Viga, Catanduanes

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Viga
Municipality of Viga
Official seal of Viga
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Rice Granary of Catanduanes
Map of Catanduanes with Viga highlighted
Map of Catanduanes with Viga highlighted
Viga is located in Philippines
Viga
Viga
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°52′N 124°18′E / 13.87°N 124.3°E / 13.87; 124.3Coordinates: 13°52′N 124°18′E / 13.87°N 124.3°E / 13.87; 124.3
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region (Region V)
ProvinceCatanduanes
DistrictLone district
Founded1661
Barangays31 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorEmeterio 'Bong' Tarin
 • Vice MayorJennifer Tuplano
 • Electorate14,571 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total158.23 km2 (61.09 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total21,624
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Viganon
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4805
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)52
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱)75.3 million  (2016)
Native languagesPandan Bikol language
Tagalog
Websitewww.vigacatanduanes.gov.ph

Viga, officially the Municipality of Viga, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Catanduanes, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 21,624 people.[3]

Viga is one of the eleven towns in the province of Catanduanes, located in the north-eastern portion of the island. It occupies approximately 8.96% of the total land area of the island and 0.0406% of the entire country. It is nestled in one of the widest inland plains of the island, between three neighboring towns and the Philippine Sea. To the south is the town of Gigmoto, to the west is the town of Caramoran. It is about 52 kilometres (32 mi) north from the capital town of Virac.

History[edit]

The site of the original settlement of Viga was at Caviga-e now called Viga. It was believed that a group of tribesmen led by "Abines" from the mainland were the first settlers. Due to frequent Moro raids, they fled inland and settled in a place where the primitive inhabitants were akin to the province’s pygmies. They called this place "Oco" (now barangay San José), meaning short people or dwarf. When the Moro threat diminished, the settlers move to the lowlands where the soil was more fertile. They selected the area where herbaceous giant gabi-like plants which they called "Marviga" grew abundantly. The settlers were of mixed stock as result of the inter-marriages between the natives and the migrating tribesmen.

In the later part of 16th century, a group of Spaniards believed to be a group of Juan de Salcedo’s expedition reached the place and subdued the natives. In then became a Spanish settlement. An Augustinian friar named Francisco Putiocan became the first Catholic Priest and recognized leader. The Spaniards called the settlement "Viga", shortened from "Marviga". This name was subsequently adopted as the official name of the municipality.

During the Spanish colonization, the inhabitants were converted to the Catholic faith. As time went on they felt however, the strain of Spanish civil rule cruelties, when the Philippine Revolution broke out, many able-bodied natives joined the nationalistic movement and fought the colonizer.

When the Americans came, Viga was virtually liberated from the Spanish rule, civil government was established. When the Second World War broke out, Viga become the center of guerilla movement in the province. A pitched and running battle between the guerillas and escaping Japanese forces were simultaneously fought at Bangguerohan and Cabatangan where the latter was defeated.

In 1951, the barrios of Sicmil and Sioron were transferred to then newly created town of Gigmoto.[4]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2015 census, the population of Viga, Catanduanes, was 21,624 people,[3] with a density of 140 inhabitants per square kilometre or 360 inhabitants per square mile.

Barangays[edit]

Population census of Viga
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,938—    
1918 13,424+8.52%
1939 11,232−0.85%
1948 11,000−0.23%
1960 20,880+5.49%
1970 14,839−3.35%
1975 16,063+1.60%
1980 15,863−0.25%
1990 16,270+0.25%
1995 18,569+2.51%
2000 18,105−0.54%
2007 19,266+0.86%
2010 20,669+2.59%
2015 21,624+0.86%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

Viga is politically subdivided into 31 barangays.[2]

Poblacion Barangays[edit]

  • Asuncion Poblacion
  • Peñafrancia Poblacion
  • San Isidro Poblacion
  • San Jose Poblacion
  • San Pedro Poblacion
  • San Roque Poblacion
  • San Vicente Poblacion †

Interior Barangays[edit]

  • Almojuela
  • Burgos
  • Del Pilar
  • Osmeña
  • Pedro Vera (Summit)
  • Quezon
  • Rizal
  • Roxas
  • Sagrada
  • San Jose Oco †

Coastal Barangays[edit]

