Vietnam national football team

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Vietnam
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s)Những chiến binh sao vàng
(Golden Star Warriors)[1]
AssociationVietnam Football Federation (VFF)
ConfederationAFC (Asia)
Sub-confederationAFF (Southeast Asia)
Head coachPark Hang-seo
CaptainQuế Ngọc Hải
Most capsLê Công Vinh (83)
Top scorerLê Công Vinh (51)
Home stadiumMỹ Đình National Stadium
FIFA codeVIE
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 92 Increase 1 (7 April 2021)[2]
Highest84 (September 1998[3])
Lowest172 (December 2006)
First international
as North Vietnam

 China PR 5–3 North Vietnam 
(China; 4 October 1956)[4]
as South Vietnam
 Hong Kong 3–2 South Vietnam 
( Mong Kok, Hong Kong; 20 April 1947)[5]
as Vietnam

 Vietnam 2–2 Philippines 
(Manila, Philippines; 26 November 1991)
Biggest win
Vietnam 11–0 Guam 
(Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; 23 January 2000)
Biggest defeat
 Zimbabwe 6–0 Vietnam
(Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 26 February 1997)
 Oman 6–0 Vietnam
(Incheon, South Korea; 29 February 2003)
Asian Cup
Appearances2 (first in 2007)
Best resultQuarter-final (2019)
AFF Championship
Appearances12 (first in 1996)
Best resultChampions (2008, 2018)

The Vietnam national football team (Vietnamese: Đội tuyển bóng đá quốc gia Việt Nam) represents Vietnam in international football and is controlled by the Vietnam Football Federation, the governing body of football in Vietnam.

Vietnam has a long history of football, as a result of the sport being introduced by the French in the 19th century. However, due to various conflicts that occurred in the country throughout the 20th century, the development of Vietnamese football was significantly hampered during these times.[7][8] While Vietnam was split into North and South Vietnam in 1954, two national teams existed and both were controlled by separate governing bodies. After the two countries unified in 1976, the separate governing bodies were combined and renamed to the Vietnam Football Federation.[9]

Since the 1990s when Vietnam has re-integrated to global football, the sport soon became a part of Vietnamese society and a weapon to fight against the negative reputation of the country due to the traumatic Vietnam War and later international conflicts. This made the national team become part of Vietnamese nationalism and contributed to passionate support worldwide. Vietnamese supporters are dubbed to be some of the best and most passionate fans, renowned for large celebrations over the team's achievements, regardless if it is a senior or youth side.[10][11]

Be considered as one of the most successful teams in Southeast Asia, Vietnam has already won AFF Championship twice, alongside with a gold medal in the 1959 SEAP Games as South Vietnam. In the continental level, the team had reached fourth place twice as South Vietnam in AFC Asian Cup, before advancing quarter-final twice as a united nation. However, the team has never qualified for World Cup or Summer Olympics so far. Vietnam's main rivals are other strong ones in the AFF, of which Thailand is seen as its biggest rival.

History[edit]

Early history (1896—1954)[edit]

Early Vietnamese football with Vietnamese players and French officials in the Championnat Cochinchine, c. 1922–23

The introduction of football into Vietnam traced its roots in 1896 during the era of colonial French Cochinchina. At the early stage, the sport are only played among French civil servants, merchants and soldiers. The French then encouraged local Vietnamese to played football and several other sports that were introduced to them to divert their interest from politics which resulting the sport being spread to other regions, mostly the northern and central region.[12][13] On 20 July 1908, the newspaper Southern Luc Tan Van reported the match between two local Vietnamese teams for the first time. A first football guidebook then published in 1925 by a local Vietnamese doctor named Pham Van Tiec to attract the interest among Vietnamese youngsters.[14] By 1928, the Vietnamese had established the Annamite Sports Bureau and in the same year they sent a Vietnamese football team to compete in Singapore. More local football clubs then established in both northern and southern Vietnam although it was not until after the World War II that football clubs in the region started to become more organised.[15] It was the time Vietnam played their first ever international match, against Korea in Saigon which they lost 2–4.

Two Vietnam national teams (1954—1976)[edit]

South Vietnam
The South Vietnam team winning gold at the 1959 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games.
North Vietnam
The North Vietnam team in 1956.

Two national football teams then existed when Vietnam was divided into 2 countries which were South Vietnam and North Vietnam. The team from the South participated in the first two AFC Asian Cup finals (1956 AFC Asian Cup and 1960 AFC Asian Cup) and finished in fourth place both times. They won the first Southeast Asian Games in 1959 in Thailand. The team also entered qualification for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, beating Thailand 1–0 to qualify the classification matches before losing their group opening matches by 0–4 to Japan and 0–1 to Hong Kong. The team played their last game against Malaysia in 1975 where they lost 0–3. Meanwhile, the team from the North was less active, not being a member of either AFC and FIFA, often playing against other Communist states between 1956 and 1966. They had their first match against China PR where they lost 3–5 under head coach Truong Tan Buu. They participated in the first GANEFO (Games of the New Emerging Forces) competitions at Indonesia in 1962 and Cambodia in 1966. Both teams ceased to exist when the North and South regions were combined together into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam following the end of the Vietnam War, but North Vietnam did not become a member of AFC and FIFA until 1976.[16] Because South Vietnam was a member of FIFA, the later unified Vietnam team is classified as the successor of South Vietnam by FIFA.

The development of football during this era for both Vietnams was marked with stagnation as the Vietnam War occurred at the same time. The Vietnam War, a war that occurred between two states, had a tremendous impact and delayed the development of football in the country. Because of the war, Vietnam, by then, a major football force in Asia, started losing its reputation as the war ruined the country. Thus, the conflict had greatly reduced Vietnamese football ability and weakened the country seriously. However, the following Cambodian–Vietnamese War and Sino-Vietnamese War, and global sanctions against the country, had depleted the nation's football team and turned Vietnam into one of the weakest teams in the world and Asia overall. For this reason, Vietnamese football can be still considered as new and unknown for the rest of the world, in spite of its long standing history as Vietnam only rejoined global football in 1991.

