Viktor Medvedchuk

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Viktor Medvedchuk
Віктор Медведчук
2019 Viktor Medvedchuk.jpg
Medvedchuk in 2019
People's Deputy of Ukraine
Assumed office
29 August 2019
ConstituencyOpposition Platform — For Life, No. 3
In office
25 April 1997 – 20 June 2002
Constituency
Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine
In office
12 June 2002 – 21 January 2005
PresidentLeonid Kuchma
Preceded byVolodymyr Lytvyn
Succeeded byOleksandr Zinchenko
Personal details
Born (1954-08-07) 7 August 1954 (age 68)
Pochet, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
(now Russia)
NationalityUkrainian
Political partyOpposition Platform — For Life (2016–2022)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)
Marina Lebedeva
(divorced)
Natalya Gavrilyuk
(divorced)
Oksana Marchenko
(m. 2003)
Children2
Alma materKyiv University (1978)
OccupationPolitician, lawyer
Signature

Viktor Volodymyrovych Medvedchuk (Ukrainian: Віктор Володимирович Медведчук, Russian: Виктор Владимирович Медведчук; born 7 August 1954) is a Ukrainian lawyer, business oligarch and politician[1][2][3][4] who was elected as People's Deputy of Ukraine on 29 August 2019. He served as the chairman of the pro-Russian political organization Ukrainian Choice from 2018 to 2022. He is an opponent of Ukraine joining the European Union.[5]

From 1997 to 2002 Medvedchuk was a member of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament).[1] Medvedchuk served between 2002 and 2005 as chief of staff to former Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma.[3][4] After this he was absent from national politics until 2018.[1] In November 2018, Medvedchuk was elected chairman of the political council of the political party For Life, which later merged into the Opposition Platform — For Life party.[6] In the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election, the party won 37 seats on the nationwide party list and six constituency seats.[7] As he placed third on the 2019 election list of Opposition Platform — For Life, Medvedchuk was elected to the Verkhovna Rada.[8][7]

On 19 February 2021, the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine included Medvedchuk and his wife, Oksana Marchenko, on the Ukrainian sanctions list, due to alleged financing of terrorism.[9] On 11 May 2021, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine accused Medvedchuk of treason and attempted looting of national resources in Crimea (which had been annexed by Russia but remains internationally recognised as Ukrainian). Medvedchuk's house arrest started on 13 May 2021.[10] Medvedchuk escaped this house arrest on 28 February 2022, four days after the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine and went missing.[11][12] On 8 March 2022 he was removed from the post of co-chairman of Opposition Platform — For Life.[13] On 12 April 2022 Medvedchuk was arrested by the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU).[14]

Medvedchuk is considered an ally of Russian president Vladimir Putin, whom Medvedchuk has referred to as "a personal friend".[15][16] Putin is the godfather of Medvedchuk's youngest daughter.[17]

Early life and education[edit]

Medvedchuk's father, Volodymyr Medvedchuk, avoided being drafted into the Red Army during World War II due to his suffering from Pott disease. During Nazi Germany's occupation of Ukraine, he worked for the German administration in a labor camp from April 1942 to November 1943. The section provided enforced deportation of the local able-bodied Ukrainian youth to work in Nazi Germany.[18] After the retreat of German forces, Volodymyr Medvedchuk was arrested by SMERSH on 7 August 1954 and sentenced to eight years of imprisonment and four of exile in Siberia "for participation in Ukrainian nationalistic activities."[18]

Viktor was born in Pochet, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russian SFSR. He has claimed that his father was a member of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists.[18] According to his Soviet court indictment, Volodymyr Medvedchuk had "joined the counter-revolutionary organization of Ukrainian nationalists" in April 1942.[19] In July 1995, Ukraine's military prosecutor's office reviewed the case of Volodymyr Medvedchuk and decided to rehabilitate him "In accordance with Article 1 of the Law of Ukraine of 17 April 1991 On the Rehabilitation of Victims of Political Repression in Ukraine."[19]

In the mid-1960s, the Medvedchuks returned to the Ukrainian SSR, settling in Kornyn, Zhytomyr Oblast. In 1971, Medvedchuk graduated from high school in Borova, Fastiv Raion (Kyiv Oblast). In November 1971, Medvedchuk found a job as sorter at the Kiev Railroad Post office factory producing periodicals. By the start of 1972 he was an overstaffed militsiya (the police of the Soviet Union) worker at the Motovylivka station (located in Borova).[20]

In the summer of 1972, Medvedchuk successfully passed an entrance exam to the Law School of KSU Shevchenko (now the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv). However he was not admitted. On 12 September 1972, he was enrolled in the University by the Rector's order #445, based on the authorization from the Ministry of the Interior of the Ukrainian SSR.[20] The reason for it, in the opinion of Dmytro Chobot, was "a secret cooperation with militia" which was confirmed by the Supreme Court of Ukraine.[21]

