Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

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Vietnamese military ranks and insignia were specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through the Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on 30 December 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

The branch colours that form the piping of the shoulder boards are as follows:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark blue/navy blue
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue

The shoulder insignia ranks are in gold shoulder boards in the Ground Forces, Air Force and Navy.

Border Defense Force's ranks have background is dark-green and hem colour is red. Coast Guard rank and rating insignia are in blue with gold piping.

Table of ranks[edit]

Officers[edit]

The following are the current rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard, respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Army General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Colonel General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Major General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Major.jpg Vietnam People's Army Captain.jpg Vietnam People's Army Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army student officer.jpg
Army general
(Đại tướng)
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)


Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Vice Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Rear Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Commodorel.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Senior Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Ensign.jpg Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Admiral
(Đô đốc)
Vice Admiral
(Phó Đô đốc)
Rear Admiral
(Chuẩn Đô đốc)
Senior Captain
(Đại tá)
Captain
(Thượng tá)
Commander
(Trung tá)
Lieutenant Commander
(Thiếu tá)
Senior Lieutenant
(Đại úy)
Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Sub-Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Ensign
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)


Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Major General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Major.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Captain.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force student officer.jpg
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Captain.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force student officer.jpg
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent
Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Major General.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Major.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Captain.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Warrant officers[edit]

The following are the insignia for warrant officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard respectively.

Rank insignia used by warrant officers since 2008 have a pink silk line running along the shoulder board (before 2008 it was a V-shaped chevron) to distinguish them from the officer corps.

Equivalent NATO rank WO-1 WO-2 WO-3 WO-4 WO-5
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
Vietnam People Army WO-1a.png Vietnam People Army WO-1b.png Vietnam People Army WO-2a.png Vietnam People Army WO-2b.png Vietnam People Army WO-3.png Vietnam People Army WO-4.png Vietnam People Army WO-5.png
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)


Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
Vietnam People's Navy WO-4.png
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)


Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Vietnam Vietnam
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Vietnam Vietnam
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)

Enlisted[edit]

The following are the enlisted rank insignia for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam-Army-OR-9.svg No equivalent Vietnam-Army-OR-5.svg No equivalent Vietnam-Army-OR-4.svg No equivalent Vietnam-Army-OR-2.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-1.svg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì


Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant major.png No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant.png No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy Corporal.png No equivalent Vietnam People's Navy private first class.png Vietnam People's Navy Private second class.png
Chief petty officer
Thượng sĩ
Petty officer 1st class
Trung sĩ
Petty officer 2nd class
Hạ sĩ
Leading Seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì


Vietnam Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant major.jpg No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant.jpg No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force Corporal.jpg No equivalent Vietnam People's Air Force First Private.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Second Private.jpg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading Aircraftman
Binh nhất
Aircraftman
Binh nhì
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant major.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Border Defense Force Corporal.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Border Defense Force First Private.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Second Private.jpg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
Vietnam Vietnam No equivalent Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant major.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Marine Police Corporal.jpg No equivalent Vietnam Marine Police First Private.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Second Private.jpg
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Lapels[edit]

Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defence Coast Guard Cyberspace Operations Mausoleum Defence
Vietnam People's Army insignia.png
Vietnam People's Air Force insignia.png
Vietnam People's Navy insignia.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force.png
Vietnam Coast Guard.png
Vietnam Cyberspace Operation.png
VietNam Defend Mausoleum Ho Chi Minh President.png
Vietnam Infantry symbol.jpg
Air Force wings.jpg
Anchor Navy.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force symbol.jpg
Anchor Marine Police.jpg
General Officers
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Air Force Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force rank lapel.png
Vietnam Marine Police Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LUẬT - Sĩ quan quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.vanbanphapluat.com/danh-muc-van-ban-phap-luat.html?view=doc&id=83282[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]