View Park–Windsor Hills, California
View Park−Windsor Hills, California
|• Total||1.842 sq mi (4.771 km2)|
|• Land||1.841 sq mi (4.769 km2)|
|• Water||0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2) 0.04%|
|• Density||6,200/sq mi (2,400/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
The View Park neighborhood is the community surrounding Angeles Vista Boulevard and the Windsor Hills neighborhood is on the southern end to the north of Slauson Avenue. Per the 2020 census, the population was 11,419.
View Park−Windsor Hills is one of the wealthiest primarily African-American neighborhoods in the United States. The two neighborhoods are part of a band of neighborhoods, from Culver City's Fox Hills district on the west to the Los Angeles neighborhood of Leimert Park on the east, that comprise the single largest and one of the wealthiest and geographically contiguous historically black communities in the western United States. This corridor also includes Baldwin Hills and Ladera Heights neighborhoods. It was founded in the late 1930s. While the neighborhood is still predominantly African-American, the area is undergoing a demographic shift as new homeowners (mostly Caucasian, Asian families), who work in nearby Culver City, Downtown Los Angeles, Santa Monica and other job hub areas are moving into the neighborhood.
View Park was developed between 1923 and 1970 as a high-upper-class neighborhood akin to the style of Cheviot Hills, Bel-Air, Brentwood, Carthay Circle, and Studio City by the Los Angeles Investment Company. Along with neighboring Ladera Heights and Baldwin Hills, it is one of the wealthiest African-American areas in the United States. It contains a collection of houses and mansions in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles, most of which remain today. View Park architecture features the work of many notable architects, such as the Los Angeles Investment Company, Postle & Postle, R. F. Ruck, Paul Haynes, Leopold Fischer, H. Roy Kelley, Raphael Soriano, Charles W. Wong, Robert Earl, M.C. Drebbin, Vincent Palmer, Theodore Pletsch and Homer C. Valentine. It is also rumored that renowned African American architect, Paul Williams had built several homes in View Park. The only documented Paul Williams home in View Park is located on Mount Vernon Drive.
National Register of Historic Places
On July 12, 2016, View Park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, an initiative led by View Park Conservancy in which almost 700 View Park residents donated over $100,000 to complete the historic work needed to complete the neighborhood's nomination. View Park is the largest National Register historic district in the country based on African American and county history, and the largest in California in terms of total property owners.
Windsor Hills was developed in the late 1930s by Marlow-Burns Development Company and targeted the high upper-class neighborhood akin to the style of Bel-Air and Beverly Glen. It was the first subdivision in Southern California for which the newly created Federal Housing Administration provided mortgage insurance. It also contains a collection of houses and mansions in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles. African-Americans were forbidden to live in either area until the Supreme Court's invalidation of racial restrictive covenants in 1948.
View Park−Windsor Hills is located at (33.993662, -118.346950).
For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined View Park−Windsor Hills as a census-designated place (CDP). The census definition of the area may not precisely correspond to local understanding of the area. As of end of 2020, View Park-Windsor hills ranks # 1 among top 10 richest black communities in US, with an average family income of $159,168.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||463||1,004||4.18%||8.79%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||9,209||8,048||83.15%||70.48%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||18||9||0.16%||0.08%|
|Asian alone (NH)||143||319||1.29%||2.79%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||4||10||0.04%||0.09%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||45||87||0.41%||0.76%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||473||844||4.27%||7.39%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||720||1,098||6.50%||9.62%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
At the 2010 census View Park−Windsor Hills had a population of 11,075. The population density was 6,012.6 inhabitants per square mile (2,321.5/km2). The racial makeup of View Park−Windsor Hills was 669 (6.0%) White (4.2% Non-Hispanic White), 9,392 (84.8%) African-American, 45 (0.4%) Native American, 147 (1.3%) Asian, 4 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 244 (2.2%) from other races, and 574 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 720 people (6.5%).
The census reported that 10,999 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 14 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 62 (0.6%) were institutionalized.