Post Vietnam War and redevelopment era (1991—2006)[edit]

Vietnam's professional football league, known as the All Vietnam Football Championship, was launched in 1980 to redevelop Vietnamese football after a long period of civil war. In 1989, following the Đổi Mới reforms, a new football federation was formed. Vietnamese sports began to return to international events. After three months of preparation, in August 1989, the First Congress of the new football federation took place in Hanoi, declaring the formation of the Vietnam Football Federation. Trịnh Ngọc Chữ, deputy minister of General Department of Sports, was elected as the first president of VFF.[17] The reunified Vietnam national football team then played their first match against the Philippines in 1991 where they had a draw.[18]

Vietnam participated in the country's first ever FIFA World Cup qualification in 1994 World Cup campaign for the first time as an unified nation, having participated in the 1974 qualification as South Vietnam. The national side at the time was not successful in World Cup campaigns, failing in both the 1994 and 1998 qualifications with only one win.

In 1996, Vietnam participated in the first Tiger Cup where they finished in third place and hosted the second Tiger Cup in 1998 where they lost 0–1 to Singapore in the final. From 2000 to 2007, Vietnam continued their quest to win the Southeast Asian trophy, but often ended short by losing in the semi-finals or being eliminated in the group stage. Also around 1996, Vietnam gained international headline for inviting Italian giant Juventus F.C. to play in a friendly match in Hanoi, with Juventus already lifted the recent 1995–96 UEFA Champions League title. The game, which Vietnam lost 1–2, was a watershed moment that boosted the development of football in the country.[19]

Vietnam was the host of the 1999 Dunhill Cup, a friendly tournament for both senior and U-23 players. Since it was categorized as a mingled senior and U-23 competition, some national teams had decided to participate using its senior reserve side. In this competition, Vietnam created a promising performance, including a shock win over then-1994 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 1996 participant Russia 1–0 and drawing with 1998 FIFA World Cup participant Iran 2–2 and topping the group. Vietnam was then eliminated in the semi-finals after a 1–4 defeat to China.

2002 FIFA World Cup qualification had some of Vietnam's few bright moments during these World Cup campaigns, with the team winning three matches and drawing one, both played in Dammam. However, with the team having lost against Saudi Arabia, Vietnam did not qualify for the World Cup. The 2004 AFC Asian Cup qualification was also unsuccessful, with Vietnam falling to South Korea and Oman, but managing to create a shock 1–0 win to 2002 FIFA World Cup's fourth-place winner South Korea in Muscat, which remains as one of Vietnam's greatest football feats since unification.[20] The 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification had been extremely depressing for Vietnam, with the team once again failing, falling behind South Korea and Lebanon, and only staying above Maldives by goal difference.

The first golden generation, and renaissance of Vietnam football (2007–2011)[edit]

Scenes during the final of 2008 AFF Championship. Clockwise from top: Vietnamese supporters during Vietnam's triumph, Vietnamese team receiving the cup and Vietnamese team before the second leg final matches.

During that short era, Vietnam hosted the 2007 AFC Asian Cup along with Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand; despite failure to qualify for the Asian Cup since the 1990s. The team was ranked second lowest only after Malaysia, but in the group stage, Vietnam created shock by defeating the UAE 2–0, drawing 1–1 with another Gulf team, Qatar, before losing 1–4 to Japan. Vietnam were the only Southeast Asian and host team to reach the quarter-finals, where they lost to eventual champions Iraq 0–2.[21] The amazing journey of Vietnam began the first renaissance of Vietnamese football.

Vietnam won the first AFF Championship title in 2008, in which they were held in Group B with Thailand, Malaysia and Laos. After losing to Thailand 0–2 in the opener, Vietnam defeated Malaysia 3–2 and Laos 4–0. In the semi-finals, Vietnam held the defending champion Singapore to 0–0 in the home match before winning 1–0 away. Vietnam met Thailand again in the finals and defeated them 3–2 by aggregate, winning the away match 2–1 then drawing 1–1 at home.[22] This would be the team's first international honour since rejoining global football, and it would take 10 years until the team repeated this feat.

Vietnam almost managed a successful 2011 AFC Asian Cup qualification when Vietnam performed well against Syria and Lebanon, as well as against China; but the shortcoming on scoring goals once again proved to be instrumental on denying Vietnam's qualification to 2011 AFC Asian Cup, as the team finished third with only a single 3–1 home win over Lebanon[23] and two draws away to both Levant opponents Syria and Lebanon.

Decline and rebuilding (2012—2016)[edit]

Vietnam participated in 2010, 2014 World Cup qualifiers and 2011, 2015 Asian Cup qualifiers, but were unsuccessful, as the team's shortcoming contributed to its early elimination.

