Vietnamese legislative election, 2011

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Vietnamese parliamentary election, 2011
← 2007 May 22, 2011 2016 →

All 500 seats to the National Assembly
251 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Nguyen Phu Trong.jpg
Leader Nguyễn Phú Trọng n/a
Party Communist Party of Vietnam Independent
Seats won 458 42
Seat change Increase8 Decrease1

Prime Minister before election

Nguyen Tan Dung
Communist Party of Vietnam

Elected Prime Minister

Nguyen Tan Dung
Communist Party of Vietnam

Coat of arms of Vietnam.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Parliamentary elections were held in Vietnam on 22 May 2011.[1] Since Vietnam is a single-party state, the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam is guaranteed to win a majority.[2]


According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, there were 827 candidates. 31.4% were women, 14.3% were not members of the Communist Party, 16.1% were members of ethnic minorities and 22.1% were candidates running for reelection.[3] Regardless of party standing, all candidates are evaulated by the Fatherland Front.[4]

Originally, 82 people were self-nominated, but of those only 15 were approved by party officials in order to run in the election.[5] However, Vietnam saw an increase of self-nominated candidates (82) in 2011 compared to 30 in 2007.[6] Some pro-democracy and human rights activists were a part of the self-nominated group, who did not receive the required approval. These included lawyers Le Quoc Quan, a former fellow for the National Endowment for Democracy and Cu Huy Ha Vu and Le Cong Dinh, both sentenced to jail for security and propaganda risks against the state.[7]

The 14 politburo seats were also up for election, though these elections were held in small electoral districts chosen by the party leaders. Thus, not all Vietnamese voters had a say in the politburo election decision.[8]


During the 2011 election, Vietnam had an estimated 62,200,000 registered voters and of those registered 61,900,000 ballots were reportedly cast.[9] Voter turnout was exceedingly high at 99.51%.[10] Of the 500 members elected, 333 were first-time members and four were self-nominated. Almost all of them had at least a bachelor's degree; 15.6% were from ethnic minorities, 24.4% were women, and 8.4% were not members of the Communist Party.[11] Non-party members, who managed to gain a seat in the National Assembly, include brother and sister duo Dang Thanh Tam and Dang Thi Hoang Yen from Saigon Investment Group.[12]

e • d  Summary of the 22 May 2011 National Assembly (Quoc hoi) election results
Parties and coalitions Seats +/–
Vietnamese Fatherland Front (Mặt Trận Tổ Quốc Việt Nam) Communist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam) 458 +8
Independent 38 -4
Independents 4 +3
Overall statistics
Total parliamentary seats 500 +7
Sources: Central Election Council[13]
Vietnam election 2011 results show that non-party members made up 8.4% of seats.
Vietnam election 2011 results show that females made up 24.4% of seats and males 75.6% of seats. Figure is rounded.
Vietnam Election 2011 results show that ethnic minorities made up 15.6% of parliamentary seats.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Truong Sa residents cast early votes in legislative elections". Thanh Nien. May 20, 2011. 
  2. ^ Ian Timberlake (May 22, 2011). "One-party Vietnam votes in national election". AFP. Retrieved May 22, 2011. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ Union, Inter-Parliamentary. "IPU PARLINE database: VIET NAM (Quoc-Hoi), Last elections". Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  5. ^ aujourd'hui, Vietnam (2011-05-23). "Vietnamese voters unmoved by election fanfare". (in French). Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  6. ^ "Are Vietnam’s elections becoming more democratic?". East Asia Forum. Retrieved 2016-05-05. 
  7. ^ aujourd'hui, Vietnam (2011-05-23). "Vietnamese voters unmoved by election fanfare". (in French). Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  8. ^ Ruwitch, By John. "Party wins big in Vietnam, but with a few twists". Reuters Blogs. Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  9. ^ "IFES Election Guide | Elections: Vietnam Parl May 2011". Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  10. ^ F_181. "500 legislators elected in Vietnam - People's Daily Online". Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Ballots, banners, but little budging". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2016-05-03. 
  13. ^ "Election results for NA and People’s Council deputies announced". Voice of Vietnam. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2011.