While training at the University Medvedchuk was a combatant, helping the police catch offenders, and while on patrol with his squad he beat a student. In April 1974, Medvedchuk and two of his fellow policemen were convicted by the court of Lenin Raion (today the court of Pechersk Raion) in Kyiv for beating up a minor. In June 1974, the court collegiate in criminal cases of the Kyiv city court overturned the verdict and sent the case back for further investigation. In November 1974, the case was closed due to lack of evidence. Medvedchuk was acquitted and reinstated at the university.[22]

After graduation, he tried to enroll at the Higher School of Militsiya, but was rejected due to his family history. He graduated from the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv in 1978 as a lawyer.[1][23]

Legal career and participation in political trials against Soviet dissidents[edit]

In 1979, Medvedchuk became a member of the Shevchenkivska Legal Consultation of the Kyiv City Collegiate of Attorneys.[1][23]

In 1979, Medvedchuk was the lawyer for repressed poet Yuriy Lytvyn. In his last word in court on 17 December 1979, Lytvyn described Medvedchuk's work as a lawyer: "The passivity of my lawyer Medvedchuk in defense is not due to his professional profanity, but to the instructions he received from above and his subordination: he does not dare reveal the mechanism according to which provocations were implemented against me."[24] Lytvyn was convicted and died in prison.[23] According to official documents from the court in Vasylkiv, Medvedchuk referred to the incompleteness of the investigation in the case and asked to cancel the court's verdict and send the case for re-trial.[23]

In 1980, Medvedchuk was appointed as a defence lawyer in the trial of dissident poet Vasyl Stus.[25][26] According to the testimony of people close to Stus (his wife and friend Yevgeny Sverstyuk), Stus refused to be defended by Medvedchuk, because "he immediately felt that Medvedchuk was an aggressive Komsomol type person, he didn't protect him, he didn't want to understand him, and, in fact, he was not interested in his business." Nevertheless, Medvedchuk remained Stus's lawyer despite the protests of his client.[27]

According to the "Chronicle of Current Events", Medvedchuk's plea at the Stus trial was as follows: "The lawyer said in his speech that all of Stus's crimes deserve to be punished, but he asks to pay attention to the fact that Stus, working in 1979–1980 at the enterprises of Kiev, fulfilled the norm; in addition, he underwent a severe stomach operation."[28][25] According to Ukrainian lawyers Roman Titikalo and Ilya Kotin, Medvedchuk seems to have recognized the guilt of his client Stus during the court case. In doing so, (the lawyer) Medvedchuk violated his professional duty since he seemed to refuse to defend Stus, which grossly violated Stus's right to defense in court.[29]

Stus died after he declared a hunger strike on 4 September 1985 in Perm-36, a Soviet forced labor camp for political prisoners.[30] In a 2018 interview with The Independent, Medvedchuk claimed he could not have operated differently: "Stus denounced the Soviet government, and didn't consider it to be legitimate. Everyone decides their own fate. Stus admitted he agitated against the Soviet government. He was found guilty by the laws of the time. When the laws changed, the case was dropped. Unfortunately, he died."[4]

In 1985, he was a lawyer at the trial of poet Mikola Kuntsevich. According to Kuntsevich's memoirs, Medvedchuk "poured more dirt on him than the prosecutor." After Medvedchuk asked the court to dismiss one of Kuntsevich's motions, he challenged him and repeated the challenge several times, but each time the court dismissed it. In his last word, Medvedchuk said: "I completely agree with a comrade prosecutor in determining the sentence. But, for reasons incomprehensible to me, comrade prosecutor forgot that the defendant had not yet left one year and nine months from the previous term. I consider it necessary to add this period to the new punishment." This request was granted by the court.[31]

Medvedchuk founded a successful legal company, BIM, in the early 1990s.[32] From 1990 to 1997, he was the president of the Bar Association of Ukraine.[33]

First Verkhovna Rada tenure[edit]

In 1994, Medvedchuk became a member of the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united). He served as chairman from 1998 until two days after the 26 March 2006 parliamentary election.[1][34][35]

Medvedchuk first entered the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) in 1997 by winning a by-election in the 171th District (in the Zakarpattia Oblast).[1][35][36] Elected back into the Verkhovna Rada in 1998[32] he was elected Second Deputy Chairman in July 1998.[37] In 2002, he was reelected to the Verkhovna Rada,[32] Medvedchuk was the First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada from February 2000 until December 2001 when he was dismissed for abuse of power, biased treatment of the Verkhovna Rada's agenda and procedural violations.[38]

Head of the Presidential Administration of Ukraine[edit]

From June 2002[32] until January 2005,[39][40] Medvedchuk served as head of President Leonid Kuchma's presidential administration.[34][41] As such, he was a leading target for criticism by the opposition, including Viktor Yushchenko who often spoke out bitterly against Medvedchuk. Medvedchuk was considered the main behind-the-scenes man of then-Prime Minister and pro-Kuchma presidential candidate Viktor Yanukovych in the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election,[1] which was nicknamed the "battle of three Viktors" after them and their main opponent Yushchenko.