The national team of Vietnam started to witness significant changes under the tenure of Toshiya Miura, who took charge of Vietnam from 2014 to 2016. The Japanese coach was accredited for rebuilding the national team of Vietnam after the failed 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification, and had a significant impact on the improvement of the team's performances. One of the most renowned achievement under Miura's era was with the youth team, when the Olympic side managed to cruise pass Olympic Iran, a major Asian force, at the 2014 Asian Games with an unthinkable 4–1 victory.[24] Many of these young players nurtured by coach Miura would be brought to senior side, where the team managed a fine performance in 2014 AFF Championship, but Vietnam failed to progress beyond the semi-finals after suffering a shock 2–4 defeat to Malaysia right at home,[25] in spite of winning 2–1 away before.[26] Vietnamese police had sought to investigate this match, but found no evidence of rigged bribery or corruption as also stated in the findings of Swiss-based international supplier betting services Sportradar.[27][28]

Miura led Vietnam in the 2018 World Cup qualifiers when Vietnam was grouped together with Thailand, Indonesia, Chinese Taipei and Iraq; Indonesia later withdrew. Vietnam managed a fine performance, drawing Iraq 1–1 at home.[29] However, two disappointing defeats to Thailand away 0–1[30] and humiliating 0–3 home loss to the same opponent[31] had put the team under heavy criticism. Toshiya Miura, despite improvement, was sacked by the VFF after the Olympic side's failure to qualify for 2016 Rio Olympics.[32]

Hope was put into new coach, Nguyễn Hữu Thắng, some of the first fine Vietnamese managers during the era. Under Thắng, Vietnam once again progressed to the semi-finals of 2016 AFF Championship, but the team had to bow down to Indonesia in another thrilling semi-finals, being held 2–2 at home[33] and previously lost 1–2 away to the same rival.[34] The team's disappointment somehow relieved a little, as the Golden Dragons participated in 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualification for finishing third in their World Cup qualification group. The Vietnamese side managed two draws in their opening run against Afghanistan in Tajikistan[35] and a goalless draw to Jordan in Ho Chi Minh City.[36] However, the Olympic side was shockingly eliminated in the group stage of 2017 SEA Games, coach Nguyễn Hữu Thắng was relieved from duty, and the team faced a tremendous crisis of confidence as fans have lost their will to support the team.[37] Interim coach Mai Đức Chung was appointed to help Vietnam in two crucial Asian Cup qualification match against neighbour Cambodia, in which coach Chung was able to revive some of the team's lost spirit, beating Cambodia 2–1 away and a thrashing 5–0 win at home.[38] These wins allowed Vietnam to join top two for final tickets.

The New Golden Generation (2017—present): a new hope[edit]

Vietnamese national team's squad before facing Iran at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.
Scenes during the quarter-finals of 2019 AFC Asian Cup. Clockwise from top: Vietnamese team with Japan at the cup quarter-finals and Vietnamese fans during the match.

Park Hang-seo, former assistant of Guus Hiddink during the 2002 FIFA World Cup, was appointed as new coach of Vietnam in 2017 after an attempt to negotiate with Takashi Sekizuka was unsuccessful; previously the VFF also tried contact with American manager Steve Sampson with no avail.[40] Upon his arrival to Vietnam, Park Hang-seo was greeted with skepticism and jeers from Vietnamese.[41]

Park's first match as coach of Vietnam was in the same 2019 Asian Cup qualification, where Vietnam held Afghanistan at home in a 0–0 draw, thus allowed Vietnam to qualify for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, their first ever Asian Cup since 2007.[42] Park himself, though, was criticized.[43] However, the mood changed after Vietnam's performance in the 2018 AFC U-23 Championship and 2018 Asian Games. Park Hang-seo was also coach of the U-23 and Olympic team.[44] With the same U-23 players, he formed the squad of Vietnamese senior in a meaningless 1–1 draw to Jordan in 2019 Asian Cup qualification, which both teams qualified together.[45] Also with these young players, the 2018 AFF Championship became Vietnam's second AFF Championship title. In Group A, Vietnam managed 3 victories against Laos, Malaysia, Cambodia and a draw with Myanmar. In the semi-finals, they defeated the Philippines twice, and in the finals defeated Malaysia 3–2 aggregated, drawing 2–2 away and winning 1–0 home.[46]

But only the 2019 AFC Asian Cup that Vietnam truly began to gain international recognition. With entire of squad made up with the successful U-23 players, the youngest squad in the tournament, Vietnam beat Yemen in their final group matches to become the last best-fourth place team to qualify for the round of sixteen. Then, they surprised everyone by defeating favored Jordan which had previously defeated defending champions Australia and earlier played a friendly match against 2018 FIFA World Cup runners-up Croatia, winning 4–2 in penalty shoot-out.[47] The win sent million of Vietnamese into the street for celebrations.[48] In the quarter-finals, Vietnam met Japan but failed to continue the success after their opponent being awarded a penalty kick which being decided through the video assistant referee (VAR), resulting to a 0–1 score by Ritsu Doan until the final whistle being blown.[49]

Vietnam was grouped in the Joint 2022 World Cup/2023 Asian Cup qualification group G with three other Southeast Asian rivals, Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia, alongside with United Arab Emirates. The Vietnamese started with a 0–0 away draw over Thailand[50] before defeating Malaysia 1–0 at home[51] and then achieving a 3–1 win against Indonesia.[52] In November, Vietnam faced up the United Arab Emirates at home soil with attempts to break 12-year winless streak to the opponent. In spite of facing struggle in early minutes, a following red card to the UAE gave the Vietnamese an advantage, eventually managed to beat the Emirates 1–0.[53] Then, Vietnam moved to a thrilling encounter against neighbor and fellow powerhouse Thailand at home, where both teams played out in another goalless draw, in a match with a crucial Akinfeev-penalty like save by Đặng Văn Lâm and two disallowed Vietnamese goals, to foster Vietnam's top position in the FIFA World Cup/Asian Cup qualification group G.[54]

Team image[edit]

Kits[edit]

Vietnam's current kit sponsor is Grand Sport. The contract started in January 2015 which will end by the end of December 2019 but extended until 2023. Vietnam was also previously sponsored by Adidas, Li-Ning and Nike. The tradition home colour for the Vietnamese team is all red with yellow trim and the away colour is all white with red trim ever since they started the contract with Nike. With Adidas, it was just red and white. Occasionally, the team wore blue and yellow jerseys.

