Viggo Peter Mortensen Jr.
October 20, 1958
New York City, U.S.
|Alma mater||St. Lawrence University|
(m. 1987; div. 1997)
|Partner||Ariadna Gil (2009–present)|
Viggo Peter Mortensen Jr. R (Danish: [ˈviko ˈmɒːtn̩sn̩]; born October 20, 1958) is an American actor. He made his film debut in a small role in Peter Weir's 1985 thriller Witness. He appeared in several notable films, including The Indian Runner (1991), Carlito's Way (1993), Crimson Tide (1995), Daylight (1996), The Portrait of a Lady (1996), G.I. Jane (1997), A Perfect Murder (1998), A Walk on the Moon (1999), and 28 Days (2000).
Mortensen gained international attention for playing Aragorn in the fantasy trilogy The Lord of the Rings (2001–2003). He gained acclaim for his collaborations with filmmaker David Cronenberg in the thrillers A History of Violence (2005), Eastern Promises (2007), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor, and A Dangerous Method (2011). He gained additional Academy Award nominations for his leading roles as an anarchist father in Captain Fantastic (2016) and as Tony Lip in Green Book (2018). Mortensen made his directorial debut with Falling (2020), in which he also starred.
Aside from acting, Mortensen has explored fine arts, photography, poetry, and music. In 2002, he founded the Perceval Press to publish both his works and the works of little-known artists and authors. Mortensen sang and composed for part of The Lord of the Rings soundtrack and has collaborated with guitarist Buckethead on several albums.
Mortensen was born in New York City on October 20, 1958, the son of Grace Gamble (née Atkinson; July 8, 1928 – April 25, 2015) and Viggo Peter Mortensen Sr. (May 8, 1929 – March 2, 2017). His mother was American, while his father was Danish. They met in Norway. His maternal grandfather was a Canadian from Nova Scotia. His paternal grandmother was from Trondheim, Norway.
The family moved to Venezuela, then Denmark, and eventually settled in Argentina. They lived successively in the provinces of Córdoba, Chaco, and Buenos Aires. Mortensen attended primary school and acquired a fluent proficiency in Spanish while his father managed poultry farms and ranches. He was baptized Lutheran, the tradition of his father.
When Mortensen was 11 and his brothers 8 and 6, their parents divorced. The three boys returned with their mother to the United States, where Viggo spent the rest of his childhood in New York State. He graduated from Watertown High School in 1976. He attended St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York, earning a bachelor's degree in 1980 in Spanish studies and politics.
Upon graduating, Mortensen went to Europe, living for a time in the United Kingdom and Spain, before returning to Denmark. There he took various jobs such as driving trucks in Esbjerg and selling flowers in Copenhagen. He eventually returned to the United States to pursue an acting career.
1980s–1990s: First films
Mortensen's first film role was in The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985), but his scenes were deleted from the final cut. His first onscreen appearance was playing an Amish farmer in Peter Weir's Witness. He was cast in Witness because the director thought he had the right face for the part of an Amish man. He had also been simultaneously cast for another role as a soldier in Shakespeare in the Park's production of Henry V, but he decided to choose acting in the film because he wanted to try something new. He credited that decision and the very positive experience on the film as the start of his film career.
Also in 1985, he was cast in the role of Bragg on the TV series Search for Tomorrow. Mortensen's 1987 performance in Bent at the Coast Playhouse, Los Angeles, won him a Dramalogue Critics' Award. The play, about homosexual prisoners in a concentration camp, was known for the leading performance by Ian McKellen. Mortensen later costarred with him in the film trilogy The Lord of the Rings. In 1987, Mortensen guest starred as a police detective on the hit TV series Miami Vice.
During the 1990s, Mortensen appeared in supporting roles in a variety of films, including Jane Campion's The Portrait of a Lady, Young Guns II, Prison, Boiling Point, Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III, Sean Penn's The Indian Runner, Danny Cannon's The Young Americans, Carl Colpaert's The Crew, which won the São Paulo Film Festival Audience Award, Brian de Palma's Carlito's Way, Crimson Tide, G.I. Jane, Daylight, A Walk on the Moon, American Yakuza, Charles Robert Carner's remake Vanishing Point, Philip Ridley's films The Reflecting Skin and The Passion of Darkly Noon, the remake films A Perfect Murder and Gus Van Sant's Psycho (the 1998 remakes of two Alfred Hitchcock's movies Dial M for Murder and Psycho), 28 Days, and The Prophecy, with Christopher Walken. Of these roles, Mortensen was probably best known for playing Master Chief John Urgayle in G.I. Jane.
