Vienna International Airport
|Vienna International Airport
|IATA: VIE – ICAO: LOWW|
|Operator||Flughafen Wien AG|
|Serves||Vienna, Austria and
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||183 m / 600 ft|
Source: Flughafen Wien AG
Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat; IATA: VIE, ICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 km west of Bratislava. It is the country's biggest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and Niki. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A380 and the Boeing 747. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. During 2015, the airport handled 22,775,054 passengers, a 1.3% increase compared to 2014, and it recorded 226,811 aircraft movements.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminals
- 3 Expansion projects
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Ground transportation
- 7 Accidents and incidents
- 8 Trivia
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.
In 1972 another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.
Flughafen Wien AG, one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately. The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.
In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation.
Development since the 2000s
In 2006 the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004–2007 an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 (740,000 sq ft) of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.
To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control. The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost €401.79 million. However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated €929.5 million. The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to €849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.
On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year. Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million. Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010. The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380.
Vienna International Airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.
- Terminal 1 underwent refurbishment in January 2013 and is now mainly used by Air Berlin and Niki as well as several other oneworld and SkyTeam airlines.
- Terminal 1A, located in a standalone building opposite Terminal 1 hosts check-in facilities for a number of low-cost carriers.
- Terminal 2 is currently closed and undergoing a major refurbishment until at least 2017. It was used by numerous foreign airlines which have been temporarily relocated to other Terminals.
- Terminal 3, also referred to as the Austrian Star Alliance Terminal, with its adjoining Concourses F and G is the airport's newest facility. It is used by the Austrian Airlines Group, most Star Alliance members, and a number of other carriers including Emirates and El Al.
- Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and features Gates B22–B43 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations
- Concourse C (pier west) for Schengen destinations; features Gates C31–C42 (jetbridges), C35–C41 (only for transfer), C71–C75 (buses, Schengen only)
- Concourse D (pier east; formerly Concourse A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses). Concourse D will be refurbished and equipped to handle the Airbus A380 as part of the refurbishment programme announced in March 2016.
- Concourse F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)
- Concourse G (Level 3 of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and busgates)
Vienna Airport originally projected that it will need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby Bratislava Airport. It currently projects that a third runway will be necessary by 2025, however, environmental organizations and some local communities oppose construction. These groups have attacked the decision of Lower Austria (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction; verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit is expected later in 2015.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:
- ^1 Korean Air flights incoming from Seoul fly via Vienna to Zürich, however the return flight from Zürich to Seoul is nonstop.
|Passengers||Change from previous year||Aircraft operations||Change from previous year||Cargo
|Change from previous year|
|Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014)
|Europe and Turkey||16||Bucharest||405,524||3.6%|
|9||Hamburg||560,490||3.6%||4||New York||220,545||incl. EWR|
|Source: Statistik Austria|
The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes. The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in just 16 minutes.
Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. Since December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.
The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are also several taxi companies that operate at the airport.
Accidents and incidents
- There has not been a fatal aviation accident at Vienna International Airport since 1955, when a Convair CV-340 crashed on approach to the airport, killing 7 of the 29 passengers and crew on board.
- On 27 December 1985, the El Al ticket counter was attacked by Palestinian terrorists during the Rome and Vienna Airport Attacks.
- On 12 July 2000, Hapag-Lloyd Flight 3378 crashed short of the runway at Vienna International Airport. The cause of the incident was fuel exhaustion. There were no fatalities.
- The airport received Olympic teams as Austria has twice hosted the Winter Olympics.
- Pope John Paul II also used the airport during his visits to Austria.
- "Flughafen Wien 2015: New Passenger Record of 22.8 Million (+ 1.3%) – Optimistic Outlook for 2016" (Press release). Vienna International Airport. 19 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "FWAG (group) facts & figures - Open for new horizons". Viennaairport. 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- Annual Report 2005 Flughafen Wien AG (PDF) (Report). Schwechat: Vienna International Airport. 16 February 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Skylink: Empfehlungen des Rechnungshof umgesetzt" [Skylink: Recommendations from the Court of Audit implemented]. Kurier. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- Allett, Tom (18 June 2012). Cook, Caroline, ed. "Vienna's Skylink Open for Business". Airports International. Key Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Flughafen Wien - Presseaussendungen & News - Offen für neue Horizonte". Viennaairport.com. Retrieved 2013-06-20.
- "Airline Industry and Aviation Safety News from Flightglobal". Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- austrianaviation.net - "Vienna Airport: New terminal, new routes" (German) 30 March 2016
- viennaairport.com - AIRPORT MAP retrieved 30 July 2016
- "Flughafen: Vorstände vorzeitig verlängert" [Airport: [Management] Board [appointments] extended]. ORF. 23 June 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- Wurst, Matthias (1 October 2012). "The Third Runway: Toxic on Take-Off". The Vienna Review. Vienna Review Publishing. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Dritte Piste dürfte vor Höchstrichter landen" [Third runway likely to end up in front of Chief Justice]. ORF. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
- "Viennaairport - Online timetable". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- Austrian Airlines (4 December 2015). "Austrian Airlines Launches Flight Service to Havana".
- "Austrian Adds Havana Service from Nov 2016".
- Austrian Airlines (16 September 2016). "Austrian Airlines Initiates Flight Service to Los Angeles". Retrieved 16 September 2016.
- Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
- Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
- STATISTIK AUSTRIA (2015). Karner, Thomas; Rudlof, Manfred; Schuster, Sabine; et al., eds. Verkehrsstatistik 2014 [Transportation statistics 2014] (PDF) (Report) (in German). Vienna: Verlag Österreich GmbH. p. 63. ISBN 978-3-902925-85-5. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- STATISTIK AUSTRIA (2014). Karner, Thomas; Rudlof, Manfred; Schuster, Sabine; et al., eds. Verkehrsstatistik 2013 [Transportation statistics 2013] (PDF) (Report) (in German). Vienna: Verlag Österreich GmbH. p. 64. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
- "Flughafen Wien - Bahnverbindungen". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Flughafen Wien - City Airport Train/ CAT". Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Vienna Airport taxi". Retrieved 7 February 2016.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV-340-58 YU-ADC Wien-Schwechat International Airport (VIE)". Aviation-safety.net. 1955-10-10. Retrieved 2013-10-05.