|• Mayor||Günther Albel (SPÖ)|
|• Total||134.89 km2 (52.08 sq mi)|
|Elevation||501 m (1,644 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2016)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Villach (German pronunciation: /ˈfɪlax/ (help·info); Slovene: Beljak, Italian: Villaco, Friulian: Vilac) is the seventh-largest city in Austria and the second-largest in the federal state of Carinthia. It represents an important traffic junction for southern Austria and the whole Alpe-Adria region. As of December 2006[update], the population is 58,480.
Together with other Alpine towns Villach engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. In 1997, Villach was the first town to be awarded Alpine Town of the Year.
Villach, a statutory city, is located on the Drau (Drava) River near the confluence with the Gail tributary. Situated at the western rim of the Klagenfurt basin, the municipal area stretches from the slopes of the Gailtal Alps (Mt. Dobratsch) down to Lake Ossiach in the northeast.
The Villach city limits comprise the following districts and villages:
In 1905 a part of the municipal area St. Martin was incorporated. In 1973 the city area was further enlarged through the incorporation of Landskron, Maria Gail and Fellach.
The oldest human traces found in Villach date back to the Neolithic. Many Roman artifacts have been discovered in the city, as it was near an important Roman road (today called Römerweg) from Italy into the Noricum province established in 15 BC. A mansio named Sanctium was probably located at the hot spring in Warmbad south of the city centre. After the Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps about 600, the area was part of the Carantania principality, and under Bavarian overlordship from about 740.
An 878 deed of donation, issued by the Carolingian ruler Carloman of Bavaria, mentions a bridge in what is today Villach. In 979 Emperor Otto II enfeoffed Bishop Albuin of Brixen with the Villach manor. The adjacent settlement was given to the Bishopric of Bamberg in 1007 and received market town status in 1060, though Villach was not mentioned as a town in records until 1240. The first mayor took office in the 16th century.
The 1348 Friuli earthquake destroyed a large parts of the town, another devastating earthquake occurred in 1690. There were also several fires in Villach, which destroyed many buildings.
From 1526 onwards, many citizens turned Protestant, which entailed harsh Counter-Reformation measures by the ecclesiastical rulers, forcing numerous residents to leave the town and precipitating the economic decline. In 1759 the Habsburg empress Maria Theresa formally purchased the Bamberg territories in Carinthia for a price of one million guldens. Villach was incorporated into the lands of the Habsburg Monarchy and became the administrative seat of a Carinthian district. During the Napoleonic Wars, the city was part of the French Illyrian provinces from 1809, until it was re-conquered by the forces of the Austrian Empire in 1813.
The city's economy was decisively promoted by the Südbahn railway, which finally reached Villach in 1864, providing growth and expansion. In World War I, the town near the Italian front was the seat of the 10th Army command of the Austro-Hungarian Army.
During the period of the Austrian Anschluss to Nazi Germany (1938–45), the mayor of Villach was Oskar Kraus, an enthusiastic Nazi. A memorial for the 1919 border conflict that led to the Carinthian Plebiscite caused controversy when it was inaugurated in 2002, as Kraus, who had not been especially prominent in the conflict, was the only person named.
During World War II, allied forces bombed Villach 37 times. About 42,500 bombs killed 300 people and damaged 85% of the buildings. Nevertheless, the city quickly recovered. Today, Villach is a bustling city with commerce and recreation, yet it retains its historic background.
The municipal council (Gemeinderat) consists of 45 members, with the mayor as president, and following the 2015 elections:
- Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ): 23 seats
- Austrian People's Party (ÖVP): 10 seats
- Austrian Green Party: 3 seats
- Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ): 7 seats
- Verantwortung Erde: 1 seat
- NEOS: 1 seat
The city government of Villach (Stadtsenat) consists of seven members. It is chaired by the mayor, who is directly elected by the people. The other members—two vice-mayors and four town councillors—are appointed by the municipal council, with party affiliations according to the election results.
- Mayor Helmut Manzenreiter, SPÖ
- First vice-mayor Richard Pfeiler, SPÖ
- Second vice-mayor Wally Rettl, FPK
- Councillor Mag. Gerda Sandriesser, SPÖ
- Councillor Mag. Peter F. Weidinger, ÖVP
- Councillor Mag. Hilde Schaumberger, SPÖ
- Councillor Mag. Dr. Josef Zauchner, FPK
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||1,549|
Twin towns — Sister cities
Villach is twinned with:
There are several festivals throughout the year:
- The carnival in Villach (which starts on November 11 and ends on March 4)
- The arts and crafts festival (with self made goods)
- Villacher Fasching or Mardi Gras
- The streets-art festival (displays performances of artists and singers)
- The "Villacher Kirchtag" (a festival spanning a whole week in summer and ends on August's first Saturday.)
- Performances on a floating stage on the Drau River
- Anton Janežič, (1828 in St. Jakob im Rosental – 1869) Carinthian Slovene linguist, philologist, author, and literary historian.
