Vijay Iyer

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Vijay Iyer
Iyer performing in 2023
Iyer performing in 2023
Background information
Born (1971-10-26) October 26, 1971 (age 52)
Albany, New York, United States
GenresJazz, classical
Occupation(s)Composer, musician
LabelsAsian Improv, Pi, Artists House, Savoy, ACT, ECM

Vijay Iyer ([ˌvɪdʒeɪ ˈaɪjər];[1] born October 26, 1971) is an American composer, pianist, bandleader, producer and writer based in New York City. The New York Times has called him a "social conscience, multimedia collaborator, system builder, rhapsodist, historical thinker and multicultural gateway".[2] Iyer received a 2013 MacArthur Fellowship,[3] a Doris Duke Performing Artist Award, a United States Artists Fellowship,[4] a Grammy nomination,[5] and the Alpert Award in the Arts.[6] He was voted Jazz Artist of the Year in the DownBeat magazine international critics' polls in 2012,[7] 2015,[8] 2016,[9] and 2018.[10] In 2014, he received a lifetime appointment as the Franklin D. and Florence Rosenblatt Professor of the Arts at Harvard University, where he was jointly appointed in the Department of Music[11] and the Department of African and African American Studies.[12]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Albany and raised in Fairport, New York (a suburb of Rochester),[13] he is the son of Indian Tamil immigrants to the United States. He received 15 years of Western classical training on violin beginning at the age of three. He began playing the piano by ear in his childhood and is mostly self-taught on that instrument.[14]

After completing a B.S. degree in mathematics and physics at Yale University in 1992, Iyer attended the University of California, Berkeley, where he obtained an M.A. degree in 1994 and initially to pursue a doctorate in physics. He continued to pursue his musical interests, playing in ensembles led by the drummers E. W. Wainwright and Donald Bailey. In 1994, he started working with Steve Coleman and George E. Lewis.

In 1995, concurrently with his composing, recording and touring, he left the Berkeley physics department and assembled an interdisciplinary Ph.D. degree program in technology and the arts, focusing on music cognition. His 1998 dissertation, "Microstructures of Feel, Macrostructures of Sound: Embodied Cognition in West African and African-American Musics",[15] applied the dual frameworks of embodied cognition and situated cognition to the music of the African diaspora. His graduate advisor was the music perception and computer music researcher David Wessel, with further guidance from Olly Wilson, George E. Lewis, Donald Glaser and Erv Hafter.

Composing, performing, bandleading, recording[edit]

Iyer performs internationally with his ensembles and in collaborations. Among these are his award-winning trios, featured on four albums (Uneasy (2021, ECM), Break Stuff (2015, ECM), Accelerando (2012, ACT) and the Grammy-nominated Historicity (2009, ACT)), his sextet with Graham Haynes, Steve Lehman, Mark Shim, Crump and Tyshawn Sorey, featured on Far From Over (2017, ECM), and his duo project with Wadada Leo Smith, documented on A Cosmic Rhythm with Each Stroke (2016, ECM).

He has collaborated with Amiri Baraka, Teju Cole, Wadada Leo Smith, Arooj Aftab, Steve Coleman, Roscoe Mitchell, Oliver Lake, Henry Threadgill, Reggie Workman, Andrew Cyrille, Amina Claudine Myers, Butch Morris, George E. Lewis, Craig Taborn, Rudresh Mahanthappa, Kassa Overall, Linda May Han Oh, Liberty Ellman, Robert Stewart, Yosvany Terry, Okkyung Lee, Miya Masaoka, Francis Wong, Hafez Modirzadeh, Amir ElSaffar, Matana Roberts, Trichy Sankaran, L. Subramaniam, Zakir Hussain, Aruna Sairam, Pamela Z, Burnt Sugar, Karsh Kale, Mike Ladd, DJ Spooky, dead prez, HPrizm, Das Racist, Himanshu Suri, Will Power, Karole Armitage, the Brentano Quartet, the Imani Winds, the International Contemporary Ensemble, the Parker Quartet, Matt Haimovitz, Claire Chase, Jennifer Koh, Miranda Cuckson, Prashant Bhargava and Haile Gerima.

