Nova Sintra

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Nova Sintra
View of Nova Sintra
View of Nova Sintra
Nova Sintra is located in Cape Verde
Nova Sintra
Coordinates: 14°52′16″N 24°41′46″W / 14.871°N 24.696°W / 14.871; -24.696Coordinates: 14°52′16″N 24°41′46″W / 14.871°N 24.696°W / 14.871; -24.696
Country Cape Verde
Island Brava
Municipality Brava
Civil parish São João Baptista
Elevation 520 m (1,710 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,536
Postal code 9110

Nova Sintra is a city in the central part of the island of Brava in southwestern Cape Verde. It serves as the seat of the Brava Municipality. Its population is about 1,500. Its elevation is around 700 to 800 meters. Since 2010, Nova Sintra has been a city. Agriculture is the predominant source of income on Brava. Tourism is less developed, but there are a few small hotels and guest houses. Nova Sintra is linked with roads to the northern part of the island linking to Furna with about 70 mountain curves, the lesser eastern part linking only with Santa Bárbara, the southcentral part linking with Nossa Senhora do Monte as well as Tantum and Cachaço and the wester part linking to Fajã de Água as well as to the former airfield (Esperadinha Airport). The "aluguer" buses to the other villages start from Praça Eugénio Tavares.

Catholic Church
Monument of Eugénio Tavares.

The settlement is named after Sintra, the summer residence of the Portuguese kings. In the 18th and the 19th centuries, tourist visited during the summer months, nobles and colonial officials from the island of Santiago were staying.

The historic center is being a landmark of Heritage of Portuguese Influence.[2]

The historic center is on the tentative list of UNESCO's World Heritage Site, it had been nominated in 2004, no date has been set.

Geography[edit]

Nearby places include Furna to the northeast, Santa Bárbara and Vinagre to the east, João da Noli to the south being next to the place, Nossa Senhora do Monte further northwest on the main road, Fajã de Água to the west, Sorno to the northwest and Lem (or Minhoto) to the north.

Sights[edit]

  • Nova Sintra's popular fame is Eugénio Tavares, a famous Cape Verdean writer. There is a monument of him beside the house where he lived which is museum today. It is located in a garden with pine trees, other trees and flowers including roses and sunflowers.
  • The square Praça Eugénio Tavares is the center of town. There is a well-kept park, a music pavilion, a post office, a bank, a pharmacy and the City Hall. The Protestant church Igreja do Nazareno is the oldest church of the island. Opposite the bank one of the rare dragon trees (Dracaena draco) can be seen.
  • The Catholic Church of Saint John the Baptist (São João Baptista, also as São João Baptista) is worth a visit. It was built around 1880. Each year at the church, the festival is celebrated each year and features traditional variant of colá music, the kulinha[3] or kolâ San Djan. The festivity is being an island holiday as it is the island's patron saint.
  • There is also a New Apostolic Church, an Adventist Church, a Kingdom Hall of Jehova's Witnesses and a branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Nova Sintra.
  • Rua da Cultura is a historic street in the center of the town. Well-preserved colonial architecture can be seen here.
  • In the Eastern part of the town there is a sightworthy monument and viewpoint shaped like a ship. The name "Santa Maria" which is painted on the ship refers to the ship of Christopher Columbus. From here there is a beautiful view over the village of Santa Bárbara to the East coast of Brava and the harbour of Furna. There are similar monuments in other villages as well, e.g. in Campo Baixo in the South of Brava.

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1990 (Census) 1,890
2000 (Census) 1,930
2010 (Census) 1,536

Climate[edit]

Nova Sintra has a moderate tropical climate and is cooler than the low lying areas of the island. The average temperature is 13 to 23 °C (55–73 °F), the highest is 23.3 °C in September and the lowest is 13.6 °C in February. Average rainfall is 346 millimeters, the highest is 123 mm in September and the lowest is without a single precipitation between the months of April and June.

Climate data for Cachaço, south of Nova Sitra, 800 metres ASL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
18.6
(65.5)
19.4
(66.9)
19.8
(67.6)
20.4
(68.7)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
20.9
(69.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
16.1
(61)
16.6
(61.9)
16.9
(62.4)
17.6
(63.7)
18.4
(65.1)
19.4
(66.9)
20.5
(68.9)
20.8
(69.4)
20.4
(68.7)
19.1
(66.4)
17.4
(63.3)
18.3
(64.9)
Average low °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
13.6
(56.5)
13.8
(56.8)
14.1
(57.4)
14.9
(58.8)
15.8
(60.4)
16.7
(62.1)
17.9
(64.2)
18.4
(65.1)
18.2
(64.8)
16.5
(61.7)
15.2
(59.4)
16.9
(62.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11
(0.43)
5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
17
(0.67)
83
(3.27)
123
(4.84)
53
(2.09)
33
(1.3)
20
(0.79)
346
(13.63)
Source: climate-data.org[4]

Transportation[edit]

Dragon tree opposite the bank.
Museum.

Aluguer buses serves the village with other parts of the island but not on a fixed schedule, these are the only method of transit on the island, they connect the island port of Furna, Fajã de Água to the west, Cova Rodela and the mountains portion and Campo Baixo and Tantum and the southwest of the island.

Panoramics[edit]

Its panoramics being beautiful. It offers a view of the surrounding landscape of the island and Monte Fontainhas being located about 3 km south. Ilhéu Secos are also seen. The island of Fogo and its summit are seen, the eastern part is not seen and only the upper part of Pico do Fogo are seen. About 5,000-10,000 years ago, only Bordeira was seen.

Sports[edit]

Sports clubs includes Académica da Brava, Benfica and Sporting Clube da Brava which is based in the city but serves the whole island, another club is Nô Pintcha (not the same as the one in Mosteiros in the neighboring island) much of it plays football (soccer), all participates in the Brava Island League and plays at Estádio Aquiles de Oliveira located in the southeast. Basketball, volleyball and futsal clubs are also in the town, other sports were once the least common in Cape Verde.

International relations[edit]

Nova Sintra is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census results". Instituto Nacional de Estatística Cabo Verde (in Portuguese). 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "(Vila de) Nova Sintra)". Heritage of Portuguese Influence/ Património de Influência Portuguesa — HPIP. 2008. Retrieved 2018-01-19. 
  3. ^ Gonçalves, C. F. (2006). Kab Verd Band. 
  4. ^ Climate-Data.org http://en.climate-data.org/location/789800/. Retrieved 28 December 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)