Village development committee (Nepal)

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A Village Development Committee (VDC) (Nepali: गाउँ विकास समिति; ‘’gāun bikās samiti’’) in Nepal was the lower administrative part of its Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development. Each district had several VDCs, similar to municipalities but with greater public-government interaction and administration. There were 3,157 village development committees in Nepal.[1][2] Each VDC was further divided into several wards (Nepali: वडा) depending on the population of the district; the average being nine wards.


The purposes of a VDC were:

  • to organize village people structurally at a local level
  • to create a partnership between the community and the public sector for element of control and responsibility in development
  • to ensure proper use and distribution of state funds
  • to ensure a greater interaction between government officials, NGOs and agencies[3]


In a VDC, there was one elected chief, usually elected with over an 80% majority.[3] From each ward, a chief was elected. With these, there were four members elected or nominated. To keep data and records, and to manage administrative works, there was one village secretary. The position was appointed by the government permanently, from whom they received a salary. The ward members, ward chief, and VDC chiefs were not paid a salary, but they obtained money according to presence.[clarification needed] VDCs were guided from the district development committee, headquarters, and the chief of DDC was a local development officer (LDO). Population and housing details of VDCs in Nepal were provided by the National Population and Housing Census, in 1991, 2001 and 2011.[4]

Dissolution of VDC[edit]

The Village Development Committee (VDC) was dissolved on 10 March 2017 to be replaced by Gaunpalika.[5] Previously, panchayat was dissolved and turned into VDC by the Constitution of Nepal 1990.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Village Development Committee (VDC) in Nepal - list & details". Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  2. ^ Government of Nepal, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development Archived 2 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b village development committee Archived 1 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011" (PDF). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Government announces dissolution of VDCs, birth of village councils". Online Khabar. Retrieved 12 April 2017.