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Pain au chocolat is a type of viennoiserie.
Pain au chocolat is a type of viennoiserie.
Type Pastry or bread
Course Breakfast or snack
Place of origin Austria
Main ingredients Varies by type

Viennoiseries (French pronunciation: ​[vjɛnwazʁi], "things of Vienna") are baked goods made from a yeast-leavened dough in a manner similar to bread, or from puff pastry, but with added ingredients (particularly eggs, butter, milk, cream and sugar) giving them a richer, sweeter character, approaching that of pastry.[1] The dough is often laminated. Viennoiseries are typically eaten at breakfast or as snacks.

Examples include: croissants; Vienna bread and its French equivalent, pain viennois, often shaped into baguettes; brioche; pain au chocolat; pain au lait; pain aux raisins; chouquettes; Danish pastries; bugnes; and chausson aux pommes, the French name for an apple turnover.

The popularity of Viennese-style baked goods in France began with the Viennese Bakery opened by August Zang in 1839. The first usage of the expression "pâtisseries viennoises" appears in a book by French author Alphonse Daudet, Le Nabab in 1877.[2] The use of puff pastry to make them came later, however, and is a French, not Viennese, method.[3]


See also[edit]


  1. ^;s=3108413280;
  2. ^ "Viennois, -oise (definition)". Centre National de Ressources Textuelles et Lexicales. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  3. ^ Chevallier, Jim; August Zang and the French Croissant: How Viennoiserie Came to France. Chez Jim Books