Villa Las Estrellas
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Villa Las Estrellas vi
|Region||Magallanes y Antártica Chilena|
|Location||King George Island|
|• Magistrate||Responsibility of Puerto Williams Mayor and de facto Base Commander|
|• Municipal Council||Responsibility of Puerto Williams Council|
|Time zone||UTC−3 (CLST)|
Villa Las Estrellas (English: "The Stars Village") is a Chilean town and research station on King George Island within the Chilean Antarctic claim, the Chilean Antarctic Territory, and also within the Argentine and British Antarctic claims.
It is located on President Eduardo Frei Montalva Base, a military base. It is the larger and one of only two civilian settlements on Antarctica (the other being Argentina's Esperanza Base). It has a summer population of 150 and a winter population of 80.
The Office of the Civil Service Registry and Identification of Chile acts as official registry office with all the responsibilities inherent in this position.
There is a Correos de Chile post office staffed in the summer by a postal worker and by the command of the base in the winter. The office receives all its mail from Punta Arenas and is the mail depot and relay station for all mail addressed to any Chilean installation on Antarctica in addition to some other foreign facilities. From here it is delivered by hand, plane, or helicopter. The post office is also an attraction for tourists and philately enthusiasts that travel to the town to send postcards and letters with an Antarctic postmark.
The town is in the Piloto Pardo census district.
The people of Villa Las Estrellas live in a community that has fourteen 90 m² (970 sq. ft.) homes. Juan Pablo Camacho, the first Chilean born in the Antarctic region, was born at Villa Las Estrellas in 1984.
The populace's youth study at F-50 "Villa Las Estrellas" School, a 1st–8th grade primary school staffed by two teachers that are responsible for providing education for the community's approximately 15 children. Library No. 291 has a collection of books and magazines that are available upon request.
There is a Chilean Air Force Hospital staffed with one doctor and nurse and equipped with: X-ray, laboratory, surgery, anesthesia machine, sterilizer, and pharmacy services in addition to limited emergency and surgery capabilities. Two hospital beds are available in addition to a dental clinic. Through a partnership with the Chilean Antarctic Institute and the University of Chile, in emergencies, medical images can be outsourced to specialized health centers in South America and Europe for diagnosis.
Business and recreation
A branch of the Bank of Credit and Investment operates throughout the year manned by a sole banker. Santa María Reina de la Paz (St. Mary Queen of Peace) is a Catholic chapel that attracts people from all over King George Island.
- Hostel: There is a small hostel capable of holding a maximum occupancy of 20 guests.
- Souvenir shop: There is a small souvenir shop in town to sell to tourists and staff returning to the continent. It is run by the women of the town.
- Gymnasium: Is the main community hub, in which a lot of activity takes place. Tennis practice, babyfútbol, basketball and volleyball. There are exercise machines, ping pong tables, dressing rooms and sauna. It is also used for cultural activities and scientific talks.
- Telephones: Telephones for the base and their airfield operate via satellite telephone and, for the inhabitants of the sector, there is a coin-operated pay phone and prepaid cards.
- Internet: There are three computers at the school that have internet access.
- Radio: FM Radio "Sovereignty" broadcast on the frequency of 90.5 MHz works during the day, providing music and information to all the bases in the sector. Certain cultural and entertainment programs made by staff and their families are also disseminated.
- Television: The town has a fixed dish of 2.5 meters in diameter, which allows reception of live signals from the main television channels in the country, broadcasting from Santiago. Residents can also receive two broadcast stations. These are Televisión Nacional and Universidad Católica Television.
- Mobile phone: Since 2005, there is an antenna belonging to the Chilean company Entel PCS.
The nearest airport is the Teniente R. Marsh Airport, the only airport in Antarctica that has an IATA code. There is no regular scheduled public service to the airport, although Aerovías DAP has some charter flights from Punta Arenas.
Villa Las Estrellas has a marine polar climate (Köppen ET) in which winter temperatures are much milder than in many well-populated wintry areas such as in Canada and Siberia. Summer temperatures however are extremely subdued; in effect narrowly above freezing, causing the climate to be hostile to human population. Sunshine levels are also extremely low. The yearly mean temperature of −2.3 °C (27.9 °F) is still gentle for Antarctica and milder than many places with vegetation.
|Record high °C (°F)||13.0
|Average high °C (°F)||2.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||1.5
|Average low °C (°F)||0.3
|Record low °C (°F)||−5.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||53.8
|Average relative humidity (%)||91||89||89||89||88||90||89||88||89||90||89||81||89|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||83.8||71.2||57.3||23.6||8.3||1.2||3.9||15.8||44.2||93.2||104.5||98.1||605.1|
|Source: Dirección Meteorológica de Chile (temperature data:1970-2004, all other 1990-2000) |
- List of Antarctic research stations
- List of Antarctic field camps
- Puerto Toro
- Puerto Williams
- Chilean Antarctic Territory
- Antártica Chilena Province
- Antártica (Commune)
- (in Spanish) Villa Las Estrellas
- Fisher, Richard (2018-08-10). "The icy village where you must remove your appendix". BBC. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
- "Antarctica (United Kingdom v. Chile and Argentina)". Archived from the original on 2015-09-09. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
- Cerda, Jorge; Zamora, Monica (2007). "CLIMATOLOGÍA DE LA PENINSULA ANTARTICA Y DE LA BASE PRESIDENTE EDUARDO FREI MONTALVA" (PDF). Climatologica Antartica (in Spanish). Dirección Meteorológica de Chile. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 17, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Villa Las Estrellas.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Villa Las Estrellas.|