Vilas County, Wisconsin

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Vilas County, Wisconsin
Vilas County Courthouse.jpg
Vilas County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Vilas County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded April 12, 1893
Named for William Freeman Vilas
Seat Eagle River
Largest city Eagle River
Area
 • Total 1,018 sq mi (2,637 km2)
 • Land 857 sq mi (2,220 km2)
 • Water 161 sq mi (417 km2), 16%
Population
 • (2010) 21,430
 • Density 25/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.vilas.wi.us

Vilas County is a county in the state of Wisconsin, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,430.[1] Its county seat is Eagle River.[2]

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

The earliest inhabitants of Vilas County were members of the Chippewa band of Native Americans; the first recorded white settler was a man named Ashman who established a trading post in Lac du Flambeau in 1818.[3]

In the 1850s migrants from New England, primarily from Vermont and Connecticut, constructed wagon roads and trails through Vilas County including the Ontonogan Mail Trail and a military road from Fort Howard to Fort Wilkins in Copper Harbor, Michigan.[3]

Vilas County was set off from Oneida County on April 12, 1893 and named for William Freeman Vilas. Originally from Vermont, Vilas represented Wisconsin in the United States Senate from 1891 to 1897.[4][5]

Logging era[edit]

Logging began in the late 1850s. Loggers came from Cortland County, New York, Carroll County, New Hampshire, Orange County, Vermont and Down East Maine in what is now Washington County, Maine and Hancock County, Maine.[6] Many dams were built throughout the county to assist loggers as they sent their timber downstream to the lumber and paper mills in the Wisconsin River valley.[3] After the county was founded in 1893 and logging ceased to be the primary industry in the area, migrants seeking other forms of employment settled in the county. These later immigrants primarily came from Germany, Ireland and Poland though some came from other parts of the United States as well.[6]

Geography[edit]

Sign for Vilas County on U.S. Route 45

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,018 square miles (2,640 km2), of which 857 square miles (2,220 km2) is land and 161 square miles (420 km2) (16%) is water.[7] There are 1,318 lakes in the county. Much of Vilas County is covered by the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest and the Northern Highland-American Legion State Forest as well as extensive county forest lands. Vilas County waters drain to Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, and the Mississippi River. The Wisconsin, Flambeau, and Presque Isle Rivers all find their headwaters in Vilas County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Although these two forests have been administratively combined into the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, it is important to note that the county contains portions of both original forests.

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Vilas County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 4,929
1910 6,019 22.1%
1920 5,649 −6.1%
1930 7,294 29.1%
1940 8,894 21.9%
1950 9,363 5.3%
1960 9,332 −0.3%
1970 10,958 17.4%
1980 16,535 50.9%
1990 17,707 7.1%
2000 21,033 18.8%
2010 21,430 1.9%
Est. 2016 21,435 [8] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 21,033 people, 9,066 households, and 6,300 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 22,397 housing units at an average density of 26 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.69% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 9.08% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.8% were of German, 7.9% Polish, 6.6% Irish and 5.3% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.9% spoke English, 1.3% Spanish and 1.2% German as their first language.

There were 9,066 households out of which 23.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.70% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 28.50% from 45 to 64, and 22.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

Economy[edit]

The economy in Vilas County is based on tourism centered on its high concentration of lakes and forests. Hunting and sport fishing are the backbones of the fall economy, and ice fishing and especially snowmobiling makes up the bulk of the economy in the wintertime. Logging, forestry, construction and government also account for important parts of the local economy.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 60.0% 8,166 35.1% 4,770 5.0% 675
2012 56.0% 7,749 43.0% 5,951 1.0% 142
2008 51.3% 7,055 47.2% 6,491 1.5% 204
2004 58.2% 8,155 40.8% 5,713 1.0% 134
2000 56.5% 6,958 38.2% 4,706 5.3% 658
1996 43.0% 4,496 40.5% 4,226 16.5% 1,723
1992 41.0% 4,616 33.4% 3,764 25.6% 2,882
1988 60.1% 5,842 38.9% 3,781 1.0% 99
1984 66.1% 5,965 32.6% 2,940 1.3% 121
1980 60.8% 6,034 33.2% 3,293 6.0% 597
1976 59.3% 4,929 38.6% 3,209 2.1% 174
1972 65.9% 4,422 28.4% 1,907 5.7% 379
1968 58.1% 3,339 31.3% 1,798 10.6% 608
1964 49.8% 2,827 50.0% 2,841 0.2% 11
1960 64.3% 3,508 35.6% 1,942 0.2% 10
1956 74.1% 3,683 25.5% 1,267 0.4% 22
1952 70.9% 3,687 28.8% 1,497 0.4% 20
1948 58.3% 2,665 36.9% 1,688 4.8% 218
1944 48.9% 2,021 50.3% 2,079 0.8% 32
1940 46.9% 2,251 51.5% 2,470 1.6% 77
1936 31.3% 1,298 61.7% 2,559 7.0% 288
1932 34.3% 1,138 61.3% 2,036 4.4% 145
1928 58.5% 1,609 39.3% 1,083 2.2% 61
1924 42.1% 873 5.7% 119 52.1% 1,081
1920 66.1% 903 18.7% 255 15.3% 209
1916 48.5% 531 42.6% 467 8.9% 98
1912 32.9% 304 35.4% 327 31.6% 292
1908 71.7% 794 25.1% 278 3.2% 35
1904 79.1% 1,467 17.4% 322 3.6% 66
1900 69.3% 1,208 28.0% 488 2.8% 48
1896 62.0% 754 36.4% 443 1.6% 19

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c Vilas County, WI Government Main Page Accessed January 11, 2011
  4. ^ William Freeman Vilas: Doctrinaire Democrat Front Cover Horace Samuel Merrill State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1954
  5. ^ Vilas County History.
  6. ^ a b History of Northern Wisconsin Illustrated. Chicago: Western Historical Company, 1881.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 9, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°03′N 89°31′W / 46.05°N 89.51°W / 46.05; -89.51