In one instance, Medvedchuk paid a "huge amount of money" to the Ukrainian National Assembly – Ukrainian People's Self-Defence leader Eduard Kovalenko to hold a march supporting Yushchenko against his wishes. The march included Nazi-like flags and symbols, and Kovalenko used a Nazi salute in his support speech. The move was meant to discredit the democratic candidate (Yushchenko) in the eyes of Western observers.[42]

Failings to return to the Verkhovna Rada[edit]

In the 2006 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Medvedchuk was placed third on the election list of the Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak".[33] This alliance failed to win parliamentary representation, with 1.01% of the total votes.[43] Medvedchuk did not take part in elections again until 2019.[33]

In November 2008, Medvedchuk became a member of the Supreme Council of Justice.[34][44] Focus evaluated Medvedchuk's assets in 2008 to be worth $460 million and labeled him the 57th richest man of Ukraine.[1]

On 21 March 2012, he stated he would be "returning to public politics not for the sake of the elections, as I strongly believe that all things that take place are not the result of elections, but the result of our mistakes during elections".[34][45] In a September/October 2013 poll by Razumkov Centre, a party led by Medvedchuk would score 0.9% of the votes during elections.[46]

A December 2013 poll by the Sociological group "RATING" gave it 0.7% and predicted that Medvedchuk's result in the first round ballot of the next (Ukrainian) presidential election would be 0.9%.[47] During 2013, Ukrainian experts have argued that Medvedchuk attempts to influence public opinion have failed.[5]

Accusations of involvement in Euromaidan suppression[edit]

Medvedchuk is chairman of the pro-Russian political organization Ukrainian Choice.[5] In 2013, he began publicly attacking the European Union, at one point comparing it to the Nazi Third Reich.[48]

Medvedchuk was an open and bitter critic of the Euromaidan protest campaign of November 2013–February 2014 (initially aimed at reverting the second Azarov government decision to suspend preparations for signing an Association Agreement and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with the European Union[49]). On 30 November, he condemned a series of protests, known as Euromaidan that supported closer ties between Ukraine and the EU.[50] After one of his December 2013 meetings with Russia's president Vladimir Putin, Medvedchuk publicly promised to "deal with" pro-European protesters in Ukraine.[citation needed]

Activists of Euromaidan alleged that Medvedchuk was among the masterminds of 25 December 2013 attempted murder of Ukrainian journalist Tetiana Chornovol.[51] They call him a "perpetrator" and link his name to the all bloody events of the government strike against the Euromaidan.[52] Considering all Medvedchuk's recent activity directed to push Ukraine into the economic union with Russia, the Euromaidan activists came to one of the Medvedchuks' villas to protest.[52]

The same day, Medvedchuk claimed that he was "ready for the war" with the Ukrainian opposition parties.[53] The next day, the Ukrayinska Pravda newspaper published an investigative article on Medvedchuk's allegedly illegal takeover a government property back in 2004, while Head of Administration for the Ukrainian President. The source of the information is named as Mykhailo Chechetov (the state property chief at the time) who has been "forced" (by his own words) to help Medvedchuk in that deal.[54]

On 8 January 2014, Medvedchuk won a slander lawsuit against Oksana Zabuzhko. In an interview with Radio Liberty the writer had accused Medvedchuk of involvement in the provocations against Euromaidan on 30 November – 1 December (Medvedchuk had demanded a token amount of ₴0.25 as a compensation).[55]

Medvedchuk stated on 9 January 2014 that "The absence of the translation of the text of the [EU] Association Agreement, the provision of excessive asymmetric privileges to European manufacturers – all this indicates that the EU was preparing to turn the Ukrainian economy into its raw material appendage".[56] He also believed that because "the current team" leading Ukraine response to "interference in Ukraine's internal affairs by EU and U.S. diplomats inspire serious doubt that the current team is able to protect Ukraine's economic interests".[56] "Therefore, before the adoption by the Ukrainian people of the direct decision on the choice of the vector of external integration any actions by the authorities on lobbying this policy are only political speculation, which has nothing to do with the will of the people and the protection of the economic interests of our country".[56]

Alleged involvement in the 2014 separatist movements and Russo-Ukrainian War[edit]

On 17 March 2014 the United States placed Medvedchuk on its sanction list to punish him for his alleged role during the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea.[57] Since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia, Crimea is under dispute by Russia and Ukraine.[58] In an August 2016 interview with Radio Svoboda, Medvedchuk stated that from a legal point of view, Crimea is part of Ukraine, "but de facto, unfortunately, it belongs to Russia."[59]

