Vijayawada Junction railway station
|Indian Railway Junction Station|
Vijayawada Railway station at night
|Location||Railway Station Rd, Hanumanpet, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
|Owned by||Indian Railways|
|Operated by||South Central Railway|
|Line(s)||Vijayawada-New Delhi line
|Connections||Bus stand, Taxicab stand|
|Structure type||Standard (on ground station)|
|Previous names||Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways
Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway
|Passengers||51 millions approx.|
Vijayawada railway station is one of the major junctions of Indian Railways that serves the city of Vijayawada in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Vijayawada railway station falls under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. It is situated on the Howrah-Chennai main line and Chennai-New Delhi line. The railway station has ten platforms and is the only station to have five entrance gates with booking counters in India. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India with more than 250 express and 150 freight trains passing through it while serving 50 million passengers per year. Vijayawada Junction has been given A-1 status in 2008 as the revenues crossed 100 crore ($17 mn in 2013 terms) in that financial year.
The Vijayawada railway station was constructed in 1888 when the Southern Maharatta Railway's main eastward route was connected with other lines going through Vijayawada. In 1889, the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway constructed a line between Secunderabad Railway Station and Vijayawada as an extension railway for Bezawada; the station subsequently became a junction of three lines from different directions.
On 1 November 1899, the broad gauge line was constructed between Vijayawada and Chennai, making rail journey between Chennai, Mumbai, Howrah, New Delhi and Hyderabad possible. In the following decades the Vijayawada railway station was developed into a junction until the nationalisation of all the independent railways in India occurred; following nationalisation, Indian Railways was formed under the Ministry of Railways in 1950 by the Government of India. The Vijayawada railway station, as the headquarters of Vijayawada Division, was assigned to the Southern Railway. In 1966, a new zone, South Central Railway, was formed, with Secunderabad as its headquarters; Vijayawada Division and Vijayawada Junction were merged with the new railway.
In 1969, the Golconda Express was introduced between Vijayawada and Secunderabad as the fastest steam-hauled train in the country, with an average speed of 58 km/h. As of 2012, the Vijayawada railway station is one of the busiest railway stations in India.
Vijayawada Junction is one of the biggest and busiest railway stations in the Indian railway system. It is the main railway terminus and a major commuter hub in the Vijayawada Urban Area which is the capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Vijayawada Station has the standard station layout with a perfect traction inside the station. All the tracks in the station are broad gauged and electrified. The Vijayawada-Machilipatnam line that passes through is non-electrified, so diesel trains are common.
The station has 10 platforms which are covered by an R.C.C (Reinforced Cement Concrete) roof. Each platform can handle a train with more than 24 coaches. All the tracks are broad gauged and there is an additional track between platform no's. 7 & 8 which is a service track for the passing of goods trains.
The main service usage for the platforms is:
- 1: Trains from Howrah to Chennai and Bangalore.
- 2 and 3: Used for passenger & DEMU trains to Machilipatnam and Guntur.
- 4: Used for passenger & mails up to Visakhapatnam.
- 5: Passenger & DEMU trains towards Khammam.
- 6–9: Long trains towards New Delhi.
- 10: Trains towards Secunderabad.
The Vijayawada Railway Station is a junction of tracks from 5 directions to Vijayawada:
- Vijayawada-Warangal-Secunderabad-Mumbai/New Delhi
|Total number of tracks:||22|
|Number of passenger tracks
|Trains (daily):||250 Passenger Trains
150 Goods Trains
As one of the busiest railway junctions in South India, Vijayawada Junction is a hub for long-distance, inter-city express services in SCR. An average of 1,40,000 people board different trains each day and an equal number of commuters exit trains at the station. More than 250 passenger trains and 150 goods trains utilize the station daily, with each train stopping for at least 15 to 20 minutes.
Although Vijayawada Junction is Indian Railways' third busiest railway station, it does not provide proper access to India's fastest trains, such as Rajdhani Expresses or Shatabdi Expresses. Rajadhani expresses and Garib Rath expresses pass through the station, and also there is a Jan-Shatabdi Express between Vijayawada Junction and Chennai Central, Vijayawada Janshatabdi is fastest train among Janshatabdi's.
Other Stations in Vijayawada
The city of Vijayawada consists of eight other railway stations. These are:
|Station Name||Station Code||Railway Division|
|Mangalagiri Station||MAG||Guntur Division|
|Krishna Canal Station||KCC||Vijayawada Division|
|Kondapalli Station||KI||Vijayawada Division|
|Rayanapadu Station||RYP||Vijayawada Division|
|Mustabada Station||MBD||Vijayawada Division|
|Gannavaram Station||GWM||Vijayawada Division|
|Uppaluru Station||UPL||Vijayawada Division|
|Ramavarappadu Station||RMV||Vijayawada Division|
|Nidamanuru Station||NDM||Vijayawada Division|
|Madhuranagar Station||MDUN||Vijayawada Division|
|Gunadala Station||GALA||Vijayawada Division|
|Madhuranagar Halt||MDH||Vijayawada Division|
Since the headquarters of South-East railway moved to Bhubaneswar from Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada Railway station has seen major development and new appearance in the last five years. In FY 2009, the Indian Railways Company board allocated Rs. 3.5 crores for improvements to the transport hub. A central aspect of the improvements was an "Integrated Security Scheme" which included construction of a compound wall around the station premises and a reduction in the number of entrances as a precaution against terrorism. The placement of modern surveillance equipment was also planned, with an anticipated time frame of six months.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vijayawada railway station.|
- Vishakapatnam railway station
- South Central Railway
- Vijayawada Railway Division
- Visakhapatnam-Vijayawada section
- Andhra Pradesh Express (AC)
- "Vijayawada lays platform for Krishna fete". The Hindu. 23 Aug 2004. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012.
- Upgraded Gunadala rail station by March | Deccan Chronicle
- "Plans to develop railway station". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 24 Mar 2008. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012.
- "Vijayawada railway junction struggles to keep pace with increasing rush". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 10 Feb 2009. Retrieved 20 Sep 2012.
- "Vijayawada railway junction struggles to keep pace with increasing rush". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 February 2009.