Vijay Prashad

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Vijay Prashad
Vijayprashad.jpg
Prashad in 2010
BornKolkata, India
NationalityIndian
EducationThe Doon School
Pomona College (BA)
University of Chicago (PhD)
Websitevijayprashad.org

Vijay Prashad is an Indian historian, journalist, commentator and a Marxist intellectual.[1][2] He is the Executive Director of Tricontinental: Institute for Social Research and the Chief Editor of LeftWord Books.

He was the George and Martha Kellner Chair in South Asian History and Professor of International Studies at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, United States from 1996 to 2017. In 2013–2014, he was the Edward Said Chair at the American University of Beirut and has been a Senior Fellow of the Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs in Beirut.

Prashad is the author of twenty-five books. In 2012, he published five books, including Arab Spring, Libyan Winter (AK Press) and Uncle Swami: South Asians in America Today (The New Press). His book The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World (2007) was chosen as the Best Nonfiction book by the Asian American Writers' Workshop in 2008 and it won the Muzaffar Ahmed Book Award in 2009. In 2013, Verso published his The Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South.[3] He is author of No Free Left: The Futures of Indian Communism (LeftWord Books, 2015) and the editor of Letters to Palestine (Verso Books, 2015), a book that includes the writings of Teju Cole, Sinan Antoon, Noura Erakat, and Junot Diaz. His most recent book is Red Star Over the Third World (LeftWord, 2017).

Prashad is a journalist who writes for Frontline, The Hindu, Alternet and BirGun. Each Friday, he writes a column called Radical Journeys for the progressive Indian news portal Newsclick. He has reported from around the world for the Indian media - from Latin America to the Middle East to Africa.

In 2015, Prashad joined as the Chief Editor of the New Delhi-based publisher LeftWord Books.[4] He is also an advisory board member of the US Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel,[5][6] part of the global BDS movement.

Early life and background[edit]

Prashad attended The Doon School, received a B.A. from Pomona College in 1989, and earned a PhD at the University of Chicago in 1994.[7][8][9]

He is the nephew of Indian politician Brinda Karat.

Views[edit]

In his article for The Nation, Prashad lays out his vision for the struggle toward socialism. He argues progressive forces typically have very good ideas, but no power. He asserts that without power, good ideas are of little consequence and claims that socialists must not simply theorise but also organise.[10]

Prashad is a self-described Marxist[1][2] and a co-founder of the Forum of Indian Leftists or FOIL.[1][11] His views on capitalism are most clearly summarised in his book Fat Cats and Running Dogs.

Criticism of US foreign policy[edit]

Prashad is an outspoken critic of what he calls American hegemony and imperialism.[12][13] He also identifies himself as an anti-Zionist and has advocated for the end of US aid to Israel.[14]

Arab Revolt of 2011[edit]

Prashad gave a landmark interview on the Arab Revolt to Radical Notes, where he compared the fall of Egyptian President Mubarak to the fall of Mexico's dictator Porfirio Díaz:

The Mexican Revolution opened up in 1911, but didn't settle into the PRI regime till the writing of the 1917 constitution and the elevation of Carranza to the presidency in 1920 or perhaps Cárdenas in 1934. I find many parallels between Mexico and Egypt. In both, the Left was not sufficiently developed. Perils of the Right always lingered. If the Pharonic state withers, as Porfirio Díaz's state did, the peasants and the working class might move beyond spontaneity and come forward with some more structure. Spontaneity is fine, but if power is not seized effectively, counter-revolution will rise forth effectively and securely.[15]

In a subsequent essay, he asserted that the Arab Revolt is part of a long process, the Arab Revolution. He argued that the Revolt of 2011 continues to raise the two "unanswered questions" of the Arab Revolution: that of politics (freedom from monarchies and dictatorships) and of economics (to make an independent economy). In addition, he considers the Revolt part of a historical process that he characterises as a "revolt against the market" (as opposed to revolts in Eastern Europe which he sees as a "revolt for the market").[16] In two essays, he lays out what he describes as the failures of US policy in the Middle East. The two pillars of US cynicism are its need for autocracy as an ally in its "war on terror," and its need to support Israel in any way possible. The test for this conservative US policy came in Obama's choice of Frank G. Wisner, who he calls the "empire's bagman," as the US envoy to Mubarak.[17]

In a further essay he offered an analysis of the collapse of the national liberation dynamic which is evident from his book, The Darker Nations. This essay goes over the recent history of Libya and proposes of the recent upsurge there, "Old rivalries and new grievances are united. Some of them are for reactionary tribal purposes, and others seek liberation from 'reforms.' Some cavil that a country of 6 million with such oil wealth does not look like the Emirates, and others simply want to have some more control of their lives. But most want release from the hidden corridors of the Libyan labyrinth." [18] Prashad debated historian Juan Cole on the US-French-NATO military intervention. Cole was for it. Prashad against.[19] Prashad argued that the genuine Libyan rising had been "usurped" by various unsavory characters, including someone with CIA connections.[20]

Prashad's 2012 book Arab Spring, Libyan Winter AK Press puts this story together. His two part interview on Newsclick provides the argument of the book.[21][22]

He gave a talk on the geopolitics of the Iranian nuclear deal.[23]

Critique of Mother Teresa and western charity[edit]

The Communists don't give people fish, so they might eat for a day; the point of Communism is to teach the masses how to fish, so that they might eat forever. Each day, Calcutta's Communists – as real nameless Mother Teresas! – conduct the necessary work towards socialism, for the elimination of poverty forever.

— Mother Teresa: A Communist View, Vijay Prashad, Australian Marxist Review No. 40 August 1998 [24]

Prashad offered his analysis of Mother Teresa's missionary work in Calcutta, designating her as a representative of the collective 'bourgeois guilt' of western nations.[25] He argued how people like Mother Teresa obscure the tragedies of capitalism. For instance, "During the night of December 2–3, 1984, methyl isocyanate left the environs of a Union Carbide factory and poisoned thousands of people". He contends that the Bhopal disaster by Union Carbide was but the most flagrant example of a transnational corporation's disregard for human life at the expense of its own profit. In 1983, Union Carbide's sales came to $9 billion and its assets totaled $10 billion. Part of this profit came from a tendency to shirk any responsibility towards safety standards, not just in India, but also in their West Virginia plant. After the disaster, Mother Teresa flew into Bhopal and, escorted in two government cars, she offered Bhopal's victims small aluminum medals of St. Mary. "This could have been an accident," she told the survivors, "it's like a fire (that) could break out anywhere. That is why it is important to forgive. Forgiveness offers us a clean heart and people will be a hundred times better after it." Pope John Paul II joined Mother Teresa with his analysis that Bhopal was a "sad event" which resulted from "man's efforts to make progress."

In the same article he also commented on Mother Teresa's alleged links with Charles Keating and Michele Duvalier (wife of Haitian dictator Baby Doc Duvalier). Denouncing the 'cruel rule of capital' he also offered the view that the communists of Calcutta were the "real nameless Mother Teresas who conduct the necessary work towards socialism, for the elimination of poverty forever".[24]

Controversies[edit]

Attempts to demote[edit]

In 2010, Prashad was appointed to head the newly formed Trinity Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies, at Trinity College. A group of professors wrote a letter protesting the appointment based on "the prominent role he has played in promoting a boycott of Israeli universities and of study abroad in Israel".[26] After initially refusing to meet with them, Trinity President James Jones eventually met with representatives from Jewish organizations, including the Connecticut Jewish federation, Anti-Defamation League, and the JCRC Hartford on September 14, 2010. One participant reported a "veiled threat" to have Jewish donors "weigh in". The University chose to back Prashad and turned down attempts to demote him.[6]

Publications[edit]

  • (2017) Red Star Over the Third World (New Delhi: LeftWord Books).
  • (2017) Will the Flower Slip Through the Asphalt: Writers Respond to Climate Change (New Delhi: LeftWord Books).
  • (2017) Red October: The Russian Revolution and the Communist Horizon (New Delhi: LeftWord Books)
  • (2017) Land of Blue Helmets: the United Nations in the Arab World (co-edited with Karim Makdisi) (University of California Press).
  • (2016) The Death of the Nation and the Future of the Arab Revolution (University of California Press), ISBN 978-0-520-29325-0
  • (2016) Communist Histories, vol. 1 (New Delhi: LeftWord Books).
  • (2015) No Free Left: The Futures of Indian Communism (LeftWord Books).
  • (2015) Letters to Palestine (Verso Books).
  • (2013) Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South (Verso). Foreword by Boutros-Boutros Ghali.
  • (2012) Uncle Swami: South Asians in America Today. (The New Press), ISBN 978-1-59558-784-8
  • (2012) Arab Spring, Libyan Winter, (AK Press), ISBN 978-1-84935-112-6.
  • (2007) The Darker Nations: A People's History of the Third World, The New Press, ISBN 978-1-56584-785-9
  • (2003), Keeping up with the Dow Joneses: Stocks, Jails, Welfare, South End Press, ISBN 978-0-89608-689-0
  • (2003), Namaste Sharon: Hindutva and Sharonism under US Hegemony, LeftWord Books, ISBN 81-87496-35-5.
  • (2002) Everybody Was Kung Fu Fighting: Afro-Asian Connections and the Myth of Cultural Purity, Beacon Press, ISBN 978-0-8070-5011-8
  • (2002) Fat Cats and Running Dogs: The Enron Stage of Capitalism, Zed Books, ISBN 978-1-84277-261-4
  • (2002), War against the Planet: The Fifth Afghan War, Imperialism and Other Assorted Fundamentalism, Manohar, ISBN 978-81-87496-19-9
  • (2002), Untouchable Freedom: A Social History of a Dalit Community, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-565848-4
  • (2000), The Karma of Brown Folk, University of Minnesota Press, ISBN 978-0-8166-3438-5

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "ZNet - Junevijayint". Archive.is. 16 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b "I came to Marxism against my self-interest. Born into affluence, I was raised in an revolutionary city (Calcutta, India)" Left history, Volumes 11–12, pp 61, Dept. of History, Queen's University, 2006
  3. ^ "The Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South". Verso Books. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Welcome aboard, Mr. Chief Editor". LeftWord Books. Retrieved 2015-01-06.
  5. ^ "Advisory Board - US Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel". Usacbi.org. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  6. ^ a b Anti-Israel Professor Returns to Trinity College — Will Controversy Come Back Too? The Forward, August 26, 2014
  7. ^ "Four Indian Americans to be honored by GOPIO - Pravasi Herald". Pravasiherald.com. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Vijay Prashad Video - Book Interviews". OVGuide. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  10. ^ Prashad, Vijay (17 March 2009). "The Dragons, Their Dragoons". Thenation.com. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  11. ^ Hindutva For a Few Dollars a Day (author info) People's Democracy, Weekly Organ of the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
  12. ^ "Vijay Prashad has come to be known for his expert critical analysis of US imperialism and war", Chopping Through the Foundations of Racism With Vijay Prashad, Joel Wendland, August 8, 2003, FrictionMagazine.com
  13. ^ "Casual Imperialism". Globalpolicy.org. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  14. ^ "I also write about Israel in the hope that others will join in the campaign to end our subsidy for its human rights violations, this both from the U.S. taxpayer and from the Indian government (in the arms purchases)." My Investment in Israel, April 21, 2010, CounterPunch Archived 12 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 February 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  19. ^ "A Debate on U.S. Military Intervention in Libya: Juan Cole v. Vijay Prashad". Democracynow.org. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  20. ^ "Professor: In Libya, A Civil War, Not Uprising". Npr.org. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  21. ^ "Vijay Prashad: Arab Spring Libyan Winter - Part I". YouTube. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  22. ^ "Vijay Prashad: Arab Spring Libyan Winter - Part II". YouTube. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  23. ^ American University of Beirut (30 March 2015). "The Geopolitics of Iran's Nuclear Program". YouTube. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  24. ^ a b Mother Teresa: A Communist View, Vijay Prashad, Australian Marxist Review No. 40 August 1998, previously published in Political Affairs, the Journal of the Communist Party USA
  25. ^ White Women in Racialized Spaces: Imaginative Transformation and Ethical Action in Literature, Samina Najmi, Rajini Srikanth, Mother Teresa as the Mirror of Bourgeois Guilt- Chapter 4, pp 67,Published by SUNY Press, 2002, ISBN 0-7914-5477-0, ISBN 978-0-7914-5477-0
  26. ^ Understanding the boycott of Israel’s universities Washington Post, January 24, 2014

External links[edit]