In the same interview, Medvedchuk accused the Ukrainian authorities of "pushing the peninsula away, pushing its inhabitants away" which allegedly prompted them to agree to the annexation.[59] He also stated that Ukraine "If the Ukrainian government wanted to return Crimea" should restore the electricity and water supply to Crimea through the North Crimean Canal and should stop its economic blockade (of Crimea).[59] Allegedly, if this would happen "There would be no cessation of rail, freight and passenger traffic."[59]

Medvedchuk was present at negotiations with the armed separatist in the Donetsk and Luhansk provinces on 21 June 2014 to discuss President Petro Poroshenko's peace plan although it was unclear whom he represented there.[60][61] In May 2021 Medvedchuk claimed he was first authorized for these negotiations by acting Ukrainian President Oleksandr Turchynov, and later by President Poroshenko.[62] This was immediately denied by Turchynov.[63]

On 24 June 2014, the Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) informed the OSCE that Medvedchuk was appointed their representative in the negotiations with the Ukrainian Government.[64] On 8 July 2014, self-proclaimed Prime Minister of the Donetsk People's Republic Alexander Borodai stated that Medvedchuk "has no right to represent either the Donetsk People's Republic or the Luhansk People's Republic" and that he was a "mediator in the negotiations".[65] About the negotiations, Medvedchuk wrote on his Facebook page on 28 June 2014, "Hope that a compromise will be found has appeared and we'll manage to find a way of the present situation, retaining the territorial integrity of Ukraine and restoring peace".[66]

On 8 July 2014, it was reported that Medvedchuk would not be involved in further negotiations with the separatists.[67][68] However in December 2014, he officially received the status of a negotiator from Ukraine on the exchange of prisoners with the separatists. He became Ukraine's special representative for humanitarian affairs in the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine on 5 June 2015.[69][70][71] In June 2021 Petro Poroshenko claimed that Medvedchuk had been involved in the prisoner exchange negotiations on the insistence of Russian President Vladimir Putin.[72]

In an August 2016 interview with Radio Free Europe, Medvedchuk urged the Ukrainian authorities to "reach a consensus" directly with the militant leadership ("DPR" and "LPR"), because, according to him, "there is no other way to return these territories".[59]

In a 2018 interview with The Independent, Medvedchuk claimed that the United States was interfering in the affairs of what he called the "brotherly" nations Ukraine and Russia.[4] He claimed that Russian president Vladimir Putin wanted peace in Donbas and that Putin would do everything to protect eastern Ukrainians from repressions from Ukraine's "party of war".[4] He admitted that Russia was illegally arming separatist forces but said that the United States, NATO and the EU were doing "the same" by providing weapons to Ukraine.[4]

Return to the Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Meeting between Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and Gazprom chairman Alexey Miller with Yuriy Boyko and Viktor Medvedchuk in 2019

In November 2018, Medvedchuk was elected chairman of the political council of (the political party) For life.[6] In December 2018, this party merged into the Opposition Platform — For Life party.[8] In the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election, the party won 37 seats on the nationwide party list and 6 constituency seats.[7] In this election, Medvedchuk was placed third on the election list of Opposition Platform — For Life and thus elected to the Verkhovna Rada.[8][7]

In October 2020, the Kyiv Court of Appeals overturned the decision of a lower court to ban the distribution of the book The case of Vasyl Stus as demanded by Medvedchuk.[73] This non-fiction book details the criminal case of Ukrainian poet Vasyl Stus who was imprisoned by the Soviet Union.[74] Medvedchuk was the defence lawyer in the trial of Stus.[25][26]

Terrorism criminal case[edit]

On 19 February 2021, the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine included Medvedchuk and his wife, Oksana Marchenko, on the Ukrainian sanctions list, due to the financing of terrorism.[9] It was claimed he was channeling money from his Russia-based refinery to the separatists of the Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic in eastern Ukraine.[75] Medvedchuk has denied the accusations.[75] The sanctions froze the assets of Medvedchuk and his wife for three years and prevented them from doing business in Ukraine (most of Medvedchuk’s assets were registered under his wife’s name).[76] Ukrainian authorities announced that an oil pipeline that was reportedly controlled by Medvedchuk which transports Russian oil products to Europe would be nationalised.[76]

On 11 May 2021, Medvedchuk and fellow Opposition Platform — For Life lawmaker Taras Kozak were named as suspects for alleged high treason and the illegal exploitation of natural resources in Ukraine's Russian-annexed Crimea.[77][78] Three days later Medvedchuk was put under house arrest and fitted with an electronic tracking device.[79] On 14 May 2021 Russian authorities began the process of liquidating the Russian company Novye Proekty which was allegedly used by Medvedchuk for his alleged illegal exploitations in Crimea.[80]

