Villa Arconati, Bollate

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The Villa Arconati, also known as the Castellazzo degli Arconati, is a rural palace and gardens, located in the district of Castellazo of the town of Bollate, northwest of Milan, Italy. Built in a grand Baroque style over the 17th and 18th centuries, it now functions as a museum and host for events and meetings.

Facade

History[edit]

Galliari fresco of Chariot of Apollo
Roman statue Pompey the Great

A medieval castle existed at the site, hence the name Castellazzo. That castle was acquired in 1610 by Galeazzo Arconati, cousin of Cardinal Federico Borromeo. Galeazzo was a patron of the arts, and served as the rector of the Fabbrica del Duomo of Milan. Under Galeazzo's ownership the castle-palace on the site was reconstructed and refurbished. It was also Galeazzo who, during the year 1621 brought to the structure his collection of ancient Roman sculpture,[1] including a standing statue said to be Pompey the Great,[2] but also the remaining fragments of the Renaissance style Funereal Monument of Gaston of Foix, Duke of Nemours (died 1512) by Agostino Busi.[3] Galeazzo was also at one time owner of the Codex Atlanticus of Leonardo da Vinci.

The gardens were restructured in 1621. Construction on the site continued after 1648 under his grandson, the Count Luigi Maria Arconati and in 1671 under his great-grandson Giuseppe Maria Arconati. In 1718, Giuseppe Antonio Arconati, grandson of Giuseppe Maria, inherits the palace. In 1742, the architect Giovanni Ruggeri, was employed in embellishments and expansions. The Galliari brothers: Bernardino, Fabrizio and Giovanni Antonio, were employed in the fresco decoration of the interior of the villa.

After 1772, the palace passed on to the Busca family, who commissioned further works including the trompe l’oeil frescoes in the entrance stairwell, attributed to Giocondo Albertolli. During the 20th century, the villa was inherited by the Marchesa Beatrice Crivelli. The Villa has recently been purchased by the società Palladium and others, and since 2011 hosts the Fondazione Augusto Rancilio, which seeks to maintain and restore the site, and foster its use. The villa is also now part of a network of Ville Gentilizie Lombarde, a project of the Region of Lombardy, supported by the Fondazione Cariplo.[4][5] The Ville Gentilizie Lombarde sponsors a project integrated project both in terms of the strategies of recovery and management of this heritage, and its use by the public through guided visits, educational programs and events.[6]

The gardens, whose 18th-century layout was documented by the engraver Marc'Antonio dal Re, are also under restoration.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". www.villaarconati.it. Retrieved 2015-12-03.
  2. ^ [The Traveller's Guide Of Milan], by Marcello Mazzoni (1838), page 158.
  3. ^ Archivio storico lombardo (1892), page 910.
  4. ^ Villa Arconati Archived December 31, 2014, at the Wayback Machine official website.
  5. ^ Ville e castelli d'Italia: Lombardia e laghi, second edition, by Luca Beltrami, Editors of Tecnografica, Milan, (1907), pages 67 - 81.
  6. ^ "History". www.villaarconati.it. Retrieved 2015-12-03.

Coordinates: 45°33′22″N 9°05′47″E / 45.5560°N 9.0963°E / 45.5560; 9.0963