Vijayawada–Gudur section

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Vijayawada–Gudur section
Vijayawada Jan Shatabdi Express.JPG
Vijayawada Jan Shatabdi Express is an important train on the Vijayawada–Gudur section
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
Termini Vijayawada
Gudur Central
Operation
Opened 1899
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) South Central Railway, Southern Railway
Technical
Track length 455 km (283 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge
Operating speed up to 160 km/h (99 mph)

The Vijayawada–Gudur section is a railway line connecting Vijayawada in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and Gudur. The main line is part of the Howrah-Chennai main line and New Delhi-Chennailine.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

The Vijayawada-Gudur line runs along the Coromandel Coast, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. The main line crosses the Krishna immediately after its departure from Vijayawada.[3][4]

Railway zone jurisdiction[edit]

The track from Vijayawada to Gudur is under the administrative jurisdiction of South Central Railway[5]

History[edit]

The Southern Mahratta Railway Company linked Goa with Guntakal with a metre gauge line and also linked Vijayawada with Mormugao in 1890.[6] During the period 1893 to 1896, 1,287 km (800 mi) of the East Coast State Railway, from Vijayawada to Cuttack was built and opened to traffic,[7][8] and construction of the Vijayawada-Gudur link in 1899 enabled the through running of trains along the eastern coast of India.[6] The southern part of the East Coast State Railway (from Waltair to Vijayawada) was taken over by Madras Railway in 1901.[9]

Railway reorganization[edit]

In the early 1950s legislation was passed authorizing the central government to take over independent railway systems that were there. On 14 April 1951 the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company and Mysore State Railway were merged to form Southern Railway. Subsequently, Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway was also merged into Southern Railway. On 2 October 1966, the Secunderabad, Solapur, Hubli and Vijayawada Divisions, covering the former territories of Nizam’s Guaranteed State Railway and certain portions of Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway were separated from Southern Railway to form the South Central Railway. In 1977, Guntakal division of Southern Railway was transferred to South Central Railway and the Solapur division transferred to Central Railway. Amongst the seven new zones created in 2010 was South Western Railway, which was carved out of Southern Railway.[10]

Electrification[edit]

Howrah-Chennai Mail was the first train in South Eastern Railway to be hauled by a diesel engine (WDM-1) in 1965.[11] The Vijayawada–Gudur–Chennai section was completely electrified by 1980. The Howrah-Chennai route was completely electrified by 2005.[12] Section-wise electrification was as follows: Vijayawada-Chirala 1979-80; Chirala-Ongole, Ongole-Ulavapadu, Ulavapadu-Bitragunta, Bitragunta-Pagudupadu, Gudur-Venkatagiri, Venkatagiri-Renigunta, and Renigunta-Tirupati 1983-85; Krishna Canal-Guntur, and Guntur-Tenali 1987-89; Arakkonam-Renigunta 1982-85.[13]

Speed limits[edit]

The New Delhi to Chennai Central line (Grand Trunk route), of which the Vijayawada–Gudur section is a part, is classified as a "Group A" line which can take speeds up to 160 km/h. On the branch lines the speed limit is 100 km/hr.[14]

Passenger movement[edit]

Gudur Central, Vijayawada and Nellore, on the main line, and Tirupati Main and Vellore Katpadi, on branch lines, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3rd rail line joining Duvvada, Gudur to be completed in 5 yrs". The Business Standard (Vijayawada). 3 November 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Goods train derailment: SCR cancels several trains". The Hindu (Vijayawada). 25 April 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "Coastal Plains of India". Country facts – the world at your finger tips. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  4. ^ "The Coastal Plains of India". Zahie.com. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  5. ^ "Vijayawada Gudur Jan Shatabdi". India Rail Info. Retrieved 2013-02-10. 
  6. ^ a b "IR History:Early days II". 1870-1899. IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  7. ^ "Major Events in the Formation of S.E. Railway". South Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  8. ^ "History of Waltair Division". Mannanna.com. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  9. ^ "IR History: Part III (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  10. ^ "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-23. 
  11. ^ "IR History: Part - IV (1947 - 1970)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-21. 
  12. ^ "IR History Part VII (2000-present)". IRFCA. Retrieved 2013-01-23. 
  13. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  14. ^ "Chapter II – The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  15. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 

External links[edit]