In 2021, (ex-President of Ukraine) Petro Poroshenko was named as a co-suspect in the criminal case against Medvedchuk.[81] Medvedchuk's house arrest was prolonged four times, which means that Medvedchuk was supposed to spend at least 10 months under house arrest, even though Ukrainian law allows for a maximum of six months' house arrest.[82]

Medvedchuk and his business partner Kozak have money in Belarusian banks, which are controlled by business associates of President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, Aliaksei Aleksin and Mikalai Varabei.[83] They also have common business interests.[83]

In May 2021, Ukrainian media published recorded audio in which Medvedchuk congratulated the leader of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic Denis Pushilin on Victory Day and wished him further "victories". In addition, Medvedchuk stated that he was impressed by a military parade in Donetsk.[84]

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine[edit]

Medvedchuk under custody of the Security Service of Ukraine

During a massive build-up of Russian troops around Ukraine's borders in the first weeks of 2022, Medvedchuk was one of two people (the other one being Oleg Tsaryov) identified by the United States intelligence community as a possible Kremlin-supported choice to lead a pro-Russia puppet Ukrainian government.[85][a] In January 2022 Medvedchuk was placed under sanctions by the United States, accusing him of involvement in a plot to set up a collaborator government in the wake of a Russian invasion.[87]

On the opening day of the invasion, 24 February 2022, some analysts expected that Putin may have wanted to install Medvedchuk as president of Ukraine if Russian forces captured Kyiv.[88][b]

Medvedchuk escaped house arrest on 27 February 2022.[11][91] The Ukrainian Ministry of Internal Affairs claimed that Medvedchuk had fled house arrest, while his lawyer claimed that he had been "evacuated to a safe place in Kyiv", after alleged threats had been made to his personal safety.[91]

On 8 March 2022, Medvedchuk was deprived of the post of co-chairman of the political party Opposition Platform — For Life.[13]

Although Medvedchuk's whereabouts were still unknown on 18 March 2022, on that date an investigating judge granted the prosecutor's request to impose a in absentia precautionary measure.[92][93][c]

On 12 April 2022, the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) arrested Medvedchuk in "a lightning-fast and dangerous multi-level special operation.",[14] claiming they had foiled an attempt by Russia to get him out of the country.[94] Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy released a photo of Medvedchuk in handcuffs wearing a Ukrainian military uniform.[14]

On 16 April 2022, the Lychakivskyi District court of Lviv sent him into custody without the possibility of bail and on August 3, the court extended Medvedchuk's term of detention of without setting any bail within the period of pre-trial investigation.[95]

Personal life[edit]

Family[edit]

Medvedchuk has been married three times.[96] He is divorced from Marina Lebedeva and Natalya Gavrilyuk.[1] He is currently married to Oksana Marchenko,[96][1] a well-known TV presenter in Ukraine.[96][97] He has two daughters: Irina (born 1982) with Gavrilyuk, and Daryna (born 2004) with Marchenko.[1] Russian president Vladimir Putin is the godfather of Daryna.[96][17]

In the 2019 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Medvedchuk's brother Serhiy lost as an Opposition Platform — For Life candidate in single-seat constituency 105 (Luhansk Oblast).[98]

Five days before the 24 February 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine Medvedchuk's wife, Oksana Marchenko, left for Belarus.[99] She later published a video from Moscow.[99]

Wealth[edit]

The Royal Romance

In 2008 the Ukrainian magazine Focus estimated Medvedchuk's wealth at $460 million.[96] His investments included energy, resources and media.[96]

On 13 March 2022, Ukrainian media reported that Medvedchuk had in his possession a replica of a Pullman dining car.[12][87] Allegedly this wagon had been a birthday present from his wife Oksana Marchenko.[12]

Medvedchuk's $200m 93-meter yacht, the Royal Romance, was seized in the Croatian port of Rijeka in March 2022.[87]

On July 2022, Medvedchuk's Bell 427 helicopter and a Gulfstream G650 business jet was seized and handed over to the Ukrainian Army, as part of the ongoing investigation on him for abuse of power and embezzlement.[100]

Relationship with Vladimir Putin[edit]

In Ukraine, Medvedchuk is considered an ally of Russian President Vladimir Putin.[15] He has frequently been referred to as "a personal friend of Putin".[15] The two first met in 2003, during Medvedchuk's tenure as Head of Ukraine's Presidential Administration.[4] In 2004, Putin became godfather to Medvedchuk's youngest daughter Darya.[97] According to Medvedchuk, this was at request of his wife, TV presenter Oksana Marchenko, and that she had asked him to persuade Putin to accept.[97]