2000s: The Lord of the Rings and breakthrough
Another major mainstream breakthrough came in 1999, when Peter Jackson cast him as Aragorn in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. According to the Special Extended Edition DVD of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Mortensen was a last-minute replacement for Stuart Townsend, and would not have taken the part of Aragorn had it not been for his son's enthusiasm for the J. R. R. Tolkien novel. He received critical acclaim for his portrayal of Aragorn, and was ranked No. 15 on a 2015 survey of "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters" conducted by Empire.
In The Two Towers DVD extras, the film's swordmaster, Bob Anderson, described Mortensen as "the best swordsman I've ever trained." Mortensen often performed his own stunts, and even the injuries he sustained during several of them, including two broken toes, did not dampen his enthusiasm. At one point during shooting of The Two Towers, Mortensen, Orlando Bloom, and Brett Beattie (stunt double for John Rhys-Davies) all had painful injuries, and during a shoot of them, running in the mountains, Peter Jackson jokingly referred to the three as "the walking wounded." Also, according to the Special Extended Edition DVD of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Mortensen purchased the two horses, Uraeus and Kenny, whom he had ridden and bonded with over the duration of the films.
Mortensen starred in David Cronenberg's 2005 film A History of Violence as a family man revealed to have had an unsavory previous career. He was nominated for a Satellite Award for Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture for this role. In the DVD extras for A History of Violence, Cronenberg related that Mortensen is the only actor he had come across who would come back from weekends with his family with items he had bought to use as props on the set.
In 2006, he starred as Captain Diego Alatriste in the Spanish language film Alatriste, based on the series of novels The Adventures of Captain Alatriste, written by the Spanish writer Arturo Pérez-Reverte.
In September 2007, the film Eastern Promises, directed by David Cronenberg, was released to critical acclaim for the film itself and for Mortensen's performance as a Russian gangster on the rise in London. His nude fight scene in a steam room was applauded by Roger Ebert: "Years from now, it will be referred to as a benchmark." Mortensen's performance in Eastern Promises resulted in his winning the Best Performance by an Actor in a British Independent Film award from the British Independent Film Awards. He was also nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor.
Mortensen appeared as himself in the 2009 film Reclaiming The Blade, in which he discussed his passion for the sword and his sword-work in films such as The Lord of the Rings and Alatriste. Mortensen also talked about his work with Bob Anderson, the swordmaster on The Lord of the Rings, Alatriste, Pirates of the Caribbean and many others.
In 2009, Mortensen performed in The People Speak, a documentary feature film that uses dramatic and musical performances of the letters, diaries, and speeches of everyday Americans, based on historian Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States. While it was reported in April 2009 that Mortensen had, at least temporarily, retired from film acting, Mortensen said he was misquoted. In a 2012 interview, he denied that he ever said he was retiring, only that he didn't have "plans to do another movie" at the time and that he was "taking a little break now. I don't have anything lined up." In 2009 he joined the cast of The Road, a film adaptation of the Cormac McCarthy novel of the same name, and collaborated with David Cronenberg for a third time on A Dangerous Method.
2010s–present: Critical acclaim
After two years, Mortensen returned to theater in 2011, starring in Ariel Dorfman's Purgatorio ("Purgatory") in Madrid. Purgatorio is Mortensen's first play in Spanish. The play is about a man and woman confined either a psychiatric hospital or prison together. During production, Mortensen's mother became ill and he pulled out of the initial premiere date, the first time he had ever done so for a project. The play premiered from November 4 to December 18.
During production for the 2012 film The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, Mortensen was offered to reprise his role as Aragorn, but he declined because the character does not appear in the novel the film is based on.
Mortensen starred in the 2016 film Captain Fantastic, for which he received his second Academy Award nomination. Alonso Duralde of TheWrap praised Mortensen's performance, saying, "The movie really belongs to Mortensen, who allows Ben to be exasperating, arrogant, and impatient but also warm, loving, and caring. He's a tough but adoring father, a grieving widower and a passionate defender of his wife's final wishes, and Mortensen plays all these notes, and more with subtlety and grace".
In 2018, he starred in the film Green Book. Mortensen portrayed Tony Lip, an Italian-American bouncer hired to drive and protect pianist Don Shirley (Mahershala Ali) on a tour through the Jim Crow South from 1962 to 1963. Reflecting on the character, Mortensen stated, "I was attracted to playing Tony in part because it was a different kind of character, but the main thing I liked about him was his heart". Mortensen received his third Academy Award nomination for his portrayal of Lip.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, Mortensen together with Sean Astin, Sean Bean, Orlando Bloom, Billy Boyd, Ian McKellen, Dominic Monaghan, Miranda Otto, John Rhys-Davies, Andy Serkis, Liv Tyler, Karl Urban, and Elijah Wood, plus writer Philippa Boyens and director Peter Jackson from The Lord of the Rings in May 2020 joined actor Josh Gad's YouTube series Reunited Apart, which reunites the cast of popular movies through video-conferencing, and promotes donations to non-profit charities.
