Viktor von Lang

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Viktor von Lang
Viktor von Lang
Born (1838-03-02)2 March 1838
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Died 3 July 1921(1921-07-03) (aged 83)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Austrian
Fields Theoretical chemistry
Institutions University of Vienna
Alma mater University of Gießen
Academic advisors Andreas von Ettingshausen
Doctoral students Franz S. Exner

Viktor von Lang (2 March 1838 – 3 July 1921) was an Austrian chemist. He is counted among the pioneers and founders of crystal physics.


Lang earned his doctorate from the University of Giessen in 1859 with a thesis titled "Physikalische Verhältnisse kristallisierter Körper".

From 1865 to 1909, Lang served as director of the Physikalisches Kabinett in Vienna.[1] His book on introductory theoretical physics, Einleitung in die theoretische physik, was published in eight editions from 1867 to 1891. With crystallographer Wilhelm Josef Grailich, he was co-author of Untersuchungen über die Physikalischen Verhältnisse Krystallisirter Körper ("Investigations into the physical conditions of crystallized bodies").[2]

The mineral langite was named in his honor by Nevil Story Maskelyne.[3]


  1. ^ The Physical Tourist: A Science Guide for the Traveler edited by John S. Rigden, Roger H. Stuewer
  2. ^ WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by Viktor von Lang
  3. ^ A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands by the Museum of Practical Geology (Great Britain), Frederick William Rudler