  • Ananong
  • Batohonan
  • Begonia
  • Botinagan
  • Buenavista
  • Mabini
  • Magsaysay
  • Ogbong
  • Quirino (Abugan)
  • Santa Rosa
  • Soboc
  • Tambongon †
  • Tinago
  • Villa Aurora
Barangay Population Income Class[8]
(2015)[3] (2010)[5] (2007)[6]
Almojuela 3.0% 651 556 523 Rural
Ananong 1.9% 409 424 407 Rural
Asuncion Poblacion 2.6% 556 533 456 Rural
Batohonan 0.9% 198 180 169 Rural
Begonia 3.1% 675 653 361 Rural
Botinagan 1.3% 273 299 307 Rural
Buenavista 3.6% 779 753 695 Rural
Burgos 4.6% 1,003 962 904 Rural
Del Pilar 1.7% 366 360 306 Rural
Mabini 1.8% 396 382 287 Rural
Magsaysay 2.8% 612 566 529 Rural
Ogbong 4.8% 1,042 1,006 844 Rural
Osmeña 2.0% 422 368 340 Rural
Pedro Vera (Summit) 6.6% 1,427 1,248 1,156 Rural
Peñafrancia Poblacion 1.6% 354 339 334 Rural
Quezon 3.7% 797 714 694 Rural
Quirino (Abugan) 1.2% 255 228 208 Rural
Rizal 6.1% 1,329 1,274 1,295 Rural
Roxas 2.7% 581 541 208 Rural
Sagrada 3.1% 666 626 659 Rural
San Isidro Poblacion 1.3% 284 333 311 Rural
San Jose Poblacion 4.0% 870 909 833 Rural
San Jose (Oco) 5.5% 1,183 1,163 1,040 Urban
San Pedro Poblacion 2.6% 571 550 569 Rural
San Roque Poblacion 3.8% 829 728 656 Rural
San Vicente Poblacion 3.7% 800 728 684 Urban
Santa Rosa 2.9% 634 604 559 Rural
Soboc 4.0% 869 852 713 Rural
Tambongon 5.4% 1,163 1,190 1,066 Rural
Tinago 5.0% 1,080 1,058 1,073 Rural
Villa Aurora 2.5% 550 543 521 Rural
Viga Municipality 8.3% 21,624 20,669 19,266 4th Class[9]

Economy[edit]

Viga is an agricultural municipality, considered as the rice granary of the province. The two types of agricultural products raised are food and export crops. The food crops raised are palay, corn, banana and other root crops. The export crops are mainly Abaca and coconut. The area planted with these crops and the production derived there from is the principal source of livelihood by the inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

Viga is mostly rugged and mountainous terrain. Its slope characteristics are 29% gently sloping to undulating, 3% classified rolling to hilly, 18% very hills and mountains, 6% level to very gently sloping, 13% steep hills and mountainous, and 13% plains. The prominent mountain forms with important significance include the ranges are Summit and Magsumoso. The largest coastal plain is the contiguous wetlands over which lays the widest area of rice paddies and a vast swamp full of nipa and mangroves. Viga is an agricultural municipality, considered as the rice granary of the province. The two types of agricultural products raised are the food and export crops. The food crops being raised are palay, corn, banana and other root crops. The export crops are mainly Abaca and coconut. The area planted with these crops and the production derived there from is the principal source of livelihood by the inhabitants.

Forest and Vegetation[edit]

Viga is a biodiversity hotspot. Its lush rainforest is home to Philippine brown deer (Rusa marianna), flying foxes, and other endemic bat species, warty pigs, civets, cobras, giant pythons, monitor lizards, sailfin lizards and other endemic animals. Exotic bird species such as Philippine hornbill, rail, parrot, bittern, egret, pheasant, coot, lapwing, plover, Philippine duck, quail, owl, oriole, kingfisher, swiftlets and many more are also found. In fact, a record of "Philippines Birding Trip Reports" has found out massive bird species in several portions such as the watershed and timberland forests reserve where scattered deer populations are also usually reported. Unfortunately, one bird subspecies, the Catanduanes Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba luzonica rubiventris) had experienced over-exploitation in the late 20th century. Although most forests are still intact, this species has suffered over-hunting. It is very rare and believed to be near extinction or already extinct as its last reported specimen was collected in 1971.

The Southern giant slender-tailed cloud rat (budkon/bugkon) which is found only in Catanduanes and the southern half of Luzon Island, is still widely reported. It is critically endangered as humans hunt them for food and for some extent, as pets. In mainland Luzon, sightings of this wonderful creature is already rare while in Marinduque, it is generally considered extinct.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The Catanduanes narrow-mouthed frog (Kaloula kokacii), an arboreal amphibian which is found only in Catanduanes and some parts of Bicol, enjoys its diversity but being carefully monitored. Clearing of some forests may possess threat to amphibian species. An amphibian Hylarana similis is found only in Catanduanes and Luzon islands. One of the very recent species found in Catanduanes and portions of Bicol region is the new loam-swimming skink, a legless reptile with its assigned scientific name Brachymelesmakusog. The rich dipterocarp forest also harbor numerous tropical plant species including the threatened species of pitcher plants and rafflesia as well as endemic banana varieties. Many highly economical hardwood tress such as yakal, apitong, palosapis, and molave are still found in the forests though local reports indicate that these species are already threatened. Mangrove forests exist in several coastal areas but the largest locations are in Banquerohan (Viga-Panganiban).