In 2020 he released his directorial debut Falling which he also wrote, produced, composed the score for and starred in alongside Lance Henriksen. Mortensen had based the story on his own family's history, including his parents suffering from dementia. The film is dedicated to his brothers, Charles and Walter Mortensen.
Mortensen was cast as British cave diver Rick Stanton in the biographical film Thirteen Lives directed by Ron Howard which was released in July 2022. Mortensen was taught cave diving by Stanton personally to prepare for the role.
He reunited with David Cronenberg in the horror sci-fi film Crimes of the Future alongside Kristen Stewart with filming beginning in August 2021. Mortensen will also reunite with Lisandro Alonso on the film Eureka. Mortensen and Caleb Landry Jones will star together in the Vietnam War thriller Two Wolves which will be directed by documentary filmmaker Alex Gibney.
Literary and arts career
With part of his earnings from The Lord of the Rings, Mortensen founded the Perceval Press publishing house—named after the knight from the legend of King Arthur—to help other artists by publishing works that might not find a home in more traditional publishing venues. Perceval Press is also the home of Mortensen's many personal artistic projects in the area of fine arts, photography, poetry, song, and literature.
Mortensen is also an author, with various books of poetry, photography, and painting published. His poems are written in English, Danish, and Spanish. With anthropologists Federico Bossert and Diego Villar, he has written several works related to ethnography of natives in South America, specifically in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Some of the published books co-authored by Mortensen are Sons of the Forest and Skovbo. Mortensen's bibliography includes:
- Ten Last Night – (1993), his first collection of poetry.
- Recent Forgeries – (1998), ISBN, 5th Edition, documents Viggo's first solo exhibition and includes a CD with music and spoken-word poetry. Introduction by Dennis Hopper.
- Errant Vine – (2000), limited edition booklet of an exhibit at the Robert Mann Gallery.
- Hole in the Sun – (2002, ISBN), color and black & white photographs of a back yard swimming pool.
- SignLanguage – (2002 ISBN), a catalog from an exhibition of his works, combining photographs, paintings, and poetry into a multimedia diary of his time in New Zealand while filming The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. Introduction by Kevin Power.
- Coincidence of Memory – (2002, ISBN) Third Edition. In this book, the artist combines photographs, paintings, and poems that cover his artistic output from 1978 to 2002.
- Mo Te Upoko-o-te-ika/For Wellington – (2003), ISBN, a book to accompany the joint exhibitions at Massey University and the Wellington City Gallery during the premiere of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.
- 45301 – (2003), ISBN. Abstract images, fragments, and phrases from poems are comprised in this photography book. Many of the photographs were shot during travels to Morocco, Cuba, and the northern plains of the United States.
- Un hueco en el sol – (2003), a small booklet published to accompany the exhibition "Un hueco en el sol" at the Fototeca de Cuba in Havana. In Spanish.
- Miyelo – (2003), a series of panoramic photographs of a Lakota Ghost Dance. It also tells about the events leading up to the massacre at Wounded Knee.
- Nye Falsknerier – (2003). Paintings and poems translated into Danish from Ten Last Night, Recent Forgeries, Coincidence of Memory.
- The Horse is Good – (2004), ISBN, a photography book, partly shot during his work on the film Hidalgo, about horses as partners, teachers, and fellow travelers. Images from Morocco, South Dakota, Montana, California, Iceland, New Zealand, Denmark, Brazil, and Argentina. This book reflects Mortensen's fondness for horses. In fact, he bought Uraeus—the horse who played Brego, Aragorn's steed (Roheryn in the books) in The Lord of the Rings movies—as well as TJ, one of the horses who played Hidalgo. He also purchased the stallion that played Arwen's horse, a gray Andalusian stallion named Florian, and gave it to the stunt woman, Jane Abbott, who rode the horse in place of Liv Tyler.
- Linger – (2005). In this book, the artist combines black and white photographs and prose poems. Images from Spain (partly shot during his work on the film Alatriste), Morocco, Iceland, United States, Denmark ...
- I Forget You For Ever – (2006). Texts and photographs.
- Skovbo – (2008). Collection of photographs, poems (in English, Spanish and Danish) and quotes.
