Vilhelm Ekelund (October 14, 1880 – September 3, 1949) was a Swedish poet.
The works of Ekelund were influenced by Friedrich Hölderlin, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Emanuel Swedenborg. His early career was lyrical, and though not widely recognized at the time, his poetic work, almost wholly produced in the first decade of the century, became a formative influence on many later Swedish poets. His grasp of rhythmic and musical qualities in verse and his concentrated imagery propelled his poetry into increasingly ambitious forms, soon moving from bound to free verse, and making it a vital model for later writers such as Karin Boye, Erik Lindegren, Gunnar Björling and others.
From 1907, after a passionate love affair with Amelie Posse and an increasing conviction that poetry was an unsatisfactory, vain medium, he turned away from poems and devoted himself to essays and aphoristic prose in a highly personal and sometimes near impenetrable style.
- Melodier i skymning ("Melodies at Dusk", 1902)
- Havets stjärna ("Star of the Sea", 1906)
- Antikt ideal ("The Ancient Ideal", 1909)
- Böcker och vandringar ("Books and Wanderings", 1910)
- På havsstranden ("On the Sea Shore", 1922)
- Lilja Norrlind, Eva, Studier i svensk fri vers : den fria versen hos Vilhelm Ekelund och Edith Södergran (""Studies in Swedish free verse; the free metrics of Vilhelm Ekelund and Edith Södergran", Göteborg 1981)
- Werin, Algot, Vilhelm Ekelund I-II (Lund 1960-61)
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