|Full name||Viktor Izrailyovych Kanevskyi|
|Date of birth||3 October 1936|
|Place of birth||Kiev, Ukrainian SSR|
|Date of death||November 25, 2018(aged 82)|
|Place of death||Bristol, Connecticut, U.S.|
|Height||1.76 m (5 ft 9 1⁄2 in)|
|Yuny Dinamovets Kiev|
|1952||FC Mashynobudivnyk Kyiv|
|1954–1964||FC Dynamo Kyiv||195||(80)|
|1965–1966||FC Chornomorets Odessa||22||(6)|
|1965||FC Metalurh Zaporizhia|
|1966–1971||FC Metalist Kharkiv (Avanhard)|
|1973||FC Pakhtakor Tashkent (assistant)|
|1973–1977||FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk|
|1983–1986||FC Dynamo Irpin|
|1987||SC Tavriya Simferopol|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Viktor Izrailyovych (Illich) Kanevskyi (Ukrainian: Віктор Ізраїльович Каневський, Russian: Виктор Израилевич Каневский; 3 October 1936 – 25 November 2018) was a Ukrainian and Soviet football player and coach. He was Jewish.
Since early years Kanevskyi was involved in various sports including ice skating, volleyball as well as football. During his student years he played for Kiev junior volleyball team. He also was invited by Dynamo's scout and junior team coach Mykhailo Korsunsky for try-outs.
Due to hardship in post war years, Kanevskyi started to work before his 16th birthday as a carver at the Kiev Arsenal. At the factory he was making engravings on photo cameras Kiev. As a hobby he also played for a factory team Mashynobudivnyk (predecessor of FC Arsenal Kyiv) that was coached by Livshyts. During that period also Kanevskyi played for Ukraine junior team. After he worked as a mechanic at the Kiev factory Transsignal and was forced to forget about playing.
In 1953 Kanevskyi received invitation to play for FC Dynamo Kyiv. Kanevskyi appeared in Dynamo along with such players like Valeriy Lobanovskyi, Oleh Bazylevych, Valentyn Troyanovskyi, and others with whom later in 1961 he became Soviet Top League winners and the first non-Moscow team that became Soviet League champions. Yet his first year in the club was not successful and in 1955 Kanevskyi played only one game and later played in football competitions of the Kiev city garrison for some military detachment team which served as a farm-team of Dynamo. At some point Dynamo's head coach Oleg Oshenkov wanted to let Kanevskyi go.
Due to being sick, in 1958 Kanevskyi was not able to go with Dynamo on a tour to Egypt. Same year head coach of CDSA Vsevolod Bobrov was inviting him to the Army team. Kanevskyi even arrived in Moscow and picked an apartment, but soon changed his mind. In 1960 Kanevskyi became a team captain and stayed in this position until he left the club.
Kanevskyi participated in the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile, about which he stated that it was of lower level in comparison to the UEFA Euro 1996 in England. Among the brightest highlights Kanevskyi mentioned about his meeting with Pele, receiving a good monetary bonus and travel back to Moscow by stopping in Paris. He also said that was able to receive the autograph from Pele, while sitting next to him at the Brazil – Czechoslovakia final game. After the championship, Konstantin Beskov was placed in charge of the Soviet Union national football team and Kanevskyi was removed from the team.
In 1965 Dynamo received new head coach Viktor Maslov, after which Kanevskyi was replaced with Anatoliy Puzach. Kanevskyi explained that he had chronic condition since 1957, gallstones in liver and was regularly visiting sanatorium in Karlovy Vary. Therefore after coming of Maslov, Kanevskyi felt that he would not be able compete in the senior team. After leaving Dynamo, for about two-three months he worked as a head coach in Zaporizhia, but Yuriy Voinov who coached the newly promoted FC Chornomorets Odesa invited former teammate to help with a team at the higher league.