- Sådanset – (2008). A small booklet published to accompany the exhibition Sådanset (October 18 – November 16, 2008) at the Palæfløjen in Roskilde (Denmark).
- Canciones de Invierno – Winter Songs – (2010). Collection of photographs and poems. Bilingual : in Spanish and English. It includes new texts (most of the poems and all the translations) and revised versions of texts previously published. They're accompanied by pictures of landscapes taken during the previous two winters.
- That Turned Ugly Fast – (2015), ISBN, Poems by Mark Berriman, with a foreword by Viggo Mortensen.
- Ramas Para Un Nido – (2017). Collection of photos comprising a "distillation of isolated instances".
Visual arts and discography
Mortensen is a painter and photographer. His paintings are frequently abstract and often contain fragments of his poetry therein. His paintings have been featured in galleries worldwide, and many of the paintings of the artist he portrayed in A Perfect Murder are his own.
Mortensen experiments with his poetry and music by mixing the two art forms. He has collaborated with guitarist Buckethead on several albums, mostly released on his own label (Perceval Press) or TDRS Music. Viggo was first introduced to Buckethead's work while working on sounds for an educational CD on Greek mythology. The finished product included a guitar part by Buckethead, which caught Viggo's ear and led him to initiate contact with the guitarist. The collaboration grew from there.
Mortensen's discography includes:
- 1994: Don't Tell Me What to Do
- 1997: One Less Thing to Worry About
- 1998: Recent Forgeries
- 1999: The Other Parade
- 1999: One Man's Meat
- 1999: Live at Beyond Baroque
- 2003: Pandemoniumfromamerica
- 2004: Live at Beyond Baroque II
- 2004: Please Tomorrow
- 2004: This, That, and the Other
- 2005: Intelligence Failure
- 2006: 3 Fools 4 April
- 2007: Time Waits for Everyone
- 2008: At All
- 2010: Canciones de Invierno
- 2011: Reunion
- 2013: Acá
- 2015: Under the Weather
- 2016: Seventeen Odd Songs
- 2017: Preguntas Desde la Orilla
- 2018: Godzilla Sleeps Alone
Mortensen is featured on The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King soundtrack, singing "Aragorn's Coronation" (the name of the extended version of this song in the 3rd original sound track is "The Return of the King"), the words by Tolkien and the music composed by Mortensen. In the extended DVD edition of the first Lord of the Rings movie, The Fellowship of the Ring, he sings the song "The Lay of Beren and Lúthien".
Family and relationships
Mortensen holds dual American and Danish citizenship. He has stated that he was raised speaking English and Spanish, and sometimes feels that, when speaking Spanish, he "can get to the heart of the matter better".
Mortensen met singer Exene Cervenka in 1986 on the set of the comedy Salvation! The couple married on July 8, 1987. On January 28, 1988, Cervenka gave birth to their son, who later played his on-screen son in the film Crimson Tide in 1995. His son graduated from Columbia University in 2010 with a B.A. in archaeology and has been working at Perceval Press, which was founded by his father. Mortensen and Cervenka lived in Idaho for three years. They separated in 1992 and divorced in 1997. Since 2009, he has been in a relationship with Spanish actress Ariadna Gil. Though the couple reside in Madrid, Mortensen spends much of his time in the United States, and has stated, "I am a citizen and longtime resident of the United States and am attached to its landscapes, history, and people." He has owned property in Sandpoint, Idaho, and spends time there when not filming movies.
Mortensen has talked about his family's struggles with dementia, seeing both of his parents, three of his four grandparents, aunts, uncles, and his stepfather battle the condition. In 2016, Mortensen traveled to New York to take care of his father, who died a year later. Two years earlier, Mortensen's mother had also died from complications of the condition.
Mortensen was a close friend of Icelandic painter Georg Guðni Hauksson until the latter's death in 2011. He had long been an admirer of Georg Guðni's work as a landscape artist, and the two published books together as well as maintaining a close friendship.
Mortensen has expressed a liking for association football, ice hockey and baseball. His favorite teams include Argentine club San Lorenzo de Almagro, English team Fulham, Spanish team Real Madrid, Turkish team Beşiktaş, and both the Argentine and Danish national teams. His favorite soccer players are Diego Maradona and Héctor "Bambino" Veira. He is a fan of the Montreal Canadiens and wore a Canadiens shirt underneath his costume throughout the filming of the Lord of the Rings trilogy. During the 100th anniversary celebrations of the Montreal Canadiens, Mortensen introduced one of his idols, Guy Lafleur, to the crowd at the Bell Centre in Montreal. He is also a fan of the New York Mets and, in an interview promoting 2009 film The Road, was seen wearing apparel indicating his support for the Australian Football League's Collingwood Magpies. While appearing on the Late Show with David Letterman, he held a sign supporting the New York Giants of the NFL.
