Vijayawada Jan Shatabdi Express is an important train on the Vijayawada–Gudur section
|Locale||Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu|
|Operator(s)||South Central Railway, Southern Railway|
|Track length||455 km (283 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge|
|Operating speed||up to 160 km/h (99 mph)|
The Vijayawada–Gudur section is a railway line connecting Vijayawada in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Gudur. The main line is part of the Howrah-Chennai main line and New Delhi-Chennailine.
The Vijayawada-Gudur line runs along the Coromandel Coast, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. The main line crosses the Krishna immediately after its departure from Vijayawada.
Railway zone jurisdiction
The Southern Mahratta Railway Company linked Goa with Guntakal with a metre gauge line and also linked Vijayawada with Mormugao in 1890. During the period 1893 to 1896, 1,287 km (800 mi) of the East Coast State Railway, from Vijayawada to Cuttack was built and opened to traffic, and construction of the Vijayawada-Gudur link in 1899 enabled the through running of trains along the eastern coast of India. The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over by Madras Railway in 1901.
In the early 1950s legislation was passed authorizing the central government to take over independent railway systems that were there. On 14 April 1951 the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company and Mysore State Railway were merged to form Southern Railway. Subsequently, Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway was also merged into Southern Railway. On 2 October 1966, the Secunderabad, Solapur, Hubli and Vijayawada Divisions, covering the former territories of Nizam’s Guaranteed State Railway and certain portions of Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway were separated from Southern Railway to form the South Central Railway. In 1977, Guntakal division of Southern Railway was transferred to South Central Railway and the Solapur division transferred to Central Railway. Amongst the seven new zones created in 2010 was South Western Railway, which was carved out of Southern Railway.
Howrah-Chennai Mail was the first train in South Eastern Railway to be hauled by a diesel engine (WDM-1) in 1965. The Vijayawada–Gudur–Chennai section was completely electrified by 1980. The Howrah-Chennai route was completely electrified by 2005. Section-wise electrification was as follows: Vijayawada-Chirala 1979-80; Chirala-Ongole, Ongole-Ulavapadu, Ulavapadu-Bitragunta, Bitragunta-Pagudupadu, Gudur-Venkatagiri, Venkatagiri-Renigunta, and Renigunta-Tirupati 1983-85; Krishna Canal-Guntur, and Guntur-Tenali 1987-89; Arakkonam-Renigunta 1982-85.
The New Delhi to Chennai Central line (Grand Trunk route), of which the Vijayawada–Gudur section is a part, is classified as a "Group A" line which can take speeds up to 160 km/h. On the branch lines the speed limit is 100 km/hr.
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