Viktor Yevseyevich Suslin (Russian: Ви́ктор Евсе́евич Су́слин; June 13, 1942, Miass, Ural, Russia – July 10, 2012, Hamburg, Germany) was a Russian composer. An associate of Sofia Gubaidulina's, together with her and Vyacheslav Artyomov he formed the improvisatory ensemble 'Astraea' in 1975. He emigrated to Germany in 1981.
At the age of four (1946) Suslin began to study piano and made his first attempts at composition. From 1950 to 1961 he attended Kharkiv Music High School, and from 1961 to 1962 the Kharkiv Conservatory where he studied composition with Dimitri Klebanov and piano with V. Topilin. From 1962 to 1966 he studied composition with Nikolay Peyko and piano with Anatoly Vedernikov at the Gnessin Institute in Moscow.
He worked as an editor at the publishing house Muzyka in Moscow (1966–1980). Suslin became a member of the Union of Soviet Composers in 1967. In 1969 his piano sonata was given an award at the Young Composers Competition. In 1971 his music was performed outside of Russia for the first time at the Festival de Royan, France.
Suslin taught instrumentation at the Moscow Conservatory (1972–1975). In 1975 he founded the ‘Astraea’ improvisation ensemble together with Vyacheslav Artyomov and Sofia Gubaidulina.
In November 1979 after several performances of his works in Paris, Cologne and Venice, Suslin was publicly denounced and blacklisted as one of the "Khrennikov's Seven" at the Sixth Congress of the Union of Soviet Composers for unapproved participation in some festivals of Soviet music in the West.
- Music for Children for piano (1961)
- Violin Sonata (1962)
- String Quartet (1963)
- Japanese Songs for baritone and piano (1964)
- Five pieces for piano (1965)
- Poem for orchestra (1966)
- Piano concerto (1966)
- Piano Sonata (1968)
- Violin Concerto (1969)
- Sinfonia piccolo for orchestra (1970)
- Trio-Sonata for flute, guitar and cello (1971)
- Three Choruses after Daniil Kharms (1972)
- Gioco Appassionato for 4 violas (1974)
- Patience for 2 pianos (1974)
- Mitternachtsmusik (Midnight Music) for volin, harpsichords and double bass (1977)
- Poco a poco II, Organ Sonata No.1 (1978)
- Terrarium for percussion ensemble (1978)
- Leb’ wohl for orchestra (1982)
- In My End is My Beginning, Organ Sonata No.2 (1983)
- Sonata per violoncello e percussione (1983)
- Chanson contre raison, Sonata for solo cello (1984)
- Sonata Capricciosa for viola and harpsichord (1986)
- Lamento for Organ (1989)
- Crossing Beyond for viola, cello and double bass (1990)
- Le deuil blanc (White Mourning) for bass flute, guitar, cello and percussions (1994)
- Cello Concerto (1996)
- Two Pieces for piano (1996)
- Hommage à "Hortus" by a Musicus for an ensemble of Renaissance instruments (1996)
- Morgendämmerungsmusik (Morning Twilight Music) for double bass (1997)
- Madrigal for two cellos (1998)
- Ton H for cello and piano (2001)
- Raga for double bass and organ (2006)
- Kholopova, Valentina: Viktor Suslin, The Revelation... Article, in: Music From the Former USSR. Issue 2. Moscow: Composer, 1996, pp. 255–303 (in Russian); also in «Ex oriente...I» Ten Composers from the former USSR. Viktor Suslin, Dmitri Smirnov, Arvo Pärt, Yury Kasparov, Galina Ustvolskaya, Nikolai Sidelnikov, Elena Firsova Vladimir Martynov, Andrei Eshpai, Boris Chaikovsky. Edited by Valeria Tsenova (studia slavica musicologica, Bd. 25), Verlag Ernst Kuhn – Berlin. ISBN 3-928864-84-X pp. 207–266 (in English)