Villa Nueva, Guatemala

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Villa Nueva
Villa Nueva is located in Guatemala
Villa Nueva
Villa Nueva
Location in Guatemala
Villa Nueva is located in Guatemala Department
Villa Nueva
Villa Nueva
Location in Guatemala Department
Coordinates: 14°31′37″N 90°35′15″W / 14.52694°N 90.58750°W / 14.52694; -90.58750Coordinates: 14°31′37″N 90°35′15″W / 14.52694°N 90.58750°W / 14.52694; -90.58750
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Guatemala
Government
 • Mayor (2012-2020) Edwin Felipe Escobar Hill[1] (CREO (2012-2014)
LIDER(2015-?))
Population (2010)
 • Total 710,218
Climate Aw

Villa Nueva is a municipality in the Guatemala department of Guatemala. Villa Nueva is located 16 kilometres (10 mi) south of Guatemala City and has a population of 710,218 people,[2] making it the second largest city in Guatemala Department, after Guatemala City. It was founded on 17 April 1763, long before Guatemala declared its independence from the Spanish Empire. The local economy largely depends on industry, with the municipality having some 25 factories that produce such products as textiles, metallurgical goods, and plastics. The area's agricultural products include rice, dairy, fruits, and vegetables.

Mayor Salvador Gándara, serving from 2000 to 2011, was longlisted for the 2008 World Mayor award;[3] Sites of interest include the Naciones Unidas National Park, .[4] and several malls, like Metrocentro and Santa Clara. [5]

History[edit]

Amatitlán Department creation[edit]

Portrait of Mariano Rivera Paz. Rivera Paz was governor of the State of Guatemala when he created Amatitlán as an independent district in 1839.

After the independence of Central America, and during governor Mariano Rivera Paz time in office, a decree issue on 6 November 1839, created a new independent district called Amatitlán which also included Palín and Villa Nueva.[6] The decree says:

  1. "The city of Amatitlán, San Cristóbal Palín, Villa Nueva, San Miguel and Santa Inés Petapa and all the annexed locations to these settlements will form an independent district for its political government and will be in charge of a Lieutenant Corregidor, who will act according to the applicable law starting on 2 October of this year and will earn a thousand pesos a year".
  2. "In the same district there will be a local court to impart justice".[6]

The district changed its name to Amatitlán Department according to the executive order of 8 May 1866 of field Marshall Vicente Cerna y Cerna government.[6]

Amatitlán Department dissolution and creation of the Villa Nueva municipality[edit]

Amatitlán Department was abolished by decree 2081 of 29 April 1935 of president general Jorge Ubico regime. This decree literally reads:

"Considering that it is convenient for the country's best interest that the Amatitlán Department be dissolved.
Decrees:

  1. Amatitlán Departament is abolished
  2. Municipalities of Amatitlán, Villa Nueva, San Miguel Petapa and Villa Canales are incorporated into Guatemala Department and those of Palín and San Vicente Pacaya to the Escuintla Department.
  3. The executive branch will issue the proper instructions to comply with this decree, which will be in effect on 1 July of this year".[6]

Climate[edit]

Villa Nueva tiene clima tropical (Köppen: Aw).

Climate data for Villa Nueva
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
26.1
(79)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82)
27.5
(81.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
24.9
(76.8)
24.8
(76.6)
26.05
(78.88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
19.8
(67.6)
20.9
(69.6)
21.7
(71.1)
22.0
(71.6)
21.3
(70.3)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
20.9
(69.6)
20.7
(69.3)
19.8
(67.6)
19.3
(66.7)
20.69
(69.23)
Average low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.6
(56.5)
14.5
(58.1)
15.7
(60.3)
16.6
(61.9)
16.8
(62.2)
16.6
(61.9)
16.4
(61.5)
16.4
(61.5)
16.0
(60.8)
14.8
(58.6)
13.8
(56.8)
15.4
(59.72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
5
(0.2)
26
(1.02)
126
(4.96)
253
(9.96)
217
(8.54)
182
(7.17)
244
(9.61)
130
(5.12)
16
(0.63)
5
(0.2)
1,208
(47.57)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

Geografic location[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alcaldes electos en el departamento de Guatemala". Municipalidades de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  2. ^ http://world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&des=gamelan&srt=pnan&col=abcdefghinoq&msz=1500&geo=-93
  3. ^ "World Mayor 2008 Award: The Finalists". CityMayors.com. Retrieved 23 December 2009. .
  4. ^ Defensores de la Naturaleza. "Parque Nacional Naciones Unidas "Un refugio verde en la ciudad"" (in Spanish). defensores.org.gt. Retrieved 2009-07-25. 
  5. ^ url=www.walmart.com.gt
  6. ^ a b c d Municipalidad de Palín 2007
  7. ^ "Climate: Villa Nueva". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Municipios del departamento de Guatemala". SEGEPLAN (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]