United States Nike (2009–2014)
2009–10 Home
2009–10 Away
2010–12 Home
2010–12 Away
2012–14 Home
2012–14 Away
Thailand Grand Sport (2014–2023)
2015–16 Home
2015–16 Away
2017–18 Home
2017–18 Away
2019–20 Home
2019–20 Away
2020–21 Home
2020–21 Away
2021–22 Home
2021–22 Away

Kit suppliers[edit]

Kit supplier Period Notes
Adidas 1996–2005 [55]
Li-Ning 2006—2008
Nike 2009—2014
Grand Sport 2014—2023

Sponsorship[edit]

Primary sponsors include: Honda Vietnam,[56] Yanmar,[57] Grand Sport,[58] Suzuki Vietnam,[59] Sony Vietnam,[60] Z.com,[61] VPMilk,[62] Vina Acecook,[63] Coca-Cola,[64] Vinamilk,[65] Kao Vietnam[66] and TNI Corporation.[67]

[edit]

Unlike many national teams in the world, Vietnam is one of the few football teams to not feature their federation logo, or logo that is styled from national emblem/coat of arms (like teams Germany, Spain, Poland,...), but rather the national flag. The few other AFC members to not feature the logo includes Palestine, Syria, North Korea, Singapore; and is the only Southeast Asian team alongside Singapore to not feature the logo.

Despite the country unveiling a logo of Dragon for the national football team in 2017, the logo has yet to be incorporated on to the national jersey due to the majority of negative responses from media and supporters.[68] Furthermore, the logo was designed only for the men's national team at first, that will be illogical if it is also incorporated on to the national jerseys and the uniforms of other teams (women's teams, youth teams, futsal teams, beach soccer teams).

Nicknames[edit]

The national team of Vietnam doesn't have nickname officially. They has been known by several nicknames are self-named by fans and media. The most commonly are the "Những chiến binh sao Vàng" (Golden Star warriors) which is derived from the national flag of Vietnam on the team's jersey.[69] Another nickname is "Rồng Vàng" (Golden Dragons) which is influenced from the history of Vietnam including the legend of Lạc Long Quân, the Dragon King in Vietnamese folk story who gave the Vietnamese identity for his people, and also appeared in former emblems of Vietnamese dynasty as well as South Vietnam.[70] The local media and people in Vietnam also refer the national team as simply as "Tuyển" (The Selection).[71]

Supporters[edit]

Vietnamese supporters during the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, in all red and yellow star attire similar as in the colour of the flag of Vietnam.

There are two major supporters for the national team, namely Vietnam Football Supporters or VFS (Vietnamese: Hội Cổ động viên Bóng đá Việt Nam) which was founded in 2014 and Vietnam Golden Stars or VGS (Vietnamese: Hội Cổ động viên Sao vàng Việt Nam) which was founded in 2017.

When the national team won big matches, the streets are often overwhelmed by large Vietnamese crowds, demonstrating nationalist chants, singing Vietnamese nationalist songs.[11] Vietnamese passionate supporters have been witnessed during 2007 AFC Asian Cup when the team defeated the UAE 2–0 and later, the lone Southeast Asian side to sneak into the quarter-finals.[72] During the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, Vietnamese fans were euphoric in celebration after beating Jordan in the round of sixteen.[73]

Even in smaller tournaments, Vietnamese fans are also noted for large celebration, such as when Vietnam won the 2008, 2018 AFF Championships, and 2018 AFC U-23 Championship which their U-23 team finished runners-up after losing the final against Uzbekistan U-23.[74]

Facilities[edit]

The Vietnamese national team mainly plays at Mỹ Đình National Stadium, although other venues are also used. The team played at Hàng Đẫy Stadium against Cambodia, which is also located in Hanoi, in the last match of 2018 AFF Championship group stage. Other used venues are Thống Nhất, Cần Thơ, Lạch Tray and Gò Đậu Stadium.

In the past, Vietnam did not have any specific training centre for the national team, which forced them to practice sporadically at different facilities, contributing to their lack of success. The team previously used the facilities of VFF youth football training centre, or borrowed the training centres of various V.League 1 clubs.[75] However, since 2017, the country's first ever football training centre, known as PVF Training Centre was established in Hưng Yên to improve the national team's performance.[76] Former Manchester United star and current Wales coach, Ryan Giggs was appointed as the first director of the centre alongside Paul Scholes.[77]

Rivalries[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Thailand is often considered as Vietnam's traditional and biggest rival. The matches between these two teams are always likened to the "El Clasico" of Southeast Asian football and are followed with much interest in both countries. Vietnam as South Vietnam first faced Thailand at the 1959 Southeast Asian Games and won the 2 matches, in the group stage and the final. Despite currently having the better overall record compared with Thailand with 22 wins, 6 draws and 19 losses after 47 matches, Vietnam has generally poor results against Thailand since its reintegration into international football in 1991. After the match between two teams in November 2019 in the second round of the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification, Vietnam has faced Thailand in 24 matches at the national team level since 1991, the overall results being 3 wins, 6 draws and 15 losses. Despite this, Vietnam, since reintegration to world's football, is renowned for its performance that punching above the weight, often due to its ability to culminate surprise results despite disadvantages, while Thailand has struggled harder to do the same.

Vietnam's most memorable win against Thailand was in the final of the 2008 AFF Championship, when a 2–1 win in the first leg in Bangkok set them up for their first ever title, which they secured after a 1–1 draw in Hanoi.[78]

Indonesia[edit]

Vietnam has also developed the rivalry with Indonesia. They have faced each other in 37 matches, with Vietnam having the poorer record with 11 wins, 10 draws and 16 losses. During the 20-year period from 1999 to 2019, Vietnam only drew and lost against Indonesia in official tournaments. This series of winless matches began after the 1–0 win over Indonesia in 1999 in the semi-finals of the 1999 SEA Games, and lasted 12 matches, with 7 draws and 5 losses, and finally ended when Vietnam won 3–1 against Indonesia in October 2019 in the second round of the 2022 World Cup qualification in Indonesia, also the first-ever Vietnamese victory against Indonesia in the Indonesian territory at any football competitions and friendlies. During this period, Vietnam only won against Indonesia 3–2 in a friendly match in 2016.