Mortensen endorsed Senator Bernie Sanders for U.S. president during the primaries for the 2016 election. After Sanders failed to win the Democratic Party nomination, Mortensen endorsed Green Party candidate Jill Stein. He wrote an open letter just before Election Day 2016 in which he listed the reasons he disagreed with Hillary Clinton’s policies and could not support her in the race against Donald Trump, though he thought that Clinton would be elected president. He went on to narrate a documentary, The Revolution Televised, about the 2016 presidential election and the protests in the aftermath of the Democratic National Convention.
Since 2018 Mortensen has been a member of the Catalan NGO Òmnium Cultural, a pro-independence organization dedicated to promoting Catalan culture and language in the arts and the public sphere. His longtime partner and her extended family were supporters of the 2017 Catalan independence referendum. In 2019, he publicly criticized the use of his character Aragorn by the far-right Spanish party Vox during the campaign for the 2019 Spanish general election.
|†||Denotes films that have not yet been released|
|Prison||Burke / Forsythe Electrocution|
|Leatherface: The Texas Chainsaw Massacre III||Edward "Tex" Sawyer|
|Young Guns II||John W. Poe|
|The Reflecting Skin||Cameron Dove|
|1991||The Indian Runner||Frank Roberts|
|Ruby Cairo||John E. "Johnny" Faro|
|Carlito's Way||Lalin Miasso|
|The Young Americans||Carl Frazer|
|Gospel According to Harry||Wes|
|American Yakuza||Nick Davis / David Brandt|
|Crimson Tide||Lieutenant Peter "Weps" Ince|
|The Passion of Darkly Noon||Clay|
|Black Velvet Pantsuit||Junkie|
|1996||Albino Alligator||Guy Foucard|
|The Portrait of a Lady||Caspar Goodwood|
|1997||Vanishing Point||Jimmy Kowalski|
|G.I. Jane||Master Chief John James "Jack" Urgayle|
|My Brother's Gun||Juanito|
|1998||A Perfect Murder||David Shaw|
|Psycho||Samuel "Sam" Loomis|
|1999||A Walk on the Moon||Walker Jerome|
|2000||28 Days||Eddie Boone|
|2001||The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring||Aragorn/Elessar|
|2002||The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers|
|2003||The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King|
|2005||A History of Violence||Tom Stall / Joey Cusack|
|2006||Alatriste||Diego Alatriste y Tenorio|
|2007||Eastern Promises||Nikolai Luzhin|
|2009||The Road||The Man|
|2011||A Dangerous Method||Sigmund Freud|
|2012||On the Road||Old Bull Lee|
|Everybody Has a Plan||Agustín / Pedro||Also producer|
|2014||The Two Faces of January||Chester MacFarland|
|Jauja||Gunnar Dinesen||Also producer and composer|
|Far from Men||Daru||Also co-producer|
|2016||Captain Fantastic||Ben Cash|
|2018||Green Book||Tony Lip|
|2020||Falling||John Petersen||Also director, producer, writer and music composer|
|2022||Crimes of the Future||Saul Tenser|
|Thirteen Lives||Richard Stanton|
|The Dead Don't Hurt||Holger Olsen||Also director, producer, writer and music composer|
|1987||Miami Vice||Eddie||Episode: "Red Tape"|
|2020||Cosmos: Possible Worlds||Nikolai Vavilov||Episode: "Vavilov"|
|2002||The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers||Aragorn|
Awards and nominations
- Stone, Andrew; Carolyn Bain; Michael Booth; Fran Parnell (2008). "Cinema". Lonely Planet Denmark. Lonely Planet. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-74104-669-4.
Although [Mortensen] was born in New York and has lived outside of Denmark for most of his life, he retains Danish citizenship.
- Nielsen, Marie Ravn (October 23, 2010). "Viggo Mortensen slået til ridder". DR (in Danish). Archived from the original on July 21, 2022. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
- "UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Oct. 20, 2020". United Press International. October 20, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
...actor Viggo Mortensen in 1958 (age 62)...
- " Flawed father role a test for Viggo Mortensen" Archived August 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Toronto Star, Michael O'Sullivan, July 16, 2016.
- "Viggo Mortensen gets nude for 'Eastern Promises' fight scene". HamptonRoads.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007.
