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|• Mayor||Gerardo Criado Guizán (PPdeG)|
|• Total||379 km2 (146 sq mi)|
|Elevation(AMSL)||480 m (1,570 ft)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (GMT +2) (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+34 (Spain) + 982 (Lugo)|
Vilalba is located on the old pilgrim route from western Europe to Santiago de Compostella, which enters from Burgos and Abadin to the east and crosses using the old Bridge of Martiñán in the parish of Goiriz, leaving on the west side of the town towards Baamonde, Guitiriz and León.
During the 20th century Vilalba had a rich journalistic tradition that began in 1902 with the Ideal Villalbés, a newspaper handwritten by the poet and journalist Antonio García Hermida. This was continued, in a more professional form, by the El Eco de Villalba (1908) under Manuel Mato Vizoso and Novo Freire. After this were El Ratón (1910), El Vigía Villalbés (1913), Azul y Blanco (1914), Villalba y su comarca (1915), Galicia pintoresca (1916), and El Heraldo de Villalba (1916), which consecrated García Hermida as a professional journalist.
The proliferation of written press does not end there, but continued with the first newspaper written entirely in Galician in the town, A Xustiza (1918). Soon there were also Aurora (1918), El Gato (1919), La Voz Villalbesa (1921), El Progreso Villalbés (1922) founded by Enríquez Chanot, El Villalbés (1925), El Villalbés de Buenos Aires (1927), and La Unión Ciudadana (1929). In the years of the II Republic was edited a politically active newspaper, the Faro Villalbés (1932). One of their more significant columnists was Carmiña Prieto Rouco, author of the Himno da Terra Cha.
In the years of the dictatorship only two newspapers saw the light, both of which dealt mainly with sports: Stadium (1949) and El Castillo (1950). The next new newspaper did not appear until 1983, the short-lived A Voz de Vilalba.
Usually the Pravia turns to a stage to celebrate Christmas and represent the traditional Nativity scene (Belenismo).
Notable Galicians born in Vilalba
- Ramón Chao, journalist, writer, and father of singer Manu Chao
- Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Minister during Francisco Franco's fascist dictatorship and President of the Galician Parliament between (1990-2005) by the Galician People's Party
- Antonio María Rouco Varela, prelate of the Roman Catholic Church