Singapore[edit]

While Singapore was still a force in the AFF until 2012, this team was also a Vietnamese's big rival. They have faced each other in 39 matches, with Vietnam dominating with 21 wins, 13 draws and 5 losses. Since just reintegrating with international football in 1991, Vietnam experienced, in the period from 1993 to 1998, poorer head-to-head record against Singapore; especially the failure in the 1998 AFF Championship final. However, since 1998, Vietnam has been maintaining a series of unbeaten matches against Singapore until now. It is worth noting that Vietnam's winning matches in this period against Singapore have never exceeded 1 goal and there were 6 out of the 12 matches that had drawn results, although Vietnam still won in the remaining 6 matches.

Malaysia[edit]

As South Vietnam, the Vietnamese side had a poorer performance, with only 3 wins, 3 draws and 7 losses, during that time the Malaysians posed as a formidable side in Asia. Since reintegration, however, Vietnam has overwhelmed in the head-to-head record against Malaysia with 12 wins, 3 draws and only 5 losses in 20 games since 1991. "Golden Dragon" has also been maintaining the series of unbeaten match against Malaysia since 2014.

Competitive record[edit]

FIFA World Cup[edit]

FIFA World Cup record Qualification record Coach(es)
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 to Brazil 1950 Did not participate Did not participate N/A
Switzerland 1954 to West Germany 1974 See South Vietnam See South Vietnam See South Vietnam
Argentina 1978 to Italy 1990 Did not enter Did not enter N/A
United States 1994 Did not qualify 8 1 0 7 4 18 Vietnam Trần Bình Sự
France 1998 6 0 0 6 2 21 Vietnam Trần Duy Long
Vietnam Lê Đình Chính
South Korea Japan 2002 6 3 1 2 9 9 Brazil Dido
Germany 2006 6 1 1 4 5 9 Vietnam Nguyễn Thành Vinh
Brazil Edson Tavares
South Africa 2010 2 0 0 2 0 6 Austria Alfred Riedl
Brazil 2014 4 3 0 1 15 5 Germany Falko Götz
Russia 2018 6 2 1 3 7 8 Japan Toshiya Miura
Vietnam Nguyễn Hữu Thắng
Qatar 2022 To be determined In progress South Korea Park Hang-seo
Canada Mexico United States 2026 To be determined To be determined
Total 0/21 37 10 3 24 42 75

AFC Asian Cup[edit]

Vietnam holds a spectacular distinction in the competition by having tendency of facing future finalists of the AFC Asian Cup, having implemented so in all four editions, with South Korea and Iraq emerged winners after facing Vietnam, and Japan finished runners-up. Moreover, the country also holds a distinction of being drawn to face the AFC's number 1 team following by FIFA Ranking in all competitions they participated (South Korea in 1956 and 1960, Japan in 2007 and Iran in 2019).

AFC Asian Cup record AFC Asian Cup qualification record
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Hong Kong 1956 Fourth place 4/4 3 0 1 2 6 9 2 0 1 1 7 3
South Korea 1960 Fourth place 4/4 3 0 0 3 2 12 2 2 0 0 5 1
Israel 1964 to Thailand 1972 See South Vietnam See South Vietnam
Iran 1976 to Japan 1992 Did not enter Did not enter
United Arab Emirates 1996 Did not qualify 3 2 0 1 13 5
Lebanon 2000 3 2 0 1 14 2
China 2004 6 3 0 3 8 13
Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam 2007 Quarter-finals 8/16 4 1 1 2 4 7 Host
Qatar 2011 Did not qualify 6 1 2 3 6 11
Australia 2015 6 1 0 5 5 15
United Arab Emirates 2019 Quarter-finals 8/24 5 1 1 3 5 7 12 4 5 3 16 11
China 2023 To be determined In progress
Total Best: Fourth place 4/17 15 2 3 10 17 35 40 15 8 17 74 61

Asian Games[edit]

Since 2002, the Asian Games Football tournament uses the Olympic team. See: Vietnam national Olympic football team

Asian Games record Coach(es)
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA
India 1951 Did not participate Did not participate
Philippines 1954 to Iran 1974 See South Vietnam See South Vietnam
Thailand 1978 to Japan 1994 Did not enter Did not enter
Thailand 1998 Group stage 17/23 2 0 0 2 0 6 Austria Alfred Riedl
Total Best: Group Stage 1/13 2 0 0 2 0 6

AFF Championship[edit]

AFF Championship record Coach(es)
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA
Singapore 1996 Third place 3/10 6 3 2 1 14 10 Germany Karl-Heinz Weigang
Vietnam 1998 Runners-up 2/8 5 3 1 1 8 2 Alfred Riedl
Thailand 2000 Fourth place 4/9 6 3 1 2 14 6 Austria Alfred Riedl
Indonesia Singapore 2002 Third place 3/9 6 4 1 1 21 12 Portugal Henrique Calisto
Malaysia Vietnam 2004 Group stage 6/10 4 2 1 1 13 5 Brazil Edson Tavares,
Vietnam Trần Văn Khánh
Singapore Thailand 2007 Semi-finals 3/8 5 1 3 1 10 3 Austria Alfred Riedl
Indonesia Thailand 2008 Champions 1/8 7 4 2 1 11 6 Portugal Henrique Calisto
Indonesia Vietnam 2010 Semi-finals 3/8 5 2 1 2 8 5 Portugal Henrique Calisto
Malaysia Thailand 2012 Group stage 6/8 3 0 1 2 2 5 Vietnam Phan Thanh Hùng
Singapore Vietnam 2014 Semi-finals 3/8 5 3 1 1 12 8 Japan Toshiya Miura
Myanmar Philippines 2016 Semi-finals 3/8 5 3 1 1 8 6 Vietnam Nguyễn Hữu Thắng
2018 Champions 1/10 8 6 2 0 15 4 South Korea Park Hang-seo
Total 2 titles 12/12 65 34 17 14 136 72

Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Since 2001, the SEA Games football competition has only allowed the olympic side to participate. See: Vietnam national Olympic football team

Southeast Asian Games record Coach(es)
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA
Thailand 1959 to Singapore 1973 See South Vietnam See South Vietnam
Thailand 1975 to Malaysia 1989 Did not enter Did not enter
Philippines 1991 Group stage 6/7 3 0 1 2 3 5 Nguyễn Sỹ Hiển
Singapore 1993 Group stage 6/9 3 1 0 2 1 3 Vietnam Trần Bình Sự
Thailand 1995 Runners-up 2/10 6 4 0 2 10 8 Germany Karl-Heinz Weigang
Indonesia 1997 Third place 3/10 6 3 1 2 9 6 England Colin Murphy
Brunei 1999 Runners-up 2/10 6 4 1 1 14 2 Austria Alfred Riedl
Total Best: Runners-up 5/20 24 12 3 9 37 24

Vietnam Football Federation Cup[edit]

VFF Cup record Coach(es)
Year Result Pos. Pld W D L GF GA
2004 Agribank Cup Runners-up 2/4 3 2 0 1 4 3 Brazil Edson Tavares
2006 Runners-up 2/4 3 2 1 0 5 2 Austria Alfred Riedl
2008 T&T Cup Runners-up 2/3 2 0 2 0 2 2 Portugal Henrique Calisto
2010 VFF Son Ha Cup Fourth place 4/4 3 0 1 2 1 5 Portugal Henrique Calisto
2012 VFF Cup Third place 3/4 3 1 1 1 5 2 Vietnam Phan Thanh Hùng
Total Best: Runners-up 5/5 14 5 5 4 17 14

All-time head-to-head record[edit]

As of 19 November 2019

  Positive Record   Neutral Record   Negative Record

Results and fixtures[edit]

  Win   Draw   Loss

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

2020[edit]

2021[edit]

December AFF Championship TBD  Vietnam TBD
TBD TBD Stadium: TBD
December AFF Championship Vietnam  TBD TBD
TBD TBD Stadium: TBD
December AFF Championship TBD  Vietnam TBD
TBD TBD Stadium: TBD
December AFF Championship Vietnam  TBD TBD
TBD TBD Stadium: TBD

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following players were called up for a training camp held in December 2020 and for unofficial friendly matches against Vietnam U-22, on 23 and 27 December 2020.[79]
Caps and goals are updated as of 19 November 2019 after the match against Thailand.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
36 1GK Bùi Tấn Trường (1986-02-19) 19 February 1986 (age 35) 5 0 Vietnam Hà Nội
1 1GK Nguyễn Tuấn Mạnh (1990-07-31) 31 July 1990 (age 30) 4 0 Vietnam SHB Đà Nẵng
23 1GK Nguyễn Văn Hoàng (1995-02-17) 17 February 1995 (age 26) 0 0 Vietnam Sông Lam Nghệ An
25 1GK Nguyễn Văn Toản (1999-11-26) 26 November 1999 (age 21) 0 0 Vietnam Hải Phòng

3 2DF Quế Ngọc Hải (Captain) (1993-05-15) 15 May 1993 (age 27) 46 3 Vietnam Viettel
4 2DF Bùi Tiến Dũng (1995-10-02) 2 October 1995 (age 25) 24 0 Vietnam Viettel
5 2DF Đoàn Văn Hậu (1999-04-19) 19 April 1999 (age 21) 23 0 Vietnam Hà Nội
17 2DF Vũ Văn Thanh (1996-04-14) 14 April 1996 (age 24) 18 2 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
34 2DF Dương Thanh Hào (1991-06-23) 23 June 1991 (age 29) 15 0 Vietnam Bình Định
26 2DF Nguyễn Minh Tùng (1992-08-09) 9 August 1992 (age 28) 3 0 Vietnam Thanh Hóa
28 2DF Sầm Ngọc Đức (1992-05-18) 18 May 1992 (age 28) 2 0 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City
35 2DF Nguyễn Thành Chung (1997-09-08) 8 September 1997 (age 23) 1 0 Vietnam Hà Nội
13 2DF Trần Văn Kiên (1996-05-13) 13 May 1996 (age 24) 1 0 Vietnam Hà Nội
2 2DF Phạm Xuân Mạnh (1996-02-09) 9 February 1996 (age 25) 1 0 Vietnam Sông Lam Nghệ An
15 2DF Hồ Tấn Tài (1997-11-06) 6 November 1997 (age 23) 0 0 Vietnam Bình Định
24 2DF Nguyễn Văn Việt (1989-12-08) 8 December 1989 (age 31) 0 0 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
27 2DF Bùi Hoàng Việt Anh (1999-01-01) 1 January 1999 (age 22) 0 0 Vietnam Hà Nội
33 2DF Vũ Xuân Cường (1992-08-06) 6 August 1992 (age 28) 0 0 Vietnam Thanh Hóa

