Vieste

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Vieste
Comune
Comune di Vieste
Gargano0004.jpg
Coat of arms of Vieste
Coat of arms
Vieste is located in Italy
Vieste
Vieste
Location of Vieste in Italy
Coordinates: 41°53′N 16°10′E / 41.883°N 16.167°E / 41.883; 16.167
Country Italy
Region  Apulia
Province Foggia (FG)
Frazioni Pugnochiuso
Government
 • Mayor Ersilia Nobile (Forza Italia)
Area
 • Total 167.52 km2 (64.68 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (1 August 2009)[1]
 • Total 13,827
 • Density 83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Viestani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 71019
Dialing code 0884
Patron saint Santa Maria di Merino, San Giorgio
Saint day 9 May and 23 April
Website Official website

Vieste is a town, comune and former Catholic bishopric in the province of Foggia, in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. A marine resort in Gargano, Vieste has received Blue Flags for the purity of its waters from the Foundation for Environmental Education. The area covered by the commune is included in the Gargano National Park.

History[edit]

Vieste, view from the port

In mediaeval times, the port was frequently attacked by pirates, Saracens and other enemies of the Kingdom of Naples.

In 1554 around 5,000 inhabitants were executed by the Turks, on the grounds that they were too elderly or infirm to merit transportation into slavery. This event is commemorated annually in a ceremony, which has now degenerated into a kind of summer Halloween.

Ecclesiastical History[edit]

The Diocese of Vieste was established around 1100 AD.

On 27 June 1818 it was suppressed, its territory being merged into the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Manfredonia, which adopted its title only on 30 September 1986, when it was renamed as Archdiocese of Manfredonia–Vieste.

Its Marian former cathedral is now the Vieste Co-cathedral and a minor basilica.

Episcopal Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite) (incomplete: first centuries unavailable)

Suffragan Bishops of Vieste
Cathedral of Vieste
  • Angelo (1291? – death 1302)
  • Giovanni, Augustinian Order (O.E.S.A.) (1304? – ?)
  • Elia Seguini, Dominican order (O.P.) (1343.10.27 – 1349)
  • Nicola, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1349.06.17 – ?)
  • Cristoforo (1361.11.17 – ?)
  • Rainaldo di Monte Sant’Angelo, O.F.M. (1371.06.09 – ?)
  • Zamparino (1385? – 1387 see below)
  • Antonio (1387.07.13 – 1390.03.24), later Bishop of Ruvo (Italy) (1390.03.24 – death 1398)
  • uncanonical Guillaume Chyurlia (1387.08.17 – 1420.02.12 without papal mandate); later canonical Bishop of Orange (1420.02.12 – 1428.11.29), Bishop of Cassano all’Jonio (Italy) (1428.11.29 – 1432)
  • Zamparino (see above 1390.04.13 – death 1403)
  • Lorenzo de Gilotto (1403.07.30 – 1405.09.29), later Bishop of Pozzuoli (Italy) (1405.09.29 – death 1434)
  • Francesco (1405.09.29 – ?)
  • Giovanni de Ruvo (1420.02.12 – ?)
  • Benedetto Bernardo, O.P. (1477.09.18 – death 1495)
  • Carlo Bocconi (1495.10.23 – death 1505)
  • Latino Pio (1505.12.05 – death 1514)
  • Giovanni Francesco Salvino (1514.08.04 – death 1516.02)
  • Girolamo Magnani, O.F.M. (1518.02.26 – death 1527)
  • Ludovico Buono (1527.02.18 – death 1528)
  • Giulio Pavesi, O.P. (1555.10.02 – 1558.07.20), previously Bishop of San Leone (1555.08.23 – 1555.10.02); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Sorrento (Italy) (1558.07.20 – 1571.02.11)
  • Ugo Boncompagni (1558.07.20 – 1565.03.12), later created Cardinal-Priest of S. Sisto (1565.05.15 – 1572.05.13), elected Pope Gregory XIII
  • Antonio Ganguzia (1565.10.20 – death 1574.03.08)
  • Anselmo Olivieri, O.F.M. (1574.03.20 – ?)
  • José Esteve Juan (1586.03.17 – 1594.01.12), later Bishop of Orihuela (Spain) (1594.01.12 – 1603.11.02)
  • Tommaso Malatesta, O.P. (1589.07.17 – death 1589)
  • Maschio Ferracuti (1589.10.25 – death 1613.07.14)
  • Muzio Vitali (1613.11.13 – death 1615)
  • Paolo Palumbo, C.R. (1615.05.18 – 1617.04.17), later Bishop of Cassano all’Jonio (Italy) (1617.04.17 – 1647), Bishop of Ariano (Italy) (1645 – death 1647)
  • Ambrogio Palumbo, O.P. (1618.02.12 – death 1641)
  • Paolo Ciera, O.E.S.A. (1642.01.13 – death 1644.05.27)
  • Giacomo Accarisi (1644.10.17 – death 1654)
  • Giovanni Mastelloni (1654.10.19 – death 1668.07.28)
  • Raimondo de Pozzo (1668.11.10 – death 1694.10.30)
  • Andrea Tontoli (1695.02.07 – death 1696.10.21); previously Bishop of Alessano (1666 – 1695.02.07)
  • Francesco Antonio Volturale (1697.01.14 – death 1697.10.18)
  • Lorenzo Kreutter de Corvinis, Sylvestrines (O.S.B. Silv.) (1697.11.20 – death 1701.07.14)
  • Giovanni Antonio Ruggeri (1703.05.14 – death 1704.10.08)
  • Camillo Caravita (1704.12.15 – death 1713.09.24)
  • Giuseppe Grisconi, Piarists (Sch. P.) (1718.01.24 – death 1719.09.16)
  • Marcantonio De Marco (1720.04.15 – 1725.03.21); later Metropolitan Archbishop of Manfredonia (Italy) (1725.03.21 – death 1742.04)
  • Nicola Preti Castriota (1725.04.18 – 1748.12.01)
  • Nicola Cimaglia, Celestine Benedictines (O.S.B. Cel.) (1748.12.16 – death 1764.05.27)
  • Giuseppe Maruca (1764.08.20 – death 1784.12.27)
  • Dominicus Arcaroli (1792.03.26 – 1817.11.10); previously Bishop of Lavello (1776.01.29 – 1792.03.26); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Bostra (1817.11.10 – 1826.06.25)

Geography[edit]

An example of erosion on the coast
Vieste, view from the coast

The town is bordered by Mattinata, Monte Sant'Angelo, Peschici and Vico del Gargano. The coast is interesting from a geological point of view. Next to the town there are two large, straight beaches. The rest of the coast is made up of gulfs and small, hidden sandy beaches. Erosion by water and wind has shaped the calcareous rock into grottoes and arches. Since the coast is steep, some of the finest sights can be reached only by sea.

Economy[edit]

Till a few decades ago, its main resources were fishing and agriculture. Now tourism, with hotels, resorts and camping facilities, has transformed the town's appearance, economy and lifestyle.

Landmarks[edit]

Vieste's most famous point is Pizzomunno, a vertical rocky monolith standing at 25 metres (82 ft) near the Spiaggia del Castello ("Castle Beach"). Other sights include:

  • a castle, with a triangular shape and bastions at its vertexes.
  • the Co-cathedral in Apulian Romanesque style. It has a basilica plan with a nave and two aisles. Its bell tower was rebuilt in Baroque style in the 18th century after the previous one collapsed.
  • Vieste Lighthouse, built in 1867

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)

Source and External links[edit]