6 August 1983|
Šiauliai, Lithuanian SSR, USSR
|FIDE rating||2542 (September 2018)|
|Peak rating||2542 (June 2017)|
Viktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen (born 6 August 1983) is a Lithuanian chess grandmaster and politician.. She was European Women's Champion in 2011, and is a two-time Lithuanian Champion. In 2015, she replaced Remigijus Šimašius in the Lithuanian parliament.
Čmilytė started playing chess at the age of six, having been taught the moves by her father. He remained her coach during the formative years. She won the European Under-12 Girls Championship in 1993 and the World Under-12 Girls Championship in 1995.
In 2000, at the age of sixteen, Čmilytė won both the women's and absolute national championships of Lithuania, held in Vilnius. She won the latter edging out on tiebreak Grandmasters Darius Ruzele, Viktor Gavrikov and Aloyzas Kveinys, and International Masters Vaidas Sakalauskas and Vytautas Slapikas. Čmilytė won the absolute championship again in 2005 in her home city, on tiebreak from GM Šarūnas Šulskis.
She finished second to Jovanka Houska in the 2000 European Junior (Under-20) Girls Championship in Asturias. By 2001, she was ranked number one by FIDE amongst girls. In the same year she won the Corus Reserve Group tournament at Wijk aan Zee.
Čmilytė won the silver medal at the Women's European Individual Chess Championship in 2003 (Silivri), 2008 (Plovdiv) and 2010 (Rijeka). She became European Women's Rapid Chess Champion in 2007. She was awarded the GM title in 2010, having gained the grandmaster norms in the 2008 Gibraltar Chess Festival, 2009 European Team Chess Championship and 2010 European Women's Championship.
Čmilytė competed in the Women's World Chess Championship for the first time in 2000, when she made it to the third round. In 2004 she was defeated in the quarterfinals by former Women's World Champion Maia Chiburdanidze. In 2006, Čmilytė reached the semifinals and lost to the eventual runner-up Alisa Galliamova. In 2008 and 2010 she was eliminated in the second round, while in 2010 and 2015 she went out in round three.
Čmilytė has played for the Lithuanian team in the 2010 Chess Olympiad and in seven Women's Chess Olympiads (1996, 1998, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2012), where she won two individual gold medals on board one, the first at Istanbul in 2000 (9½/12) and the second at Calvià in 2004 (8½/11). She earned a place in the team for the first time when she was thirteen (in Yerevan, 1996) and was first board at fifteen (Elista, 1998), contributing a plus score each time.
In the Frauenbundesliga (Women's Bundesliga) in Germany, she is a team member of OSC Baden Baden, but has also played some league chess in Sweden.
- GM title application FIDE
- European Women's Chess Championship-2011 Chess-Results. Retrieved 3 September 2015
- "Lithuania's top female chess master to get MP seat". http://en.delfi.lt/. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015. External link in
- Sujatha Srinivasan. "FIDE World Chess Championships 2000 - Interview with Viktorija Cmilyte". The Week in Chess Magazine. London Chess Center. Archived from the original on 2003-03-09. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Šachmatai – gyvenimo būdas, bet ne visas gyvenimas Archived June 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Kontrastai. Retrieved on 2008-05-30 (in Lithuanian)
- Crowther, Mark (2000-04-10). "TWIC 283: Lithuanian Championships". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
- Short bio by John Saunders Gibraltar Chess Festival 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2015
- Crowther, Mark (2001-01-29). "TWIC 325: Corus Wijk aan Zee 2001". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- European Rapid Women's Chess Championship 2007 FIDE Archive
- GM title application FIDE
- Viktorija Čmilytė team chess record at OlimpBase.org
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