8 3MF Nguyễn Trọng Hoàng (1989-04-14) 14 April 1989 (age 31) 69 12 Vietnam Viettel
6 3MF Lương Xuân Trường (1995-04-28) 28 April 1995 (age 25) 30 2 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
19 3MF Nguyễn Quang Hải (1997-04-12) 12 April 1997 (age 24) 24 6 Vietnam Hà Nội
16 3MF Đỗ Hùng Dũng (Vice-captain) (1993-09-08) 8 September 1993 (age 27) 19 0 Vietnam Hà Nội
20 3MF Phan Văn Đức (1996-04-11) 11 April 1996 (age 25) 14 2 Vietnam Sông Lam Nghệ An
14 3MF Nguyễn Tuấn Anh (1995-05-16) 16 May 1995 (age 25) 12 1 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
7 3MF Nguyễn Phong Hồng Duy (1996-06-13) 13 June 1996 (age 24) 11 0 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
29 3MF Nguyễn Hoàng Đức (1998-01-11) 11 January 1998 (age 23) 1 0 Vietnam Viettel
12 3MF Giang Trần Quách Tân (1992-03-08) 8 March 1992 (age 29) 1 0 Vietnam Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh
32 3MF Phan Văn Long (1996-06-01) 1 June 1996 (age 24) 0 0 Vietnam SHB Đà Nẵng
21 3MF Nguyễn Đức Chiến (1998-08-24) 24 August 1998 (age 22) 0 0 Vietnam Viettel
30 3MF Cao Văn Triền (1993-06-18) 18 June 1993 (age 27) 0 0 Vietnam Sài Gòn
37 3MF Nguyễn Hai Long (2000-08-27) 27 August 2000 (age 20) 0 0 Vietnam Than Quảng Ninh

11 4FW Nguyễn Văn Quyết (1991-07-01) 1 July 1991 (age 29) 51 14 Vietnam Hà Nội
10 4FW Nguyễn Công Phượng (1995-01-21) 21 January 1995 (age 26) 35 8 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
9 4FW Nguyễn Văn Toàn (3rd captain) (1996-04-12) 12 April 1996 (age 25) 27 4 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai
22 4FW Nguyễn Tiến Linh (1997-10-20) 20 October 1997 (age 23) 12 4 Vietnam Becamex Bình Dương
18 4FW Hà Đức Chinh (1997-09-22) 22 September 1997 (age 23) 6 0 Vietnam SHB Đà Nẵng
31 4FW Hồ Tuấn Tài (1995-03-16) 16 March 1995 (age 26) 1 0 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have been called up for the team within the last 12 months and are still available for selection.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Trần Bửu Ngọc (1991-02-26) 26 February 1991 (age 30) 1 0 Vietnam Hoàng Anh Gia Lai v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
GK Phạm Văn Phong (1993-06-03) 3 June 1993 (age 27) 0 0 Vietnam Sài Gòn v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
GK Trần Nguyên Mạnh (1991-12-20) 20 December 1991 (age 29) 24 0 Vietnam Viettel v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 INJ
GK Đặng Văn Lâm (1993-08-13) 13 August 1993 (age 27) 23 0 Japan Cerezo Osaka v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019
GK Phạm Văn Cường (1990-07-19) 19 July 1990 (age 30) 1 0 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019

DF Trịnh Văn Lợi (1995-05-26) 26 May 1995 (age 25) 0 0 Vietnam Thanh Hóa v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
DF Đào Văn Nam (1997-05-10) 10 May 1997 (age 23) 0 0 Vietnam Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
DF Nguyễn Hữu Tuấn (1992-05-06) 6 May 1992 (age 28) 0 0 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019 PRE
DF Đỗ Duy MạnhINJ (1996-09-29) 29 September 1996 (age 24) 27 1 Vietnam Hà Nội v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019
DF A Hoàng (1995-07-31) 31 July 1995 (age 25) 2 0 Vietnam SHB Đà Nẵng v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 PRE
DF Nguyễn Công Thành (1991-07-26) 26 July 1991 (age 29) 0 0 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 PRE
DF Lê Văn Đại (1996-05-13) 13 May 1996 (age 24) 0 0 Vietnam Thanh Hóa v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019

MF Phạm Đức Huy (1995-01-20) 20 January 1995 (age 26) 11 2 Vietnam Hà Nội v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
MF Nguyễn Huy Hùng (1992-03-02) 2 March 1992 (age 29) 24 2 Vietnam SHB Đà Nẵng v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
MF Lý Công Hoàng Anh (1999-09-01) 1 September 1999 (age 21) 0 0 Vietnam Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
MF Nguyễn Trọng Hùng (1997-10-03) 3 October 1997 (age 23) 0 0 Vietnam Thanh Hóa v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019
MF Ngô Hoàng Thịnh (1992-04-21) 21 April 1992 (age 28) 15 2 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City v.  United Arab Emirates, 14 November 2019 INJ
MF Võ Huy Toàn (1993-03-15) 15 March 1993 (age 28) 8 1 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 INJ
MF Tô Văn Vũ (1993-10-20) 20 October 1993 (age 27) 0 0 Vietnam Becamex Bình Dương v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 PRE
MF Đặng Anh Tuấn (1994-08-01) 1 August 1994 (age 26) 0 0 Vietnam SHB Đà Nẵng v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 PRE

FW Nguyễn Anh Đức (1985-10-24) 24 October 1985 (age 35) 36 12 Vietnam Long An v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
FW Nguyễn Xuân Nam (1994-01-18) 18 January 1994 (age 27) 0 0 Vietnam Hồ Chí Minh City v.  Vietnam, August 2020 PRE
FW Hà Minh Tuấn (1991-01-01) 1 January 1991 (age 30) 0 0 Vietnam Quảng Nam v.  Thailand, 19 November 2019
FW Ngân Văn Đại (1992-02-09) 9 February 1992 (age 29) 2 0 Vietnam Hà Nội v.  United Arab Emirates, 14 November 2019 PRE
FW Nguyễn Việt Phong (1993-03-23) 23 March 1993 (age 28) 2 0 Vietnam Viettel v.  United Arab Emirates, 14 November 2019 PRE
FW Mạc Hồng Quân (1992-01-01) 1 January 1992 (age 29) 14 3 Vietnam Than Quảng Ninh v.  Malaysia, 10 October 2019 INJ