In 2003, Iyer premiered his first collaboration with the poet-producer-performer Mike Ladd, In What Language?, a song cycle about airports, fear and surveillance before and after 9/11, commissioned by the Asia Society and released in 2004 on Pi Recordings. His next project with Ladd, Still Life with Commentator, a satirical oratorio about 24-hour news culture in wartime, was co-commissioned by UNC-Chapel Hill and the Brooklyn Academy of Music for its 2006 Next Wave Festival. It was released on CD by Savoy Jazz. Their third major collaboration, Holding It Down: The Veterans' Dreams Project, focuses on the dreams of young American veterans from the 21st-century wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and was commissioned by Harlem Stage to premiere in 2012. It was released on CD by Pi Recordings in 2013.[16]

In 1996, Iyer began collaborating with the saxophonist Rudresh Mahanthappa, resulting in five albums under Iyer's name (Architextures (1998), Panoptic Modes (2001), Blood Sutra (2003), Reimagining (2005) and Tragicomic (2008)), three under Mahanthappa's name (Black Water, Mother Tongue, Code Book), and a duo album, Raw Materials (2006).

Iyer was the 2015–16 Artist in Residence at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.[17] He was the music director of the 2017 Ojai Music Festival.[18] Iyer was the Composer-in-Residence at the Wigmore Hall in London for its 2019–20 season.[19]

Composing for others[edit]

Iyer has been active as a composer of concert music. His composition Mutations I-X was commissioned and premiered by the string quartet Ethel in 2005. It was released on CD by ECM Records in 2014.[20] His orchestral work Interventions was commissioned and premiered in 2007 by the American Composers Orchestra conducted by Dennis Russell Davies.[21] Iyer co-created the score for Teza (2009) by the filmmaker Haile Gerima. He collaborated with the filmmaker Bill Morrison on the short film and audiovisual installation Release (2009), commissioned by the Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which is now operated as an historic site.

In 2011, he created Mozart Effects, commissioned by the Brentano String Quartet as a response to an unfinished fragment by Mozart. He also created and performed the score to UnEasy, a ballet choreographed by Karole Armitage and commissioned by Central Park Summerstage. In 2012, the Silk Road Ensemble debuted his commissioned piece, Playlist for an Extreme Occasion, which appears on its 2013 album A Playlist Without Borders. In 2013, the International Contemporary Ensemble premiered his composition Radhe Radhe: Rites of Holi, a large-scale collaboration with the filmmaker Prashant Bhargava commissioned by Carolina Performing Arts in commemoration of the centenary of Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring. In 2013, Brooklyn Rider premiered and recorded his string quartet Dig the Say. In 2014, he premiered Time, Place, Action, a piano quintet he performed with the Brentano Quartet, and Bruits, a sextet for Imani Winds and the pianist Cory Smythe, later recorded on their Grammy-nominated 2021 album of the same name. Later that year, the moving images by Bhargava, combined with Iyer's music, were released by ECM Records.[22] In 2015, he had pieces premiered by the cellist Matt Haimovitz ("Run" for solo cello, an overture to Bach's Cello Suite No. 3) and the violinist Jennifer Koh ("Bridgetower Fantasy", a companion piece to Beethoven's "Kreutzer" Sonata).[23] In 2016, he premiered Emergence for trio and orchestra, with his trio with Stephan Crump and Tyshawn Sorey plus the Leopoldinum Chamber Orchestra in Wrocław, Poland. In 2017, he composed Trouble for violin and orchestra, premiered by Jennifer Koh and International Contemporary Ensemble at Ojai Music Festival, Asunder commissioned by Orpheus Chamber Orchestra and The Law of Returns for piano quartet. In 2018, So Percussion premiered his mallet quartet Torque at Caramoor Summer Music Festival. In 2019, Iyer composed Crisis Modes for strings and percussion, co-commissioned by the Los Angeles Philharmonic, Kölner Philharmonie and Wigmore Hall, Hallucination Party commissioned by Mishka Rushdie Momen and recorded on her album Variations, and Song for Flint for viola solo, commissioned by Miller Theatre at Columbia University and premiered in Iyer's Portrait Concert there on October 24, 2019.

Other works include For Violin Alone written for Jennifer Koh, My Boy (Song of Remembrance) composed for Boston Lyric Opera, Plinth (for Kwame Ture) composed for Shai Wosner, The Window composed for Inbal Segev and Iyer, Equal Night composed for Matt Haimovitz, For My Father composed for Sarah Rothenberg and Disunities composed for Lydian Quartet with David Krakauer.