In 1966 Kanevskyi decided to retire for sure. After deciding to coach, Kanevskyi was advised to change his patronymic name Izarailyovych as it was not "blending with a policy of the CPSU and the Soviet state". His coaching career, he started out in Kharkiv. During reorganization of the Soviet football competitions in 1970 Kanevskyi was able to keep FC Metalist Kharkiv at the second tier when at first Class A 2nd Group became Class A 1st Group and then First League. In 1968 and 1969 his team was placing among top three. Kanevskyi said that the club had good support from a factory director and had a contemporary stadium with "a visor". In transit through Chernivtsi where he spend about two months, Kanevskyi moved to Tashkent where he was invited by Vyacheslav Solovyov as his assistant. In 1973 FC Pakhtakor Tashkent gained promotion to the Soviet Top League and Kanevskyi received honorary title of Merited Coach of Uzbekistan (Uzbek SSR). In 1973 Valeriy Lobanovskyi offered Kanevskyi to take over his FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk as he was leaving for FC Dynamo Kyiv. With Dnipro he reached semifinals of the Soviet Cup and for four years was a manager in the Soviet Top League. In 1987 with SC Tavriya Simferopol, Kanevskyi was able to gain promotion to the Soviet First League.
Since 1979 Kanevskyi worked in the Football Federation of Ukraine. Same year the Football Federation of the Soviet Union received personal invitation for Kanevskyi to coach Algeria national football team. With him were supposed to depart Stanislav Zavidonov and Evgeni Rogov (the last two have actually departed eventually). With travel arrangements in place and week to go, Kanevskyi was told that he is not going anywhere without any explanation. That was a last draw for him. Kanevskyi was appointed a senior coach for Ukraine republican junior football team for the Pereprava tournament in Sukhumi where his team placed first. Yet after the federation still would not grant him the title of Merited Coach of Ukraine (Ukrainian SSR), Kanevskyi decided to act. He made an official request at the party organization about emigrating from the country. After a big scandal, Kanevskyi was excluded from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In about two weeks he was called to the chief of OVIR (Office for visas and registration) along with deputy minister of Internal Affairs who announced that he won't leave as he does not have sufficient degree of kinship. Later the secretary of the city party organization asked Kanevskyi to withdraw his request promising to reverse all restrictions and reinstate him in the party, but Kanevskyi refused.
For next couple years Kanevskyi felt as he was being followed. His name was forbidden to be mentioned in print media, in historical materials commemorated to the first big victories of Dynamo Kyiv the Kanevskyi's surname was not mentioned as he was never captain in the club nor being on the Soviet team's roster at the 1962 FIFA World Cup. Kanevskyi was even removed from the photo of the 1961 Dynamo's winning squad. For few years he was without job, but later with his brother worked at construction at first building Palace of Culture in Chernihiv Oblast and later in Moscow a cooperative house.
In 1988 there appeared information that anybody is allowed to emigrate from the Soviet Union. Kanevskyi only waited for four months after filing his request and on 15 November 1988 he with his wife left the country traveling to New York through Austria and Italy. After arrival to the United States, Kanevskyi was able to find a job as a coach at some sports school in New York held by Russian emigrants where he headed the football department. Later he opened his own football school.
Professional football player career
|Metalurh||Class A 2nd Group||1965||0||0||0||0||—|
|Metalist||Class A 2nd Group||1966||1969||0||0||0||0||—|
- As player
- As manager
- Soviet First League
- Runners-up (1): 1968 (Metalist)
- Soviet Second League / Championship of Ukraine
- Winners (1): 1987 (Tavriya)
Anti-Semitism in Soviet Football
Kanevskyi pointed out on several instances of anti-Semitism during his playing and coaching career in the Soviet Union.
Kanevskyi also mentioned that even after being the Dynamo's captain for six years and winning one season, he still was the only one who did not receive the title of Merited Master of Sports.
- Past away Viktor Kanevskyi (Не стало Віктора Каневського). Ukrainian Premier League. 25 November 2018
- The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 December 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
- Igor Rabiner. From Izrailevich to Ilyich and back. Rusteam.permian.ru (from Sport-Express). September 1996
- Football at the 1956 Spartakiad of the Peoples of USSR
- (in Russian) Profile
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