View Park–Windsor Hills, California
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|View Park−Windsor Hills|
Location of View Park−Windsor Hills in Los Angeles County, California.
|• Total||1.842 sq mi (4.771 km2)|
|• Land||1.841 sq mi (4.769 km2)|
|• Water||0.001 sq mi (0.002 km2) 0.04%|
|• Density||6,000/sq mi (2,300/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
View Park−Windsor Hills is an unincorporated community in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The View Park neighborhood is on the north end of the community along Angeles Vista Boulevard and the Windsor Hills neighborhood is on the southern end to the north of Slauson Avenue.
View Park−Windsor Hills is one of the wealthiest primarily African-American areas in the United States. The two neighborhoods are part of a band of neighborhoods, from Culver City's Fox Hills district on the west to the Los Angeles neighborhood of Leimert Park on the east, that compose the single largest and one of the wealthiest geographically contiguous high middle- and upper-class black communities in the western United States. This corridor also includes Baldwin Hills and Ladera Heights neighborhoods.
The population was 11,075 at the 2010 census, up from 10,958 at the 2000 census. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined View Park−Windsor Hills as a census-designated place (CDP). The census definition of the area may not precisely correspond to local understanding of the area.
|View Park−Windsor Hills CDP
Population by year , [permanent dead link]
View Park was developed between 1923-1970 as a high-upper-class neighborhood akin to Cheviot Hills, Brentwood, Carthay Circle, and Studio City by the Los Angeles Investment Company. Along with neighboring Ladera Heights and Baldwin Hills, it is one of the wealthiest African-American areas in the United States. It contains a superb collection of houses in the Spanish Colonial and Mediterranean styles, most of which remain today. View Park architecture features the work of many notable architects, such as the Los Angeles Investment Company, Postle & Postle, R. F. Ruck, Paul Haynes, Leopold Fischer, H. Roy Kelley, Raphael Soriano, Charles W. Wong, Robert Earl, M.C. Drebbin, Vincent Palmer, Theodore Pletsch and Homer C. Valentine. It is also rumored that renown African American architect, Paul Williams built several homes in View Park.
On July 12, 2016 View Park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, an initiative led by View Park Conservancy in which almost 700 View Park residents donated over $100,000 to complete the tedious historic work needed to complete the neighborhood's nomination. View Park is the largest National Register historic district in the Country based on African American history, and the largest in California in terms of total property owners.
Windsor Hills underwent development in the late 1930s by the Marlow Burns Company; aimed at the high upper class, it was the first subdivision in Southern California for which the newly created Federal Housing Administration provided mortgage insurance. African-Americans were forbidden residence in either area until the Supreme Court's invalidation of racial restrictive covenants in 1948.
- Los Angeles Urban League headquarters
- Ray Charles Residence at 4863 Southridge Avenue. Built in 1965.
- The Googie-style Wich Stand at Slauson Avenue and Overhill Avenue.
- The Doumakes House. The first historic landmark in unincorporated LA County at Angeles Vista and West Blvd.
View Park−Windsor Hills is located at (33.993662, -118.346950).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), all land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that View Park−Windsor Hills had a population of 11,075. The population density was 6,012.6 people per square mile (2,321.5/km²). The racial makeup of View Park−Windsor Hills was 669 (6.0%) White (4.2% Non-Hispanic White), 9,392 (84.8%) African-American, 45 (0.4%) Native American, 147 (1.3%) Asian, 4 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 244 (2.2%) from other races, and 574 (5.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 720 persons (6.5%).
The Census reported that 10,999 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 14 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 62 (0.6%) were institutionalized.
There were 4,535 households, out of which 1,246 (27.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,704 (37.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 985 (21.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 276 (6.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 166 (3.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,354 households (29.9%) were made up of individuals and 575 (12.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43. There were 2,965 families (65.4% of all households); the average family size was 2.97.
The population was spread out with 2,090 people (18.9%) under the age of 18, 755 people (6.8%) aged 18 to 24, 2,286 people (20.6%) aged 25 to 44, 3,586 people (32.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,358 people (21.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females there were 80.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.0 males.