In an August 2016 Radio Svoboda interview, Medvedchuk stated that his relationship with Putin was helping him to "help the interests of (Ukraine)."[59] In a 2018 interview with The Independent, Medvedchuk claimed that he used his relationship with Putin to help prisoner exchanges in the War in Donbass.[4] He stated that, unlike Putin, he sees Ukraine and Russia as two separate "Slavic nations, with intertwined histories, religion. I tell him this all the time. I don't think it's one nation. You simply can't say this."[4] In the 2018 interview, he claimed he "often" discussed Ukraine with Putin.[4]

In his 2015 book All the Kremlin's Men, Russian journalist Mikhail Zygar claimed that Putin believed that no question involving Ukraine could be solved without Medvedchuk.[4][101]

In a 2019 interview with filmmaker Oliver Stone, Putin did acknowledge that he was godfather to Medvedchuk's daughter.[102] Putin described their relationship as "I would not say that we are very close but we know each other well."[102]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The British government concurrently named Yevheniy Murayev as another potential Kremlin favorite to lead a puppet government.[85][86]
  2. ^ Although the capture of Kyiv appeared to be a primary Russian military goal in the first weeks of the war, on 2 April 2022 Russian forces abandoned their Kyiv offensive.[89][90]
  3. ^ On 22 March 2022 Ukrainian Prosecutor General Iryna Venediktova stated that there was no official information as to Medvedchuk having crossed the Ukrainian border.[92]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (in Russian) Медведчук Виктор Владимирович, Информационно-аналитический центр "ЛІГА"
  2. ^ Virtual Politics - Faking Democracy in the Post-Soviet World, Andrew Wilson, Yale University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-300-09545-7
  3. ^ a b Kinstler, Linda (28 May 2015). "The 12 people who ruined Ukraine". POLITICO.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The return of the godfather: How Putin's best friend in Ukraine is staging an improbable comeback, The Independent (30 August 2018).
  5. ^ a b c Kremlin-imposed "Ukrainian choice", The Ukrainian Week (3 July 2012).
    Playing opposition, Den (15 August 2013).
    Russia's Plan For Ukraine: Purported Leaked Strategy Document Raises Alarm, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (20 August 2013).
  6. ^ a b "Medvedchuk elected head of political board of Za Zhyttia party". Interfax-Ukraine.
  7. ^ a b c d CEC counts 100 percent of vote in Ukraine's parliamentary elections, Ukrinform (26 July 2019).
    (in Russian) Results of the extraordinary elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine 2019, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 July 2019).
  8. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) Medvedchuk goes to the polls without the "Opposition Bloc", Hromadske.TV (6 June 2019).
  9. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Youtube blocked the broadcast of Medvedchuk's channel, Ukrayinska Pravda (5 March 2021)
  10. ^ Court gives permission to detain Kozak, Ukrayinska Pravda (20 May 2021)
  11. ^ a b Ukrainian civilians — inspired by ‘The Matrix’ — hunt Russian ‘saboteurs’ in Kyiv, New York Post (2 March 2022)
  12. ^ a b c "A "golden" car was found in Medvedchuk's possession". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). 13 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  13. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) Boyko became the chairman of the political council of the OPZH. Medvedchuk was deprived of the post of co-chairman, Lb.ua [uk] (8 March 2022)
  14. ^ a b c Ukraine secret service says it has arrested top Putin ally, Reuters (12 April 2022)
    (in Ukrainian) The SBU caught Medvedchuk, Ukrayinska Pravda (12 April 2022)
  15. ^ a b c (in Ukrainian) Viktor Medvedchuk: political legalization, Hromadske.TV (7 August 2018).
  16. ^ Stedman, Scott; Bernardini, Matt (30 April 2021). "Giuliani Probe Expands, Ukrainian Ally Under Criminal Investigation: Former Ukrainian politician Andrii Artemenko received a secret payment in 2019 from a television station owned by Putin's closest ally in Ukraine. The FBI is now investigating the Giuliani ally". Forensic News. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  17. ^ a b Медведчук і Марченко помінялися місцями. Tablo ID (in Ukrainian). 11 November 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  18. ^ a b c Kuzio, Taras (2015). Ukraine: Democratization, Corruption, and the New Russian Imperialism: Democratization, Corruption, and the New Russian Imperialism. p. 148. ISBN 9781440835032.
  19. ^ a b (in Russian) Myths and legends about Victor Medvedchuk, from-ua.com (3 July 2015).
  20. ^ a b "З РАННЬОЇ БІОГРАФІЇ". Ex Libris.