There were 4,535 households, 1,246 (27.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,704 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 985 (21.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 276 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 166 (3.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,354 households (29.9%) were one person and 575 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 2,965 families (65.4% of households); the average family size was 2.97.
The age distribution was 2,090 people (18.9%) under the age of 18, 755 people (6.8%) aged 18 to 24, 2,286 people (20.6%) aged 25 to 44, 3,586 people (32.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,358 people (21.3%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females there were 80.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.0 males.
There were 4,777 housing units at an average density of 2,593.4 per square mile, of the occupied units 3,275 (72.2%) were owner-occupied and 1,260 (27.8%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 8,297 people (74.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,702 people (24.4%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census there were 10,958 people, 4,539 households, and 3,041 families in the CDP. The population density was 5,895.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,274.7/km2). There were 4,738 housing units at an average density of 2,549.2 per square mile (984.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.0% African American, 5.4% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7%. The area had the highest percentage of African-American residents of any CDP in the Western United States.
Of the 4,539 households 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.9% of households were one person and 10.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.
The age distribution was 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% 65 or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
The median household income was $90,876 and the median family income was $100,124. Males had a median income of $56,461 versus $43,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,382. About 3.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
- In the year 2000, these were the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of black residents:
- View Park-Windsor Hills, California, 86.5%
- Gramercy Park, Los Angeles, 86.4%
- Leimert Park, Los Angeles, 79.6%
- Manchester Square, Los Angeles, 78.6%
- Baldwin Hills/Crenshaw, Los Angeles, 71.3%
- Ladera Heights, California, 71%
- Hyde Park, Los Angeles, 66%
- Chesterfield Square, Los Angeles, 58.6%
- West Rancho Dominguez, California, 57.6%
- Westmont, California, 57.5%
Parks and recreation
View Park-Windsor Hills has a main park called Rueben Ingold Park, The park opened on August 17, 1971, and is adjacent to Kenneth Hahn State Recreation Area with the newly Stocker Trail Corridor pathway to connect the two. Residents also use the Valley Ridge Avenue hill for exercising.
In the state legislature View Park−Windsor Hills is located in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat Holly Mitchell, and in the 54th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Sydney Kamlager-Dove. Federally, View Park−Windsor Hills is located in California's 37th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Karen Bass.
Several elementary schools serve the LAUSD portion of community are as follows:
- 54th Street Elementary School (K-5) (View Park)
- Cowan Elementary School (1–5)
- Windsor Math/Science/Aerospace Magnet, 5215 Overdale Drive. (K-5, zoned only for Kindergarten) (Windsor Hills)
All areas in LAUSD are zoned to:
Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School and Daniel Webster Middle School . Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School, Orville Wright Middle School, and Palms Middle School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Crenshaw High School and Westchester High School. View Park Preparatory High School also serves as the center school for the View Park neighborhood. The school is an urban preparatory school partnered with LAUSD.
Criminal Law Enforcement Services including patrol are provided by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department out of the Marina Del Ray station with a substation in the Ladera shopping center. Deputy Sheriffs also perform traffic enforcement and are often first on scene to vehicle accidents and Fire/EMS calls.
As an unincorporated area, Traffic Law Enforcement Services are provided by the California Highway Patrol (CHP) out of the West LA Area Office in Culver City.
The Los Angeles Unified School District Police has jurisdiction on the areas LAUSD elementary school campuses.
Fire and EMS services are provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department Station 58 (Engine and Medic unit) and Station 38 (Engine).
The Los Angeles City Fire Department and Culver City Fire Department border this area. The Los Angeles, Inglewood, Inglewood School District, and Culver City Police Departments border this area.
- Ray Charles Residence at 4863 Southridge Avenue. The home was built in 1965.
- The Googie-style Wich Stand now known as Simply Wholesome is located at Slauson Avenue and Overhill Avenue.
- The Doumakes House. The first historic landmark in unincorporated LA County at Angeles Vista Blvd and West Blvd.
