Vijayawada Junction railway station

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Vijayawada Junction
విజయవాడ జంక్షన్
विजयवाड़ा जंक्शन
Indian Railway Junction Station
BZA Train Station.jpg
Vijayawada Railway station at night
Location Railway Station Rd, Hanumanpet, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates 16°31′06″N 80°37′07″E / 16.5182°N 80.6185°E / 16.5182; 80.6185Coordinates: 16°31′06″N 80°37′07″E / 16.5182°N 80.6185°E / 16.5182; 80.6185
Owned by Indian Railways
Operated by South Central Railway
Line(s) Vijayawada-New Delhi line
Vijayawada-Howrah line
Vijayawada–Chennai section
Vijayawada-Kazipet line
Vijayawada-Machilipatnam line
Vijayawada-Guntakal line
Platforms 10
Tracks 22
Connections Bus stand, Taxicab stand
Structure type Standard (on ground station)
Parking Available
Bicycle facilities Available
Disabled access Handicapped/disabled access
Other information
Station code BZA
Opened 1888; 127 years ago (1888)
Electrified Yes
Previous names Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways
Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway
Passengers 51 millions approx.
Vijayawada railway station is located in Andhra Pradesh
Vijayawada railway station
Vijayawada railway station
Location in Andhra Pradesh

Vijayawada railway station is one of the major junctions of Indian Railways that serves the city of Vijayawada in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Vijayawada railway station falls under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[1] It is situated on the Howrah-Chennai main line and Chennai-New Delhi line. The railway station has ten platforms and is the only station to have five entrance gates with booking counters in India. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India with more than 250 express and 150 freight trains passing through it while serving 50 million passengers per year.[2] Vijayawada Junction has been given A-1 status in 2008 as the revenues crossed 100 crore ($17 mn in 2013 terms) in that financial year.[3]

Vijayawada Railway Division and Vijayawada railway station generates more profits than others divisions and stations in South Central Railway and more busier than its zonal headquarter Secunderabad.


Vijayawada railway station in 2014

The Vijayawada railway station was constructed in 1888 when the Southern Maharatta Railway's main eastward route was connected with other lines going through Vijayawada. In 1889, the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway constructed a line between Secunderabad Railway Station and Vijayawada as an extension railway for Bezawada; the station subsequently became a junction of three lines from different directions.

On 1 November 1899, the broad gauge line was constructed between Vijayawada and Chennai, making rail journey between Chennai, Mumbai, Howrah, New Delhi and Hyderabad possible. In the following decades the Vijayawada railway station was developed into a junction until the nationalisation of all the independent railways in India occurred; following nationalisation, Indian Railways was formed under the Ministry of Railways in 1950 by the Government of India. The Vijayawada railway station, as the headquarters of Vijayawada Division, was assigned to the Southern Railway. In 1966, a new zone, South Central Railway, was formed, with Secunderabad as its headquarters; Vijayawada Division and Vijayawada Junction were merged with the new railway.

In 1969, the Golconda Express was introduced between Vijayawada and Secunderabad as the fastest steam-hauled train in the country, with an average speed of 58 km/h. As of 2012, the Vijayawada railway station is one of the busiest railway stations in India.[1]

The Station[edit]

Vijayawada Junction is one of the biggest and busiest railway stations in the Indian railway system. It is the main railway terminus and a major commuter hub in the Vijayawada Urban Area which is the capital of Andhra Pradesh.


Vijayawada Station has the standard station layout with a perfect traction inside the station. All the tracks in the station are broad gauged and electrified. The Vijayawada-Machilipatnam line that passes through is non-electrified, so diesel trains are common.


View of Platform 6 of Vijayawada Railway Station with Sathavahana Express

The station has 10 platforms which are covered by an R.C.C (Reinforced Cement Concrete) roof. Each platform can handle a train with more than 24 coaches. All the tracks are broad gauged and there is an additional track between platform no's. 7 & 8 which is a service track for the passing of goods trains.

The main service usage for the platforms is:


The Vijayawada Railway Station is a junction of tracks from 5 directions to Vijayawada:

  • Vijayawada-Guntur-Guntakal-Hubli/Bangalore.
  • Vijayawada-Tenali-Gudur-Tirupati/Chennai.
  • Vijayawada-Gudivada-Narasapur/Machilipatnam.
  • Vijayawada-Rajahmundry-Vizag-Howrah.
  • Vijayawada-Warangal-Secunderabad-Mumbai/New Delhi


New look of Vijayawada Railway Station
In brief
Total number of tracks: 22
Number of passenger tracks
above ground:
Trains (daily): 250 Passenger Trains
150 Goods Trains
Passengers (daily): 140,000

As one of the busiest railway junctions in South India, Vijayawada Junction is a hub for long-distance, inter-city express services in SCR. An average of 1,40,000 people board different trains each day and an equal number of commuters exit trains at the station. More than 250 passenger trains and 150 goods trains utilize the station daily, with each train stopping for at least 15 to 20 minutes.[4]

Although Vijayawada Junction is Indian Railways' third busiest railway station, it does not provide proper access to India's fastest trains, such as Rajdhani Expresses or Shatabdi Expresses. Rajadhani expresses and Garib Rath expresses pass through the station, and also there is a Jan-Shatabdi Express between Vijayawada Junction and Chennai Central, Vijayawada Janshatabdi is fastest train among Janshatabdi's.

The Vijayawada Junction also houses a Diesel Loco Shed which has the WDM-2 Locomotive and also an Electric Loco Shed which has the WAG-7, WAM-4, WAG-5 locos.

Diesel engine train entering Vijayawada Junction

Other Stations in Vijayawada[edit]

The city of Vijayawada consists of eight other railway stations. These are:

Station Name Station Code Railway Division
Mangalagiri Station MAG Guntur Division
Krishna Canal Station KCC Vijayawada Division
Kondapalli Station KI Vijayawada Division
Rayanapadu Station RYP Vijayawada Division
Mustabada Station MBD Vijayawada Division
Gannavaram Station GWM Vijayawada Division
Uppaluru Station UPL Vijayawada Division
Ramavarappadu Station RMV Vijayawada Division
Nidamanuru Station NDM Vijayawada Division
Madhuranagar Station MDUN Vijayawada Division
Gunadala Station GALA Vijayawada Division
Madhuranagar Halt MDH Vijayawada Division


Since the headquarters of South-East railway moved to Bhubaneswar from Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada Railway station has seen major development and new appearance in the last five years. In FY 2009, the Indian Railways Company board allocated Rs. 3.5 crores for improvements to the transport hub.[5] A central aspect of the improvements was an "Integrated Security Scheme" which included construction of a compound wall around the station premises and a reduction in the number of entrances as a precaution against terrorism. The placement of modern surveillance equipment was also planned, with an anticipated time frame of six months.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Vijayawada lays platform for Krishna fete". The Hindu. 23 Aug 2004. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012. 
  2. ^ Upgraded Gunadala rail station by March | Deccan Chronicle
  3. ^ "Plans to develop railway station". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 Mar 2008. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012. 
  4. ^ "Vijayawada railway junction struggles to keep pace with increasing rush". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 10 Feb 2009. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012. 
  5. ^ "Vijayawada railway junction struggles to keep pace with increasing rush". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 February 2009. 

External links[edit]