Vijay Anand (filmmaker)

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Vijay Anand
Vijay Anand in the film Agra Road.jpg
Vijay Anand in Agra Road (1957)
Born(1934-01-22)22 January 1934[citation needed]
Died23 February 2004(2004-02-23) (aged 70)
Other namesGoldie
RelativesSee Anand-Sahni family
AwardsFilmfare Best Director Award:Guide (1965)
Filmfare Best Dialogue Award: Guide (1965)
Filmfare Best Editing Award: Johnny Mera Naam (1970)

Vijay Anand (22 January 1934 – 23 February 2004), also known as Goldie Anand, was an Indian filmmaker, producer, screenwriter, editor and actor, who is known for acclaimed films such as Guide (1965), Teesri Manzil (1966), Jewel Thief (1967) and Johny Mera Naam (1970). He made most of his films for the in-house banner Navketan Films and was part of the Anand family.

Background and personal life[edit]

Vijay Anand was born in Gurdaspur, Punjab, India, the son of Pishori Lal Anand, a successful and affluent advocate. He was the youngest of nine siblings. The producer and director Chetan Anand and the celebrated actor Dev Anand were his brothers, and among his sister was Sheel Kanta Kapur, mother of film director Shekhar Kapur.[1]

Vijay married his much younger niece, Sushma Kohli, the daughter of his older sister.[2] This uncle-niece pairing is forbidden in much of Indian society and was a scandal when it happened. The couple married in the face of resistance from many quarters, not least their own families, but they had a happy marriage which lasted all their lives.

Career[edit]

Though Vijay Anand has had a career as an actor, screenwriter, editor, and producer, he will primarily be remembered as a director. He made his directorial debut in 1957 superhit Nau Do Gyarah. The film, where Vijay's brother Dev Anand played the leading role, was shot in only 40 days.[3]

Some of Vijay's other successful movies as a director are Kala Bazar (1960), Guide (1965), Teesri Manzil (1966), Jewel Thief (1967), Johny Mera Naam (1970), Tere Mere Sapne (1971), Ram Balram (1980) and Rajput (1982). Nearly all of these films were made by Navketan films, the production company started by the Anand brothers themselves. Notable exceptions wereTeesri Manzil, which was produced by Nasir Hussain," Ram-Balram" produced by Tony Juneja and "Rajput" produced by Mushir-Riaz.The period 1957-1970 must be reckoned the High Noon of Vijay Anand's career, as is evident from the films listed above. Vijay's 1965 film Guide starring Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman, which was based on R. K. Narayan's novel of the same name, marked the acme of Vijay Anand's career. It was not only his biggest blockbuster but also his most critically acclaimed movie, celebrated by the masses, the classes and music-lovers alike. Navketan attempted an international release of an English-language remake of Guide, but without success.

Vijay Anand is known for his stylish song picturization, such as the numbers; "O Haseena Zulfonwali" (Teesri Manzil), "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai" (Guide) and "Honthon Mein Aisi Baat" (Jewel Thief).[4]

He debuted as an actor with the film Agra Road (1957). As an actor, his most memorable roles were in the films like Kala Bazar (1960), Haqeeqat (1964), Kora Kagaz (1974), (in which he starred opposite Jaya Bachchan) and Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki (1978). Songless thriller film Chor Chor (1974), in which Leena Chandavarkar was his heroine. He acted in Ghungroo Ki Awaaz (1981) and Double Cross (1972) with Rekha as well as Chhupa Rustam (1973) and Tere Mere Sapne with Dev Anand, Hema Malini & Mumtaz.

To the younger generation of the 1990s he is also known for playing detective Sam in the television series Tehkikaat (1994).

He served a short stint as the chairman of the Central Board of Film Certification, India's censor board, a position from which he resigned, in 2002, after he ran into ideological differences with the government over the introduction of ratings for adult movies.[5]

Goldie, as he was affectionately called, died on 23 February 2004 due to a heart attack. He was aged 70.[6]

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Production company
1957 Nau Do Gyarah Navketan Films
1960 Kala Bazar Navketan Films
1963 Tere Ghar Ke Samne Navketan Films
1965 Guide Navketan Films
1966 Teesri Manzil Nasir Hussain Films
1967 Jewel Thief Navketan Films
1968 Kahin Aur Chal J. M. Films
1970 Johny Mera Naam Trimurti Films
1971 Tere Mere Sapne Navketan Films
1973 Blackmail V.R Films
1973 Chhupa Rustam Navketan Films
1974 Kora Kagaz
1976 Bullet
1978 Main Tulsi Tere Aangan Ki
1980 Ek Do Teen Char
1980 Ram Balram Navjeevan Films
1982 Rajput M. R. Productions
1988 Main Tere Liye

Legacy[edit]

Sriram Raghavan's Johnny Gaddar, a Film Noir style thriller is dedicated to his influence on the Hindi noir/thriller genre.[7] It also pays tribute to him in a scene in which his movie Johny Mera Naam is being watched by a character and there he takes the name johnny to hide his identity.[8]

A retrospective of his films was held at International Film Festival of India (IFFI), held at Goa in 2007.[9]

His film Guide has been studied and analyzed by several writers and thinkers. The book Guide the Film Perspectives has an in-depth study on the genius of the director running through the film.[10]

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dev Anand (2007). Romancing with Life — an autobiography. Penguin books India. p. 1. ISBN 9780143418566.
  2. ^ "J'accuse!". telegraphindia.com. The Telegraph. 4 March 2005. Archived from the original on 15 March 2005.
  3. ^ Profile, tribuneindia.com, 7 March 2004.
  4. ^ "rediff.com: The man who revolutionised Hindi film songs". specials.rediff.com.
  5. ^ "The Hindu : Master of sophisticated cinema". 1 August 2004. Archived from the original on 1 August 2004.
  6. ^ "Filmmaker Vijay Anand dead". Rediff.
  7. ^ Bhatia, Sidharth (20 May 2016). "Goldie's Noir: The legacy of 'Teesri Manzil'". mint.
  8. ^ "50 Years of Jewel Thief: Sriram Raghavan explains why this film still gives him goosebumps". Hindustan Times. 28 October 2017.
  9. ^ "IFFI 2007 retrospective".
  10. ^ Lata Jagtiani (20 November 2019). "How Vijay Anand's classic film 'Guide' tackles the delicate subject of adultery". scroll.in.
  11. ^ "1st Filmfare Awards 1953" (PDF).
  12. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". Archived from the original on 22 April 2008.
  13. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". Archived from the original on 22 April 2008.

External links[edit]