- Oskar Potiorek (1853 in Bad Bleiberg – 1933) an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Army, served as Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1911 until assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914 together with Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
- Anton Ghon (1866 in Villach – 1936) Austrian pathologist viz Ghon focus and Ghon's complex
- Hans Kurath (1891 in Villach – 1992) American linguist of Austrian origin, emigrated to the US in 1907
- Carl-Heinz Birnbacher (1910 in Villach -1991) German naval officer of Austrian origin, Vice admiral of the German Navy
- Albert Bach (1910 in Treffen – 2003) Austrian soldier, Generalmajor, and skier, competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics.
- Hubert Petschnigg (1913 – 1997) Austrian architect, born in Klagenfurt, went to school in Villach.
- Heidemarie Hatheyer (1918 in Villach – 1990) Austrian film actress, appearingd in 43 films between 1938 and 1988
- Paul Watzlawick (1921 in Villach – 2007) Austrian-American therapist, psychologist, communications theorist and philosopher.
- Kurt Diemberger (born 1932), mountaineer and author
- Bruno Gironcoli (1936 in Villach – 2010) Austrian modern artist
- Heidelinde Weis (born 1940) Austrian actress
- Hermann Knoflacher (born 1940 in Villach) Austrian civil engineer.
- Peter Brabeck-Letmathe (born 1944 in Villach), former CEO of the Nestlé Group
- George Zebrowski (born 1945 in Villach) American science fiction author and editor
- Zoltan J. Acs (born 1947 in Villach) American economist and Professor of Management at The London School of Economics
- Werner Kofler (1947 in Villach – 2011) Austrian postmodernism novelist
- Gerald Kargl (born 1953 in Villach) Austrian film director most famous for directing the 1983 film Angst
- Wolfgang Ilgenfritz (1957 in Villach – 2013) Austrian politician and notably a non-attached Member of the European Parliament
- Gernot Rumpold (born 1957 in Villach) Austrian politician, associate of Jörg Haider
- Peter Löscher (born 1957 in Villach) Austrian business man with Merck & Co now CEO of Siemens since 2007
- Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek (born 1969 in Villach) Austrian politician of the Austrian Green Party
- Florian Hufsky (1986 in Villach – 2009) Austrian new media artist, board member of the Pirate Party of Austria
- Ernst Melchior (1920 in Villach – 1978) Austrian football player for Austria Wien, FC Rouen and FC Nantes
- Hanns Brandstätter (born 1949 in Villach) Austrian fencer. He competed in at the 72, 76, and 1984 Summer Olympics
- Johann "Hans" Lindner (born 1959 in Tragail) hammer thrower 1984 Summer Olympics and bobsledder in 1984 Winter Olympics
- Alfred Groyer (born 1959) Austrian former ski jumper who competed from 1978 to 1984 and in the 1980 Winter Olympics
- Alex Antonitsch (born 1966 in Villach) former tennis player from Austria, turned professional in 1988
- Bärbel Jungmeier (born 1975 in Villach) road cyclist and mountain bike rider competed in the 2004 Summer Olympics
- Gerhard Unterluggauer (born 1976 in Villach) Austrian former professional ice hockey defenceman
- Roland Kollmann (born 1976 in Villach) retired Austrian football for Grazer AK
- Daniel Mesotitsch (born 1976 in Villach) Austrian biathlete
- Friedrich Pinter (born 1978 in Villach) Austrian former biathlete
- Martin Koch (born 1982 in Villach) Austrian former ski jumper.
- Michael Grabner, (born 1987 in Villach) Austrian professional ice hockey player for New York Rangers of National Hockey League
- Marc Sand (born 1988 in Rosegg) Austrian footballer, who plays for SK Austria Klagenfurt.
- Michael Raffl (born 1988 in Villach) Austrian professional ice hockey left winger for Philadelphia Flyers of National Hockey League
- Guido Burgstaller (born 1989 in Villach) Austrian professional footballer who plays as a striker for FC Schalke 04
- Marco Schwarz (born 1995 in Villach) Austrian World Cup alpine ski racer.
- Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Villach.
- "Einwohnerzahl und Komponenten der Bevölkerungsentwicklung (Population and Components of Population Growth)" (PDF) (in German). Statistik Österreich (English Version). 2007-11-29. Retrieved 2007-12-27. External link in
- Lisa Rettl, Werner Koroschitz, "Ein korrekter Nazi: Oskar Kraus, ns-oberbürgermeister von Villach", Drava (2006), ISBN 3-85435-501-7
- ORF Kärnten, "Oskar Kraus - ein korrekter Nazi"[permanent dead link] (German)
- "Luftkrieg (aerial warfare) "Ostmark"". www.airpower.at (in German). Martin Rosenkranz. 2003-08-13. Retrieved 2007-12-18. External link in
- Unser Bürgermeister - Helmut Manzenreiter personal website (in German) Archived February 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Wahlergebnisse 2009 Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2014". www.villach.at. Stadt Villach - Melde- und Standesamt, Statistik. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Villach.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Villach.|
- "Municipal data for Villach". Statistik Austria.
- Villach - official web site (English version)
- Kowatsch - Villach Bus System official site
- - official web site of the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences - FH Kärnten