- "St. Lawrence University: Commencement". stlawu.edu. May 21, 2006. Archived from the original on February 13, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- "Film: Viggo Mortensen magret seg ned 15 kilo for drømmerollen VG Nett". Vg.no. May 20, 2009. Archived from the original on April 19, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- Pearlman, Cindy (September 9, 2007). "Superstar Viggo's a serious soul at heart". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on September 12, 2007. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
- "How Viggo Mortensen Got Inside Sigmund Freud's Head". The Wall Street Journal. 2011. Archived from the original on June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- Doyle, Macreena A. (2003). "Viggo Mortensen '80 REMEMBERS". St. Lawrence Magazine. St. Lawrence University. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
- DePaulo, Lisa (May 25, 2016). "Why Viggo Mortensen Is Off the Grid". Esquire. Archived from the original on June 4, 2016. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- "The Great Dane". Men's Vogue. Vol. 4. 2008. p. 2.
- Brooks, Xan (April 17, 2009). "The happy trails of Viggo Mortensen". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Lane, Harriet (February 22, 2008). "My mother is very happy about it". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- "Viggo Mortensen". denmark.dk. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
- Valiente, Alexa (July 20, 2016). "Viggo Mortensen Once Didn't Know He Was Cut From a Woody Allen Film Until Its Release". ABC News. Archived from the original on July 21, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2016.
- Keith Clark and Jon Mefford (2005). "Between Two Worlds: The Making of Witness". Witness (DVD). Paramount Pictures. OCLC 949729643.
- Arkatov, Janice (April 3, 1987). "A GAY GROUND-BREAKER". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
- Otterson, Joe (August 2, 2017). "'Miami Vice' Reboot in Works at NBC From Vin Diesel". Variety. Archived from the original on August 2, 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- Applebaum, Stephen (December 5, 2002). "Mortensen's battle scars". BBC News. Archived from the original on June 19, 2004. Retrieved August 26, 2006.
- Wallace, Amy (February 27, 2006). "Eats Roadkill, Speaks Danish". Esquire. Archived from the original on February 14, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2015.
- "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters" Archived March 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Empire, June 29, 2015
- Cameras in Middle-earth: Filming The Two Towers (DVD). New Line Cinema. 2003.
- The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (Special Extended DVD Edition) (DVD). New Line Cinema. 2004.
- "Interviews: Viggo Mortensen on Hidalgo". ComingSoon.net. February 25, 2004. Archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved August 5, 2005.
- "2005-B 10th Annual SATELLITE™ Awards - December 2005". International Press Academy. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
- A History of Violence (DVD Extra) (DVD). New Line Cinema. 2006.
- Holland, Jonathan (September 25, 2006). "Alatriste". Variety. Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
- Ebert, Roger (September 14, 2007). "Eastern Promises". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
- "British Independent Film Awards 2007 nominations". British Independent Film Awards. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2008.
- "80th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on January 23, 2008. Retrieved January 22, 2008.
- Reclaiming the Blade (DVD). Galatia Films Home Entertainment. 2009.
- "Rigorous Promotions Have Viggo Mortensen Considering Retirement". starpulse.com. April 6, 2009. Archived from the original on July 27, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- Gilsdorf, Ethan (March 10, 2012). "Viggo Mortensen Speaks: Part 1 of 3". Wired. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- Shoard, Catherine (August 6, 2010). "Viggo Mortensen to star in Walter Salles's On the Road". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on October 11, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Lodderhose, Diana (April 22, 2010). "UPI to distribute new Cronenberg pic". Variety. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
- "Viggo Mortensen vuelve al teatro con Carme Elias en una obra sobre la capacidad de perdón (in Spanish)". El País. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- "Viggo and Carme explore forgiveness". El País (in Spanish). November 4, 2011. Retrieved November 23, 2011.
- DeSalvo, Robert B. (November 21, 2011). "Dialogue: Viggo Mortensen on Playing Sigmund Freud in 'A Dangerous Method,' the Motivation of Dreams and His Chances of Appearing in 'The Hobbit'". Movies.com. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Sandberg, Bryn (February 10, 2017). "Oscars: Viggo Mortensen on 'Captain Fantastic,' Donald Trump and That 'Lord of the Rings' Reunion". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 8, 2021. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- Duralde, Alonso (January 24, 2016). "Captain Fantastic' Sundance Review: Viggo Mortensen Raises an Off-the-Grid Family in This Touching Dramedy". TheWrap. Archived from the original on February 26, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- Fernández, Alexia (February 20, 2019). "See How Viggo Mortensen Transformed Into His Oscar-Nominated Role of Tony Lip in 'Green Book'". People. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Hipes, Patrick (February 24, 2019). "'Green Book' Caps Wild Oscar Year With Best Picture Win". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- O'Kane, Caitlin (June 1, 2020). "Actor Josh Gad reunites stars of 'Lord of the Rings' while raising money for kids in need". CBS News.