Iyer's concert works are published by Schott Music.[24]

In 2014 he was asked by the Indian filmmaker Prashant Bhargava to contribute a film score for the film "Radhe Radhe" (= Rites Of Holi) dealing with springtime rituals in India. The idea was to create something connected to the 100th anniversary of Stravinsky's "The Rite Of Spring". And he gave his okay, and contributed a live score to it working with the International Contemporary Ensemble.[25] Bhargava died at the age of 42 by heart attack in May 2015. In memory of him Iyer as the music director of the 2017 Ojai Music Festival has staged the film score as an live act with members of the Oberlin Ensemble and the International Contemporary Ensemble conducted by UC San Diego music professor Steven Schick while the film was shown on a large screen above the heads of the musicians.[26]

Teaching and writing[edit]

In 2014, Iyer joined the senior faculty in the Department of Music at Harvard University as the Franklin D. and Florence Rosenblatt Professor of the Arts. In 2017, he received a joint appointment with Harvard's Department of African and African American Studies.

From 2013 to 2021, Iyer was the artistic director of the International Workshop in Jazz and Creative Music at the Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity (jointly with co-artistic director Tyshawn Sorey starting in 2017).

Previously, Iyer was a faculty member at the Manhattan School of Music, New York University, The New School and the School for Improvisational Music.[14]

His writings have appeared in various journals and anthologies.[27]

Iyer can be seen as a contemporary musicologist who is most interested in researching not historical but improvisational music.

  • 1998: “Microstructures of Feel, Macrostructures of Sound: Embodied Cognition in West African and African-American Musics.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
  • 2002: “Being Home: Jazz Authority and the Politics of Place.” Current Musicology 71-73: 462-476.
  • 2004: “Exploding the Narrative in Jazz Improvisation.” In O’Meally, R., B. Edwards & F. Griffin, eds., Uptown Conversation: The New Jazz Studies. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • 2006: “Sangha: Collaborative improvisations on community.” Critical Studies in Improvisation / Etudes critiques en improvisation 1(3).
  • 2008: “On Improvisation, Temporality, and Embodied Experience.” In Miller, P., ed., Sound Unbound: Sampling Digital Music and Culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, p. 273-292
  • 2014: “Improvisation, Action Understanding, and Music Cognition With and Without Bodies.” In Lewis, George E., and Benjamin Piekut, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Critical Improvisation Studies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • 2019: “Beneath Improvisation.” In Rehding, Alexander and Steven Rings, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Critical Concepts in Music Theory. New York: Oxford University Press.

He is aside from that a Steinway artist[28] and uses Ableton Live software.[29]

Awards and honors[edit]

Iyer's recording Uneasy was listed among the best albums of 2021 in Pitchfork,[30] The New Yorker,[31] JazzTimes,[32] The Boston Globe, PopMatters,[33] and the ArtsFuse jazz critics' poll.[34] His sextet album Far From Over was named one of the best albums of 2017 in Rolling Stone,[35] The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune and Slate and was voted the number one jazz album of 2017 in the NPR critics' poll.[36]

His trio album Break Stuff received five stars (highest rating) in the March 2015 issue of DownBeat magazine, was listed as one of the best albums of 2015 in Time,[37] NPR,[38] Slate,[39] The New York Times,[40] the Los Angeles Times,[41] The Boston Globe,[42] AllMusic,[43] and PopMatters,[44] and won the Preis der deutschen Schallplattenkritik (the German record critics' prize) of the year.

Iyer received the 2003 Alpert Award in the Arts, a 2006 fellowship from the New York Foundation for the Arts, and commissioning grants from the Rockefeller Foundation, the New York State Council on the Arts, Creative Capital, the Mary Flagler Cary Charitable Trust, the American Composers Forum, Chamber Music America and Meet the Composer. He was named one of the "50 most influential global Indians" by GQ India and he received the 2010 India Abroad Publisher's Award for Special Excellence.

He was awarded a 2012 Doris Duke Performing Artist Award, the 2012 Greenfield Prize for Music, and an unprecedented "quintuple crown" in the 2012 DownBeat International Jazz Critics Poll, in which he was voted Artist of the Year, Pianist of the Year, Small Group of the Year (for the Vijay Iyer Trio), Album of the Year (for Accelerando) and Rising Star Composer of the Year. He received a 2013 MacArthur fellowship,[45] a 2013 Trailblazer Award by the Association of South Asians in Media, Marketing and Entertainment (SAMMA), and a 2013 ECHO Award for Best Jazz Pianist (International). He received a 2014 United States Artists Fellowship. He was voted 2014 Pianist of the Year and 2015 Jazz Artist of the Year in the DownBeat International Jazz Critics Poll. He was the critics' Jazz Artist of the Year again in 2016 and in 2018, and his sextet was voted 2018 Jazz Group of the Year.[46] He was also voted Artist of the Year in JazzTimes's 2017 Critics' Poll and the 2017 Readers' Poll.


