Viljandi County

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Viljandi County
Viljandimaa
Helkivad ööpilved Kuresoo kohal.jpg
Coat of arms of Viljandi County
Location of Viljandi County
CountryEstonia
CapitalViljandi
Government
 • GovernorLembit Kruuse
Area
 • Total3,422.49 km2 (1,321.43 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)
 • Total45,411
 • Rank6th
 • Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Estonians95.5%
 • Russians2.4%
 • other2.9%
ISO 3166 codeEE-84
Vehicle registrationD
Websitewww.viljandimaa.ee

Viljandi County (Estonian: Viljandi maakond or Viljandimaa; German: Kreis Fellin) is one of 15 counties of Estonia. It is located in southern Estonia bordering Pärnu, Järva, Jõgeva, Tartu and Valga counties.

History[edit]

Viljandimaa, under the German name of Kreis Fellin, was an important centre of commerce and power in the Middle Ages. Today, there are numerous castle ruins there dating from that time.

Soomaa National Park is a national park located partially within Viljandi County, Estonia. Soomaa ("land of bogs") protects 390 km2, and is a Ramsar site of protected wetlands. The park was created in 1993.[1]

County government[edit]

The County government (Estonian: Maavalitsus) is led by Governor (Estonian: maavanem), who is appointed by the Government of Estonia for a term of five years. Currently the Governor position is held by Kalle Küttis.

Municipalities[edit]

The county is subdivided into municipalities. There is one urban municipality (Estonian: linnad – towns) and three rural municipalities (Estonian: vallad – parishes) in Viljandi County.

Rank Municipality Type Population
(2018)[2]
Area
km2[2]
Density[2]
1 Mulgi Parish Rural 7,652 881 8.7
2 Põhja-Sakala Parish Rural 8,203 1,153 7.1
3 Viljandi Parish Rural 13,950 1,374 10.2
4 Viljandi Urban 17,758 15 1,183.9

Religion[edit]

Religion in County Viljandi (2021) [1]

  Unaffiliated (85.4%)
  Lutheran (8.8%)
  Orthodox (2.4%)
  Others Christians (1.9%)
  Others Religions or Unknown (1.5%)
Religious affiliations in Viljandi County, census 2000–2021*[3]
Religion 2000 2011 2021
Number % Number % Number %
Christianity 8,859 19.1 5,823 14.3 5,040 13.0
Orthodox Christians 1,121 2.4 964 2.3 930 2.4
Lutherans 7,178 15.5 4,373 10.7 3,390 8.8
Catholics 104 0.2 37 0.09 60 0.1
Baptists 130 0.2 95 0.2 210 0.5
Jehovah's Witnesses 119 0.2 134 0.3 110 0.2
Pentecostals 88 0.1 60 0.1 110 0.2
Old Believers 1 0.002 5 0.01 - -
Methodists 117 0.2 2 0.004 - -
Adventists 1 0.002 69 0.1 60 0.1
—Other Christians - - 84 0.2 170 0.4
Islam 8 0.01 9 0.01 130 0.3
Buddhism - - 45 0.1 20 0.05
Other religions** 216 0.4 346 0.9 410 1.0
No religion 21,757 47.0 29,733 73.2 28,980 74.4
Not stated*** 8,105 17.5 4,623 11.4 3,930 10.2
Total population* 46,243 40,579 38,530
*The censuses of Estonia count the religious affiliations of the population older than 15 years of age.[3]
".[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RMK: Soomaa National Park. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Elanike demograafiline jaotus maakonniti". Kohaliku omavalitsuse portaal. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Official census data from Statistics Estonia:

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 58°20′N 25°35′E / 58.333°N 25.583°E / 58.333; 25.583