- Thompson, Simon (February 4, 2021). "Viggo Mortensen And Lance Henriksen Talk Powerful Dementia Drama 'Falling'". Forbes. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
- Topel, Fred (February 4, 2021). "Viggo Mortensen, Lance Henriksen relive family trauma in 'Falling'". United Press International. Archived from the original on February 4, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
- Fleming, Mike Jr. (March 11, 2021). "Viggo Mortensen, Colin Farrell, Joel Edgerton Head Ensemble Of Ron Howard-Directed MGM Thai Cave Rescue Pic 'Thirteen Lives'". Deadline. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
- Stanton, Richard (December 5, 2022). "Guest Column: Teaching Viggo Mortensen 40 Years of Thai Cave Diving for 'Thirteen Lives'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 5, 2022. Retrieved December 5, 2022.
- Galuppo, Mia (April 29, 2021). "Viggo Mortensen, Kristen Stewart to Star in 'Crimes of the Future' From David Cronenberg". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
- Hopewell, John (August 4, 2020). "Viggo Mortensen, Chiara Mastroianni, Maria de Medeiros Set for Lisandro Alonso's 'Eureka' (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
- Ravindram, Manori (October 28, 2021). "Viggo Mortensen, Caleb Landry Jones Headline 'Two Wolves' From Alex Gibney, Altitude to Produce and Sell Globally – AFM". Variety. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
- Monagle, Matthew (May 22, 2022). "Vicky Krieps Says She'll Star Next In A Viggo Mortensen-Directed Western Set In Mexico". The Playlist. Archived from the original on May 22, 2022. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
- Ntim, Zac (October 6, 2022). "Viggo Mortensen to Direct Vicky Krieps in Western 'The Dead Don't Hurt'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on October 6, 2022. Retrieved October 6, 2022.
- Salter Reynolds, Susan (March 3, 2004). "Little press shines with star power". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2010.
- "About Perceval Press". Perceval Press. Archived from the original on December 19, 2021. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- Viggo editará la obra de Branislava Susnik Archived April 19, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. ABC Color (Paraguay)
- "Viggo Mortensen's Books". Alveni. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- "SKOVBO". Perceval Press. Archived from the original on July 3, 2022. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- "SÅDANSET". Perceval Press. Archived from the original on May 21, 2022. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- "CANCIONES DE INVIERNO / WINTER SONGS". Perceval Press. Archived from the original on May 26, 2022. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- Berriman, Mark (2015). "Foreward". That Turned Ugly Fast. Clearwater, Minnesota: North Star Press. ISBN 978-0878398157.
- "RAMAS PARA UN NIDO". Perceval Press. Archived from the original on July 3, 2022. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- Mueller, Matt (February 24, 2009). "Viggo Mortensen". Wonderland. Notting Hill, London. Archived from the original on March 30, 2023. Retrieved March 30, 2023.
- Callahan, Dan (2019). The Art of American Screen Acting, 1960 to Today. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-4766-7695-1.
- "Viggo & Buckethead", March 5, 2004, IGN Music". Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "Viggo Mortensen Albums, Songs". Album of The Year. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- Adams, Doug (2010). The Music of The Lord of the Rings Films. Éditions Didier Carpentier. pp. 350–352. ISBN 978-0-7390-7157-1.
- West, Richard C. (2011). Picturing Tolkien: Essays on Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings Film Trilogy. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-7864-4636-0.
- "10 Questions for Viggo Mortensen". Time. December 17, 2008. Archived from the original on September 13, 2010. Retrieved September 7, 2010.
- Zagier, Alan Scher (June 11, 2008). "Exene Cervenka: Exile in the Ozarks". LA Weekly. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
- "Here" (PDF). Poetry Super Highway. Retrieved January 4, 2021.
