Viktor Kurmanovych

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Viktor Kurmanovych
Віктор Йосипович Курманович
General UHA Viktor Kurmanovych.jpg
State Secretary of Armed Forces of West Ukraine
In office
February 13, 1919 – June 9, 1919
Prime Minister Sydir Holubovych
Preceded by Dmytro Vitovsky
Succeeded by Yevhen Petrushevych
Personal details
Born (1876-11-26)November 26, 1876
Vilshanytsia near Zolochiv, Galicia and Lodomeria, Austro-Hungary
Died October 18, 1945(1945-10-18) (aged 68)
Odessa, Soviet Union
Nationality Ukrainian
Alma mater Austrian Military Academy (1912)
Military service
Allegiance Austro-Hungary (1914-1918)
West Ukrainian National Republic
Service/branch Ukrainian Galician Army
Years of service 1912 - 1919
Rank Captain
Brigadier General
Quartermaster General (Aug.11, 1919)
Commands Ukrainian Sich Riflemen
Ukrainian Galician Army
Battles/wars World War I
Polish-Ukrainian War

Viktor Kurmanovych (Ukrainian: Віктор Йосипович Курманович) (26 November 1876, Vilshanytsia near Zolochiv, Galicia and Lodomeria, Austro-Hungary – 18 October 1945, Odessa, Soviet Union) was a Ukrainian politician[1] and military leader.

Kurmanovych was born into a family of the Greek Catholic priest in the village of Vilshanytsia in Galicia. After the local elementary school he was enrolled into the Infanteriekadettenschule Lobzow (Cadet school). Upon graduating from the cadet school Kurmanovych studied at the Austrian Military Academy in Vienna which he finished in 1912. His first assignment was in the Headquarters of General Staff of the Austrian Army where he served in the department of intelligence. In 1914 Kurmanovych was caught by the Russian operatives for spying and imprisoned. Soon in 1915 he was exchanged for some Russian officer and commissioned some Austrian units on the Italy and Bokovyna front-lines until 1918. With the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire Kurmanovych pledged his allegiance to the government of West Ukraine.

Kurmanovych was appointed the commander of the Zhovkva Group of Halych Army (HA) and later the Southern Group. After a short while he was included to the Supreme Command of HA and promoted to colonel. Kurmanovych served as the Chief of Staff from February 13 - June 7, 1919 simultaneously performing duties of a State Secretary. When the Halych Army was forced beyond the Zbruch river Kurmanovych's units joined the Ukrainian People's Army and he was promoted to Brigadier General. On August 11, 1919 he became the Quartermaster General at the General Bulawa (Military Council). However Kurmanovych ran into disagreements with other military specialists in the Headquarters as well as the ongoing typhus epidemic, in September he left for Baden bei Wien, in Austria.

In 1921-1922 Kurmanovych was interned in Deutsch Gabel (Sudetenland). In 1923 he worked at the automobile factory. Kurmanovych cooperated with Mykola Kapustiansky to organize the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN). From 1933 to 1938 he lived in Free City of Danzig, after that moved to the Carpathian Ukraine. In April 1945 Kurmanovych was arrested by the Soviet military counter-intelligence SMERSH and transferred to the Soviet Union. He died in the NKVD prison hospital of Odessa.


  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Ukraine Archived August 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. (in English)
  • Aleksander Kolańczuk - "Ukraińscy generałowie w Polsce, emigranci polityczni w latach 1920-1939. Słownik biograficzny", Przemyśl 2009, ISBN 978-83-60374-11-5