009 18,114,103 Decrease 8.27% 261,758 Decrease10.58% 198,407 Decrease 1.47%
2010 19,691,206 Increase 8.71% 265,150 Increase 1.30% 231,824 Increase16.84%
2011 21,106,292 Increase 7.19% 266,865 Increase 0.65% 291,313 Increase25.66%
2012 22,195,794 Increase 5.02% 264,542 Decrease 0.87% 265,467 Decrease 8.89%
2013 21,999,926 Decrease 0.75% 250,224 Decrease 5.41% 268,155 Increase 1.03%
2014 22,483,158 Increase 2.20% 249,989 Decrease 0.09% 290,116 Increase 8.19%
2015 22,775,054 Increase 1.30% 226,811 Decrease 1.70% 272,575 Decrease 1.80%
2016 23,352,016 Increase 2.50% 226,395 Decrease 0.20% 282,726 Increase 3.70%
2017 24,392,805 Increase 4.50% 224,568 Decrease 0.80% 287,692 Increase 1.90%
2018 27,037,292 Increase 10.80% 241,004 Increase 7.30% 295,427 Increase 2.60%
2019 31,662,189 Increase 17.10% 266,802 Increase 10.70% 283,806 Decrease 3.90%
2020 7,812,938 Decrease 75.32% 95,880 Decrease 64.06% 217,888 Decrease 23.23%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[60] 2006,[61] 2007,[62] 2009,[63] 2011,[64] 2012,[65] 2013,[66] and 2014[67])

Vienna International Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2015,[68] 2016,[69] 2017,[70] 2018,[71] 2019,[72] and 2020[1])

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Vienna Airport (2019)[73]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Frankfurt 1,109,585
2 Berlin–Tegel 966,659
3 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 944,404
4 Amsterdam 943,705
5 Zürich 940,410
6 London–Heathrow 833,930
7 Düsseldorf 771,175
8 Hamburg 720,332
9 Barcelona 640,052
10 Bucharest 634,044
Busiest intercontinental routes at Vienna Airport (2019)[73]
Rank Airport Passengers Operating airlines
1 Tel Aviv 596,989 Austrian Airlines, El Al, Wizz Air, Lauda, Malta Air
2 Dubai–International 415,169 Emirates
3 Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 340,639 Austrian Airlines, EVA Air, Thai Airways
4 Taipei–Taoyuan 301,982 China Airlines, EVA Air
5 Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 299,778 Pegasus Airlines, AnadoluJet
6 Antalya 273,000 Austrian Airlines, SunExpress, Lauda, Corendon Airlines
7 Doha 228,502 Qatar Airways
8 Chicago–O'Hare 163,006 Austrian Airlines
9 Toronto–Pearson 152,583 Air Canada
10 Cairo 147,210 Austrian Airlines, EgyptAir

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

The airport's railway station

The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes.[74] The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in 16 minutes.[75]

Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. Since December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.

Car[edit]

The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are also several taxi companies that operate at the airport.

Bus[edit]

Buses operate from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities including Bratislava, Budapest and Brno.[76][77]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Excelsheet: Traffic Results Overview" (XLSX). Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  2. ^ nytimes.com - IN VIENNA, PANIC IN MIDDLE OF SHOOTING AND GRENADES retrieved 14 December 2017
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  67. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
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  70. ^ Vienna International Airport' 2017 Vienna International Airport Traffic Report
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  72. ^ Vienna International Airport' 2019 Vienna International Airport Traffic Report
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  77. ^ "RegioJet | Buses and trains". www.regiojet.com. Retrieved 2020-02-08.
  78. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV-340-58 YU-ADC Wien-Schwechat International Airport (VIE)". Aviation-safety.net. 1955-10-10. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
  79. ^ "Twin Attacks at the Airports of Vienna and Rome (Dec. 27, 1985)". Israeli Security Agency.
  80. ^ aviation-safety.net - Accident description retrieved 14 December 2017

External links[edit]

Media related to Vienna International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Vienna International Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage