Nidudavolu Vijaya Nirmala Krishna
20 February 1946
|Died||27 June 2019 (aged 73)|
|Spouse(s)||Krishna Murthy (ex husband)|
|Children||Vijaya Naresh (son)|
Ghattamaneni Ramesh Babu (step-son)
Mahesh Babu (step-son)
Vijaya Nirmala (born Nidudavolu Nirmala) (20 February 1946 – 27 June 2019) was an Indian film actress, producer and director known for her works predominantly in Telugu cinema. She directed 44 films in Telugu. In 2002, she entered the Guinness Book of Records as the female director of the most films. In 2008, she received the Raghupathi Venkaiah Award for her contributions to Telugu cinema. She, and fellow Telugu actress Savitri, are the only female directors to have directed Tamil actor Sivaji Ganesan.
Vijaya Nirmala was born in Madras Presidency into a film producing Nidudavolu Telugu Brahmin family. Her father was a film producer. Her paternal uncle is scholar and literary historian, Nidudavolu Venkatarao. Actress Jayasudha is Venkatrao's grand daughter while singer Raavu Balasaraswathi is her paternal aunt's daughter. Her son Naresh from her first marriage to Krishna Murthy, is an actor. After divorcing her first husband, she married actor Krishna.
Vijaya Nirmala entered cinema at the age of seven as a child artist with a Tamil movie Machcha Rekhai (1950). At age eleven she debuted in Telugu films with the movie Panduranga Mahatmyam (1957). In 1964, she starred opposite Prem Nazir and rose to stardom with the Malayalam Bhargavi Nilayam. Also, in 1967, she starred again opposite Prem Nazir in Udhyogastha, by P. Venu. She debuted in the Telugu industry in the film Rangula Ratnam.
Her first film in Tamil was Engaveettu Penn, which was followed by Panama Paasama, En Annan, Gnanaoli and Uyira Maanama. She met her second husband Krishna on the sets of Saakshi (1967), her second film in Telugu, and they starred together in 47 films. It was Saakshi that kindled her interest in direction. She has acted in over 200 films with 25 each in Malayalam and Tamil, and the remaining in Telugu.
Her small screen debut came with Balaji Telefilms' Pelli Kanuka. Soon after, she launched her own banner Vijaya Krishna Movies and produced 15 films. She made her directorial debut with a Malayalam film on a budget of 3 lakhs. She made her directorial debut in Telugu with Meena and directed 40 films in Telugu and one film each in Malayalam (directorial debut film) and Tamil (Kungumachimizh). The actress-director was based in Hyderabad and managed Padmalaya Studios and Padmalaya Telefilms Ltd.
|1957||Panduranga Mahatyam||Bala Krishnudu|
|1970||Akka Chellelu||Lawyer Vijaya|
|1973||Devudu Chesina Manushulu|
|Sahasame naa Oopiri|
|Manchi Vallaki Manchivadu||Saakhi|
|1974||Alluri Seetarama Raju||Seeta|
|1976||Aana Valarthiya Vanampadiyude Makan||Omana|
|1950||Machcha Rekhai||Young Mahalingam|
|1965||Enga Veetu Penn|
|Soaappu Seeppu Kannadi||Latha|
|1971||Yanai Valartha Vanampadi Magan|
|1971||Meena||Based on the novel Meena by Yaddanapudi Sulochana Rani which was later adapted into 2016 movie A Aa|
|1973||Kavitha||Malayalam: IV SASI directed for her|
|1976||Devude Gelichadu||Remake of Malayalam film Yakshagaanam|
|1979||Moodu Puvvulu Aaru Kayalu|
|1980||Ram Robert Rahim||Remake of Hindi film Amar Akbar Anthony|
|Sangham Chekkina Silpalu|
|Antham Kadidi Aarambam||Remake of Kannada film Antha|
|1982||Doctor Cine Actor|
|1984||Mukhyamantri||Remake of Kannada film Chakravyuha|
|1989||Sahasame Naa Oopiri|
|1992||Mogudu Pellala Dongaata|
|1994||Yes Nenante Nene|
|Rendu Kutumbala Katha|
- "Vijayanirmala enters the Guinness". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 30 April 2002.
- "Ex-actress, director Vijaya Nirmala dies at 73". The Times of India. 28 June 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- "Bestowed with bliss". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 4 August 2007.
- "Veteran director and actor Vijaya Nirmala passes away at 73". The newsminute. 27 June 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- "Actress-Director Vijaya Nirmala Dies At 75; Jr NTR And Others Post Tributes". NDTV.com. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- "Unique achiever, actress Vijaya Nirmala passes away - Telugu News". IndiaGlitz.com. 27 June 2019. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- B. Vijayakumar (16 November 2009). "Bhargavi Nilayam 1948". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
- "Ragupathi Venkaiah Award to Vijaya Nirmala". Sify. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
- "About Us". Padmalaya Telefilms. Archived from the original on 11 February 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011.
- Kavirayani, Suresh (2 June 2016). "A.. Aa.. movie review: Trivikram is back with a bang". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 14 June 2019.