Vieste

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Vieste
Vìst  (Neapolitan)
Comune di Vieste
Vieste - Panorama.jpeg
Coat of arms of Vieste
Location of Vieste
Vieste is located in Italy
Vieste
Vieste
Location of Vieste in Italy
Vieste is located in Apulia
Vieste
Vieste
Vieste (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°53′N 16°10′E / 41.883°N 16.167°E / 41.883; 16.167
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceFoggia (FG)
FrazioniPugnochiuso, Baia di Campi
Government
 • MayorGiuseppe Nobiletti
Area
 • Total167.52 km2 (64.68 sq mi)
Elevation
43 m (141 ft)
Population
 (28 February 2017)[2]
 • Total13,931
 • Density83/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Viestani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
71019
Dialing code0884
Patron saintSanta Maria di Merino, Saint George
Saint day9 May and 23 April
WebsiteOfficial website

Vieste[3] (Italian: [ˈvjɛste, viˈɛste];[4][5] Viestano: Vìst) is a town, comune and former Catholic bishopric in the province of Foggia, in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. A marine resort in Gargano, Vieste has received Blue Flags for the purity of its waters from the Foundation for Environmental Education. The area covered by the comune is included in the Gargano National Park.

History[edit]

View from the port

In medieval times, the port was frequently attacked by pirates, Saracens and other enemies of the Kingdom of Naples.

In 1554 around 7,000 inhabitants were enslaved by the Turks, with those being deemed too elderly or infirm to merit transportation into slavery executed.[3] This event is commemorated annually in a ceremony.

Geography[edit]

An example of erosion on the coast

The town is bordered by Mattinata, Monte Sant'Angelo, Peschici and Vico del Gargano. The coast is interesting from a geological point of view, the cliffs being composed of a chalk-like white limestone, sparsely banded with thin layers of flint. Next to the town there are two large, straight beaches. The rest of the coast is made up of gulfs and small, hidden sandy beaches. Erosion by water and wind has shaped the calcareous rock into grottoes and arches. Since the coast is steep, some of the finest sights can be reached only by sea.

Pizzomunno and its legend[edit]

The sea stack Pizzomunno standing at the north end of the Spiaggia del Castello (Castle Beach)
Pizzomunno, seen in close-up, viewed from the sea, with bathers at its base, showing scale

Vieste's best-known landform is Pizzomunno, a tall sea stack standing 26.6 m (87 ft) in height and situated on the Spiaggia del Castello ("Castle Beach").

"One night I was in Vieste, between the sea and the rocks of Gargano. But, while others lay peacefully asleep, I could find no repose: a voice that seemed to sob oppressed my heart with anguish". Thus begins "The Legend of Pizzomunno" which tells of the love between Cristalda and Pizzomunno. The couple were attracted to these whitest of rocks by the song of a hundred mermaids who, gripped by envy for so great a love, transformed the young fisherman into a mammoth sea-stack and shackled the ankles of his Cristalda with a chain, dragging her to the bottom of the sea. Every hundred years, for just a single day, the mermaids allow the unhappy girl to see her beloved again. Ever since, the echo of Pizzomunno's lament has been heard at the spot on the seashore where the tragedy was played out. The fable, the work of an English traveler of the 1800s, was inspired by the majestic Pizzomunno stack (Viestan dialect for 'tip of the world') which rises to 26.6 meters and measures 20x12 meters, with a minimum distance of 25 meters from the cliff. Erosion phenomena combined with the destructive power of the sea have detached and progressively separated the stack from the cliff, helping to shape it over time into its present form.[6]

Economy[edit]

Until a few decades ago, Vieste's main resources were fishing and agriculture. Now tourism, with hotels, resorts and camping facilities, has transformed the town's appearance, economy and lifestyle.

Notable buildings[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  3. ^ a b Syed, Muzaffar Husain; Akhtar, Syed Saud; Usmani, B. D. (2011-09-14). Concise History of Islam. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789382573470.
  4. ^ Luciano Canepari. "Vieste". DiPI Online (in Italian). Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Vieste". Dizionario d'Ortografia e di Pronunzia (in Italian). Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  6. ^ Municipal public information board on the shoreward side of the Pizzomunno sea stack, Vieste.

External links[edit]