Marine Diversity[edit]

The marine environment of Viga is also ecologically rich as its terrestrial zones. Coastal reefs harbor many endangered and threatened types of mollusks such as giant Triton, cowries, abalone, cone snails, conches, octopuses, squids, and nautiluses. Marine mammals are also reported to frequent on its coasts such as species of dolphins and whales which appear in March–June. Many edible marine algae such as caulerpa, valonia, and turbellaria also grow abundantly on its rough coasts. Viga is nestled in the very beginning of the Kuroshio Current; a sea current that runs through Eastern Philippines, Taiwan and Japan. This current performs an array of physical and biological functions in countless marine life like migration and breeding. This explains why migratory fish tracks are usually encountered in its waters. Tuna migration can be seen on its peak in the months of April and May. Dugongs were once known to swim on coasts but this event is already becoming extremely rare.

Viga coast is one of the best spots for flying fish population; a flying fish can attain its fullest size which may weigh 300 grams (11 oz). Rabbitfish, a kind of reef fish is one of the most heavily exploited marine tropical fish in the locality. Its fry that comes out in shallow coasts during the breeding season (March–May) are fished in large volumes. Approximately 10 million rabbitfish fries are caught annually. That natural event supplies food for many people but its ecological impact can be devastating. Nature advocates started to strengthen their campaign for an eco-dialogue for this matter. Sea cucumbers are also known to be abundant in many islets of the eastern coasts facing the Pacific Ocean.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Viga, Catanduanes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 138
(5.4)
83
(3.3)
74
(2.9)
50
(2.0)
108
(4.3)
165
(6.5)
202
(8.0)
165
(6.5)
190
(7.5)
186
(7.3)
188
(7.4)
183
(7.2)
1,732
(68.3)
Average rainy days 16.8 11.9 13.5 13.8 20.5 25.2 27.4 26.2 26.1 24.7 20.7 18.5 245.3
Source: Meteoblue[10]

Education[edit]

Elementary School[edit]

List of public elementary schools in Viga

School ID Name of School Year Established Location District Curricular Class Class Organization
113317 Almojuela Elementary School 1978 Almojuela Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113318 Ananong Elementary School 1947 Ananong Viga East Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113307 Batohonan Elementary School 1983 Batohonan Viga East Kinder & Elementary Multigrade
113308 Begonia Elementary School 1972 Begonia Viga East Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113309 Botinagan Elementary School 2002 Botinagan Viga East Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113310 Buenavista Elementary School 1965 Buenavista Viga East Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113319 Burgos Elementary School 1920 Burgos Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113320 Del Pilar Elementary School 1972 Del Pilar Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113321 Mabini Elementary School 1963 Mabini Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113311 Magsaysay Elementary School 1966 Magsaysay Viga East Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113322 Ogbong Elementary School 1948 Ogbong Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113323 Osmeña Elementary School 1984 Osmeña Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113324 P. Vera Elementary School 1963 P. Vera Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113325 Quezon Elementary School 1972 Quezon Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113312 Quirino Elementary School 1971 Quirino (Abugan) Viga East Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113326 Rizal Elementary School 1993 Rizal Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113327 Roxas Elementary School 1968 Roxas Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113328 Sagrada Elementary School 1945 Sagrada Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113329 San Jose (Oco) Elementary School 1940 San Jose (Oco) Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113330 San Roque Elementary School 1970 San Roque Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
174011 San Vicente Elementary School 2002 San Vicente Viga West Elementary Monograde
113313 Soboc Elementary School 2008 Soboc Viga East Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113331 Sta. Rosa Elementary School 1975 Sta. Rosa Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113332 Summit Elementary School 1965 Summit Viga West Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade
113314 Tambongon Central Elementary School 1928 Tambongon Viga East Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113315 Tinago Elementary School 1919 Tinago Viga East Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113333 Viga Central Elementary School 1936 San Pedro Pob. Viga West Kinder & Elementary Monograde
113316 Villa Aurora Elementary School 1948 Villa Aurora Viga East Kinder & Elementary Combined Monograde and Multigrade

National High School[edit]

The table below contains the list of all the public senior high schools found in Catanduanes published by the Department of Education or DepEd. Included on the list are the municipalities, school ID, school names, and program offerings.

List of public/national high schools in Viga

School ID Name of School Year Established Location District Education Programs Specialization
302097 San Jose National High School 1967 San Jose (Oco) Viga West Senior High General Academic Strand & Technical Vocational Livelihood Cookery (NCII), Bread and Pastry Production (NC II), Food and Beverage Services (NC II)
302104 Tambognon National High School 1988 Tambongon Viga East Senior High General Academic Strand & Technical Vocational Livelihood Bread and Pastry Production (NC II), Cookery (NC II), Housekeeping (NC II), Carpentry (NC II)
302105 Tinago National High School 1972 Tinago Viga East - - -
302107 Viga Rural Development High School 1972 San Vicente Pob. Viga West Senior High Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics; Accountancy, Business, and Management; & Technical Vocational Livelihood Electrical Installation and Maintenance (NC II), Hairdressing (NC II), Bread and Pastry Production (NC II), Beauty/ Nail Care (NC II)

Places to visit[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Catanduanes". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "An act creating the municipality of Gigmoto in the province of Catanduanes". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
  5. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ a b Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Catanduanes". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ name="psgc">Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  9. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  10. ^ "Viga, Catanduanes : Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 December 2018.


External links[edit]