|Viktor Nikolaevich Leselidze
Виктор Николаевич Леселидзе
January 7, 1907|
Ozurgeti, Russian Empire
|Died||June 28, 1944
Republic of Karelia, Soviet Union
|Years of service||1925–1944|
|Commands held||Artillery battalions
619th mortar regiment, Soviet 7th army
Viktor Nikolaevich Leselidze (Russian: Виктор Николаевич Леселидзе, Georgian: ვიქტორ ლესელიძე, Viktor Leselidze) (January 7, 1907 – June 28, 1944), was a Colonel and Hero of the Soviet Union who distinguished himself during a fatal yet successful melee assault against Finnish forces at the Svir River in World War II. He was also the brother of Col.General Konstantin Leselidze who died in the same year.
Born on 7 January 1907 in Ozurgeti, Viktor Leselidze was raised in a military family, being one of four brothers serving in the Soviet army. His elder brother Konstantin Leselidze was a Colonel General just like their father Otar Leselidze. After graduating from 6th grade he joined the Red Army in 1925 and later in 1929 graduated from the "Transcaucasus Military Artillery School". Afterwards he served in the Leningrad Military District and became member of the CPSU in 1938.
Leselidze took part in the 1939–40 Soviet-Finnish War and from 1941 consequently in World War II where he would meet his fate. Commanding artillery battalions till 1944, he took command over the 619th mortar regiment of the 7th Soviet Red Army, Karelian Front and provided crucial fire support for the 763rd Infantry Regiment during the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive close to the city Lod in the Vicinity of Leningrad. Successfully pushing the enemy forces out of the area from 22–27 June Colonel Leselidze and his unit participated in destroying hostile defensive lines and paving the way for infantry assaults along Lake Ladoga. However, after the Tuloksa landing Finnish forces were reinforced with reserves and mounted a counterattack pushing the fresh Soviet troops off the shores and advanced very close to the observation post of the 619th mortar regiment posing an imminent threat to the regimental headquarters. On June 28, 1944 cut off from infantry support and surrounded Viktor Leselidze gathered all soldiers he could find at the NP near the village of Vidlitza and commenced a melee attack personally leading the charge with a group of officers. The heavily outnumbered group prevailed in close combat and defeated the Axis troops which scattered over the entire area. Leselidze got killed during that assault. He is claimed to have been shot by a sniper. Only one out of four brothers would survive the war.
Involvement in war
|Scene of conflict||Since when||By what time|
|Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940.|
|Murmansk area of Petsamo||December 1939||March 1940|
|Great Patriotic War|
|Leningrad Front: near Luga and Leningrad.
Seriously wounded, shell-shocked
August 24, 1941
|Northwestern Front under the Staraya Russa||March 1942||July 1943|
|Karelian Front||March 1944||June 28, 1944|
For inspiring and exemplary heroism in the face of an overwhelming enemy force, Viktor Nikolaevich Leselidze was posthumously awarded Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin on 21 July 1944
- Герои Советского Союза: Краткий биографический словарь / Пред. ред. коллегии И. Н. Шкадов. — М.: Воениздат, 1987. — Т. 1 /Абаев — Любичев/. — 911 с. — 100 000 экз. — ISBN отс., Рег. № в РКП 87-95382
- ПАРОЛЬ — «ПОБЕДА!». Воспоминания участников битвы за Ленинград. Составитель — Я. Ф. Потехин. Лениздат. 1969. Воспоминание П. С. Мазеца «На Лужском рубеже».
- National archives of Georgia Personal fund #1776 of lieutenant colonel V. Leselidze, inventory #1.
- http://podvignaroda.ru/ Open access electronic repository of documents "People's Feat in Great Patriotic War 1941-1945"
- Awards list of Hero of the Soviet Union Leselidze V.N. List 1 , List 2.
- Monument to the Heroic Defenders of Leningrad.
- Lieutenant Colonel Leselidze VN.