Vilela language

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Native toArgentina
Extinct20 by 1981;[1] gone by 2011[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3vil

Vilela (Uakambalelté, Atalalá, Chulupí~Chunupí)[4] is an extinct language last spoken in the Resistencia area of Argentina and in the eastern Chaco near the Paraguayan border. Dialects were Ocol, Chinipi, Sinipi; only Ocol survives. The people call themselves Waqha-umbaβelte 'Waqha speakers'.

The last Vilela people were absorbed into the surrounding Toba people and Spanish-speaking townsfolk.


Vilela appears to have the five vowels of Spanish and approximately the following consonants:

m n
b d ɡ
p t k ʔ
f s ʃ x
w l j


  1. ^ Vilela language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ Vilela at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Vilela". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Not to be confused with Niwaklé, which is also called Chulupí~Chunupí.


  • Lozano, Elena (1970). Textos Vilelas. La Plata: CEILP.
  • Lozano, Elena (1977). Cuentos secretos vilelas: I. La mujer tigre. VICUS Cuadernos. Lingüística, Vol.I: 93-116.