As leader/co-leader[edit]

List of albums as leader or co-leader
Year recorded Title Label Year released Notes
1995 Memorophilia Asian Improv 1995 One track solo piano; three tracks trio, with Jeff Brock (bass), Brad Hargreaves (drums); two tracks quartet, with Steve Coleman (alto sax) added; one track quartet with Liberty Ellman (guitar), Jeff Bilmes (electric bass), Elliot Humberto Kavee (drums); two tracks quintet, with Francis Wong (tenor sax), George Lewis (trombone), Kash Killion (cello), Kavee (drums)
1996 Architextures Asian Improv/Red Giant 1998 Two tracks solo piano, four tracks trio, with Jeff Brock (bass), Brad Hargreaves (drums), six tracks octet, with Eric Crystal (soprano and tenor sax), Aaron Stewart (tenor sax), Rudresh Mahanthappa (alto sax), Liberty Ellman (guitar), and Kevin Ellington Mingus (bass) added
2000 Panoptic Modes Red Giant 2001 Quartet, with Rudresh Mahanthappa (alto sax), Stephan Crump (bass), Derrek Phillips (drums)
2002 Your Life Flashes Pi 2002 As Fieldwork; trio, with Aaron Stewart (tenor sax), Elliot Humberto Kavee (drums)
2003 In What Language? Pi 2003 Joint with Mike Ladd, feat. Latasha N. Nevada Diggs, Ajay Naidu, Alison Easter, Rudresh Mahanthappa, Ambrose Akinmusire, Dana Leong, Liberty Ellman, Stephan Crump, Trevor Holder. Co-produced by Scotty Hard
2003 Blood Sutra Artists House 2003 Quartet, with Rudresh Mahanthappa (alto sax), Stephan Crump (bass), Tyshawn Sorey (drums)
2004 Simulated Progress Pi 2005 As Fieldwork; trio, with Steve Lehman (alto sax, sopranino sax), Elliot Humberto Kavee (drums)
2004 Reimagining Savoy 2005 Quartet, with Rudresh Mahanthappa (alto sax), Stephan Crump (bass), Marcus Gilmore (drums)
2005 Raw Materials Savoy 2006 Duo, with Rudresh Mahanthappa (alto sax)
2006 Still Life with Commentator Savoy 2007 With Mike Ladd
20007 Tragicomic Sunnyside 2008 Quartet, with Rudresh Mahanthappa (alto sax), Stephan Crump (bass), Marcus Gilmore (drums)
2007 Door Pi 2008 As Fieldwork; trio, with Steve Lehman (alto sax, sopranino sax), Tyshawn Sorey (drums)
2008–09 Historicity ACT 2009 Trio, with Stephan Crump (bass), Marcus Gilmore (drums)
2010 Solo ACT 2010 Solo piano
2011? Tirtha ACT 2011 Trio, with Prasanna (guitar, vocals), Nitin Mitta (tabla)
2012? Accelerando ACT 2012 Trio, with Stephan Crump (bass), Marcus Gilmore (drums)
2013? Holding It Down: The Veterans' Dreams Project Pi 2013 With Mike Ladd
2013 Mutations ECM 2014 Some tracks solo piano and electronics; some tracks quintet, with Michi Wiancko and Miranda Cuckson (violin), Kyle Armbrust (viola), Kivie Cahn-Lipman (cello)
2014? Radhe Radhe: Rites of Holi ECM 2014 Score composed by Vijay Iyer and performed live with the film of the same name by Prashant Bhargava. Featuring Iyer, International Contemporary Ensemble, Tyshawn Sorey, Amir ElSaffar.
2014 Break Stuff ECM 2015 Trio, with Stephan Crump (bass), Marcus Gilmore (drums)
2015 A Cosmic Rhythm with Each Stroke ECM 2016 Duo, with Wadada Leo Smith (trumpet)
2017 Far from Over ECM 2017 Sextet, with Graham Haynes (cornet, flugelhorn, electronics), Mark Shim (tenor sax), Steve Lehman (alto sax), Stephan Crump (bass), Tyshawn Sorey (drums)
2018 The Transitory Poems ECM 2019 Duo, with Craig Taborn (piano)
2019 Uneasy ECM 2021 Trio, with Linda May Han Oh (double bass) and Tyshawn Sorey (drums), released in April 2021
2020? InWhatStrumentals Pi 2020 Joint with Mike Ladd, Instrumental dub of In What Language?, featuring Rudresh Mahanthappa, Ambrose Akinmusire, Dana Leong, Liberty Ellman, Stephan Crump, Trevor Holder. Co-produced by Scotty Hard, originally recorded 2003
Unknown Love in Exile Verve 2023 Joint with Arooj Aftab and Shahzad Ismaily
2022 Compassion[47] ECM 2024 Trio with Oh and Sorey

As a featured pianist[edit]

With Rez Abbasi

With Burnt Sugar (led by Greg Tate)

  • All Ya Needs That Negrocity (2011)
  • More Than Posthuman: Rise of the Mojosexual Cotillion (2006)
  • If You Can't Dazzle Them With Your Brilliance, Then Baffle Them With Your Blisluth (2005)
  • Not April in Paris: Live from Banlieus Bleues (2004)
  • Black Sex Yall Liberation & Bloody Random Violets (2003)
  • The Rites: Conductions Inspired by Stravinsky's Le Sacre du Printemps (2003)
  • That Depends On What You Know (2001)
  • Blood on the Leaf: Opus No. 1 (2000)

With Steve Coleman

  • The Ascension to Light (BMG France, 1999)
  • The Sonic Language of Myth (BMG France, 1998)
  • Genesis (BMG France, 1997)
  • Myths, Modes and Means: Live at Hot Brass, Paris (BMG France, 1995)

With Mike Ladd

  • Mike Ladd Presents Father Divine (ROIR, 2005)
  • Negrophilia: The Album (Thirsty Ear, 2005)
  • The Nostalgialator (!K7, 2004)

With Rudresh Mahanthappa

  • Code Book (Pi, 2006)
  • Mother Tongue (Pi, 2004)
  • Black Water (Red Giant, 2002)

With Roscoe Mitchell

With Wadada Leo Smith

With others

Compositions recorded by others[edit]

  • Crown Thy Good performed by Laura Downes on Love at Last (Pentatone, 2023)
  • Dig The Say performed by PUBLIQuartet on What Is American (Bright Shiny Things, 2022)
  • The Window for cello and piano, performed by Inbal Segev and Vijay Iyer on 20 for 2020, vol II (Avie, 2021)
  • For Violin Alone, performed by Jennifer Koh on Alone Together (Cedille, 2021)
  • Equal Night, performed by Matt Haimovitz on Primavera I: The Wind (Pentatone, 2021)
  • My Boy (Song of Remembrance), performed by Justin Vivian Bond as part of Desert In, a collaborative tele-opera released as a limited television series by Boston Lyric Opera, 2021
  • Bruits for wind quintet and piano, performed by Imani Winds and Cory Smythe on Bruits (Bright Shiny Things, 2021)
  • The Diamond for violin and piano, performed by Jennifer Koh and Vijay Iyer on Limitless (Cedille, 2019)
  • Hallucination Party for piano, performed by Mishka Rushdie Momen on Variations (Somm, 2019)
  • Run for solo cello, performed by Matt Haimovitz on Overtures to Bach (Oxingale, 2015)
  • Dig The Say for string quartet, performed by Brooklyn Rider on Brooklyn Rider Almanac (Mercury Classics, 2014)
  • Playlist for an Extreme Occasion performed by Silk Road Ensemble on Playlist Without Borders (Sony Classical, 2013)
  • Playlist One (Resonance) for solo violin, performed by Cornelius Dufallo (Innova Records, 2012)