There were 4,777 housing units at an average density of 2,593.4 per square mile (1,001.3/km²), of which 3,275 (72.2%) were owner-occupied, and 1,260 (27.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.2%. 8,297 people (74.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,702 people (24.4%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,958 people, 4,539 households, and 3,041 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 5,895.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,274.7/km²). There were 4,738 housing units at an average density of 2,549.2 per square mile (983.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.0% African American, 5.4% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population. The area had the highest percentage of African-American residents of any CDP in the Western United States.
There were 4,539 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $90,876, and the median income for a family was $100,124. Males had a median income of $56,461 versus $43,663 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,382. About 3.1% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
- These are the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of black residents:
- View Park-Windsor Hills, California, 86.5%
- Gramercy Park, Los Angeles, 86.4%
- Leimert Park, Los Angeles, 79.6%
- Manchester Square, Los Angeles, 78.6%
- Baldwin Hills/Crenshaw, Los Angeles, 71.3%
- Ladera Heights, California, 71%
- Hyde Park, Los Angeles, 66%
- Chesterfield Square, Los Angeles, 58.6%
- West Compton, California, 57.6%
- Westmont, California, 57.5%
Parks and recreation
In the state legislature View Park−Windsor Hills is located in the 26th Senate District, currently vacant after Democrat Curren Price resigned to take a seat on the Los Angeles City Council, and in the 54th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Holly J. Mitchell. Federally, View Park−Windsor Hills is located in California's 37th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Karen Bass.
Several elementary schools serve the LAUSD portion of community, including:
- 54th Street Elementary School (K-5) (View Park−Windsor Hills)
- Cowan Elementary School (1–5)
- Windsor Math/Science/Aerospace Magnet (K-5, zoned only for Kindergarten) (View Park−Windsor Hills)
All areas in LAUSD are zoned to Audubon Middle School and Crenshaw High School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School and Webster Middle School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Audubon Middle School, Orville Wright Middle School, and Palms Middle School. Some areas are jointly zoned to Crenshaw High School and Westchester High School. View Park High School also serves as the center school for the View Park community. The school is an urban preparatory school partnered with LAUSD.
Police and Fire services are provided by the Los Angeles County Sheriffs Department and Los Angeles County Fire Department respectively.
Notable residents and natives
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View Park-Windsor Hills has been home to numerous actors, athletics, Filmmakers and musicians, including:
- Angelle Brooks, Actress
- Charles Burnett, Filmmaker
- Bebe Moore Campbell, Novelist
- Ray Charles, (1930–2004) Singer
- James Cleveland (1931–1991) Gospel Singer, Arranger Composer
- Michael Cooper, NBA player and coach
- Loretta Devine, Actress
- Curt Flood, MLB player
- Lisa Gay Hamilton, Actress
- Sally Hampton, Writer, Producer, Actress
- Earl Ofari Hutchinson, Journalist, Author and Broadcaster
- Louis Johnson, baseball player
- Regina King, Actress
- Leslie Sykes, KABC-TV news anchor
- Ike & Tina Turner, Recording duo
- Clara Ward, (1924–1973) Gospel singer
- Dave Waymer, NFL Football Player
- Gerald Wilson, jazz Composer, arranger, conductor
- Nancy Wilson, Vocalist
- U.S. Census Archived 2012-01-24 at WebCite
- Jennings, Angel (July 18, 2015). "'Black Beverly Hills' debates historic status vs. white gentrification". Los Angeles Times.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - View Park-Windsor Hills CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0682667.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Black", Mapping L.A. at Los Angeles Times
- "Marina del Rey Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "Ruth-Temple Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Souttth SPA by Health District and City." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "View Park Windsor Hills CDP, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 22, 2010.
- "54th Street Elementary School." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2010.
- "Windsor Math/Science/Aerospace Magnet." Los Angeles Unified School District. Retrieved on March 23, 2010.
- "View Park Library to be named after Bebe Moore Campbell". L.A. Watts Times. August 6, 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Wallace, Amy (January 1, 2012). "Regina King". Los Angeles Magazine.