View Park-Windsor Hills has been home to numerous actors, athletes, Filmmakers and musicians, including:
- Ermias Joseph Asghedom, known professionally as Nipsey Hussle
- Angelle Brooks, Actress
- Charles Burnett, Filmmaker and director
- Bebe Moore Campbell, Novelist
- Ray Charles, (1930–2004) Late Singer
- Doria Ragland, mother of Meghan, Duchess of Sussex
- James Cleveland (1931–1991) Gospel Singer, Arranger Composer
- Michael Cooper, Former NBA player and WNBA head coach
- Loretta Devine, Actress
- Curt Flood Former professional baseball player
- Lita Gaithers, Tony Award-nominated playwright, singer/songwriter
- Jester Hairston, composer, arranger, and actor
- Lisa Gay Hamilton, Actress
- Sally Hampton, Writer, Producer, Actress
- Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Journalist, Author and Broadcaster
- Louis Johnson, baseball player
- Robert Kardashian, attorney
- Regina King, Academy award winning Actress and television director 
- Mike Love, Musician, founding member of the Beach Boys
- Stan Love (basketball), Former NBA player, brother of Mike Love
- Marilyn McCoo, singer
- Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, retired Actress, Member of The British Royal Family
- Issa Rae, Writer, Actress, and Television Producer
- Leslie Sykes, KABC-TV news co-anchor
- Ike & Tina Turner, Recording duo
- Clara Ward, (1924–1973) Gospel singer
- Dave Waymer, NFL Football Player
- Gerald Wilson, jazz Composer, arranger, conductor
- Nancy Wilson, Vocalist
- U.S. Census Archived 2012-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
- "View Park-Windsor Hills CDP, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- "See the 10 Most Affluent African-American Neighborhoods in America". BET. July 7, 2017. Retrieved 2020-06-09.
- Jennings, Angel (July 18, 2015). "'Black Beverly Hills' debates historic status vs. white gentrification". Los Angeles Times.
- "Residents Grapple With Change Coming To View Park, LA's Black Beverly Hills"
- "View Park—Historically Black and Proud". lasentinal.net. August 11, 2016. Retrieved October 5, 2019.
- View Park Conservancy
- "View Park Historic District". www.nps.com. Retrieved 2017-06-19.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "10 Richest Black Communities in America". Retrieved November 12, 2020.
- "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – View Park-Windsor Hills CDP, California". United States Census Bureau.
- "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – View Park-Windsor Hills CDP, California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Census data". quickfacts.census.gov.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - View Park-Windsor Hills CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- , Mapping L.A. at Los Angeles Times
- "Ruth-Temple Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Souttth SPA by Health District and City." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "View Park Windsor Hills CDP, California Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
- "54th Street Elementary School Archived 2011-03-21 at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2010.
- "Windsor Math/Science/Aerospace Magnet Archived 2011-03-21 at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2010.
- "View Park Library to be named after Bebe Moore Campbell". L.A. Watts Times. August 6, 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Carroll, Rory (2017-11-28). "Meghan Markle's LA neighbors: 'For us as African Americans we're excited'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
- "Los Angeles Street Address Directory "Rev Jas Cleveland"". Los Angeles Public Library. July 1987. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- "Los Angeles Street Address Directory "Jester J Hairston"". Los Angeles Public Library. October 1961. p. 700. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
- "Los Angeles Street Address Directory "Arthur Kardashian" and "Barbara Kardashian"". Los Angeles Public Library. May 1956. p. 753. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- Wallace, Amy (January 1, 2012). "Regina King". Los Angeles Magazine.
- "Los Angeles Street Address Directory "Emily Love"". Los Angeles Public Library. May 1956. p. 254. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- "Los Angeles Street Address Directory "Marilyn Mc Coo"". Los Angeles Public Library. April 1964. p. 718. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- "Los Angeles Street Address Directory "C Ward"". Los Angeles Public Library. January 1969. p. 681. Retrieved 28 August 2020.