- Busis, Hillary. "Prime Time for Barnard Theater". Columbia Daily Spectator. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
- Trucks, Rob (May 20, 2008). "Interview: Exene Cervenka of X". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Heller, Zoe (December 2, 2011). "Viggo Talks and Talks". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Hom, Marc (May 25, 2016). "Why Viggo Mortensen Is Off the Grid". Esquire. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- Paiella, Gabriella (February 1, 2021). "Viggo Mortensen on Falling and the Time He Was Found in the Woods as a Baby". GQ. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- Love, Marianne (Winter 2004). "A Visit with Viggo". Sandpoint Magazine. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- Ryan, Patrick (February 5, 2021). "'It feels like a horror film': New dementia dramas 'Falling,' 'Supernova' aim for truthfulness over tears". USA Today. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- DV ehf. "Viggo Mortensen kveður Georg Guðna". DV.is. Archived from the original on May 23, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- Iglesias, Fernanda (November 15, 2005). ""Me gustaría filmar en la Argentina"". Clarín (in Spanish). Archived from the original on December 8, 2006. Retrieved November 7, 2006.
- MacKenzie, Steven (June 10, 2015). "Viggo Mortensen: "It's good to have your world turned upside down"". The Big Issue. Archived from the original on January 13, 2022. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- "Lord of the Rings star says he 'loathes' Mourinho". ESPN. March 22, 2015. Archived from the original on July 22, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- "Hollywood'da doğdu Beşiktaşlı oldu – Hürriyet Magazin Hattı". Hürriyet Daily News. November 12, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- Harp, Justin (May 30, 2012). "Viggo Mortensen stopped by airport security over football celebration". Digital Spy. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- Gilsdorf, Ethan (March 1, 2012). "Viggo Mortensen's heroes — yes, all of them". Boston.com. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- Ryan, Andrew (January 23, 2009). "'Hockey is my religion, the Canadiens are my god'". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- "Guy Lafleur présenté par Viggo Mortensen". Archived from the original on May 14, 2017. Retrieved November 16, 2017 – via YouTube.
- "The final seduction". The Age. April 4, 2009. Archived from the original on January 26, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
- Late Show with David Letterman. Season 19. Episode 74. January 13, 2012. CBS.
- "Film Makers, Actors, And Activists Protest Toronto Film Fest For Tel Aviv Spotlight". Amnesty International USA. September 10, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
- "The Toronto Declaration: No Celebration of Occupation". Blogger. September 9, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
- McQuinn, Cormac (March 4, 2015). "Hollywood stars among Sinn Fein donors who pledged $12m to party". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on April 12, 2023. Retrieved April 12, 2023.
- Norton, Ben (November 6, 2015). "'That's tyranny': Viggo Mortensen blasts U.S. militarism, criticises both parties for 'hawkish' foreign policy". Salon. Archived from the original on November 10, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- Stern, Marlow (July 16, 2016). "Viggo Mortensen Goes Green: 'I Trust Hillary About as Much as I Trust Donald Trump'". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- Anderson, Ariston (October 17, 2016). "Rome Film Fest: Viggo Mortensen, Matt Ross "Shocked" Anyone Would Vote for Trump". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
- Raimo, Veronica (November 1, 2016). "The Revolution Televised, un documentario su quello che i media non dicono". Rolling Stone (in Italian). Archived from the original on January 31, 2023. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- Serra, Xavi (October 1, 2020). "Viggo Mortensen: "Soc d'Òmnium perquè m'interessen la història, la cultura i la llengua catalanes"". Ara.cat (in Catalan). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
- Mortensen, Viggo (May 7, 2019). "Vox's political and media blunder (letter to the editor)". El País. Archived from the original on May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- McNary, Dave (October 15, 2018). "Viggo Mortensen to Star, Make Directorial Debut in Family Drama 'Falling'". Variety. Archived from the original on October 31, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
- Ravindran, Manori (October 6, 2022). "Viggo Mortensen to Direct Western 'The Dead Don't Hurt,' Starring Vicky Krieps". Deadline.
- Palmer, Rob (March 31, 2020). "Exploring 'Possible Worlds' With Ann Druyan". Skeptical Inquirer. CFI. Archived from the original on April 1, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Hersko, Tyler (November 7, 2019). "'Cosmos: Possible Worlds' to Premiere on National Geographic in 2020 — Exclusive". IndieWire. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- "Viggo Mortensen Tells Grads 'Activism Not A Dirty Word'". Newswise. May 21, 2006. Archived from the original on January 26, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
- Nepomuceno, Miguel Ángel (October 12, 2006). "Viggo Mortensen recibe mañana las insignias de oro de León y provincia". Diario de León (in Spanish). Retrieved November 1, 2010.
- "Viggo Mortensen recibe las insignias de oro de la ciudad y de la provincia de León por 'Alatriste'". El Mundo (in Spanish). October 13, 2006. Archived from the original on November 30, 2006. Retrieved November 1, 2010.
- Bysted A/S. "Kongehuset – Forside". Kongehuset.dk. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.