Viktor von Lang

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Viktor von Lang
Viktor von Lang
Born(1838-03-02)2 March 1838
Died3 July 1921(1921-07-03) (aged 83)
Alma materUniversity of Gießen
Scientific career
FieldsTheoretical chemistry
InstitutionsUniversity of Vienna
Academic advisorsAndreas von Ettingshausen
Doctoral studentsFranz S. Exner

Viktor von Lang (2 March 1838 – 3 July 1921) was an Austrian chemist. He is counted among the pioneers and founders of crystal physics.


Lang earned his doctorate from the University of Giessen in 1859 with a thesis titled "Physikalische Verhältnisse kristallisierter Körper".

From 1865 to 1909, Lang served as director of the Physikalisches Kabinett in Vienna.[1] His book on introductory theoretical physics, Einleitung in die theoretische physik, was published in eight editions from 1867 to 1891. With crystallographer Wilhelm Josef Grailich, he was co-author of Untersuchungen über die Physikalischen Verhältnisse Krystallisirter Körper ("Investigations into the physical conditions of crystallized bodies").[2]

The mineral langite was named in his honor by Nevil Story Maskelyne.[3]


  1. ^ The Physical Tourist: A Science Guide for the Traveler edited by John S. Rigden, Roger H. Stuewer
  2. ^ WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by Viktor von Lang
  3. ^ A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands by the Museum of Practical Geology (Great Britain), Frederick William Rudler