  21. ^ "Financial Times: Проди и Берлускони стремятся вернуть Украину на европейский курс". korrespondent.net. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.
  22. ^ "Медведчук Виктор". 6 December 2018.
  23. ^ a b c d (in Ukrainian) Medvedchuk's role: Yuriy Lytvyn and Vasyl Stus had one lawyer and died in the same camp, Ukrayinska Pravda (9 July 2020).
  24. ^ "Сучасність (журнал)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian).
  25. ^ a b c "Ukrainian Dissident Hero Poet Vasyl Stus". What's On Kyiv.
  26. ^ a b SHCHERBYTSKYY ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN UKRAINE by Taras Kuzio, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (11 March 2003).
  27. ^ "Адвокат Василя Стуса". 3 August 2005. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  28. ^ ""ХРОНИКА ТЕКУЩИХ СОБЫТИЙ", №58 (МОСКВА, САМИЗДАТ, 1980. – С.74-78)". Права Людини в Україні.
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  31. ^ "Адвокат Медведчук лив на мене більше бруду, ніж прокурор – дисидент Кунцевич". Радіо Свобода (www.radiosvoboda.org) (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  32. ^ a b c d KUCHMA'S MEN LINE UP FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, The Jamestown Foundation (10 June 2003).
  33. ^ a b c Small biography on Viktor Medvedchuk, Civil movement "Chesno" (in Ukrainian)
  34. ^ a b c d Medvedchuk says he returns to public politics, Kyiv Post (21 March 2012).
  35. ^ a b Medvedchuk Victor, Kyiv Post
  36. ^ (in Ukrainian) УКРАЇНА ПАРТІЙНА. ЧАСТИНА VI СОЦІАЛ-ДЕМОКРАТИЧНА ПАРТІЯ УКРАЇНИ (ОБ'ЄДНАНА), (16 March 2002).
  37. ^ Parliament ends speaker deadlock, Kyiv Post (10 July 1998).
  38. ^ Ukraine's parliament dismisses first deputy speaker, Kyiv Post (13 December 2001).
  39. ^ Medvedchuk emerges from shadows, Kyiv Post (27 January 2005).
  40. ^ Controversial Presidential Administration head Medvedchuk resigns, Kyiv Post (14 December 2004).
  41. ^ Revolution in Orange: The Origins of Ukraine's Democratic Breakthrough by Anders Aslund and Michael A. McFaul, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006, ISBN 978-0-87003-221-9
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  43. ^ Party of the Regions, Tymoshenko Bloc top polls, The Ukrainian Weekly (2 April 2006) [summary of results right on the front page]
    (in Ukrainian) All-Ukrainian Union "Center" entry at the Databases ASD: Political parties in Ukraine
  44. ^ Medvedchuk returns to state power, UNIAN (5 November 2008).
  45. ^ (in Ukrainian) Медведчук перед виборами оселився у Facebook і інших соцмережах, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 March 2012).
  46. ^ (in Ukrainian) Електоральні орієнтації громадян України та ставлення до провідних політиків, Razumkov Centre (14 October 2013).
  47. ^ The socio-political situation in Ukraine: December 2013, Sociological group "RATING" (25 December 2013).
  48. ^ Европа прячет свои истинные намерения за так называемыми демократическими ценностями, – Медведчук. RBC (in Russian). 24 September 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
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  50. ^ "Medvedchuk condemns crackdown on Euromaidan protesters in Kyiv". Kviv Post. 30 November 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  51. ^ Medvedchuk can be one among the others behinds the attack to Chornovol Ukrayinska Pravda, 28 December 2013.
  52. ^ a b Activists came to Medvedchuk and have broken the gate Ukrayinska Pravda, 29 December 2013.
  53. ^ Medvedchuk to Euromaidan: You want a war? I'm skilled Ukrayinska Pravda, 29 December 2013.
  54. ^ People ask Medvedchuk to tell the history of his property Ukrayinska Pravda, 30 December 2013.
  55. ^ Medvedchuk wins slander lawsuit against Zabuzhko, Interfax-Ukraine (9 January 2014).
  56. ^ a b c Government continues political speculation about choice of Ukraine's integration vector – Medvedchuk, Interfax-Ukraine (9 January 2014).
  57. ^ Putin’s key Ukraine ally charged with treason, Atlantic Council (13 May 2021)
  58. ^ Gutterman, Steve (18 March 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  59. ^ a b c d e f (in Ukrainian) Medvedchuk: De jure Crimea is Ukraine, but de facto Russia, Ukrayinska Pravda (24 August 2016).
  60. ^ "NSDC says Medvedchuk not representing Ukraine at peace plan talks". UKR Inform.
  61. ^ "Separatists in Ukraine agree to honor cease-fire". Washington Post.
  62. ^ Medvedchuk: Turchynov and Poroshenko officially authorized to negotiate with militants, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 May 2021)
  63. ^ Turchynov said he had asked Medvedchuk to hand him over to Putin, Ukrayinska Pravda (21 May 2021)
  64. ^ (in Ukrainian) The separatists have informed the OSCE that Medvedchuk – that their representative, Ukrayinska Pravda (24 June 2014).
  65. ^ (in Ukrainian) Boroday explained why the gunmen went to the Slavic and the sympathy for Medvedchuk, Ukrayinska Pravda (8 July 2014).