  • INJ Withdrew due to injury
  • PRE Preliminary squad

Previous squads[edit]

Coaching staff[edit]

Position Name
Head Coach Park Hang-seo
Technical Director Yusuke Adachi
Assistant Coach Lee Young-jin
Lưu Danh Minh
Lư Đình Tuấn
Goalkeeper Coach Trần Minh Quang
Kim Hyun-tae
Fitness Coach Park Sung-gyun
Doctor Choi Ju-young
Trần Anh Tuấn
Tuấn Nguyên Giáp
Interpreter Lê Huy Khoa
Team Manager Nguyễn Sỹ Hiển

Former managers[edit]

Coach Park Hang-seo, considered as the most successful coach in Vietnam football history with FIFA praising Vietnam's progress throughout his managerial career with the team especially following the junior team success in AFC U-23 Championship as Asian runners-up and Asian Games as well the senior team in AFF Championship and AFC Asian Cup.[80]
As of 18 December 2019.
List of Vietnamese coaches since 1991[81]
Name Nationality From To Pld W D L GF GA Win%[nb 2] Honours
Park Hang-seo  South Korea 11 October 2017 Present 22 11 8 3 28 14 050.00 1 AFF Championship
Mai Đức Chung (Interim)  Vietnam 27 August 2017 11 October 2017 2 2 0 0 7 1 100.00
Nguyễn Hữu Thắng  Vietnam 3 March 2016 27 August 2017 16 8 6 2 15 14 050.00
Toshiya Miura  Japan 8 May 2014 28 January 2016 14 7 3 4 12 8 050.00
Hoàng Văn Phúc  Vietnam 16 May 2013 4 April 2014 3 1 0 2 1 3 033.33
Nguyễn Văn Sỹ (Interim)  Vietnam 1 January 2013 16 May 2013 4 1 0 3 025.00
Phan Thanh Hùng  Vietnam 1 September 2012 31 December 2012 14 5 5 4 12 10 035.71
Mai Đức Chung (Interim)  Vietnam 21 February 2012 31 August 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 !
Falko Götz  Germany 1 June 2011 6 January 2012 5 3 0 2 15 6 060.00
Henrique Calisto  Portugal June 2008 1 March 2011 42 11 11 20 38 41 026.19 1 AFF Championship
Alfred Riedl  Austria 2005 October 2007 23 8 8 7 29 27 034.78
Trần Văn Khánh[82] (Interim)  Vietnam 12 December 2004 2005 1 1 0 0 3 0 100.00
Edson Tavares  Brazil 22 March 2004 12 December 2004 11 4 1 6 18 15 036.36
Nguyễn Thành Vinh (Interim)  Vietnam January 2004 February 2004 1 0 0 1 0 5 000.00
Alfred Riedl  Austria January 2003 December 2003 7 3 0 4 8 13 042.86
Henrique Calisto  Portugal August 2002 December 2002 10 5 3 2 27 18 050.00
Dido  Brazil December 2000 25 September 2001 6 3 1 2 9 9 050.00
Alfred Riedl  Austria August 1998 2000 31 16 6 9 54 21 051.61
Colin Murphy  England October 1997 1998 6 3 1 2 9 6 050.00
Lê Đình Chính (Interim)  Vietnam 1997 1997 1 0 0 1 0 4 000.00
Trần Duy Long  Vietnam 1997 1997 5 0 0 5 2 17 000.00
Karl-Heinz Weigang  Germany 1995 June 1997 17 9 2 6 37 33 052.94
Edson Tavares  Brazil 1995 1995 1 1 0 0 1 0 100.00
Trần Duy Long (Interim)  Vietnam 1994 1995 1 1 0 0 100.00
Trần Bình Sự  Vietnam 1993 1993 11 2 0 9 5 21 018.18
Nguyễn Sỹ Hiển  Vietnam 1993 1993 3 0 1 2 3 5 000.00
Vũ Văn Tư  Vietnam 1991 1991

Records[edit]

As of 19 November 2019
Players in bold are still active for the national team

FIFA world rankings[edit]

FIFA-ranking

Vietnam's FIFA world rankings
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Same position 135 Fall 151 Rise 122 Rise 99 Fall 104 Rise 98 Fall 102 Rise 99 Fall 105 Fall 108 Rise 98 Fall 103 Fall 120 Fall 172 Rise 142 Fall 155 Rise 123 Fall 137 Rise 99 Fall 131 Fall 144 Rise 137 Fall 147 Rise 134 Rise 112 Rise 100 Rise 97 Rise 94

Honours[edit]

Include the results of  South Vietnam before 1976 (1949/1954-1976)

Continental

  • Asian Games (As senior national team until 1998, since 2002 it is an Olympic tournament.)
  • Fourth place (1): 1962, 2018
  • Quarter-finals (1): 1958
  • AFC Asian Cup
  • Fourth place (2): 1956, 1960 (both as South Vietnam)
  • Quarter-finals (2): 2007, 2019

Regional

1st place, gold medalist(s) Champions (1): 1966
  • King's Cup
    • 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (2): 2006, 2019
    • 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Third place (2): 1969, 1971
  • AFF Championship
    • 1st place, gold medalist(s) Champions (2): 2008, 2018
    • 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (1): 1998
    • 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Third place (2): 1996, 2002, 2007, 2010, 2014, 2016
    • Fourth place (1): 2000
  • Southeast Asian Games (as senior national team until 1999, since 2001 only Olympic team participating)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 7 April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
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  5. ^ "Vietnam matches, ratings and points exchanged". World Football Elo Ratings: Vietnam. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  6. ^ Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
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  12. ^ Irving Epstein (2008). The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Children's Issues Worldwide. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 541–. ISBN 978-0-313-33620-1.
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