  1. ^ "Vijay Iyer Bio". Vijay Iyer. November 20, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2019.
  2. ^ Jon Pareles (December 19, 2014). "Music Review: Conscience of a Composer". The New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  3. ^ "Vijay Iyer". MacArthur Foundation.
  4. ^ "Vijay Iyer". United States Artists.
  5. ^ "Vijay Iyer". Recording Academy Grammy Awards. 23 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Vijay Iyer 2003". The Herb Alpert Award in the Arts. 23 March 2013.
  7. ^ "60th Annual Critics Poll". DownBeat. August 2012. p. 24.
  8. ^ "63rd Annual Critics Poll". August 2015. p. 22.
  9. ^ "Washington, Iyer Among Winners in 2016 DownBeat Critics Poll". July 1, 2016.
  10. ^ Jon Garelick (August 2018). "Vijay Iyer Communities of Sound". p. 24.
  11. ^ "We are so very pleased to announce that Vijay Iyer has accepted our offer to join the Department of Music in January 2014. Vijay will be the Franklin D. and Florence Rosenblatt Professor of the Arts." Harvard Music Department Facebook page, July 12, 2013.
  12. ^ Harvard Department of African and African American Studies webpage, accessed April 10, 2020.
  13. ^ "Fairport High School grad Vijay Iyer awarded genius grant". Democrat and Chronicle. September 25, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  14. ^ a b Arindam Mukherjee (February 4, 2010). "The Wizard of Jazz". Open. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
  15. ^ "Microstructures of Feel, Macrostructures of Sound: Embodied Cognition in West African and African-American Musics". University of California, Berkeley. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  16. ^ "Holding It Down: The Veterans' Dreams Project - Vijay Iyer & Mike Ladd". Pi Recordings. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  17. ^ Cates, Meryl (November 10, 2015). "Resident Artist Vijay Iyer Takes the Stage". The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  18. ^ "At Ojai Music Festival, Vijay Iyer Showcases Improvisation". NPR. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  19. ^ "Composer in Residence". Wigmore Hall. 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  20. ^ "Mutations - Vijay Iyer". ECM Records. 2014.
  21. ^ Anthony Tommasini (March 28, 2007). "An Anniversary with a Forward Look". The New York Times.
  22. ^ "ECM 5507_DVD". ECM Records. November 7, 2014. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  23. ^ "About Vijay Iyer". Schott Music Group. Retrieved November 5, 2022.
  24. ^ "Vijay Iyer Joins Schott Music". European American Music Distributors Company. July 16, 2014.
  25. ^ Reesman, Bryan (2014-12-03). "Vijay Iyer Evolves With Mutations". Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  26. ^ Varga, George (2017-06-12). "Review: Vijay Iyer brings Ojai Music Festival to rousing, borders-blurring finish". Retrieved 2023-01-15.
  27. ^ "Vijay Iyer". Harvard University - Academia.
  28. ^ "Vijay Iyer". Steinway & Sons.
  29. ^ "Vijay Iyer Biography". ACT Music + Vision GmbH & Co. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  30. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2021". Pitchfork. 7 December 2021.
  31. ^ Sheldon Pearce (21 December 2021). "My Thirty Favorite Albums of 2021". The New Yorker.
  32. ^ "5. Vijay Iyer Uneasy (ECM)". JazzTimes.
  33. ^ "The 13 Best Jazz Albums of 2021". PopMatters. 10 December 2021.
  34. ^ "The 2021 Jazz Critics Poll: Only the Best". The Arts Fuse. 10 July 2023.
  35. ^ "50 Best Albums of 2017". Rolling Stone. 27 November 2017.
  36. ^ Davis, Francis (20 December 2017). "The 2017 NPR Music Jazz Critics Poll". NPR.
  37. ^ Nolan Feeney (December 1, 2015). "Top 10 Best Albums". Time. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  38. ^ "NPR Music's 50 favorite albums of 2015". NPR. December 7, 2015. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  39. ^ Fred Kaplan (December 15, 2015). "The Best Jazz Albums of 2015". Slate. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  40. ^ Pareles, Jon; Ratliff, Ben; Caramanica, Jon; Chinen, Nate (December 9, 2015). "The Best Albums of 2015". The New York Times. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  41. ^ Chris Barton (December 11, 2015). "2015's must hear-jazz albums carve new paths and communicate eloquently". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  42. ^ "The Best Albums of 2015: Jon Garelick". The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  43. ^ "Favorite Jazz Albums - AllMusic 2015 in Review". AllMusic. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  44. ^ "The Best Jazz of 2015". Popmatters. Retrieved October 21, 2017.
  45. ^ Felicia R Lee (September 24, 2013). "24 Recipients of MacArthur 'Genius' Awards Named". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  46. ^ "66th Annual Critics Poll Complete Results". DownBeat. August 2018. pp. 52–53.
  47. ^ Monroe, Jazz (December 8, 2023). "Vijay Iyer Trio Announce New Album Compassion, Share Songs". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 8, 2024.
  48. ^ Ratliff, Ben (March 23, 2016). "Review: Wadada Leo Smith and Vijay Iyer Share Their Influence Through Duets". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 30, 2016.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]