Portrait of Viktor Khristenko
|Chairman of the board of the Eurasian Economic Commission|
1 February 2012 – 1 February 2016
|Succeeded by||Tigran Sargsyan|
|Minister of Industry|
9 March 2004 – 31 January 2012
|Preceded by||Andrey Fursenko|
|Succeeded by||Denis Manturov|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia|
31 May 1999 – 10 January 2000
|Prime Minister||Sergei Stepashin
|Preceded by||Mikhail Zadornov|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Putin|
28 August 1957 |
Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union
Viktor Borisovich Khristenko (Russian: Ви́ктор Бори́сович Христе́нко; born 28 August 1957) is a Russian politician who was Chairman of the board of the Eurasian Economic Commission from 1 February 2012 to 1 February 2016. He was First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia from 31 May 1999 to 10 January 2000 and Minister of Industry from 9 March 2004 to 31 January 2012.
Early life and education
Khristenko was born in Chelyabinsk on 28 August 1957. Kristenko graduated in 1979 from Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute with a specialization in construction management and Economics. In 1983, he completed his Candidate of Sciences in Management at the Moscow Institute of Management.
Ministerial posts in the Yeltsin Presidency
In 1998, Viktor Khristenko was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister for Economy and Finance in Sergei Kiriyenko's Cabinet. Described as a "little-known reformist", his appointment drew quite some attention as it was seen as a sign towards economic reform under the Yeltsin Presidency. He however didn't survive the government reshuffling under the following Prime Minister Primakov. From 1999 until early 2000, he was however appointed to Vladimir Putin's First Cabinet serving as First Deputy Prime Minister.
Ministerial posts in the Putin Presidency
Khristenko was described as a "broadly reformist technocrat," who had shown "loyalty mixed with extreme caution," unlike the outgoing prime minister who had "openly disagreed with Mr Putin several times, criticizing the criminal investigations into the owners of Yukos. The Washington Post called Kasyanov "the most powerful ally of big business remaining in the Russian government." Khristenko, 46 at the time, was promoted from deputy prime minister to acting prime minister. Putin commented that Kasyanov's ousting was not related to the results of the government's activities, which he characterized as positive, but rather was caused by a necessity to once again confirm his position, which would guide the development of the country after 14 March 2004.
Two weeks ahead of the 2004 presidential election, Putin however nominated Mikhail Fradkov to become the next prime minister, four days later to be confirmed by the State Duma. On 9 March 2004, Kristenko was appointed Minister of Industry and Trade instead, a post which he held until 31 January 2012.
Chairman of the Eurasian Economic Commission
Khristenko became the first Chairman of the Eurasian Economic Commission, which started operations in February 2012. He resigned on February 1, 2016.
Khristenko's second wife, Tatyana Golikova, was Minister of Health and Social Development from 2007 to 2012. They married in 2003.
Honours and awards
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 3rd class (3 October 2007) - for his great personal contribution to the economic policy of the state and many years of fruitful activity
- 4th class (28 August 2006) - for his great personal contribution to the development of technical and economic cooperation between the states
- Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic (2009)
- Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation
- Diploma of the Russian Federation Government
- Order of the Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, 1st class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2010)
- Order of Friendship, 2nd class (Kazakhstan, 2002)
- Baker, Peter; Glasser, Susan B. (25 February 2004). "Putin Fires Premier, Cabinet In Surprise Pre-Election Move". The Washington Post. p. A17. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
- "Viktor Khristenko" (PDF). ECE. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
- Russia Profile Viktor Khristenko Archived 28 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Viktor Khristenko: the third reformer". BBC News. 29 April 1998. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Russia from 1991: Prime Ministers Rulers
- Financial Times, 25 February 2004, cited via Ian Jeffries: Political Developments in Contemporary Russia
- "Виктор Христенко приступил к исполнению обязанностей главы правительства" (Viktor Khristenko Becomes Acting Prime-Minister), Lenta, 24 February 2004
- March 2004, Russia Rulers
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|Acting Prime Minister of Russia