  66. ^ Medvedchuk hopes compromise to be found during consultations on settling situation in east Ukraine, Interfax-Ukraine (28 June 2014).
  67. ^ "Medvedchuk won't be present at tripartite talks anymore". UKR Inform. 8 July 2014. Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
  68. ^ "Minsk hosting Ukraine-OSCE-Russia contact group meeting to settle conflict in eastern Ukraine". Столичное телевидение – СТВ.
  69. ^ (in Ukrainian) Medvedchuk negotiated gas with Russia and delayed the exchange of prisoners – film, Ukrayinska Pravda (8 June 2021)
  70. ^ Medvedchuk: Ukraine nixes '25-for-50' prisoner swap, Interfax-Ukraine (14 March 2014).
  71. ^ (in Ukrainian) Medvedchuk will represent Ukraine in the subgroup of Humanitarian Affairs Tripartite Working Group 1852, Ukrainian News Agency (5 June 2015)
  72. ^ (in Ukrainian) "Zombies" – Poroshenko commented on the investigation into "Medvedchuk's films", Ukrayinska Pravda (10 June 2021)
  73. ^ "Sales of book about Stus reached more than 100 thousand copies". imi.org.ua. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  74. ^ Ukraine Claims Russian Military Police Are Destroying Their History Books, Newsweek, 24 March 2022
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  76. ^ a b Ukrainian President Signs Decree Imposing Sanctions Against Medvedchuk, Others With Ties To Kremlin, Radio Free Europe (19 February 2021)
  77. ^ "Ukrainian Secret Services Search House Of Kremlin-Friendly Politician Medvedchuk". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  78. ^ "Медведчук прибув до Офісу генпрокурора (відео)". www.unian.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  79. ^ Danilov believes that Medvedchuk can be exchanged for Kremlin political prisoners, Ukrayinska Pravda (15 May 2021)
  80. ^ Russian authorities have decided to liquidate the company through which Medvedchuk received suspicion, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 May 2021)
  81. ^ "Ukraine ex-leader Poroshenko faces 'treason' charges".
  82. ^ Ivanitsky, Aleksandr (10 January 2022). "Медведчуку продлили домашний арест" [Medvedchuk extended house arrest]. korrespondent.net (in Russian). Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  83. ^ a b Ukrainian businessman Medvedchuk and his Belarusian connections, Euroradio.fm (10 February 2021)
  84. ^ В СМИ появилась запись вероятного разговора Медведчука с главарем «ДНР» Пушилиным, NV, (8 May 2021)
  85. ^ a b "США назвали нового возможного главу марионеточного правительства в Киеве: Вашингтон объясняет публикацию разведданных нежеланием дать Москве поводы для оправдания конфликта" [The United States named the new possible head of the puppet government in Kiev: Washington explains the publication of intelligence data as unwillingness to give Moscow reasons to justify the conflict]. Moscow Times (in Russian). 15 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  86. ^ "Кто такой Евгений Мураев, которого Лондон назвал возможным ставленником Москвы на Украине: Экс-депутат выступает против Зеленского и Медведчука, находится под российскими санкциями и называет конфликт в Донбассе внутренним делом Украины" [Who is Yevgeny Muraev, whom London called a possible protege of Moscow in Ukraine: The ex-deputy opposes Zelensky and Medvedchuk, is under Russian sanctions and calls the conflict in Donbas an internal affair of Ukraine]. Moscow Times (in Russian). 24 January 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
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  88. ^ "If Putin Picks Puppet Ukraine Leader, Viktor Medvedchuk is Odds-on Favorite". Newsweek. 24 February 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  89. ^ Ukraine ‘retakes whole Kyiv region’ as Russia looks east, aljazeera.com (3 April 2022)
  90. ^ Ukraine counterattacks could see Russian troops 'encircled' and Kyiv offensive halted, ITV News (23 March 2022)
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  97. ^ a b c Putin ally stages political comeback in Ukraine, France 24 (22 July 2019).
  98. ^ "Брат Медведчука програв вибори в Раду". Українська правда.
  99. ^ a b "Runaway №1. In search of Medvedchuk". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). 16 March 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  100. ^ Jankowicz, Mia (8 July 2022). "A helicopter and private jet seized from a pro-Putin oligarch were handed over to Ukraine's army". Insider. Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  101. ^ Zygar, Mikhail (2016). All the Kremlin's Men: Inside the Court of Vladimir Putin. S.l.: PublicAffairs. ISBN 9781610397391.
  102. ^ a b April 12 CNN updates Ukraine, CNN (12 April 2022)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by Head of the Presidential Administration
2002–2005
Succeeded by